Broadhurst Gardens may not be a household name, but back in the day it was the home of Decca Recording Studios which rivalled EMI’s Abbey Road Studios as the country’s leading recording facility.
Decca was founded on the original site of West Hampstead Town Hall at 165 Broadhurst Gardens, near the junction with West End Lane - built in 1886.
By the early 2000s, the building was home to the English National Opera.
From the late 1870s building spread on Spencer Maryon Wilson’s lands. Several roads, named after Maryon Wilson estates in other counties, ran from Finchley Road to Priory Road. Building began from the east end with 20 houses by Charles Kellond in Goldhurst Terrace, the most southerly of the roads, in 1879. The middle road was Canfield Gardens, where building began in 1881. The northern road, near the Metropolitan railway line, was Broadhurst Gardens, where 116 houses were built between 1882 and 1894. Fairhazel Gardens (originally called North End Road) crossed the three roads to link with Loudoun Road in St. John’s Wood.
An early exotic inhabitant was Frederick Rolfe, author and self-styled Baron Corvo, at no. 69 Broadhurst Gardens.
One of the other (hidden) features of the road is the Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow - a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.
Underneath one end of the road, lies the original course of the Kilbourne Stream, a tributary of the River Westbourne.
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s|
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s|
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s|
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s|
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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|VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s|
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.
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The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.
Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.
By 1815 West End was still exceptionally quiet – so much so that its inhabitants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.
Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were transformed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metropolitan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.
Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.
Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engineering workshops operated near the railway lines.
Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.
The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.
Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armatrading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.
|LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
: What is now the Alice House has been through a number of incarnations since it was built in the early 1900s.Anna Freud Centre
: The Anna Freud Centre is a child mental health research, training and treatment centre.Billy Fury Way, NW6
: Billy Fury Way is a path which runs alongside the railway in NW6.Broadhurst Gardens Meadow
: Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow is a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.Camden Arts Centre
: Camden Arts Centre is a place for world-class contemporary art exhibitions and education. Canterbury House
: In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.Cedars
: A local West Hampstead builder, Thomas Potter, constructed Cedars in 1878.Compayne Open Space
: As West Hampstead was developed, a series of private gardens were built behind the urban facades.Decca Studios
: Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.Earlsfields
: Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.Finchley Road
: Finchley Road is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage and on the Metropolitan line between Baker Street and Wembley Park.Finchley Road And Frognal
: Finchley Road & Frognal railway station lies on the London Overground network.Frognal Bridge
: Where Frognal meets the Finchley Road, there is an indiscernible dip...Goldhurst Open Space
: Maryon Wilson Green Triangle and Goldhurst Open Space lies to the rear of Fairhazel Gardens and Goldhurst Terrace.Hampstead Cricket Club
: Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.Hampstead tunnel
: Hampstead Tunnel, 1166 yards long, was built as part of the Hampstead Junction Railway, and opened on 2 January 1860.Hillfield
: By 1644 Hillfield was already mentioned in parish records.Jacksfield
: Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.Kingsgate Community Centre
: Kingsgate Community Association was set up in 1982 by a group of local people who wished to establish a community centre in what was then a derelict building.Lauriston Lodge
: Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.Maygrove Peace Park
: On 27 April 1983, Camden Council opened Maygrove Peace Park and dedicated it as a reminder of the Council's commitment to peace.Netherhall House
: Netherhall House is a catered intercollegiate halls of residence for men, founded in 1952.O2 Centre
: The O2 Centre, an indoor shopping and entertainment centre was opened in 1998.Oaklands Hall
: On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.Poplar House
: Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.Potter's Iron Foundry
: In the nineteenth century, many West Hampstead people had jobs in Potter’s Iron Foundry.Ripley House
: Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.Sandwell House
: Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.The Black Lion
: The Old Black Lion was established in 1751 as a beer house. The Railway
: The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.The Wet Fish Cafe
: The Wet Fish Café is an Art Deco classic at 242 West End Lane.Thorplands
: Thorplands was an estate south of Mill Lane.Treherne House
: Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,Two streams meet
: Somewhere beneath the basement of 16 Frognal, NW3 two tributaries of the River Westbourne meet.West Cottages, NW6
: Cottages in London NW6.West End Green
: West End Green is situated on a corner of West End Lane, formerly the location of West End Fair.West End Hall
: West End Hall (once called New West End Hall) was one of the mansions of West End (West Hampstead).West End House
: West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.West End Park
: West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.West End Sidings Estate
: The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.West Hampstead
: The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.West Hampstead (Overground) station
: Wesr Hampstead overground station was known as West End Lane until its name was changed in 1975. West Hampstead Synagogue
: The West Hampstead Synagogue was consecrated in September 1892.Westbourne Pond
: Westbourne Pond is marked on the 1830 Greenwood map as the source of the Westbourne River.Mill Lane, looking east (1900s)
: Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.
Aberdare Gardens, NW6
|NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
· Alban House, NW3
· Alvanley Gardens, NW6
· Ariel Road, NW6
· Banister Mews, NW6
· Barlow Road, NW6
· Bembridge Close, NW6
· Beswick Mews, NW6
· Blackburn Road, NW6
· Brassey Road, NW6
· Broadhurst Close, NW6
· Broadhurst Gardens, NW6
· Broadwell Parade, NW6
· Broomsleigh Street, NW6
· Canfield Gardens, NW6
· Canfield Place, NW6
· Carlton Mews, NW6
· Cavendish Close, NW6
· Cavendish Road, NW6
· Cleve Road, NW6
· Coleridge Gardens, NW6
· Compayne Gardens, NW6
· Cotleigh Road, NW6
· Crediton Hill, NW6
· Crown Close, NW6
· Dennington Park Road, NW6
· Dornfell Street, NW6
· Doulton Mews, NW6
· Dresden Close, NW6
· Dyne Road, NW6
· Dynham Road, NW6
· Fairfax Mansions, NW3
· Fairfax Place, NW6
· Fairfax Road, NW6
· Fairhazel Gardens, NW6
· Fawley Road, NW6
· Finchley Road, NW3
· Frognal Court, NW3
· Frognal Parade, NW3
· Frognal, NW3
· Gascony Avenue, NW6
· Gladys Road, NW6
· Glastonbury Street, NW6
· Glenbrook Road, NW6
· Goldhurst Terrace, NW6
· Greencroft Gardens, NW6
· Hall Oak Walk, NW6
· Hampstead Gate, NW3
· Harvard Court, NW6
· Hemstal Road, NW6
· Highfield Mews, NW6
· Hilgrove Road, NW6
· Hilltop Road, NW6
· Holmdale Road, NW6
· Honeybourne Road, NW6
· Inglewood Road, NW6
· Iverson Road, NW6
· Jade Terrace, NW6
· Kingdon Road, NW6
· Kings Gardens, NW6
· Kylemore Road, NW6
· Liddell Road, NW6
· Lithos Road, NW3
· Lithos Road, NW3
· Lowfield Road, NW6
· Lymington Road, NW6
· Marston Close, NW6
· Maygrove Road, NW6
· Medley Road, NW6
· Messina Avenue, NW6
· Milverton Road, NW6
· Minton Mews, NW6
· Mowbray Road, NW6
· Narcissus Road, NW6
· Naseby Close, NW6
· Netherhall Gardens, NW3
· Netherhall Way, NW3
· Pandora Road, NW6
· Ravenshaw Street, NW6
· Rosemont Road, NW3
· Rosslyn Mansions, NW6
· Rowntree Close, NW6
· Salmon Mews, NW6
· Sandwell Crescent, NW6
· Sherriff Road, NW6
· Smyrna Road, NW6
· Solent Road, NW6
· Spode Walk, NW6
· St Johns Court, NW3
· Sumatra Road, NW6
· West End Lane, NW6
· West Hampstead Mews, NW6
· Worcester Mews, NW6
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