Arkwright Road, NW3

Road in/near Hampstead, existing between 1874 and now

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6 Ellerdale Road · Acol Bridge Club · Akenside Road · Alban House · Alvanley Gardens · Alvanley Gardens · Anna Freud Centre · Arkwright Road · Avenue Mansions · Back Lane · Back Lane · Baynes Mews · Belsize Avenue · Belsize Court Garages · Belsize Court · Belsize Crescent · Belsize Cresent · Belsize Lane · Belsize Mews · Belsize Park Gardens · Belsize Park Mews · Belsize Park · Belsize Place · Belsize Square · Belsize Terrace · Beswick Mews · Billy Fury Way · Billy Fury Way · Billy Fury Way · Birchwood Drive · Blackburn Road · Bracknell Gardens · Bracknell Way · Bracknell Way · Branch Hill · Broadhurst Close · Broadhurst Gardens Meadow · Broadhurst Gardens · Broadwell Parade · Buckingham Mansions · Buckland Crescent · Burrard Road · Camden Arts Centre · Canfield Gardens · Canfield Place · Cannon Hill · Cannon Hill · Cannon Lane · Cannon Place · Canterbury House · Carlingford Road · Carlton Mews · Carnegie House · Cedars · Chesterford Gardens · Christ Church · Christchurch Hill · Church Row · Coach House Yard · Columbas Drive · Compayne Open Space · Connaught Mews · Crediton Hill · Croft Way · Croftway · Crossfield Road · Crown Close · Daleham Gardens · Daleham Mews · Decca Studios · Denning Road · Devonshire House Preparatory School · Doulton Mews · Downshire Hill · Dresden Close · East Heath Road · East Heath Road · Ellerdale Close · Ellerdale Road · Elm Row · Everyman Cinema · Fairfax Mansions · Fairfax Road · Falcon Lodge · Fawley Road · Ferncroft Avenue · Finchley Road · Finchley Road And Frognal · Finchley Road · Firecrest Drive · Fitzjohn’s Avenue · Fitzjohn's Avenue · Fitzjohns Avenue · Fitzjohn’s Avenue · Flask Cottages · Flask Walk · Flitcroft Estate · Fortune Green Road · Freemasons Arms · Freud Museum · Frognal Bridge · Frognal Close · Frognal Court · Frognal Gardens · Frognal Lane · Frognal Parade · Frognal Rise · Frognal Way · Frognal · Gainsborough Gardens · Gardnor Road · Gayton Crescent · Gayton Road · Gladys Road · Glenilla Road · Glenloch Road · Glenmore Road · Goldhurst Terrace · Grange Gardens · Greenaway Gardens · Greenhill · Grove Place · Hackney College · Hall School · Hampstead · Hampstead Cricket Club · Hampstead Cricket Club · Hampstead Gate · Hampstead Green · Hampstead Grove · Hampstead High Street · Hampstead Hill Gardens · Hampstead Square · Hampstead station (1907) · Hampstead tunnel · Harvard Court · Heath Brow · Heath Drive · Heath Hurst Road · Heath Side · Heath Street · Heath Villas · Heysham Lane · Hillfield · Hillfield Court · Hillfield Court · Hilltop Road · Holford Road · Holly Berry Lane · Holly Bush Vale · Holly Hill · Holly Mount · Holly Walk · Honeybourne Road · Inglewood House · Inglewood Road · Jack Straw's Castle (1907) · Jacksfield · Judges’ Walk · Keats Grove · Keats House · Kemplay Road · Kidderpore Avenue · Kidderpore Gardens · King William IV · Kingdon Road · Lakis Close · Lambolle Road · Lancaster Drive · Lancaster Grove · Langland Gardens · Lauriston Lodge · Lindfield Gardens · Lithos Road · Lithos Road · Lower Terrace · Lowlands · Lymington Road · Lyncroft Gardens · Lyndhurst Gardens · Lyndhurst Road · Lyndhurst Terrace · Mansion Gardens · Maresfield Gardens · Marion Mews · Marlborough Mansions · Martys Yard · Maryon Mews · McCrone Mews · Midland Crescent · Minton Mews · Mount Vernon · National School · Netherhall Gardens · Netherhall House · Netherhall Way · New College Parade · New End Square · New End · New West End · North Star · Nutley Terrace · O2 Centre · Oak Hill Park Mews · Oak Hill Park Mews · Oak Hill Park · Oak Hill Way · Oakhill Avenue · Old Brewery Mews · Oriel Court · Oriel Place · Ornan Road · Palace Court · Parsifal Road · Parsifal Road · Pax Lodge · Pentameters Theatre · Perceval Avenue · Perrin’s Lane · Perrins Court · Perrins Walk · Pilgrim’s Lane · Pilgrim’s Place · Pilgrims Lane · Pilgrims Place · Pond Street · Poplar House · Potter's Iron Foundry · Prince Arthur Mews · Prince Arthur Road · Princess Mews · Railway · Redington Gardens · Redington Road · Ripley House · Rosecroft Avenue · Rosemont Road · Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel · Rosslyn Hill · Rosslyn House · Rosslyn Mansions · Rosslyn Mews · Rowland Hill Street · Rowntree Close · Rudall Crescent · Salmon Mews · Sandwell Crescent · Sandwell House · Secrets · Shepherd’s Path · Shepherd’s Well · Shepherd's Path · Shepherds Walk · Sherriff Road · Source of the Kilbourne · South End Road · South Hampstead High School · Spaniards Road · Spode Walk · St John · St Johns Court · St Mary’s Church · St Stephen’s Church · Strathray Gardens · Streatley Place · Studholme Court · Sumpter Close · Telegraph Hill · Templewood Avenue · Templewood Gardens · The Academy School · The Black Lion · The Duke of Hamilton · The Flagstaff · The Flask · The Gables · The Holly Bush · The Horse Shoe · The Lower Ground Bar · The Mount · The Roebuck · The Royal School · The Wells House · The Wells Tavern · Thorplands · Thurlow Road · Treherne House · Trinity Walk · Tudor Close · Two streams meet · University College School · Upper Terrace · Vale of Health · Vane Close · Village Mount · Wandsworth Place · Waterhouse Close · Wedderburn Road · Welbeck Mansions · Well Road · Well Walk · West Cottages · West Cottages · West End Green · West End Hall · West End House · West End Lane · West End Park · West Hampstead · West Hampstead (Overground) station · West Hampstead Mews · West Hampstead Synagogue · Wetherspoons · Whitestone Lane · Whitestone Pond · Willoughby Road · Willow Road · Windmill Hill · Woodbine Cottage · Worcester Mews · Ye Olde White Bear · Yorkshire Grey Place
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Hampstead · NW3 ·
MARCH
9
2016

Arkwright Road, NW3 runs from Fitzjohn’s Avenue to Finchley Road.


On the Slyes and Kinghall estate, combined under the name Greenhill, building was contemplated before 1869.

The first building went up in the corner between Church Lane and Church Place in 1869. Two houses were built at Greenhill in 1871 and by 1872 Church Place had been extended as Greenhill Road (after 1892 Fitzjohn’s Avenue).

By 1874 all the roads on the estate, Ellerdale (then Ellerdale and Manners roads), Prince Arthur (then Prince Arthur and Lingard roads), and the eastern portion of Arkwright Road, were laid out and many of the houses built, mostly substantial detached or semi-detached. The westward continuation of Arkwright Road, with land on either side divided into 16 plots, was planned. Most houses were completed by 1880.

The Central library, at the corner of Finchley and Arkwright roads, opened in 1897, was designed by A. S. Tayler as a two-storeyed building in domestic Tudor style. It contained a reference library, reading rooms, and lending library (opened in 1899), and the cost was covered by a gift from Sir Henry Harben. The reference library housed 8,000 volumes of Professor Henry Morley, bought by the vestry in 1896, and a local archive collection was begun by the purchase of a survey of 1680 of the heath. The site allowed room for additions: an extension of 1909 included a children’s library, one of the first of its kind in the London area, with a separate entrance in Arkwright Road, and a small exhibition and lecture room; a further extension in 1926 provided a larger lending library and a lecture hall for 220. After severe damage in 1940 and 1945 the adjoining bombed sites were bought for future enlargement, but in 1964 the library closed. Its departments were transferred to the new Swiss Cottage library at no. 88 Avenue Road, an oval-planned building designed by Sir Basil Spence, which in 1986 also housed Camden L.B.’s local history collection and archives covering Hampstead and St. Pancras, besides its reference collection on philosophy and psychology.

The old building subsequently became Camden Arts centre, administered by the Arkwright Arts trust with municipal support.

Main source

Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.

Citations and sources

By G. E. Mitton (1902)
Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations

Links and further reading

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VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Hampstead

Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.
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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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