Berkeley Square, W1J

Road in/near Mayfair, existing between 1738 and now

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Road · Mayfair · W1J · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
1
2000

Berkeley Square was originally laid out in the mid 18th century by architect William Kent.

The square was created by happen-chance. In 1696, Berkeley House on Piccadilly became Devonshire House when John Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton, sold it to the 1st Duke of Devonshire. As part of the agreement, Lord Berkeley undertook not to build on that part of the land he retained that lay directly behind the house, keeping the new owner’s view.

This agreement was continued when the Berkeley land was developed after 1730, and the gardens of Berkeley Square are the termination of this undeveloped strip and to the south the gardens of Lansdowne House were originally also part of it. These gardens were replaced by the current south side of the square.

The first houses to define the square were constructed around 1738 on the east side. The west side was finished by 1745.

The buildings around the square include several by other notable architects including Robert Adam.

The gardens in the centre of Berkeley Square are open to the public, and their very large London Plane trees are among the oldest in central London, planted in 1789. The gardens are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

In 2008, one of the square’s trees was calculated to be the "most valuable street tree in Britain" by the London Tree Officers Association, in terms of its size, health, historical significance and the number of people who live near to it.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Streets_in_the_City_of_Westminster

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



ADD A STORY TO BERKELEY SQUARE
VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAYFAIR AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Mayfair

Mayfair (originally called The May Fair) is an area of central London, by the east edge of Hyde Park. Mayfair boasts some of the capital's most exclusive property of all types.

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Market today. In 1764, the May Fair was banned at Shepherd Market because the well-to-do residents of the area disliked the fair's disorderliness, and it moved to Fair Field in Bow in the East End of London.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many former homes converted into offices for major corporations headquarters, embassies and also hedge funds and real estate businesses. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Rents are among the highest in London and the world.

The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair could have grown in the popular mind because it is the most expensive property on the British Monopoly set. Victor Watson, the head of Waddingtons at the time, and his secretary Marjory Phillips, chose the London place names for the British version — Ms Phillips apparently went for a walk around London to choose suitable sites.

OTHER LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
25 Park Lane · Adams Row · Albemarle Street · An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus · Archibald Mews · Balls Brothers · Barlow Place · Berkeley Square · Bond Street · Bonds · Bruton Lane · Burger & Lobster · Burlington Gardens · Clarence · Clarges Mews · Coach And Horses · Conduit Avenue · Conduit Street · Curzon Square · Davies Street · Dorchester Ride · Down Street · Drama · Duke Of York · Eaton Square Upper School · Finos Wine Cellar · Gee’s Court · Gigis Mayfair · Green Park · Grosvenor Square · Hamilton Place · Hanover Square · Hay’s Mews · Henry’s Cafe Bar Piccadilly · InterContinental London · Iron Duke · Kings Arms · London Loop · Lovers’ Walk · Maddox Club And Restaurant · Market Tavern · Masons Arms · Mason’s Arms Mews · Mayfair · Mews Yard · Mount Row · Mount Street Mews · Mount Street · Old Bond Street · Old Park Lane · On This Day in London: 4 November · Park Lane Hotel · Piccadilly · Piccadilly · Pitt’s Head Mews · Red Lion Yard · Reeves Mews · Rex Place · Royal Aeronautical Society · Running Footman · Savile Row · Sedley Place · Shepherd Market · Shepherds Tavern · Slug & Lettuce · Spread Eagle · St George’s Hanover Square CofE Primary School · St. Anselm’s Place · The Burlington Arms · The Guinea · The Kings Head · The Running Horse · The Windmill · Three Kings’ Yard · Tilney Street · Ye Grapes ·
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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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