Addison Road, W14

Road in/near Holland Park, existing between 1824 and now

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Road · Holland Park · W14 · Contributed by The Underground Map
September
2
2017


Addison Road stretches from Holland Park Avenue to Kensington High Street.

No addresses have so far been added to Addison Road, W14

Addison Road takes its name from Joseph Addison who lived at Holland House. He was an essayist and poet of the late 17th Century whose main claim to fame now is as the founder of the Spectator.

The southern part consists of a busy southbound one-way traffic system. At this end there are two large modern blocks of flats set back from the road. The middle part of the road is the most attractive. It is quiet, tree-lined and has mainly large detached and semi-detached villas, usually painted white. At the north end of Addison Road is Addison Court and unusual 1930’s style 8 storey block of flats.

Many of the houses have large front gardens with small sweeping driveways, and are well set back from the road behind high front walls and gates ensuring maximum secrecy. The grandest house in Addison Road is an ornate blue and green glazed-brick and tiled mansion known as ‘The Peacock House’. This Grade I listed mansion was recently on the market for around £20 million. (This price took into account the fact that it needed considerable refurbishment and repairs). It was built in 1906 for Ernest Debenham of the supermarket store of the same name.

Addison Road was the first street to be constructed for new house development on the Holland estate. Its purpose was to provide a connection between Holland Park Avenue and Kensington High Street. The road was constructed by William Woods, a builder, who began work in about 1824. There is a curve in the road where it goes round St Barnabas Church. This was not out of respect for the church but because the builders had to work round some extensive ponds called “the Moats”, which weren’t finally filled in until about 1900.

Woods built a number of houses on the east side of Addison Road in the 1820s. They consisted of large and small villas (Nos. 2-7 Addison Road), the church, and a short terrace. Nos. 2-7 Addison Road were replaced by the 130 houses of the Woodsford Square development built by Wates in the 1960s.

There was a building slump in the 1830s and it was 1839 before Woods returned to the estate to build Nos. 8-17 Addison Road on the east side of Addison Road, partly on land leased to him direct by Lord Holland, and partly on plots he took over from another developer, Nicholas Phillips Rothery. (Nos. 8-10 were knocked down in 1905 and the present No. 8 was built in their place.) They were all stucco-faced houses, with basements, but with different numbers of upper storeys. Nos. 11, 14 and 15 have two upper storeys; Nos. 12, 13, 16 and 17 have three. They are all semi-detached except for No. 11 which was built as a double-fronted house. Nos. 12 and 13 have porches and balconies at ground floor level. Nos. 14 and 15 display an elaborately decorated frieze at the top of the façade.

No. 63 on the west side of the road is the only other original house from the early period. It was built by Richard Stanham, a carpenter, in 1829 together with No. 62 which was rebuilt in 1852. Nos. 36-39 Addison Road (almost opposite Holland Park Road) were built by 1845 by James Mugford Macey of Drury Lane. The houses were called Vassall Cottages. There are brick-faced houses built as pairs and having two storeys and basements. Each pair of houses is topped with a pediment above stuccoed cornices.

Between those houses and Napier Road, Thomas Moore built Nos. 40-47 Addison Road, a terrace originally called Warwick Villas. Moore was also the builder of houses in Holland Place. The houses were built in about 1850. They are all in the Gothic style favoured by the Victorians at the time. The end houses, Nos. 40 and 47, are double-fronted. The six inner houses are built as matching pairs. The Gothic features are most evident in the elaborate bay windows with little buttresses and battlements.

Beyond Napier Road, the next range of houses are Nos. 50-59, opposite St Barnabas Church. They were built between 1852 and 1855 by John Parkinson, a builder from Hammersmith, and they were originally called Abbotsford Villas.

Nos. 48, 49 and 60-61 Addison Road are detached houses, built in 1856-7 by Nicholson and Son of Wandsworth. The rest of the houses on the west side of Addison Road were mainly built by the builder, James Hall. He built about 120 houses in the estate in the 1850s. He also built extensively in the Chepstow Villas and Pembridge Place area.By 1860 Hall had constructed Nos. 64-69 between the two ends of Addison Crescent. (No. 69 was later demolished).

Hall’s project continued on the other side of Addison Crescent where he built Nos. 70-84 at the same time as Nos. 64-69 and to a similar pattern. (No. 70, the corner property, was later demolished.) His most northern houses were Nos. 85 to 88 which are larger brick-faced houses.

Near Cardinal Vaughan School (where Holland Park Gardens begins) an 8-storey block of flats called Addisland Court was built in the 1930s. The land formerly occupied by No. 1 Addison Road, one of the large villas built by William Woods, became available for development in 1873 on the death of Charles Richard Fox, the owner. Fox was the elder son of Lord and Lady Holland. Since he was born before they were married, he could not succeed to the title. His father gave him No. 1 Addison Road. Being a bastard was not a problem in Georgian England. Fox married the daughter of the future King William IV and became a general. When he died in 1873 the house was demolished.

The first houses on Fox’s land were Nos. 94-100, built about 1880 on the west side of the Addison Road extension, just below Holland Park Avenue. (No. 96 no longer exists.) In around 1900, two blocks of flats, Holland Park Court and Carlton Mansions, were built on the remaining land.

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VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Holland Park

Holland Park is a district, an underground station (and indeed a park) in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Holland Park has a reputation as an affluent and fashionable area, known for attractive large Victorian townhouses, and high-class shopping and restaurants.

The district was rural until the 19th century. Most of it was formerly the grounds of a Jacobean mansion called Holland House. In the later decades of that century the owners of the house sold off the more outlying parts of its grounds for residential development, and the district which evolved took its name from the house. It also included some small areas around the fringes which had never been part of the grounds of Holland House, notably the Phillimore Estate and the Campden Hill Square area. In the late 19th century a number of notable artists (including Frederic Leighton, P.R.A. and Val Prinsep) and art collectors lived in the area. The group were collectively known as ’The Holland Park Circle’. Holland Park was in most part very comfortably upper middle class when originally developed and in recent decades has gone further upmarket.

Of the 19th-century residential developments of the area, one of the most architecturally interesting is The Royal Crescent designed in 1839. Clearly inspired by its older namesake in Bath, it differs from the Bath crescent in that it is not a true crescent at all but two quadrant terraces each terminated by a circular bow in the Regency style which rises as a tower, a feature which would not have been found in the earlier classically inspired architecture of the 18th century which the design of the crescent seeks to emulate. The design of the Royal Crescent by the planner Robert Cantwell in two halves was dictated by the location of the newly fashionable underground sewers rather than any consideration for architectural aesthetics.

Holland Park is now one of the most expensive residential districts in London.

Holland Park station, on the Central London Railway, opened on 30 July 1900. The station building was refurbished in the 1990s.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Holland Park:   Holland Park is a district, an underground station (and indeed a park) in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Kensington (Olympia):   Kensington (Olympia) station in West London is managed and served by London Overground and also served by London Underground.
Luxurious sewers:   The effluent society
The Crown:   The Crown was situated at 57 Princedale Road.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbotsbury Close, W14 · Abbotsbury Road, W14 · Abbotsbury Road, W8 · Addison Avenue, W11 · Addison Bridge Place, W14 · Addison Crescent, W14 · Addison Gardens, W14 · Addison Place, W11 · Addison Road, W14 · Anley Road, W14 · Applegarth Road, W14 · Argyll Mansions, W14 · Augustine Road, W14 · Avonmore Road, W14 · Aynhoe Road, W14 · Barons Keep, W14 · Beaconsfield Terrace Road, W14 · Beaconsfield Terrace, W14 · Beckford Close, W14 · Berghem Mews, W14 · Bishop King’s Road, W14 · Blythe Mews, W14 · Blythe Road, W14 · Bolingbroke Road, W14 · Boyne Terrace Mews, W11 · Brook Green, W14 · Caithness Road, W14 · Carlton Mansions, W14 · Ceylon Road, W14 · Charecroft Way, W12 · Charecroft Way, W14 · Darnley Terrace, W11 · Dewhurst Road, W14 · Dunsany Road, W14 · Earsby Street, W14 · Elsham Road, W14 · Fairfax Place, W14 · Farley Court, W14 · Faroe Road, W14 · Fenelon Place, W14 · Fitz-George Avenue, W14 · Fitz-James Avenue, W14 · Fitzjames Avenue, W14 · Girdlers Road, W14 · Gratton Road, W14 · Hammersmith Road, W14 · Hansard Mews, W12 · Hansard Mews, W14 · Hazlitt Mews, W14 · Hazlitt Road, W14 · Hofland Road, W14 · Holland Gardens, W14 · Holland Park Avenue, W11 · Holland Park Gardens, W14 · Holland Park Ilchester Place, W8 · Holland Park Mews, W11 · Holland Park Road, W14 · Holland Park Road, W14 · Holland Park Roundabout, W12 · Holland Park Terrace, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W8 · Holland Road, W14 · Holland Villas Road, W14 · Ilchester Place, W14 · Ilchester Place, W8 · Kensington High Street, W14 · Kenton Court, W14 · Lakeside Road, W14 · Lansdowne Mews, W11 · Lisgar Terrace, W14 · Lorne Gardens, W11 · Lower Addison Gardens, W14 · Maclise Road, W14 · Masbro Road, W14 · Matheson Road, W14 · Melbury Court, W14 · Melbury Court, W8 · Melbury Road, W14 · Milson Road, W14 · Minford Gardens, W14 · Munden Street, W14 · Napier Place, W14 · Napier Road, W14 · Netherwood Road, W14 · Norland Place, W11 · Norland Square, W11 · North End Crescent, W14 · North End Cresent, W14 · North End Parade, W14 · Oakwood Court, W14 · Olympia Way, W14 · Oxford Gate, W14 · Park Close, W14 · Pembroke Road, W8 · Portland Road, W11 · Prince?s Yard, W11 · Princedale Road, W11 · Princes Place, W11 · Queensdale Place, W11 · Queensdale Road, W11 · Queensdale Walk, W11 · Radnor Terrace, W14 · Redan Street, W14 · Richmond Court, W14 · Richmond Way, W14 · Rockley Road, W14 · Royal Crescent, W11 · Russell Gardens Mews, W14 · Russell Gardens, W14 · Sinclair Gardens, W14 · Sinclair Road, W14 · Somerset Square, W14 · Souldern Road, W14 · Southcombe Street, W14 · Springvale Terrace, W14 · St Anns Villas, W11 · St James Gardens, W11 · St James’s Gardens, W11 · St James’s Gardens, W11 · St Mary Abbots Terrace, W14 · Stable Yard Ilchester Place, W8 · Stanwick Road, W14 · Sterndale Road, W14 · Stonor Road, W14 · Strangways Terrace, W14 · Upper Addison Gardens, W14 · Vernon Street, W14 · Warwick Gardens, W14 · Warwick Road, W14 · Welbeck Court, W14 · Westwick Gardens, W14 · Windsor Way, W14 · Woodsford Square, W14 ·


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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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