Chandos Place, WC2N

Road in Leicester Square

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Road · Leicester Square · WC2N · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
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2000


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VIEW THE LEICESTER SQUARE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE LEICESTER SQUARE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE LEICESTER SQUARE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE LEICESTER SQUARE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE LEICESTER SQUARE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Go to Leicester Square

Leicester Square

Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London.

Leicester Square is named after Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, who purchased four acres in St. Martin's Field in 1630; by 1635, he had built himself a large house, Leicester House, at the northern end. The area in front of the house was then enclosed, depriving inhabitants of St Martin in the Fields parish of their right to use the previously common land. The parishioners appealed to King Charles I, and he appointed three members of the Privy Council to arbitrate. Lord Leicester was ordered to keep part of his land (thereafter known as Leicester Field and later as Leicester Square) open for the parishioners.

The area was developed in the 1670s. It was initially fashionable and Leicester House was once residence of Frederick, Prince of Wales but by the late 18th century, the Square was no longer a smart address and began to serve as a venue for popular entertainments. Leicester House became home of a museum of natural curiosities called the Holophusikon in the 1780s and was demolished about 1791–1792.

In 1848, Leicester Square was the subject of the land-law case of Tulk v. Moxhay. The plot's previous owner had agreed upon a covenant not to erect buildings. However, the law would not allow purchasers who were not 'privy' to the initial contract to be bound by subsequent promises. The judge, Lord Cottenham, decided that future owners could be bound by promises to abstain from activity. Otherwise, a buyer could sell land to himself to undermine an initial promise. Arguments continued about the fate of the garden, with Charles Augustus Tulk's heirs erecting a wooden hoarding around the property in 1873. Finally, in 1874 the flamboyant Albert Grant (1830–1899) purchased the outstanding freeholds and donated the garden to the Metropolitan Board of Works, laying out a garden at his own expense. The title passed to the succeeding public bodies and is now in the ownership of the City of Westminster.

By the 19th century, Leicester Square was known as an entertainment venue, with many amusements peculiar to the era, including Wyld's Great Globe, which was built for the Great Exhibition of 1851 and housed a giant scale map of the Earth. Several hotels grew up around the square, making it popular with visitors to London. The Alhambra, a large theatre built in 1854, dominated the site, to be joined in 1884 by the Empire Theatre of Varieties. The square remains the heart of the West End entertainment district today.

Leicester Square tube station, on the Northern and Piccadilly lines, is located on Charing Cross Road, a short distance to the east of Leicester Square itself.

On early Tube plans, the station was listed as Cranbourn Street, but the present name was used when the station was first opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906. Offices above the red terracotta station building on the east side of Charing Cross Road - designed by Leslie Green - was in its early years also occupied by the publishers of the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and an image of cricket stumps appears above a doorway. On all four platforms, film sprockets are painted down the entire length and on the top and bottom of the display area (blue on the Piccadilly line platforms, and black on the Northern line platforms), due to the four premiere cinemas in Leicester Square. The station is featured briefly during the introductory video sequence of the sixth Harry Potter film.

During the 1979 'Winter of Discontent', refuse collectors went on strike. Leicester Square was used as an overflow dump, earning it the nickname of Fester Square.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ackermann’s:   Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
Charing Cross:   Charing Cross denotes the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London. It gives its name to several local landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station, one of the main London rail termini.
Covent Garden:   From fruit and veg to Froo Tan Vetch
Embankment:   Embankment underground station has been known by various names during its long history - including "Embankment".
Hungerford Stairs:   The Hungerford Stairs were the entrance point to Hungerford Market from the River Thames. They are now the site of Charing Cross railway Station.
Leicester Square:   Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London.
Northumberland House:   Northumberland House was a large Jacobean townhouse in London, which was the London residence of the Percy family, who were the Dukes of Northumberland.
Royal Opera House:   The foundation of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden lies in the letters patent awarded by Charles II to Sir William Davenant in 1660, allowing Davenant to operate one of only two patent theatre companies (The Duke's Company) in London.
Shipley's Drawing School:   101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
Wyld’s Great Globe:   Wyld’s Great Globe was an attraction situated in Leicester Square between 1851 and 1862.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Buses outside the National Gallery:   Buses outside the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square (1927).
Wild Street (1902):   Wild Street, in the Covent Garden area, was on the edge of the Kingsway improvements which would utterly transform the area in the following years.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adam Street, WC2N · Adelaide Street, WC2N · Adelphi Terrace, WC2N · Agar Street, WC2N · Archway Mall, N19 · Bear Street, WC2H · Beaumont Buildings, WC2B · Bedforbury, WC2N · Bedford Chambers, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2R · Bedfordbury, WC2N · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Bow Street, WC2B · Bow Street, WC2E · Broad Court, WC2B · Brydges Place, WC2N · Buckingham Street, WC2N · Burleigh Street, WC2E · Cambridge Circus, WC2H · Cannon Street, WC2N · Carriage Hall, WC2E · Cecil Court, WC2N · Central Arcade, WC2E · Chandos Place, WC2N · Charing Cross Mansions, WC2H · Charing Cross Road, WC2H · Charing Cross, SW1A · Ching Court, WC2H · Cockspur Street, SW1Y · Covent Garden Piazza, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2H · Cranbourn Street, WC2H · Craven Passage, WC2N · Craven Street, WC2N · Crown Court, WC2B · Drury Lane, WC2B · Dryden Street, WC2E · Duncannon Street, WC2N · Durham House Street, WC2N · Earlham Street, WC2H · Embankment Place, WC2N · Endell Street, WC2H · Excel Court, WC2H · Exeter Street, WC2E · Floral Street, WC2E · Garrick Street, WC2E · George Court, WC2N · Goodwins Court, WC2N · Great Newport Street, WC2H · Great Scotland Yard, SW1A · Hanover Place, WC2E · Heathcock Court, WC2R · Henrietta Street, WC2E · Hop Gardens, WC2N · Hungerford House, WC2N · Irving Street, WC2H · James Street, WC2E · John Adam Street, WC2N · Jubilee Hall Jubilee Market, WC2E · Jubilee Market Hall Tavistock Court, WC2E · Jubilee Market, WC2E · King Street, WC2E · Langley Court, WC2E · Langley Street, WC2H · Leicester Place, WC2H · Leicester Square, WC2H · Leicester Street, WC2H · Lisle Street, WC2H · Litchfield Street, WC2H · Little Newport Street, WC2H · Long Acre, WC2E · Maiden Lane, WC2E · Mercer Street, WC2H · Monmouth Street, WC2H · Moor Street, W1D · Neal Street, WC2H · Neals Yard, WC2H · New Row, WC2N · Newport Court, WC2H · Newport Place, WC2H · Northumberland Avenue, WC2N · Northumberland Street, WC2N · Nottingham Court, WC2H · Odhams Walk, WC2H · Orange Street, WC2H · Phoenix Street, WC2H · Robert Street, WC2N · Rose Street, WC2E · Russell Chambers, WC2E · Russell Street, WC2B · Savoy Court, WC2R · Savoy Place, WC2N · Savoy Place, WC2R · Seven Dials Court, WC2H · Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D · Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H · Shaftsbury Avenue, W1D · Shelton Street, WC2H · Shorts Gardens, WC2H · Slingsby Place, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2R · Spring Gardens, SW1A · St Martins Court, WC2N · St Martins Lane, WC2H · St Martins Lane, WC2N · St Martins Place, WC2H · St Martins Place, WC2N · St Martins Street, WC2H · Stacey Street, WC2H · Street, WC2N · Tavistock Street, WC2E · The Arches, WC2N · The Market Piazza, WC2E · The Market The Piazza, WC2E · The Market, WC2E · The National Gallery, WC2N · The Piazza, WC2E · Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H · Tower Court, WC2H · Tower Street, WC2H · Trafalgar Square, WC2N · Upper St Martins Lane, WC2H · Victoria Embankment Gardens, WC2N · Victoria Embankment, WC2N · Villiers Street, WC2N · Wellington Street, WC2E · Wellington Terrace, W2 · West Street, WC2H · Whitcomb Street, WC2H · Whitehall Court, SW1A · Whitehall Place, SW1A · Whitehall, SW1A · Wild Street, WC2B · William Iv Street, WC2N · William Street, WC2N · York Buildings, WC2N ·


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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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