Euston

Underground station, existing between 1837 and now

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Underground station · Euston · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
1
2013
Photograph of the Euston Arch, 1896

London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.

Euston was the first inter-city railway station in London. It opened on 20 July 1837 as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway.

The site was selected in the early 1830s by George and Robert Stephenson, engineers of the London and Birmingham Railway. The area was then mostly farmland at the edge of the expanding city of London. The station was named after Euston Hall in Suffolk, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Grafton, who were the main landowners in the area.

Objections to the station by local farmers meant that, when the Act authorising construction of the line was passed in 1833, the terminus was relocated to Chalk Farm. However, these objections were overcome, and in 1835 an Act authorising construction of the station at its originally planned site was passed, and construction went ahead.

The original station was built by William Cubitt. It was designed by the classically trained architect Philip Hardwick and initially it had only two platforms, one for departures and one for arrivals. Also designed by Hardwick was a 72 foot-high Doric propylaeum, the largest ever built, erected at the entrance as a portico and which became known as the Euston Arch.

The station grew rapidly over the following years as traffic increased. It was greatly expanded in the 1840s, with the opening in 1849 of the spectacular Great Hall, designed by Hardwick's son Philip Charles Hardwick in classical style.

In the early 1960s it was decided that a larger station was required. Because of the restricted layout of track and tunnels at the northern end, enlargement could be accomplished only by expanding southwards over the area occupied by the Great Hall and the Arch. Amid much public outcry, the station building including the Arch was demolished in 1961-2 and replaced by a new building. Its opening in 1968 followed the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.

A few remnants of the older station remain: two Portland stone entrance lodges and a war memorial. A statue of Robert Stephenson by Carlo Marochetti, previously in the old ticket hall, stands in the forecourt.

On 12 May 1907 the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Bank branch of the Northern Line) opened a station at Euston as the terminus of a new extension from its existing station at Angel.

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VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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The Underground Map

The Underground Map is a website dedicated to some of the more obscure pieces of London Town (as well as some of the more well-known places).

The Underground Map project is creating a decade-by-decade series of historical maps of the area which lies within London's M25 ring.

From the 1800s until the 1950s, you can see how London grew from a city which only reached as far as Park Lane into the post war megapolis we know today.

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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adam and Eve Tearooms:   The Adam and Eve Tearooms were a fashionable Georgian watering hole.
Euston Square:   Euston Square is a London Underground station near Euston station, at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London.
Ossulston Estate:   The Ossulston Estate is a multi-storey council estate built by the London County Council in Somers Town between 1927 and 1931.
Somers Town:   Somers Town is a district close to three main line rail termini - Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross.
University College London:   University College London (UCL) is a public research university and a constituent college of the federal University of London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldenham Street, NW1 · Barnby Street, NW1 · Barnby Street, NW1W · Bridgeway Street, NW1 · Brill Place, NW1 · Brock Street, NW1 · Cardington Street, NW1 · Chalton Street, NW1 · Christopher Place, NW1 · Church Way, NW1 · Churchway, NW1 · Clarence Gardens, NW1 · Cobourg Street, NW1 · Cranleigh Street, NW1 · Darwin Walk, WC1E · Doric Way, NW1 · Doric Way, NW1 · Drummond Crescent, NW1 · Drummond Street, NW1 · Duke’s Road, WC1H · Dukes Road, WC1H · Endsleigh Gardens, WC1H · Endsleigh Place, WC1H · Endsleigh Street, WC1H · Euston Centre, NW1 · Euston Road, NW1 · Euston Road, WC1H · Euston Square, NW1 · Euston Street, NW1 · Eversholt Street, NW1 · Everton Buildings, NW1 · Flaxman Terrace, NW1 · Flaxman Terrace, WC1H · Foundry Mews, NW1 · George Mews, NW1 · Gordon Square, WC1H · Gordon Street, WC1H · Gower Court, WC1E · Gower Place, WC1E · Grafton Place, NW1 · Grafton Way, WC1E · Hampstead Road, NW1 · Lancing Street, NW1 · Laxton Place, NW1 · Lidlington Place, NW1 · Little Albany Street, NW1 · Longford Street, NW1 · Malet Place, WC1E · Melton Street, NW1 · Midford Place, W1T · Munster Square, NW1 · Nash Street, NW1 · Netley Street, NW1 · North Cloisters, WC1E · North Gower Street, NW1 · Oakshott Court, NW1 · Osnaburgh Street, NW1 · Ossulston Street, NW1 · Peto Place, NW1 · Phoenix Road, NW1 · Polygon Road, NW1 · Prince Of Wales Passage, NW1 · Prince Regent Mews, NW1 · Purchese Street, NW1 · Robert Street, NW1 · Seymour House, NW1 · South Cloisters, WC1H · St Annes, NW1 · St Mary Magdalene Church, NW1 · Stanhope Parade, NW1 · Stanhope Street, NW1 · Starcross Street, NW1 · Stephenson Way, NW1 · Tavistock House North, WC1H · Tavistock House South, WC1H · Tavistock House, WC1H · Taviton Street, WC1H · The Polygon · Tolmers Square, NW1 · Triton Square, NW1 · Triton Street, NW1 · University Street, WC1E · Upper Woborn Place, WC1H · Upper Woburn Place, WC1H · Varndell Street, NW1 · Werrington Street, NW1 · William Road, NW1 · Woburn Square, WC1H · Woburn Walk, WC1H ·

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What is Euston like as a place to live?

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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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