Phillimore Place, W8

Road in/near Kensington, existing between 1855 and now

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Road · Kensington · W8 · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
18
2017



Phillimore Place was part of the old Phillimore Estate and, at first, named Durham Villas.

No addresses have so far been added to Phillimore Place, W8

In 1779, William Phillimore inherited the Phillimore Estate and was responsible for the first wave of its Kensington development.

One of the ancient roads out of London ran along the southern boundary of the estate. This road was later to be called Kensington High Street. A terrace of houses was built along this frontage and called Upper Phillimore Place. Apparently George III hated Upper Phillimore Place so much that he had the blinds pulled down on his carriage windows if he had to pass it; and he referred to it as “Dishcloth Row” because of the mouldings in the shape of drapery which decorated the houses facades.

A similar terrace was built further to the east and called Lower Phillimore Place. These houses were all later replaced in the 20th century by three huge mansion blocks called Phillimore Court, Stafford Court and Troy Court. The land itself was later sold off to pay estate duties, so the Kensington High Street frontage no longer forms part of the Phillimore Estate.

In 1804, William Phillimore authorised more development in the area of today’s Hornton Street. The houses are long since gone. In 1946 Kensington Borough Council bought the Hornton Street site for the council’s offices.

William Phillimore died in 1818 and the Phillimore estate passed to his son, William Robert Phillimore.

William Robert Phillimore in turn died in 1829. He put the Kensington Estate was in a trust for the benefit of his younger son, Charles, but subject to an obligation to fund a payment of £5,000 to each of Charles’s two sisters.

Under Charles’s control, nothing much changed on the estate for the next twenty five years. But during that time a great deal of the surrounding countryside had been transformed into the Kensington we see today. He decided to jump on the bandwagon in about 1855 and the result was the building of the Phillimore Estate as it is today.

Joseph Gordon Davis, a builder involved in construction in Pimlico, took most of the undeveloped land south of Duchess of Bedford’s Walk, down to Upper and Lower Phillimore Place. On it were constructed Phillimore Gardens, Upper Phillimore Gardens, Phillimore Place, Essex Villas, Stafford Terrace, Phillimore Walk, Argyll Road and Campden Hill Road.

The agreement allowed Davis to put up 375 houses. Phillimore agreed to grant leases for ninety nine years from 1855. The ground rent would be £1,400 a year for the whole site, but it would only rise to that after the first five years, to give Davis time to make some profit from letting or selling completed properties. A time limit of twelve years was imposed for completing the development.

It became clear over time that the density of housing which had been agreed was too great. In 1856, the permitted number of houses was reduced to 315 and it was agreed that none would be built along Duchess of Bedford’s Walk (presumably due to opposition from the rich owners of the detached houses on the other side).

In 1861 the total number was reduced again to a maximum of 225 and a minimum of 205. It seems that the terms Davis had originally negotiated contained enough profit to allow him to absorb these reductions. In the end, 214 houses were built. This was not necessarily loss to Davis. He was allowed to construct valuable detached and semi-detached villas, in place of the purely terraced houses originally stipulated.

The deal with Davis ultimately became the subject of a private Act of Parliament. William Robert Phillimore’s Will had stated that building leases could only be granted at the best rents and there was some argument that Charles had granted leases at less than full market rent to encourage construction. So an Act was needed to confirm the terms of the leases and to authorise further leases at rents low enough to encourage builders to undertake construction contracts.

The original building agreements with Davis had contained specific elevations and plans he had to adhere to. By the time of the 1861 Agreement, the obligation was diluted to simply requiring Charles Phillimore’s approval of particulars plans. It is not known who designed the general layout, or actually prepared or approved plans. Phillimore’s surveyor was Arthur Chesterton, and he probably did the approval work.

Davis did not plan to carry out all the work himself. As was customary at the time, he assigned parts of the project to other builders. One builder was James Jordan of Paddington, who built eleven houses on the west side of Campden Hill Road, went bankrupt, returned to build houses in Argyll Road, and went bust again in 1859. Another builder was Charles Frederick Phelps. Davis himself built most of the larger houses in Phillimore Gardens and Upper Phillimore Gardens.

Charles Phillimore died in 1863.

Source: Phillimore Estate, Kensington » The Underground Map



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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1900s
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High Street Kensington

High Street Kensington is a London Underground station at Kensington High Street.

Kensington High Street is a road (forming part of the A315) in Kensington, west London.

Its western extremity is the eastern end of Hammersmith Road near Kensington (Olympia) station. From here, the road heads east-north-east, past the Commonwealth Institute and High Street Kensington tube station. It forms a junction which Kensington Church Street, which runs to the north, and then continues east to the south-west corner of Kensington Gardens, close by Kensington Palace. Eastward the road becomes Kensington Road.

The stretch between the Commonwealth Institute and Kensington Gardens is a popular shopping area, with chainstores and upmarket shops serving a wealthy catchment area. In 2005 House of Fraser announced that it is closing the 135 year old Barkers department store in the street, meaning that it will have no department stores left after the earlier closures of Pontings and Derry & Toms. The 75,000 square foot premises will be taken over by Whole Foods Market, the American owner of organic supermarket chain Fresh & Wild to become the UK’s first organic superstore.

High Street Kensington station, on the District Line, opened in 1868.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Kensington:   Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross.
Kensington Palace:   Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century.
St Mary Abbot’s:   St Mary Abbot’s Hospital operated from 1871 to 1992. From 1846 to 1869 the site housed the Kensington Parish Workhouse.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Corner of Abingdon Road and Scarsdale Villas:   This view shows Tyler the chemists during the 1960s.
Sheep in Kensington Gardens:   It was the practice to keep sheep in the Gardens to maintain the grass.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A4, W1J · Abingdon Mansions, W8 · Abingdon Road, W8 · Abingdon Villas, W8 · Adam And Eve Mews, W8 · Airlie Gardens, W8 · Albert Place, W8 · Allen Street, W8 · Alma Studios, W8 · Ansdell Street, W8 · Ansdell Terrace, W8 · Argyll Road, W8 · Aubrey Road, W8 · Aubrey Walk, W8 · Beatrice Place, W8 · Bedford Gardens, W8 · Berkeley Gardens, W8 · Blithfield Street, W8 · Cambridge Place, W8 · Campden Grove, W8 · Campden Hill Court, W8 · Campden Hill Road, W8 · Campden Hill Square, W11 · Campden Hill Square, W8 · Campden Hill, W8 · Campden Street, W8 · Cheniston Gardens, W8 · Cope Place, W8 · Cornwall Gardens Walk, SW7 · Cornwall Gardens, SW7 · Cottesmore Court, W8 · Cottesmore Gardens, W8 · Cromwell Road, SW5 · De Vere Gardens, W8 · De Vere Mews, W8 · Douro Place, W8 · Drayson Mews Holland Street, W8 · Drayson Mews, W8 · Duchess of Bedford’s Walk, W8 · Earl’s Terrace, W8 · Earls Court Road, W8 · Earls Walk, W8 · Eden Close, W8 · Edwardes Place, W8 · Edwardes Square Studios, W8 · Edwardes Square, W8 · Eldon Road, W8 · Emperors Gate, SW7 · Essex Villas, W8 · Gloucester Walk, W8 · Gordon Place, W8 · Gregory Place, W8 · Grenville Place, SW7 · Hillsleigh Road, W8 · Holland House, W8 · Holland Park Road, W14 · Holland Street, W8 · Holland Walk, W11 · Holland Walk, W8 · Hornton Place, W8 · Hornton Street, W8 · Inverness Gardens, W8 · Iverna Court, W8 · Iverna Gardens, W8 · Kelso Place, W8 · Kensington Apartment, W8 · Kensington Church Court, W8 · Kensington Church Street, W8 · Kensington Church Walk, W8 · Kensington Court Place, W8 · Kensington Palace, W8 · Kensington Road, W8 · Kynance Mews, SW7 · Lancer Square, W8 · Launceston Place, SW7 · Launceston Place, W8 · Lexham Gardens, SW5 · Lexham Gardens, W8 · Lexham Mews, W8 · Logan Place, W8 · Marloes Road, SW5 · Marloes Road, W8 · Marlogs Road, W8 · McLeod’s Mews, SW7 · Melbury Court, W14 · Melbury Court, W8 · Melbury Road, W14 · Melon Place, W8 · North Courtyard, N19 · Observatory Gardens, W8 · Old Court Place, W8 · Osten Mews, SW7 · Palace Avenue, W8 · Palace Gardens Mews, W8 · Palace Gardens Terrace, W8 · Palace Gate, W8 · Palace Green, W8 · Palace Place Mansions, W8 · Park Close, W14 · Peel Street, W8 · Pembroke Gardens Close, W8 · Pembroke Gardens, W8 · Pembroke Mews, W8 · Pembroke Place, W8 · Pembroke Square, W8 · Pembroke Studios, W8 · Pembroke Villas, W8 · Pembroke Walk, W8 · Pennant Mews, W8 · Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Phillimore Place, W8 · Phillimore Walk, W8 · Pitt Street, W8 · Prince Of Wales Terrace, W8 · Radley Mews, W8 · Scarsdale Place, W8 · Scarsdale Villas, W8 · Sheffield Terrace, W8 · Sheldrake Place, W8 · South Courtyard, N19 · South Edwardes Square, W8 · South End Row, W8 · South End, W8 · St Albans Grove, W8 · St Margarets Lane, W8 · St Mary Abbots Hall, W8 · St Mary Abbots Place, W8 · St Mary Abbots Vicarage, W8 · St. Mary Abbot’s Place, W8 · St. Mary’s Gate, W8 · St. Mary’s Place, W8 · Stafford Terrace, W8 · Stanford Road, W8 · Stone Hall Gardens, W8 · Stratford Road, W8 · Sunningdale Gardens, W8 · Thackeray Street, W8 · The Broad Walk, SW7 · The Broad Walk, W8 · The Broadwalk, W2 · Thornwood Gardens, W8 · Tor Court, W8 · Tor Gardens, W8 · Upper Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Court, W8 · Vicarage Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Gate, W8 · Victoria Grove, W8 · Victoria Road, W8 · Warwick Chambers, W8 · Wycombe Square, W8 · Wynnstay Gardens, W8 · York Passage, W8 · Young Street, W8 ·


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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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