Westminster - heart of government.
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|VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1750s|
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1800s|
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1830s|
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1860s|
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.
|VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1900s|
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.
Westminster lies on the north bank of the River Thames, southwest of the City of London. It has a large concentration of London's historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.
Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.
Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster
is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall
, and Westminster
is consequently also used in reference to the Westminster System, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.
The term Westminster Village, sometimes used in the context of British politics, does not refer to a geographical area at all; employed especially in the phrase Westminster Village gossip, it denotes a supposedly close social circle of Members of Parliament, political journalists, so-called spin doctors and others connected to events in the Palace of Westminster.
The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.
The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.
The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.
The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge
on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret's church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.
The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.
|LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
: Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.Apollo Victoria Theatre
: The Apollo Victoria Theatre is a West End theatre, across from London Victoria Station.Goring Hotel
: The Goring Hotel is a 5-star hotel in London, England.Marsham Street Children’s Centre
: This is a children’s centre.On This Day in London: 1 November
: The first day of November was an important day for two London notables: William Shakespeare and W.H. SmithRoyal Mews
: The Royal Mews is a mews (i.e. combined stables, carriage house and in recent times also the garage) of the British Royal Family. Shipley's Drawing School
: 101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.St Matthew’s School, Westminster
: Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.Victoria Palace Theatre
: Victoria Palace Theatre stands opposite Victoria Station.Westminster
: Westminster - heart of government.Westminster Abbey
: Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is one of the world’s greatest churches.Westminster Abbey Choir School
: Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 8 and 13.Westminster Cathedral
: The ’Metropolitan Cathedral of the Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ’ is the mother church of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.Westminster Cathedral Choir School
: Westminster Cathedral Choir School is a boarding and day preparatory school for boys in Victoria.Westminster School
: Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 12 and 19.Parker Street looking east (1905)
: Before being renamed to Matthew Parker Street, old Parker Street was a Westminster slum.Strand (1890s)
: The Strand in the 1890s
Abingdon Street, SW1P
|NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
· Adam Street, WC2R
· Barton Street, SW1P
· Bennett’s Yard, SW1P
· Bridge Street, SW1A
· Broad Sanctuary, SW1H
· Broad Sanctuary, SW1P
· Canon Row, SW1A
· Carting Lane, WC2R
· Chubb Court, SW20
· Cowley Street, SW1P
· Dartmouth Street, SW1H
· Dean Farrar Street, SW1H
· Dean Stanley Street, SW1P
· Dean Trench Street, SW1P
· Deans Yard, SW1P
· Derby Gate, SW1A
· Downing Street, SW1A
· Exeter Street, WC2R
· Gayfere Street, SW1P
· Great College Street, SW1P
· Great George Street, SW1P
· Great Peter Street, SW1P
· Great Smith Street, SW1P
· Heathcock Court, WC2R
· Horse Guards Avenue, SW1A
· Horse Guards Parade, SW1A
· Horse Guards Road, SW1A
· Horseferry Road, SW1P
· Ivybridge Lane, WC2R
· King Charles Street, SW1A
· Lancaster Place, WC2E
· Little Cloisters, SW1P
· Little College Street, SW1P
· Little Deans Yard, SW1P
· Little George Street, SW1P
· Lord North Street, SW1P
· Marsham Street, SW1P
· Matthew Parker Street, SW1H
· Millbank, SE1
· North Court, SW1P
· Old Palace Yard, SW1P
· Page Street, SW1P
· Parliament Square, SW1A
· Parliament Square, SW1P
· Parliament Street, SW1A
· Richmond House Whitehall, SW1A
· Richmond Terrace, SW1A
· Romney Street, SW1P
· Savoy Court, WC2R
· Savoy Hill, WC2R
· Savoy Street, WC2E
· Savoy Street, WC2R
· Savoy Way, WC2R
· Showing every photo/image so far featured, SW1W
· Smith Square, SW1P
· St Margarets Street, SW1P
· St Vincents Centre, SW1P
· St. Margaret Street, SW1P
· Storeys Gate, SW1H
· Storeys Gate, SW1P
· Strand Underpass, WC2R
· Strand, WC2A
· Strand, WC2N
· Strand, WC2R
· The Sanctuary, SW1P
· The Strand, WC2N
· The Terrace, SW1A
· The Terrace, SW1P
· Tothill Street, SW1H
· Tufton Street, SW1P
· Victoria Chambers, SW1P
· Westminster Central Hall, SW1H
· Westminster Mansions, SW1P
· Westminster Pier, SW1A
· Whitehall Gardens, SW1A
· Whitehall, SW1A