Broadhurst Gardens, NW6

Road in/near West Hampstead, existing between 1879 and now

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Road · West Hampstead · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
APRIL
9
2015


Broadhurst Gardens is in West Hampstead, NW6

Broadhurst Gardens may not be a household name, but back in the day it was the home of Decca Recording Studios which rivalled EMI’s Abbey Road Studios as the country’s leading recording facility.

Decca was founded on the original site of West Hampstead Town Hall at 165 Broadhurst Gardens, near the junction with West End Lane - built in 1886.

By the early 2000s, the building was home to the English National Opera.

From the late 1870s building spread on Spencer Maryon Wilson’s lands. Several roads, named after Maryon Wilson estates in other counties, ran from Finchley Road to Priory Road. Building began from the east end with 20 houses by Charles Kellond in Goldhurst Terrace, the most southerly of the roads, in 1879. The middle road was Canfield Gardens, where building began in 1881. The northern road, near the Metropolitan railway line, was Broadhurst Gardens, where 116 houses were built between 1882 and 1894. Fairhazel Gardens (originally called North End Road) crossed the three roads to link with Loudoun Road in St. John’s Wood.

An early exotic inhabitant was Frederick Rolfe, author and self-styled Baron Corvo, at no. 69 Broadhurst Gardens.

One of the other (hidden) features of the road is the Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow - a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.

Underneath one end of the road, lies the original course of the Kilbourne Stream, a tributary of the River Westbourne.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



ADD A STORY TO BROADHURST GARDENS
VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

West Hampstead

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.

OTHER LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
Aberdare Gardens · Alban House · Alvanley Gardens · Alvanley Gardens · Anna Freud Centre · Banister Mews · Beckford Primary School · Beswick Mews · Billy Fury Way · Billy Fury Way · Billy Fury Way · Blackburn Road · Broadhurst Close · Broadhurst Gardens Meadow · Broadhurst School · Broadwell Parade · Camden Arts Centre · Canfield Gardens · Canfield Place · Canterbury House · Carlton Mews · Cedars · Cleve Road · Compayne Gardens · Compayne Open Space · Cotleigh Road · Crediton Hill · Crown Close · Decca Studios · Dennington Park Road · Doulton Mews · Dresden Close · Dynham Road · Earlsfields · Fairfax Mansions · Fairfax Place · Fairfax Road · Fairhazel Gardens · Fawley Road · Finchley Road · Finchley Road And Frognal · Finchley Road · Frognal Bridge · Frognal Court · Frognal Parade · Frognal · Gascony Avenue · Gladys Road · Glenbrook Road · Goldhurst Open Space · Goldhurst Terrace · Goldhurst Terrace · Greencroft Gardens · Hampstead Cricket Club · Hampstead Gate · Hampstead tunnel · Harvard Court · Hemstal Road · Highfield Mews · Hillfield · Hilltop Road · Holmdale Road · Holy Trinity CofE Primary School · Honeybourne Road · Inglewood House · Inglewood Road · Iverson Road · Jacksfield · Jade Terrace · Kingdon Road · Kingsgate Community Centre · Kingsgate Primary School · Kylemore Road · Lauriston Lodge · Liddell Road · Lithos Road · Lithos Road · Lowfield Road · Lymington Road · Lymington Road · Marston Close · Maygrove Peace Park · Maygrove Road · Medley Road · Messina Avenue · Mill Lane · Minton Mews · Mowbray Road · Narcissus Road · Naseby Close · Netherhall Gardens · Netherhall House · Netherhall Way · North Bridge House Pre-Prep School · North Star · O2 Centre · Oaklands Hall · Pandora Road · Poplar House · Potter's Iron Foundry · Ripley House · Rosemont Road · Rosslyn Mansions · Rowntree Close · Salmon Mews · Sandwell Crescent · Sandwell House · Secrets · Sherriff Road · Smyrna Road · Solent Road · Southbank International School · Spode Walk · St Johns Court · Sumatra Road · The Arches · Thorplands · Treherne House · Two streams meet · Welbeck Mansions · West Cottages · West Cottages · West End Green · West End Hall · West End House · West End Lane · West End Park · West End Sidings Estate · West Hampstead · West Hampstead (Overground) station · West Hampstead Mews · West Hampstead Synagogue · Westbourne Pond · Wetherspoons · Worcester Mews ·
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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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