Blenheim Crescent, W11

Road in/near Notting Hill, existing between 1863 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.198.92.22 
Abbey Court Hotel · Acklam Hall · Acklam Road Adventure Playground · Acklam Road protests · Acklam Road · Alba Place · Albert Hotel (1900s) · Aldermaston Street · Aldridge Road Villas · Alfred Road · All Saints Church · All Saints Road · Ansleigh Place · Archway Close · Ariel Way · Arundel Gardens · Athlone Gate · Bangor Street · Bangor Street · Bangor Street · Basing Street (SARM) Studios · Basing Street · Bevington Road · Blagrove Road · Blechynden Mews · Blechynden Street · Blenheim Crescent · Brindley Street · Bulmer Mews · Cambridge Gardens · Campden Hill Place · Carmelite Monastery of The Most Holy Trinity · Chepstow Crescent · Chepstow Villas · Clarendon Road · Clydesdale Road · Codrington Mews · Colville Gardens · Colville Houses · Colville Mews · Colville Road · Colville Square · Colville Terrace · Colville Terrace · Convent Gardens · Corner of Bangor and Sirdar Road · Cornwall Crescent · Dale Row · Darnley Terrace · Deanhill Court · Denbigh Close · Denbigh Road · Denbigh Terrace · Dunworth Mews · Elgin Crescent · Elgin Mews · Evesham Street · Exmoor Street (1950) · Finstock Road · Folly Mews · Fowell Street · Freston Road · Freston Road · Golborne Mews · Golborne Road · Golden Mews · Graffiti along Acklam Road (1970s) · Grenfell Road · Grenfell Tower · Hayden’s Place · Hayden’s Place · Hayden’s Place · Hedgegate Court · Hippodrome Place · Holland Road · Horbury Chapel (Kensington Temple) · Horbury Crescent · Horbury Mews · Hunt Close · Hurstway Walk · Kenley Street · Kensington Hippodrome · Kensington Memorial Park · Kensington Park Gardens · Kensington Park Mews · Kensington Park Road · Kids in Acklam Road · Kingsdale Gardens · Ladbroke Crescent · Ladbroke Gardens · Ladbroke Grove looking north (1950) · Ladbroke Grove · Ladbroke Grove · Ladbroke Road · Ladbroke Square Garden · Ladbroke Square · Ladbroke Terrace · Ladbroke Walk · Lambton Place · Lancaster Road · Lansdowne Crescent · Lansdowne Cresent · Lansdowne Rise · Lansdowne Road · Lansdowne Walk · Latimer Road · Ledbury Mews North · Ledbury Mews West · Ledbury Road · Linden Mews · Lonsdale Road · Lorne Gardens · Mary Place Workhouse · Maxilla Gardens · Mcgregor Road · Mercury Theatre · Morgan Road · Munro Mews · Needham Road · Nicholas Road · Norland Road · Norland Square · North Kensington Library · North Kensington · Notting Dale · Notting Hill · Notting Hill Barn Farm · Notting Hill Gate · Olaf Street · Pembridge Crescent · Pembridge Gardens · Pembridge Mews · Pembridge Place · Pembridge Road (1900s) · Pembridge Road · Pembridge Road · Pembridge Villas · Pencombe Mews · Penzance Place · Photo of Wilsham Street · Pinehurst Court · PO Box 62801 · Political meeting (1920s) · Portland Gate · Portland Road · Portobello Farm · Portobello Green · Portobello Road · Pottery Lane · Powis Gardens · Powis Mews · Powis Square · Powis Terrace · Princedale Road · Princes Place · Princess Louise Hospital · Queensdale Crecent · Queensdale Crescent · Queensdale Place · Queensdale Walk · Rackham Street · Ridler's Tyre Yard · Rifle Place · Rillington Place · Rosehart Mews · Rosmead Road · Royal Crescent Mews · Ruston Mews · Saint Anns Villas · Saint Charles Place · Saint Charles Square · Saint Ervans Road · Saint Helens Gardens · Saint Josephs Close · Saint Luke’s Road · Saint Lukes Mews · Saint Mark’s Road · Saint Marks Place · Saint Marks Road · Saint Marks Road · Saint Michaels Gardens · Saint Quintin Avenue · Saint Stephen’s Gardens · Silchester Road · Silver Road · Silvester Mews · Simon Close · Sion Manning Roman Catholic Girls’ School · St Anns Villas · St Charles Catholic Sixth Form College · St Charles Square after bombing (1950) · St Charles Square ready for redevelopment (1951) · St Charles’ Square Training College (1908) · St James Gardens · St James’s Gardens · St James’s Gardens · St John’s Hill · St John’s Mews · St John’s · St Lukes Mews · St Luke’s Mews · St Luke’s Road · St Marks Close · St Marks Road · St Marks Road · St Mark’s Place · St Mark’s Road · St Mary’s Harrow Road · St Peter’s Notting Hill · St. Columbs House · St. Johns Gardens · St. John’s Gardens · St. Joseph's Home · St. Mark’s Road · St. Mark’s Road · St. Mark’s Road · Stanley Crescent · Stanley Gardens Mews · Stanley Gardens · Station Walk · Stoneleigh Place · Swanscombe House · Swanscombe Road · Talbot Road · Talbot Road · Tavistock Crescent · Tavistock Mews · Tavistock Road · Testerton Walk · The Tabernacle · Under westway (1977) · Vernon Yard · Walmer Road · Wellington Close · Westbourne Grove Mews · Westbourne Grove · Westbourne Park · Westbourne Park Road · Western Iron Works · Westfield Way · Westway · Wilby Mews · Wilsham Street
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Notting Hill · W11 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
5
2015

Blenheim Crescent one of the major thoroughfares in Notting Hill - indeed it features in the eponymous film.

Blenheim Crescent runs from Portobello Road west across Ladbroke Grove and then curls round to the south to join Clarendon Road. The section between Portobello Road and Kensington Park Road consists of shops and cafés, including at one time the Travel Bookshop that inspired the 1999 film Notting Hill; the rest of the street is residential. The odd numbers are on the south side and the evens on the north. From Ladbroke Grove west, the whole crescent is now lined with magnificent mature cherry trees.

Until the middle of the 19th century, what is now Blenheim Crescent was open country. Plans began to be developed for creating a road in the 1840s. In preparation sewers were laid at any rate at the Clarendon Road end in about 1850, and some building leases were let. But the demand for housing had collapsed and the lessees probably failed to raise the necessary finance. Nothing much further happened until the 1860s, when the last great wave of development on the Ladbroke Estate began.

By 1860, the Ladbroke family had sold the land on which Blenheim Crescent now stands. Most of it had passed into the ownership of Charles Henry Blake, a retired Calcutta merchant who had turned to property speculation. In partnership with Charles Chambers, variously described as a timber merchant or an engineer, he was mainly responsible for developing the road. It was a propitious moment. There had been a revival in the demand for houses and the area was made a lot more desirable by the opening in 1864 of an extension to the City and Hammersmith Railway with a station in Ladbroke Grove (then called Notting Hill Station).

An Ordnance survey map dating from 1863 indicates that the street had been fully laid out by then and that a cluster of houses had gone up at the Clarendon Road end. In particular, a terrace of 27 houses had been erected at the end of the south side. This row of houses (now Nos. 83-135) was baptised “Blenheim Crescent”, and subsequently gave its name to the whole street (the street was originally called Sussex Road west of Ladbroke Grove and St Columb Road east of Ladbroke Grove). The only structures in the rest of the street were the present No. 51 near the south-east corner with Ladbroke Grove; the high back garden wall of a convent on the north-east corner with Ladbroke Grove; and a lone public house, the Arundel Arms, on the corner of Kensington Park Road at what is now No. 14 Blenheim Crescent (this pub was subsequently renamed the Blenheim Arms and went out of business only in the early 2000s).

Construction obviously proceeded apace, as by the time of the 1871 census, almost all the present houses had been completed and the street had acquired its present name. 14 houses were still empty, but the vast majority had found tenants. It seems likely, therefore, that Blake did well out of Blenheim Crescent (he was one of the few developers of the Ladbroke estate not to come to financial grief).

Unlike some streets on the Ladbroke estate, where whole streets or sides of streets were constructed by the same person, Blenheim Crescent is a patchwork of different styles. The building plots were let on 99-year leases to different builders, often in quite small packages, and each did his own thing. Once the houses had been constructed, the builders would let them and cover their investment from the rental income; a (usually rising) ground rent remained payable to the landowner.

The whole of the Ladbroke estate was very much a middle class area in the 19th century, but the inhabitants of Blenheim Crescent were from the beginning quite a lot less grand than those in the southern part of the estate. The Portobello end seems always to have been occupied by tradesmen. Further up the street, the occupants in 1871 were chiefly professionals, although at the lower end of the scale compared to the occupants of the grander houses to the south. They included accountants, clerks, civil servants and merchants. Many of the houses were occupied by widows living on a (probably small) income from dividends or annuities, usually with a couple of children or other relatives living with them. Almost all the households included one or two servants. Several of the houses were lodging houses.

Blenheim Crescent seems to have gently declined over the first half of the 20th century, more and more of the houses going into multi-occupation. The history of No. 38 is fairly typical. Its first occupant in 1868 was Charles Barber, late of H.M. Indian Civil Service. The next occupant was a member of the prosperous merchant classes, a 31-year-old tea broker named Thomas White. He was the senior partner in the firm of George White and Co. In 1871 he had living with him his wife, four young children, a cook-domestic and two nursemaids, and he travelled to work every day by private carriage to Eastcheap. By 1881, the house was in the possession of a widow living on income from house property, a traditional and respectable source of revenue for middle-class folk. By 1891, the widow had died and the house had passed to her brother, also a man of independent means. The house then changed ownership a couple of times before becoming the residence of the local doctor in the early 1900s. By 1924, however, the house had been divided between two families, and by 1936 there seem to have been` three families living there. It was not until 1991, when the house was in a very dilapidated state, that it was purchased by a family who did it up and converted it back into a single family residence.

With the 1960s, a slow ascent to prosperity began, with families increasingly taking over the multi-occupied rented accommodation characteristic of the Rachman era. One of the first of the new wave of residents was the fashion designer Ossie Clark, who moved into a flat at No. 51a in 1966. Now the street is more desirable than probably any time in its history. Ironically (and despite a few acts of vandalism like that by the Kensington Housing Trust described above), the Notting Hill Housing Trust, by buying up then despised and crumbling Victorian houses in the streets of North Kensington, may have been responsible for saving some of the houses which are now so valued.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

Citations, sources, links and further reading

Blog from the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Library
Recollections of people from North Kensington, London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Facebook group, covering the history of W10 and W11.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Notting Hill

Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...

Notting Hill is a cosmopolitan district known as the location for the annual Notting Hill Carnival, and for being home to the Portobello Road Market.

The word Notting might originate from a Saxon called Cnotta with the =ing part indicating "the place inhibited by the people of" - i.e. where Cnotta’s tribe lived. There was a farm called variously "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes" or "Nutting-barns" and this name was transferred to the hill above it.

The area remained rural until the westward expansion of London reached Bayswater in the early 19th century. The main landowner in Notting Hill was the Ladbroke family, and from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to undertake the development of the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital (although the development did not get seriously under way until the 1840s). Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the main north-south axis of the area, and Ladbroke Square, the largest private garden square in London.

The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, and other roads (notably Kensington Park Road and Kensington Park Gardens) are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 (originally 727) is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk.

The reputation of the district altered over the course of the 20th century. As middle class households ceased to employ servants, the large Notting Hill houses lost their market and were increasingly split into multiple occupation.

For much of the 20th century the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s, partly because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman, and also became the target of white racist Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots.

Notting Hill was slowly gentrified from the 1980s onwards now has a contemporary reputation as an affluent and fashionable area; known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses, and high-end shopping and restaurants (particularly around Westbourne Grove and Clarendon Cross).

A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase the ’Notting Hill Set’ to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who were once based in Notting Hill.

Since it was first developed in the 1830s, Notting Hill has had an association with artists and ’alternative’ culture.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.