Argyle Square, WC1H

Road in/near Bloomsbury, existing between 1832 and now

Too much info? Click here to declutter the page
Abbey Place · Acton Street · Affleck Street · Agar Town · Albion Yard · Alfred Place · Argyle Square · Argyle Street · Argyle Walk · Attneave Street · Bainbridge Street · Bainbridge Street · Barbon Close · Barter Street · Bayley Street · Be At One · Bedford Avenue · Bedford Place · Bedford Square · Bedford Way · Bedford Way · Belgrove Street · Bernard Street · Bloomsbury · Bloomsbury Place · Bloomsbury Place · Bloomsbury Square · Bloomsbury Square · Bloomsbury Street · Bloomsbury Street · Bloomsbury Theatre · Bloomsbury Way · Boswell Street · Boswell Street · Brill Place · Bristol House · British Library · British Museum · British Museum · Brunswick Centre · Brunswick Shopping Centre · Brunswick Square · Burton Street · Bury Place · Byng Place · Callaghans · Calthorpe Arms · Canal 125 · Capper Street · Cartwright Gardens · Castlewood House · Catherine Griffiths Court · Centa Housebirkenhead Street · Central School of Ballet · Chalton Street · Chapel Bar · Chapel Place · Charles 1 · Charlotte Terrace · Chenies Mews · Chenies Place · Chenies Street · Church Way · Clare Court · Claremont Close · Claremont Close · Coach Road · Coach Road · Cockpit Yard · Colonnade · Compton Place · Cooper’s Lane · Coram Street · Coram Street · Cosmo Place · Cosmo Place · County Hotel Ground Floor Bar · Cranleigh Street · Crestfield Street · Crinan Street · Cromer Street · Crowndale Court · Darwin Walk · Dombey Street · Doric Way · Doric Arch · Doughty Mews · Doughty Street · Drummond Crescent · Duke’s Road · Dyott Street · Eagle · Eastnor Castle · Eckford Street · Elixir Bar · Emerald Street · Endsleigh Place · Endsleigh Street · Euston · Euston Road · Euston Road · Euston Road · Euston Square · Euston Tap · Exmouth Market · Farringdon Road · Fitzrovia Belle · Flaxman Terrace · Fleet Square · Foundling Court · Foundling Hospital · Frederick Street · Friend at Hand · Galen Place · Gallery Coffee Shop · Gatti’s Wharf · Gilbert Place · Gloucester Road · Goodge Street · Goods Way · Gordon Mansions · Gordon Square · Gordon Street · Gough Street · Gower Court · Gower Place · Gower Street · Grafton Place · Granville Square · Granville Street · Grays Inn Road · Great Court · Great James Street · Great Ormond Street · Great Russell Street · Great Russell Street · Grenville Street · Guilford Street · Guilford Street · Handel Street · Hare & Tortoise · Harrison Street · Hastings Street · Heathcote Street · Henrietta Mews · Herbal Hill · Herbrand Street · Holford Street · Holford Yard · Holsworthy Square · Horse Hospital · Hunter Street · Huntley Street · Inglebert Street · Jenner House · Jeremy Bentham · John Street · John’s Mews · Johns Mews · Judd Street · Judd Street · Kenton Street · Keppel Street · Keystone Crescent · King’s Boulevard · King’s Cross Road · King’s Cross Square · King’s Cross Station Concourse · King's Cross St Pancras · Kings Mews · Kirk Street · Lamb’s Conduit Passage · Lamb’s Conduit Street · Lamb’s Mews · Lambs Conduit Passage · Lambs Conduit Street · Lamp Office Court · Langton Close · Leigh Street · Lincoln Arms · Little Guildford Street · Little Russel Street · Little Russell Street · Lloyd Street · London Pub · Long Yard · Lord John Russell P.H. · Lorenzo Street · Lucas Arms · Mabel’s Tavern · Malet Place · Malet Street · Marchmont Street · Marquis Cornwallis · Maygood Street · McGlynn Freehouse · Mecklenburgh Place · Mecklenburgh Square · Mecklenburgh Street · Mecklenburgh Street · Medburn Street · Medway Court · Midhope Street · Midland Road · Miller’s Bar · Millman Place · Millman Street · Montague Street · Mortimer Market · Morwell Street · Neals Yard · New Bloomsbury Set · New North Street · New River Head · Night and Day Bar Imperial Hotel · Ninth Ward London · Norfolk Arms · North Cloisters · North Crescent · North Cresent · North Mews · Northington Street · Northumberland Arms · O’Neill’s · Oakshott Court · Oblique Museum Mansions · Odonnell Court · Old Glocester Street · Old Gloucester Street · Old Glouster Street · Orde Hall Street · Ormond Close · Ossulston Estate · Pakenham Arms Ltd · Pancras Road · Pancras Square · Peabody Buildings · Penryn Street · Penton Rise · Pentonville · Pentonville Road · Percy Circus · Percy Street · Phoenix Place · Pied Bull Court · Pied Bull Yard · Pooles Buildings · Postal area WC1 · Powis Place · Prideaux Place · Prince Arthur · Purchese Street · Queen Annes Square · Queen Square · Queen’s Head · Queen’s Yard · Regent Square · Regent Square · Regent’s Canal towpath · Regent’s Canal towpath · Resident’s Club Bar · Richbell Place · Ridgmount Gardens · Ridgmount Street · Roger Street · Royal Academy of Dramatic Art · Royal George · Rugby Chambers · Rugby Street · Russell Court · Russell Square · Russell Square House · Sandwich House · Sandwich Street · Seaford Street · Secrets · Shops Brunswick Centre · Sidmouth Street · Sidmouth Street · Sinclair House · Skinners Arms · Smithy’s Wine Bar · Somers Close · Somers Town · South Cloisters · Southampton Place · Southampton Row · Southern Street · Speedy Place · St Aloysius Social Club · St Pancras · St Pancras Cruising Club · St Peters Italian Social Club · St Peter’s Italian Church · St. Chad’s Street · St. Helena Street · Store Street · Streatham Street · Tankerton Street · Tavistock Bar · Tavistock House North · Tavistock House South · Tavistock House · Tavistock Place · Tavistock Place · Tavistock Square · Terrett’s Place · Thanet Street · The 'Royal Blue' horse omnibus outside 5 Euston Road (1912) · The Apple Tree · The Betsey Trotwood · The Blue Lion · The Boot · The Bowler · The Bree Louise · The Carpenters Arms · The Castle · The Circle · The Cock Tavern · The Craft Beer Co. Islington · The Dolphin · The Driver · The Duke of York · The Easton · The Euston Flyer · The Exmouth Arms · The Fellow · The Harrison · The Joker of Penton Street pub only · The Lady Ottoline · The Lamb · The Lexington · The Place Theatre Bar · The Polygon · The Rocket · The Three Johns · The Water Rats Club · The Wine Stores · Theobald’s Road · Theobalds Road · Third Floor · Thornhaugh Street · Thornhaugh Street · Thornhill Arms · Tiger House · Tonbridge Street · Torrington Place · Torrington Square · Union Tavern · Unity Mews · University College London · University Street · Upper Woborn Place · Upper Woburn Place · Vernon Square · Wakefield St · Wakefield Street · Wakefield Street · Wells Square · Westking Place · Weston Rise · Weston Rise · Whidborne Street · White Conduit Fields · White Conduit Street (1950s) · White Conduit Street · Whittlebury Street · Wilmington Arms · Witley Court · Woburn Place · Woburn Place · Woburn Square · Woburn Walk · Woolf Mews · York Road Curve · York Way · York Way · Yorkshire Grey Roundabout
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Bloomsbury · WC1H ·

Argyle Square is one of the streets of the Battle Bridge Estate.

Argyle Square is situated between St. Chad’s Street (formerly Derby Street) and Argyle Street (formerly Manchester Street) which bounds the estate on the south.

The Battle Bridge field originally laid both sides of Gray’s Inn Road, sharing its name with the name usually applied to this part of London prior to the erection here of the memorial to King George IV in 1830, when the area became known as King’s Cross.

The development of the New Road (Euston Road) in the middle of the eighteenth century cut across the 18-acre part of the field west of Gray’s Inn Road, leaving most of it south of the new road.

This field was owned by a William Brock in 1800 and continued to be used for gardens and meadows.

In the early 1820s, when a remaining 16½ acres was purchased by Thomas Dunstan, William Robinson, and William Flanders. 15¼ acres were south of Euston Road and the remainder on the north side was eventually sold to become St Pancras station. An Act of Parliament was obtained in 1824 to develop the land - at the same time the neighbouring Skinners’, Cromer, and Harrison estates were being developed.

Development was delayed in part by the failure of the Panarmion scheme - a large entertainment complex with a theatre, galleries, and reading rooms as well as gardens and pleasure grounds which opened in 1830 but had failed by 1832 and was then demolished.

Argyle Square - also known as Argyll Square - was laid out in 1832. The first houses appeared by 1840 and it was fully built by 1849. It may have been named after the Dukes of Argyll or Argyle, along with the other streets nearby which share this name.

In the middle of the nineteenth century, it was a respectable place to live - the New Jerusalem Church (Swedenborgian) was opened in 1844.

The main part of the Battle Bridge Estate comprised Liverpool Street, Manchester Street, Derby Street, and Belgrave Street. The whole area was subsequenly reported to be overcrowded and squalid in 1848, especially so after King’s Cross and St Pancras were built.

The Square was bombed during the Second World War, The New Jerusalem church was damaged and later demolished

Main source

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page

The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.



Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and 'wood for 100 pigs'. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.

The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called Lomesbury which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now, though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece.

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012.
Print-friendly version of this page


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.