Burlington Arcade, W1J

Shopping Parade in/near Green Park, existing between 1819 and now

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Shopping Parade · Green Park · W1J ·

Burlington Arcade is a covered shopping arcade, 179 metres in length, that runs from Piccadilly to Burlington Gardens.

It was built by architect Samuel Ware and commissioned by George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington. His older brother, William Cavendish was 5th Duke of Devonshire and he had inherited the adjacent Burlington House.

Passers by were were throwing oyster shells over the wall of the house and the Arcade was built in place of this pathway.

Burlington Arcade was seen as a place "for the sale of jewellery and fancy articles of fashionable demand, for the gratification of the public" where the Earl’s wife could shop amongst other genteel ladies away from the dirty crime-ridden streets of London.

Burlington Arcade opened on 20 March 1819.

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Green Park

Green Park tube station is a London Underground station located on the north side of Green Park, close to the intersection of Piccadilly and the pedestrian Queen's Walk.

The station was opened on 15 December 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR), the precursor of the Piccadilly line. The station was originally named Dover Street due to its location in that street. When the station was rebuilt in 1933 with escalator access to the platforms, a new sub-surface ticket hall was built to the west under the roadway and new station entrances were constructed on the corner of Piccadilly and Stratton Street and on the south side of Piccadilly. The station name was changed at this time.

With the rebuilding of the station and similar works at Hyde Park Corner, the little-used Piccadilly line station between the two at Down Street was taken out of use.

The Victoria line platforms opened on 7 March 1969; interchange between that line and the Piccadilly line was via the ticket hall (without having to pass through the exit barriers). Even today changing between the Jubilee and Victoria lines and the Piccadilly line involves a long walk.

The Jubilee line platforms opened on 1 May 1979, at which time the next station south on the Jubilee Line was its then southern terminus, Charing Cross; those platforms were closed when the Jubilee line was extended on a new alignment towards Westminster; at the same time interchange facilities at Green Park were improved.

When travelling south from Green Park on the Jubilee Line, Green Park Junction, where the new line diverges from the old, is visible from the train. While passenger services no longer operate to Charing Cross on the Jubilee Line, the old line is used regularly to reverse trains when the eastern part of the line is closed due to engineering works.
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