Barnhill Cottages, HA9

Road in Preston Road

 HOME  ARTICLE  MAP  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
Click here to log in on Facebook Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Preston Road · HA9 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
1
2000


Barnhill Cottages is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.

This location is in The Underground Map database but, so far, there is no further information about it.

If you wish to contibute information to this location, or any other location, you can use your Facebook login to authorise The Underground Map app and tell other users the location's story.
This is by far the best way to edit this information since there are many more available edit options other than simply adding comments using the form below.



If you do not wish to use Facebook, you can tell the story of this location below.



Barnhill Cottages, HA9 news feed:
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
19:10
IP: 46.229.168.76
1498207740
1498745425
Post from Wembley Park



http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/survivors-of-grenfell-tower-getting-just-10-from-local-council-reveals-volunteer-a3567606.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
19:10
IP: 46.229.168.76
1498207740
1498745425
Post from Wembley Park
Send us photos of your fun in the sun - or how you're trying to stay cool in the hot weather
It's another scorcher today with the temperature set to pass the 30C mark.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15356289.Send_us_photos_of_your_fun_in_the_sun___or_how_you_re_trying_to_stay_cool_in_the_hot_weather/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
19:10
IP: 46.229.168.76
1498207740
1498745425
Post from Wembley Park
A 'sinkhole' is causing travel chaos in Chislehurst
A one-metre deep 'sinkhole' is causing travel chaos in Chislehurst.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15361338.A__sinkhole__is_causing_travel_chaos_in_Chislehurst/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
03:30
IP: 185.53.44.187
1498207740
1498689050
Post from Stonebridge Park
Weather: Forecasters predict month-long heatwave
It's time to stock up on sun cream and sunglasses as the country is set to be hit with a month-long heatwave.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15346311.Weather__Forecasters_predict_month_long_heatwave/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
03:30
IP: 185.53.44.187
1498207740
1498689050
Post from Stonebridge Park
Surbiton Crescent traffic restrictions to be made permanent
The controversial Surbiton Crescent traffic restrictions are set to be made permanent, after councillors voted in favour at a Residents Committee meeting last night.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15350752.Surbiton_Crescent_traffic_restrictions_to_be_made_permanent/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
03:30
IP: 185.53.44.187
1498207740
1498689050
Post from Stonebridge Park
Surrey Quays: Boy, 10, saved from drowning in Greenland Dock as search continues to find man
A 10-year-old boy was saved from drowning by a member of the public in a dramatic rescue operation in south east London.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/surrey-quays-boy-10-saved-from-drowning-in-greenland-dock-as-search-continues-to-find-man-a3567466.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
03:30
IP: 185.53.44.187
1498207740
1498689050
Post from Stonebridge Park
Jeremy Corbyn renews calls for Grenfell Tower victims to be housed in luxury Kensington homes
Jeremy Corbyn has renewed calls for luxury empty properties in Kensington to be taken over by the Government to house victims of the Grenfell Tower fire.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/jeremy-corbyn-renews-calls-for-grenfell-tower-victims-to-be-housed-in-luxury-kensington-homes-a3567561.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
03:30
IP: 185.53.44.187
1498207740
1498689050
Post from Stonebridge Park
Finsbury Park mosque attack brings city together as hundreds of Londoners gather in show of solidarity
Hundreds of Londoners from different faiths gathered outside a mosque in Finsbury Park in show of solidarity following a van attack on a crowd of Muslims who had been to pray.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/finsbury-park-mosque-attack-hundreds-of-londoners-gather-in-show-of-solidarity-at-scene-of-terror-a3568536.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
22 Jun 2017
03:30
IP: 185.53.44.187
1498207740
1498689050
Post from Stonebridge Park
Grenfell Tower rescue boss says 'we have so much more to do' in support effort for victims
The head of the newly-established Grenfell Fire response team has said "we have so much more to do" in the effort to support those affected by the tragedy.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/grenfell-tower-rescue-boss-says-we-have-so-much-more-to-do-in-support-effort-for-victims-a3569816.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
19 Jun 2017
20:43
IP: 46.229.168.71
1498207740
1498459382
Post from Wembley Park
Can you help? 16-year-old girl missing from Wandsworth
A 16-year-old girl has gone missing from Wandsworth.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15353054.Can_you_help__16_year_old_girl_missing_from_Wandsworth/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
19 Jun 2017
18:43
IP: 46.229.168.71
1498207740
1498459382
Post from Wembley Park
Vince Cable on Lib Dem leadership: 'I'm not going to make a decision just yet'
Twickenham's new MP, Sir Vince Cable, has not ruled out running for leader of the Liberal Democrats.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15350873.Vince_Cable_on_Lib_Dem_leadership____39_I__39_m_not_going_to_make_a_decision_just_yet__39_/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
19 Jun 2017
04:43
IP: 46.229.168.71
1498207740
1498459382
Post from Wembley Park
How is the 2017/18 Premier League fixture list compiled?
"You can't satisfy everyone."

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/epl-fixtures-2017-18-how-the-premier-league-fixture-list-is-compiled-a3564026.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
19 Jun 2017
03:43
IP: 46.229.168.71
1498207740
1498459382
Post from Wembley Park
At least 12 dead in Grenfell Tower inferno
London Fire Brigade said the cause of the fire was still being investigated.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15346171.At_least_12_dead_in_Grenfell_Tower_inferno/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews
18 Jun 2017
04:44
IP: 216.244.66.237
1498207740
1498405490
Post from Neasden
Terror suspects 'plotted knife and car attack on tourist attractions in London'
Two terror suspects accused of plotting a car and knife attack on London will stand trial in January.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/terror-suspects-plotted-knife-and-car-attack-on-tourist-attractions-in-london-a3561481.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
18 Jun 2017
03:44
IP: 216.244.66.237
1498207740
1498405490
Post from Neasden



http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/detectives-offer-20000-to-catch-rapist-behind-terrifying-tooting-attack-a3552876.html

Do you come from Barnhill Cottages, HA9, or know it well? Add your comment here.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Barnhill Cottages, HA9:
Small print: Ensure that comments are kept civilised and are not abusive. We store your IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
 Upload an image
You can add an image to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 Add new information to this location
You can add text to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 
 Log on via Facebook
You can use a Facebook id to add material to this website.

Address not listed? Add it here...
Go to Preston Road

Preston Road

Preston Road - originally just 'Preston' - is situated west along the Metropolitan Line from Wembley Park.

Preston, meaning 'the farm belonging to the priest', began as a small settlement at Preston Green, just south west of the Lidding or Wealdstone Brook, south of Kenton. It was first mentioned in 1220. The name may come from an estate given to Abbot Stidberht by King Offa of Mercia in 767, but any connection with Preston Road as a rural lanethe Church had been lost by 1086. Preston was a township by 1231.

By the mid-15th century Preston consisted of two farms and a few cottages. The northern farm belonged to the Lyon family from the late 14th century and is described as being a beautiful building in 1547. It was probably the birthplace of John Lyon (1534-92), a considerable local landowner who founded Harrow School in 1572. After his death the farm was given as an endowment for the upkeep of the school. It was rebuilt around 1700. The southern farm was originally known as Preston Dicket and later as Preston Farm.

By 1681 five buildings had been built on Preston Green, including a new farmhouse, Hillside Farm. In 1759 there were nine buildings at Preston, including the 'Horseshoe' inn,
which was licensed in 1751.

The district did not change significantly in the 19th century. The agricultural depression after the Napoleonic Wars led to an outbreak of violence in the area around 1828, when desperate agricultural labourers burnt haystacks and threatened local landowners, including the relatively benevolent Lord Northwick.

64 people lived in Preston in 1831 and 57 in 1851.

In 1851 the 'Rose & Crown' beerhouse is mentioned at the top of Preston Hill (beerhouses flourished from 1830 to 1869 and were intended to discourage the sale of spirits). It appears to have been part of Hillside Farm, and is never mentioned again.

Preston House was leased to various professional men during the 19th century, including a surgeon, a cigar importer and a solicitor.

In 1864 two villas replaced the four nearby cottages. Around 1880 Preston House was acquired by George Timms, who turned the grounds into Preston Tea Gardens. The Tea Gardens flourished well into the next century.

The Metropolitan Railway had no effect on development, even after the opening of Wembley Park station in 1894. In 1896 the suggestion that a station should be built serving Preston was rejected because the local population was so small. Indeed even in the early 20th century the area was entirely rural, and the Wealdstone Brook could be described as "one of the most perfect little streams anywhere, abounding in dace and roach."

By 1900 Uxendon Farm had become a shooting ground (the Lancaster Shooting Club). When the Olympic Games were held in London in 1908 the ground was sufficiently important to be
used for Olympic clay pigeon shooting. Pressure from the shooting club, which was a two mile walk from the nearest station, played a part in the opening of Preston Road Halt on 21 May 1908.

The station was a halt (a request stop) and initially many trains failed to slow down enough to enable the driver to notice passengers waiting on the platform. Preston Road Halt triggered the first commuter development in the district. Some large Edwardian houses were built along Preston Road after 1910 and Harrow Golf Club opened near the station in 1912. Wembley Golf Club had already existed on the southern slopes of Barn Hill from about 1895. Both these golf courses would disappear under housing between the wars.

Further development in Preston came after the 1924-5 British Empire Exhibition. Roads in the area were prone to flooding, and the Exhibition led to significant and much needed improvements.

Many of the country lanes in the area were however not improved until 1931-2, under Wembley's Town Planning Scheme. Preston Road indeed remained a country lane until the late 1930s, which may account for its considerable charm.Improved communications brought suburban development. Christ Church College, Oxford, and Harrow School sold their Preston
estates in the period 1921-33. Forty Green began being built over as early as 1923-4 and housing spread along Preston Road and Preston Hill in the three years that followed.

Shops appeared in 1927-8 and a pub, the 'Preston Park Hotel' was opened in the late 1920s.

Preston Road was converted into a proper station in 1931-2. The line was electrified soon after and the station slightly re-sited. By now it was certain that the heart of Preston would be to the south of the old green. Many more shops appeared around the station in 1931-3 and 1936-8. Most housing developments occurred in the 1930s. By 1936 Preston was being described as "a high class and rapidly growing residential area with a population of between 6000 and 7000 people." A primary school was created to serve this population in 1932 and a secondary school in 1938.

In the 1930s many Jewish people, the majority members of the United Synagogue, moved into the Preston area. There is still a strong Jewish presence today.

By 1951 Preston's population had risen to 12,408, although it declined somewhat thereafter. Post-war housing was built north and east of Preston Road and a number of prefabs, a temporary solution to homelessness, stood at Tenterden Close, Woodcock Hill, until the late 1960s. Proposals for an Anglican church at Preston had been published in 1936, but the war intervened and the Church of the Ascension was not consecrated until 1957.

By the early 1960s all of Preston's old buildings had been lost. Lyon's Farm was demolished in 1960, despite earlier plans to preserve it. Hillside farmhouse went in 1961 and Preston House was demolished in 1962-3. Both of these buildings were replaced by blocks of flats. Despite these losses Preston is a pleasant and prosperous-looking place that has retained its original atmosphere.



LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Chalkhill Estate:   Chalkhill Estate was one of three large estates built in the London Borough of Brent. The design was based on that of Park Hill in Sheffield.
Preston Road:   Preston Road - originally just 'Preston' - is situated west along the Metropolitan Line from Wembley Park.
Vale Farm:   Vale Farm was probably a mixed farm, growing crops and raising livestock for meat, run by a succession of tenant farmers..


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A406, HA9 · A479, HA9 · Abbeydale Road, HA0 · Abbotts Drive, HA0 · Allendale Road, HA0 · Alperton Lane, HA0 · Ambleside Gardens, HA9 · Arnold Close, HA3 · Arnside Gardens, HA9 · Ash Walk, HA0 · Ashley Gardens, HA9 · Atlas Road, HA9 · Audrey Gardens, HA0 · Aylands Close, HA9 · Balmoral Court, HA9 · Barnhill Cottages, HA9 · Barnhill Road, HA9 · Beaumont Avenue, HA0 · Beaumont Court, HA0 · Beechcroft Gardens, HA9 · Bestcare House, HA0 · Blackbird Hill, HA9 · Blackbird Hill, NW9 · Blockley Road, HA0 · Bowling Green Court, HA9 · Bramley Lodge, HA0 · Brancker Road, HA3 · Branksome Way, HA3 · Brindley Close, HA0 · Brook Avenue, HA9 · Buddings Circle, HA9 · Byron Road, HA0 · Cambridge Close, NW10 · Camden Crescent, HA0 · Camplin Road, HA3 · Carlton Avenue East, HA9 · Carlton Avenue West, HA0 · Carlton Parade, HA9 · Chalklands, HA9 · Chamberlayne Avenue, HA9 · Chantry Close, HA3 · Charterhouse Avenue, HA0 · Cheltenham Place, HA3 · Chesham Street, NW10 · Clay Court, HA3 · Cleveley Crescent, HA0 · Clifton Road, HA3 · Cody Close, HA3 · College Road, HA9 · Compton Avenue, HA0 · Conifer Way, HA0 · Coniston Gardens, HA9 · Conway Gardens, HA9 · Court Parade, HA0 · Cowbridge Road, HA3 · Crown Green Mews, HA9 · Crown Walk, HA9 · Dagmar Avenue, HA9 · Daisy Close, NW9 · Darcy Drive, HA3 · Darcy Gardens, HA3 · Dean Court, HA0 · Demeta Close, HA9 · Derwent Gardens, HA9 · Dorchester Way, HA3 · Draycott Avenue, HA9 · East Court, HA0 · East Lane, HA0 · Ecclestone Place, HA9 · Edison Drive, HA9 · Edwards Yard, HA0 · Elliott Close, HA9 · Elms Lane, HA0 · Elmside Road, HA9 · Elmstead Avenue, HA9 · Elton Avenue, HA0 · Empire House, HA9 · Engineers Way, HA9 · Ennerdale Gardens, HA9 · Eskdale Close, HA9 · Eton Avenue, HA0 · Eton Court Eton Avenue, HA0 · Eton Court, HA0 · Farrer Road, HA3 · Fernbank Avenue, HA0 · Fernbank Avenue, UB6 · Fernleigh Court, HA9 · First Avenue, HA9 · Forty Avenue, HA9 · Forty Close, HA9 · Forty Lane, HA9 · Fourth Way, HA9 · Fryent Way, HA9 · Gabrielle Close, HA9 · Gervase Close, HA9 · Glebe Lane, HA3 · Glenalmond Road, HA3 · Glendale Gardens, HA9 · Grand Union Walk, HA0 · Grasmere Avenue, HA9 · Greenhill, HA9 · Greenrigg Walk, HA9 · Hallmark Trading Centre, HA9 · Hamel Close, HA3 · Hannah Close, HA9 · Hannah Close, NW10 · Harrow Road, HA0 · Harrow Road, HA9 · Harrowdene Road, HA0 · Harrowdene Road, HA9 · Harvey Yard, HA0 · Harveys Yard, HA0 · Hasting Close, HA0 · High Road, HA9 · Highfield Avenue, HA9 · Hill Road, HA0 · Hillcroft Crescent, HA9 · Hillside Avenue, HA9 · Hillside Gardens, HA3 · Hinkler Road, HA3 · Hollycroft Avenue, HA9 · Holt Road, HA0 · Honeypot Close, NW9 · Honeypot Lane, NW9 · Hunters Grove, HA3 · Imperial Way, HA3 · John Lyon Roundabout, HA0 · Ken Way, HA9 · Kenmore Road, HA3 · Kinch Grove, HA9 · Kings Court, HA9 · Kingsgate, HA9 · Kingswood Road, HA9 · Kinsbury JFS access, HA3 · Langham Gardens, HA0 · Lawrence Way, NW10 · Liddell Close, HA3 · Linden Avenue, HA9 · Lindsay Drive, HA3 · Llanover Road, HA0 · Lodge Avenue, HA3 · Logan Road, HA9 · London Road, HA0 · Longfield Avenue, HA9 · Loretto Gardens, HA3 · Lovett Way, HA9 · Loweswater Close, HA9 · Lulworth Avenue, HA9 · Magnet Road East Lane Business Park, HA9 · Malvern Gardens, HA3 · Manor Drive, HA9 · Marloes Close, HA0 · Montpelier Rise, HA9 · Morland Road, HA3 · Mostyn Avenue, HA9 · Mount Drive, HA9 · Nathans Road, HA0 · Nathans Road, HA9 · Neeld Court, HA9 · Newnham Way, HA3 · North Circular Road, HA9 · Northwick Avenue, HA9 · Norval Road, HA0 · Oakington Avenue, HA9 · Old High Street, HA9 · Oldborough Road, HA0 · Orchard Gate, HA0 · Orchard Grove, HA3 · Ormesby Way, HA3 · Park Chase, HA9 · Park Place, HA9 · Pasture Close, HA0 · Pasture Road, HA0 · Pasture Road, HA1 · Paulhan Road, HA3 · Paxford Road, HA0 · Peel Road, HA0 · Peel Road, HA9 · Pellatt Road, HA9 · Pempath Place, HA9 · Pendolino Way, HA9 · Perrin Road, HA0 · Pettsgrove Avenue, HA0 · Poplar Grove, HA9 · Preston Hill, HA3 · Preston Road, HA9 · Priory Park Road, HA0 · PROW 10, HA3 · Proyers Path, HA0 · Proyers Path, HA9 · Public Right of Way 42, HA9 · Public Right of Way 48, HA0 · Quainton Street, NW10 · Queensbury Circle Parade, HA7 · Radley Gardens, HA3 · Raglan Court, HA9 · Rainborough Close, HA9 · Repton Avenue, HA0 · Rosebank Avenue, HA0 · Roskild Court, HA9 · Rowland Avenue, HA3 · Rowlands Avenue, HA3 · Rugby Avenue, HA0 · Rugby Avenue, UB6 · Ruskin Gardens, HA3 · Rustic Place, HA0 · Rydal Gardens, HA9 · Saint Davids Close, HA9 · Sandy Lane, HA3 · Second Avenue, HA9 · Shakespeare Drive, HA3 · Shelley Gardens, HA0 · Sherry Close, HA0 · Shooters Avenue, HA3 · Shrewsbury Avenue, HA3 · South East Lane, HA0 · Spark House Liberty Centre, HA0 · Spencer Road, HA0 · St Georges Hall, HA1 · St Pauls Avenue, HA3 · St. Paul’s Avenue, HA3 · Stapenhill Road, HA0 · Station Grove, HA9 · Stilecroft Gardens, HA0 · Stracthcona Road, HA9 · Strathcona Road, HA9 · Sudbury Avenue, HA0 · Sylvester Road, HA0 · Talisman Way, HA9 · The Broadway, HA9 · The Close, HA9 · The Crescent, HA0 · The Croft, HA0 · The Drive, HA9 · The Ducker Footpath, HA0 · The Fairway, HA0 · The Fairway, HA9 · The Gables, HA9 · The Leys, HA3 · The Link, HA9 · The Mount, HA9 · Third Avenue, HA9 · Thirlmere Gardens, HA9 · Toley Avenue, HA9 · Tonbridge Crescent, HA3 · Tregenna Court, HA0 · Tylers Gate, HA3 · Uxendon Crescent, HA9 · Uxendon Cresent, HA9 · Vane Close, HA3 · Waghorn Road, HA3 · Wakeling Lane, HA0 · Walton Gardens, HA9 · Warneford Road, HA3 · Watford Road, HA0 · Watford Road, HA0 · Wembley Commercial Centre, HA9 · Wembley Hill Road, HA9 · Wembley Park Drive, HA9 · Wembley Retail Park, HA9 · West Court, HA0 · Western Avenue, HA0 · Westfield Drive, HA3 · Westfield Gardens, HA3 · Westfield Lane, HA3 · Winckley Close, HA3 · Windermere Avenue, HA9 · Windermere Court, HA9 · Winthrop Walk, HA9 · Woodfield Avenue, HA0 · Woodford Place, HA9 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES


COMMENTS

Print-friendly version of this page

What is Barnhill Cottages, HA9 like as a place to live?

TRANSPORTATION
Good
DAILY LIFE
Good
SAFETY
Good
HEALTH
Average
SPORTS AND LEISURE
Good
ENTERTAINMENT
Good
DEMOGRAPHICS
Average
Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


John Rocque Map of Wembley, Kingsbury, Willesden and Harlesden (1762)
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers an area from Harrow in the northwest to Harlesden in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 


COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or – from the available evidence – are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.