Euston

Underground station, existing between 1837 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
3.90.12.112 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Underground station · Euston · NW1 ·
December
1
2013

London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.

Photograph of the Euston Arch, 1896
Euston was the first inter-city railway station in London. It opened on 20 July 1837 as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway.

The site was selected in the early 1830s by George and Robert Stephenson, engineers of the London and Birmingham Railway. The area was then mostly farmland at the edge of the expanding city of London. The station was named after Euston Hall in Suffolk, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Grafton, who were the main landowners in the area.

Objections to the station by local farmers meant that, when the Act authorising construction of the line was passed in 1833, the terminus was relocated to Chalk Farm. However, these objections were overcome, and in 1835 an Act authorising construction of the station at its originally planned site was passed, and construction went ahead.

The original station was built by William Cubitt. It was designed by the classically trained architect Philip Hardwick and initially it had only two platforms, one for departures and one for arrivals. Also designed by Hardwick was a 72 foot-high Doric propylaeum, the largest ever built, erected at the entrance as a portico and which became known as the Euston Arch.

The station grew rapidly over the following years as traffic increased. It was greatly expanded in the 1840s, with the opening in 1849 of the spectacular Great Hall, designed by Hardwick's son Philip Charles Hardwick in classical style.

In the early 1960s it was decided that a larger station was required. Because of the restricted layout of track and tunnels at the northern end, enlargement could be accomplished only by expanding southwards over the area occupied by the Great Hall and the Arch. Amid much public outcry, the station building including the Arch was demolished in 1961-2 and replaced by a new building. Its opening in 1968 followed the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.

A few remnants of the older station remain: two Portland stone entrance lodges and a war memorial. A statue of Robert Stephenson by Carlo Marochetti, previously in the old ticket hall, stands in the forecourt.

On 12 May 1907 the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Bank branch of the Northern Line) opened a station at Euston as the terminus of a new extension from its existing station at Angel.

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page

THE STREETS OF EUSTON
Brock Street, NW1 This is a street in the NW1 postcode area
Cardington Street, NW1 Cardington Street is a rare London street in that it closed for good as late as 2017.
Clarence Gardens, NW1 Clarence Gardens is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Cobourg Street, NW1 Cobourg Street is a street in Camden Town.
Doric Way, NW1 Doric Way is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Drummond Street, NW1 Drummond Street was the original site of Euston Station.
Euston Centre, NW1 Euston Centre is a street in Camden Town.
Euston Square, NW1 This is a street in the NW1 postcode area
Euston Street, NW1 Euston Street is a street in Camden Town.
Everton Buildings, NW1 Everton Buildings is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Foundry Mews, NW1 Foundry Mews is a road in the NW1 postcode area
George Mews, NW1 George Mews is a street in Camden Town.
Grafton Place, NW1 Grafton Place is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Laxton Place, NW1 Laxton Place is a street in Camden Town.
Little Albany Street, NW1 Little Albany Street is a street in Camden Town.
Longford Street, NW1 Longford Street is a street in Camden Town.
Munster Square, NW1 Munster Square is a street in Camden Town.
Nash Street, NW1 Nash Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Netley Street, NW1 Netley Street is a street in Camden Town.
North Gower Street, NW1 North Gower Street is a street in Camden Town.
Osnaburgh Street, NW1 Osnaburgh Street is a street in Camden Town.
Peto Place, NW1 Peto Place is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Prince Of Wales Passage, NW1 Prince Of Wales Passage is a street in Camden Town.
Prince Regent Mews, NW1 Prince Regent Mews is a street in Camden Town.
Robert Street, NW1 Robert Street is a street in Camden Town.
St Annes, NW1 St Annes is a street in Camden Town.
St Mary Magdalene Church, NW1 St Mary Magdalene Church is a street in Camden Town.
Stanhope Parade, NW1 Stanhope Parade is a street in Camden Town.
Stanhope Street, NW1 Stanhope Street is a street in Camden Town.
Starcross Street, NW1 Starcross Street is a street in Camden Town.
Triton Square, NW1 Triton Square is a street in Camden Town.
Triton Street, NW1 Triton Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Varndell Street, NW1 Varndell Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area
William Road, NW1 William Road is a street in Camden Town.



LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Apr 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:1:116
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Cardiff vs Liverpool line-ups: Confirmed XIs and latest team news for today's Premier League clash
Cardiff vs Liverpool line-ups: Confirmed XIs and latest team news for today's Premier League clash

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/liverpool/cardiff-vs-liverpool-lineups-predicted-xis-latest-team-news-premier-league-today-a4122711.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Apr 2019 04:20 GMT   
IP:
3:2:116
Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
Virgin Money London Marathon (28th Apr 19)
The UK’s most famous road race returns for 2019 promising to beat even last year’s amazing event!

Crowds of half a million line the 26.2 mile course offering shouts of encouragement and congratula...

https://www.allinlondon.co.uk/whats-on.php?event=32680

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Apr 2019 01:20 GMT   
IP:
3:3:116
Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
’We’ve all done it’: Diane Abbott backed after apology for train mojito
’We’ve all done it’: Diane Abbott backed after apology for train mojito

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/apr/20/diane-abbott-apologises-for-drinking-mojito-on-public-transport

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Apr 2019 19:20 GMT   
IP:
3:4:116
Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Theresa May faces pressure as 'nearly eight out of 10 Tories want her to quit', according to new poll
A majority of Tories want Theresa May to quit as party leader, according to a new survey.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/theresa-may-faces-pressure-with-eight-out-of-ten-tories-wanting-her-to-quit-according-to-new-poll-a4122526.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Apr 2019 15:40 GMT   
IP:
3:5:116
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Man City 1 Tottenham 0: Phil Foden winner hands City precious victory in title race
Phil Foden’s first Premier League goal helped Manchester City exact revenge on Tottenham for their Champions League exit and keep their title defence on track.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/man-city-1-tottenham-0-phil-foden-winner-hands-city-precious-win-in-title-race-a4122436.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Apr 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:6:116
Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
Police investigating string of north London sexual assaults 'committed by delivery driver'
A string of sexual assaults in north London are thought to have been carried out by a delivery driver on a moped, police said.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/police-investigating-string-of-sexual-assaults-committed-by-delivery-driver-a4122276.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Apr 2019 01:40 GMT   
IP:
3:7:116
Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
Huge increase in Public Spaces Protection Order fines
A lawyer fears some council wardens are "acting with incentives to issue as many fines as possible".

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-47982434

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 23:40 GMT   
IP:
3:8:116
Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
Extinction Rebellion protests: photos from day five
Guardian picture editors select the best photos from the fifth day of climate protests in London Continue reading...

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2019/apr/19/extinction-rebellion-protests-photos-from-day-five

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 15:30 GMT   
IP:
3:9:116
Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Extinction Rebellion protests: Arrests hit 500 as Met Police deploys 1,000 officers to remove eco warriors
More than 500 Extinction Rebellion protesters have been arrested as authorities said 1,000 officers were being deployed each day to demonstrations in London.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/extinction-rebellion-protests-arrests-near-500-as-police-deploys-1000-officers-to-remove-eco-a4121861.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:10:116
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp 'felt for Man City' after heartbreaking Champions League exit
Jurgen Klopp has claimed he felt for Manchester City after they exited the Champions League in heartbreaking fashion at the hands of Tottenham.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/liverpool/liverpool-boss-jurgen-klopp-felt-for-man-city-after-heartbreaking-champions-league-exit-a4122111.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 03:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:116
Post by LDNnews: Russell Square
Inquest into death of Love Island star Sophie Gradon to be heard today
An inquest into the death of former Love Island star Sophie Gradon will be heard today.

https://www.standard.co.uk/home/standard-showbiz/inquest-into-death-of-love-island-star-sophie-gradon-to-be-heard-today-a4120886.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 01:30 GMT   
IP:
3:12:116
Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
Psychologist reveals the nine feeding faces all parents need to know
Baby psychologist Caspar Addyman and London-based infant nutritional specialist Alice Fotheringham observed three babies to help explain the feeding faces little ones pull to parents.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-6935875/Psychologist-reveals-nine-feeding-faces-parents-need-know.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Apr 2019 23:20 GMT   
IP:
3:13:116
Post by LDNnews: Camden Town
Sajid Javid calls for ’full force of law’ against Extinction Rebellion protesters
Sajid Javid calls for ’full force of law’ against Extinction Rebellion protesters

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/apr/18/sajid-javid-calls-for-full-force-of-law-against-extinction-rebellion-protesters

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Apr 2019 15:40 GMT   
IP:
3:14:116
Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Extinction Rebellion London LIVE: Protests over climate change hit fourth day as activists storm capital
Parts of central London are set to grind to a halt again today, as environmental protestors begin their fourth day of disruption.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/extinction-rebellion-shut-down-london-for-fourth-day-live-updates-a4120926.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Apr 2019 15:20 GMT   
IP:
3:15:116
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Moussa Sissoko did not know Tottenham had reached semi-finals having stormed off after Raheem Sterling 'goal'
Champions League LIVE! Tottenham, Liverpool, Ajax and Barcelona in final four

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/moussa-sissoko-reveals-he-did-not-know-tottenham-had-reached-semifinals-after-storming-back-to-a4121236.html

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Euston

London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.

Euston was the first inter-city railway station in London. It opened on 20 July 1837 as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway.

The site was selected in the early 1830s by George and Robert Stephenson, engineers of the London and Birmingham Railway. The area was then mostly farmland at the edge of the expanding city of London. The station was named after Euston Hall in Suffolk, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Grafton, who were the main landowners in the area.

Objections to the station by local farmers meant that, when the Act authorising construction of the line was passed in 1833, the terminus was relocated to Chalk Farm. However, these objections were overcome, and in 1835 an Act authorising construction of the station at its originally planned site was passed, and construction went ahead.

The original station was built by William Cubitt. It was designed by the classically trained architect Philip Hardwick and initially it had only two platforms, one for departures and one for arrivals. Also designed by Hardwick was a 72 foot-high Doric propylaeum, the largest ever built, erected at the entrance as a portico and which became known as the Euston Arch.

The station grew rapidly over the following years as traffic increased. It was greatly expanded in the 1840s, with the opening in 1849 of the spectacular Great Hall, designed by Hardwick's son Philip Charles Hardwick in classical style.

In the early 1960s it was decided that a larger station was required. Because of the restricted layout of track and tunnels at the northern end, enlargement could be accomplished only by expanding southwards over the area occupied by the Great Hall and the Arch. Amid much public outcry, the station building including the Arch was demolished in 1961-2 and replaced by a new building. Its opening in 1968 followed the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.

A few remnants of the older station remain: two Portland stone entrance lodges and a war memorial. A statue of Robert Stephenson by Carlo Marochetti, previously in the old ticket hall, stands in the forecourt.

On 12 May 1907 the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Bank branch of the Northern Line) opened a station at Euston as the terminus of a new extension from its existing station at Angel.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.