Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P

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Road · Victoria · SW1P · Contributed by The Underground Map

Abbey Orchard Street was the heart of a former slum area.

Abbey Orchard Street was build over a former orchard belonging to Westminster Abbey.

The Devil’s Acre was a notorious slum on and behind Old Pye Street, Great St Anne’s Lane (now St Ann’s Street) and Duck Lane (now St Matthew Street) in the parish of Westminster.

In the 19th century it was considered one of the worst areas of London - The Devil’s Acre. As with a number of streets at the time, the building of Victoria Street was aimed at removing the slums in the area, and particularly the Devil’s Acre. The street was formally opened in 1851 and, as with other such projects, it displaced rather than removed the slum.

The street had been planned as an experiment in sanitary and moral engineering. In deciding the route of the street, the planner James Pennethorne’s objective "has only been to ascertain how best to improve the condition of the inhabitants of Westminster by improving the buildings, the levels, and the sewers, and by opening communications through the most crowded parts."

Pennethorne designed the street with a slight angle so that it would route through the Devil’s Acre. The slum inhabitants were displaced by the Victoria Street developments, as the quantity of low-rent houses in the area declined and they were unable to afford the rents of the newly constructed flats. John Hollingshead reported at the time that Victoria Street had divided "the diseased heart" in half, pushing inhabitants into the surrounding areas. The Bishop of London informed the House of Lords that Victoria Street had displaced 5,000 people, 75 per cent of whom moved into already overcrowded areas south of the Thames, with the remaining people staying in declining low-rent accommodation in Westminster.

New blocks of flats were constructed along Victoria Street and, according to Hollingshead, "While the nighmare street of unlet places was waiting for more capital to fill its yawning gulf, and a few more residents to warm its hollow chambers into life, the landlords of the slums were raising their rents: and thieves, prostitutes, labourers, and working women were packing in a smaller compas."
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I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved L

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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The railways largely replaced the canals as a means of transport. Uniquely for a main line station, Victoria station was built on top of one.

Before the railway arrived in 1862, this area - like the area immediately south of it - was known as Pimlico. The Grosvenor Canal ended in a large basin here.

Victoria station’s origins lie with the Great Exhibition of 1851, when a railway called the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway came into existence, serving the site of the exhibition halls which had been transferred to Sydenham from Hyde Park. The terminus of that railway was at Stewarts Lane in Battersea on the south side of the river. In 1858 a joint enterprise was set up to take trains over the river: it was entitled the Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway; and was a mile and a quarter in length. The railway was owned by four railway companies: the Great Western (GWR); London & North Western (LNWR); the London, Brighton and South Coast (LBSCR); and the London Chatham and Dover Railways (LCDR). It was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1858.

The station was built in two parts: those on the western side, opened in 1862, with six platforms, ten tracks and an hotel (the 300-bedroom Grosvenor) were occupied by the Brighton company; whilst adjacent, and in the same year, the Chatham company were to occupy a less imposing wooden-fronted building. The latter’s station had nine tracks and was shared by broad-gauge trains of the GWR, whose trains arrived from Southall via the West London Extension Joint Railway through Chelsea. The GWR remained part owner of the station until 1932, although its trains had long since ceased to use it. Each side of the station had its own entrance and a separate station master; a wall between the two sections effectively emphasised that fact.

At the start of the twentieth century both parts of the station were rebuilt. It now had a decent frontage and forecourt, but not as yet a unified existence. Work on the Brighton side was completed in 1908 and was carried out in red brick; the Grosvenor Hotel was rebuilt at the same time. The Chatham side, in a Edwardian style with baroque elements, designed by Alfred Bloomfield, was completed a year later. The two sections were eventually connected in 1924 by removing part of a screen wall, when the platforms were renumbered as an entity. The station was redeveloped internally in the 1980s, with the addition of shops within the concourse, and above the western platforms.

The station was now serving boat trains, and during WWI it became the hub of trains carrying soldiers to and from France, many of them wounded. After the war the Continental steamer traffic became concentrated there, including the most famous of those trains, the Golden Arrow. The area around the station also became a site for other other forms of transport: a bus station in the forecourt; a coach terminal to the south; and it is now the terminal for trains serving Gatwick Airport.

Victoria is also well-served by London underground. The sub-surface Circle and District Lines opened on December 24, 1868; and the Victoria Line line came to Victoria Station with the third phase of construction of the line - the station’s platforms were opened on March 7, 1969, six months after the Victoria line had started running in outer London.

Buckingham Palace Gardens:   
Government Equalities Office:   The Government Equalities Office (GEO) was part of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) of HM Government. It was created in October 2007 when the Women and Equality Unit, based within the Department for Communities and Local Government was converted into an independent department.
Horse Hospital :   Built as stabling for cabby’s sick horses, The Horse Hospital is now a unique Grade II listed arts venue in Bloomsbury WC1
Little Ben:   Little Ben is a cast iron miniature clock tower, situated at the intersection of Vauxhall Bridge Road and Victoria Street, close to the approach to Victoria station.
London Lock Hospital:   The London Lock Hospital was the first venereal disease clinic.
St James's Park:   Every year millions of Londoners and tourists visit St James's Park, the oldest of the capital's eight Royal Parks.
St James’s Park:   
St. James's Park:   St James's Park station is not only a station but London Underground HQ - otherwise known as 55 Broadway.
The 52 bus:   In modern times, the 52 bus route plies from Victoria station as far as Willesden Bus Garage.
Tothill Fields Bridewell:   Tothill Fields Bridewell (also known as Tothill Fields Prison and Westminster Bridewell) was a prison located in Westminster between 1618 and 1884.
Victoria:   The railways largely replaced the canals as a means of transport. Uniquely for a main line station, Victoria station was built on top of one.
Victoria Bus Station:   Victoria bus station is a bus station outside Victoria Station in Terminus Place.
Westminster Abbey:   Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is one of the world’s greatest churches.

Parker Street looking east (1905):   Before being renamed to Matthew Parker Street, old Parker Street was a Westminster slum.

Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P · Abingdon Street, SW1P · Allington Street, SW1E · Ambrosden Avenue, SW1P · Arneway Street, SW1P · Artillery Place, SW1P · Artillery Row, SW1P · Ashley Gardens, SW1P · Ashley Place, SW1P · Barton Street, SW1P · Beeston Place, SW1W · Bennett’s Yard, SW1P · Birdcage Walk, SW1H · Bloomberg Street, SW1V · Bloomburg Street, SW1V · Blue Bridge, SW1A · Bressenden Place, SW1E · Brewers Green, SW1H · Bridge Place, SW1V · Broad Sanctuary, SW1H · Broad Sanctuary, SW1P · Broadway, SW1H · Buckingham Palace Road, SW1V · Buckingham Place, SW1E · Butler Place, SW1H · Cardinal Walk, SW1E · Carey Place, SW1V · Carlisle Mansions, SW1P · Carlisle Place, SW1P · Carteret Street, SW1H · Castle Lane, SW1E · Catherine Place, SW1E · Caxton Street, SW1H · Chadwick Street, SW1P · Chubb Court, SW20 · Coburg Close, SW1P · Cowley Street, SW1P · Dacre Street, SW1H · Dartmouth Street, SW1H · Dean Bradley House, SW1P · Dean Bradley Street, SW1P · Dean Farrar Street, SW1H · Dean Trench Street, SW1P · Deans Yard, SW1P · Douglas Street, SW1P · Downing Street, SW1A · Duck Island Cottage, SW1A · East Concourse, SW1V · Eaton Lane, SW1W · Eaton Row, SW1W · Eccleston Bridge, SW1V · Eccleston Square Mews, SW1V · Eccleston Square, SW1V · Elverton Street, SW1P · Emery Hill Street, SW1P · Evelyn Mansions, SW1P · Francis Street, SW1P · Gayfere Street, SW1P · Gillingham Street, SW1V · Gordon House, SW1P · Great College Street, SW1P · Great George Street, SW1P · Great Peter Street, SW1P · Great Smith Street, SW1P · Greencoat Place, SW1P · Greenwood, SE26 · Greycoat Gardens, SW1P · Greycoat Place, SW1P · Greycoat Street, SW1P · Grosvenor Gardens Mews East, SW1W · Grosvenor Gardens Mews North, SW1W · Grosvenor Gardens, SW1W · Grosvenor Place, SW1X · Guildhouse Street, SW1V · Hatherley Street, SW1P · Hide Place, SW1P · Hobart Place, SW1W · Horse Guards Road, SW1A · Horseferry Road, SW1P · Howick Place, SW1P · Hudsons Place, SW1V · Hyde Park, SW1A · King Charles Street, SW1A · King’s Scholars’ Passage, SW1P · King’s Scholars’ Passage, SW1V · Kingsgate Parade, SW1E · Lambs Close, SW1W · Little Cloisters, SW1P · Little Deans Yard, SW1P · Little George Street, SW1P · Longmoore Street, SW1V · Lord North Street, SW1P · Lower Belgrave Street, SW1W · Lower Grosvenor Place, SW1W · Main Concourse, SW1V · Marsham Street, SW1P · Matthew Parker Street, SW1H · Medway Street, SW1P · Monck Street, SW1P · Morpeth Mansions Morpeth Mansions, SW1P · Morpeth Mansions, SW1P · Morpeth Terrace, SW1P · Neat House Place, SW1V · Neathouse Place, SW1V · New Palace Yard, SW1A · Norman Shaw Building North, SW1A · Old Palace Yard, SW1P · Old Pye Street, SW1P · Old Queen Street, SW1H · Page Street, SW1P · Palace Street, SW1E · Palmer Street, SW1H · Petty France, SW1H · Plymouth Devonport Constituency, SW1A · Post Office Way, SW1P · Queen Anne’s Gate, SW1H · Queen Annes Gate Buildings, SW1H · Queen Annes Gate, SW1H · Queens Gardens, SW1A · Regency Place, SW1P · Rochester Row, SW1P · Rochester Street, SW1P · Rochford Southend East, SW1A · Romney Street, SW1P · Rutherford Street, SW1P · Seaforth Place, SW1E · Spenser Street, SW1E · St Anns Street, SW1P · St Margaret Street, SW1A · St Margarets Street, SW1A · St Matthew Street, SW1P · St Vincents Centre, SW1P · St. Ermin’s Hill, SW1H · St. Matthew Street, SW1P · Stag Place, SW1E · Stillington Street, SW1P · Storeys Gate, SW1H · Storeys Gate, SW1P · Strutton Ground, SW1P · Tachbrook Mews, SW1V · Terminus Place, SW1 · Terminus Place, SW1V · Terminus Place, SW1W · The Royal Mews, SW1E · The Royal Mews, SW1W · The Sanctuary, SW1P · The Terrace, SW1P · Thirleby Road, SW1P · Tothill Street, SW1H · Tufton Street, SW1P · Udall Street, SW1P · Upper Tachbrook Street, SW1V · Vandon Street, SW1H · Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1V · Victoria Arcade, SW1E · Victoria Arcade, SW1V · Victoria Chambers, SW1P · Victoria Square, SW1W · Victoria Street, SW1E · Victoria Street, SW1H · Victoria Street, SW1W · Victoria Subway, SW1X · Victoria Walk, E3 · Vincent Square, SW1P · Walcott Street, SW1P · Warwick Place North, SW1V · Warwick Row, SW1E · Westminster Central Hall, SW1H · Westminster Mansions, SW1P · Westminster Palace Gardens, SW1P · Westminster, SW1A · Wilcox Place, SW1E · Wilfred Street, SW1E · Willow Place, SW1P · Willow Place, SW1V · Wilton Road, SW1V ·

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Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
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London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
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