Oaklands Hall

Large house/stately home in/near West Hampstead, existed between 1829 and 1885

 HOME  ARTICLE  MAP  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
Click here to log in on Facebook Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Large house/stately home · West Hampstead · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
11
2015
Extract from the London Gazette

On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.

Oaklands Hall was possibly built due to a sale of land behind York Villa in 1860:

To be sold, pursuant to a Decree of the High Court of Chancery, made in causes of Lance v. Aglionby, and Lance v. Elyard, with the approbation of the Master of the Rolls, by Messrs. Farebrother, Clark, and Lye, at Garraway's Coffee-house, Change-alley, Cornhill, on Tuesday, the 7th day of August, 1860, at twelve o'clock at noon : A. valuable freehold iuclosure of building land, situate in West-end-lane, Hampstead, about midway between the Edgware and Finchley Roads, sloping down from Westend-lane, to which it has a frontage of above 800 feet, and extending back for a depth of about 1056 feet to the rear of Royston Hall, Royston Lodge, and other residences and grounds in the Edgware-road and abutting on the grounds of York Villa and West End House, the whole containing 17A. SB. OF. The Hampstead and City Junction Railway passes close to the property.

London Gazette

During the 1860s, Oaklands Hall, an elaborate Gothic mansion, was occupying the site. Oaklands Hall was leased from Charles Spain from 1861 to 1872 by Donald Nicoll MP - owner of a gentlemen's outfitter's in Regent Street.

The three West Hampstead stations were in place by 1888. Nicoll owned portions of the Little Estate to the north and west, which together formed a 23 acre estate which he called West End Park.

Nicoll was a director of the Metropolitan and St John's Wood railway from 1864 to 1872 and, in anticipation of its plans, laid out a road (Sherriff, then called Nicoll, Road) on the line later taken by the railway, for which he received substantial compensation.

He then sold West End Park to the London Permanent Building Society, which was connected with Alexander Sherriff, a fellow MP and railway director, who gave his name to the northernmost road on the estate.

Oaklands Hall was occupied by Sir Charles Murray until 1878, when it was offered for sale, and in 1883 houses were built in Dynham and Cotleigh Roads on its site.

Builders, including A. Rathbone of Mill Lane and Julia Bursill, had erected 123 terraced houses there by 1893, in addition to completing the frontage on West End Lane. A library was built in Cotleigh Road in 1901.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



Oaklands Hall news feed:
Add a comment to the Oaklands Hall news feed.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Oaklands Hall:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Oct 2017 01:00 GMT   
Expires: 2 Nov 2017 01:00 GMT   
IP:
1:1
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
NHS Tracker
Use our tracker to check whether your local services are meeting strict waiting-time targets for cancer, routine operations and A&E.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-41483322
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Oct 2017 18:30 GMT   
Expires: 1 Nov 2017 18:30 GMT   
IP:
1:2
Post by LDNnews: Swiss Cottage
Eighty per cent of London councils are at risk of major cyber attack, security experts warn
Most of London's councils are not protected from cyber attacks, new research has revealed.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/security-experts-80-of-london-councils-are-not-protected-from-cyber-attack-a3661931.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Oct 2017 18:30 GMT   
Expires: 1 Nov 2017 18:30 GMT   
IP:
1:3
Post by LDNnews: Finchley Road
Chelsea vs Roma: Fans from Italian capital clash with police as they descend on Kensington ahead of Champion's League match
Roma fans clashed with police as huge crowds descended on Kensington before their Champions League game against Chelsea.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/chelsea-vs-roma-fans-from-italian-capital-clash-with-police-as-they-descend-on-kensington-ahead-of-a3662291.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Oct 2017 18:20 GMT   
Expires: 1 Nov 2017 18:20 GMT   
IP:
1:4
Post by LDNnews: Edgware Road
These are the food hygiene ratings for every restaurant and takeaway in Beckenham High Street
There are lots of ways to judge a restaurant like the taste of the food, the décor and the crowd it pulls in. How about food hygiene?

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15603876.These_are_the_food_hygiene_ratings_for_every_restaurant_and_takeaway_in_Beckenham_High_Street/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Oct 2017 03:30 GMT   
Expires: 1 Nov 2017 03:30 GMT   
IP:
1:5
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Man cuts off neighbour's penis in murder just hours after release from psychiatric hospital
A man murdered a refugee and cut off his penis just hours after being released from a psychiatric hospital.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/man-murders-neighbour-and-cuts-off-his-penis-just-hours-after-release-from-psychiatric-hospital-a3661141.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 20:20 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 20:20 GMT   
IP:
1:6
Post by LDNnews: Finchley Road



http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15600748.Kenley_man_pleads_guilty_after___500_000_worth_of_erectile_dysfunction_medicine_seized/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 20:20 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 20:20 GMT   
IP:
1:7
Post by LDNnews: Edgware Road
Woman who has been missing for a week believed to be in Croydon
A woman who left a support centre a week ago and has not been seen since is believed to be in Croydon.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15602021.Woman_who_has_been_missing_for_a_week_believed_to_be_in_Croydon/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
IP:
1:8
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Fondue fun comes to Camden as The Cheese Bar embraces winter
As the cold sets in, The Cheese Bar is heating things up

https://www.standard.co.uk/goingout/restaurants/fondue-fun-comes-to-camden-as-the-cheese-bar-embraces-winter-a3660141.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:30 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 19:30 GMT   
IP:
1:9
Post by LDNnews: Edgware Road
Two new London Overground stations being considered for Old Oak
A FIVE-WEEK consultation has begun on plans for two potential new London Overground stations linking to the Elizabeth line (Crossrail) and High Speed .

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15599544.Two_new_London_Overground_stations_being_considered_for_Old_Oak/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 10:50 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 10:50 GMT   
IP:
1:10
Post by LDNnews: South Hampstead
New chocolate shop opens on Broadhurst Gardens
Zyla is a new chocolate shop on Broadhurst Gardens, selling humankind’s greatest invention - all things chocolate! You can get your hands on individuals truffles, gift boxes, drinking chocolate, marshmallows and candies fruit dipped in chocolate - and the list goes on. The products are sourced from premium Belgian chocolatiers, and the owner and the […]

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2017/10/15/new-chocolate-shop-opens-broadhurst-gardens/20623
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 03:20 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 03:20 GMT   
IP:
1:11
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Teenager 'screamed in pain' as heroic bystanders rushed to his aid after 'acid attack' in south London
Heroic bystanders spoke of the moment a young man "screamed in pain" as they fought to wash a corrosive substance from his eyes following a suspected acid attack in south London.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/teenager-screamed-in-pain-as-heroic-bystanders-rushed-to-his-aid-after-acid-attack-in-south-london-a3659126.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 23:00 GMT   
Expires: 29 Oct 2017 23:00 GMT   
IP:
1:12
Post by LDNnews: South Hampstead
These two West Hampstead venues are one year old. Happy birthday.
One year for One Bourbon It’s been one year since One Bourbon changed hands and name. To celebrate they held an anniversary event last week and had a small refurb. When I popped in this week on a regular night there was a distinct buzz. Since they rebranded have slightly shifted the emphasis to the […]

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2017/10/15/these-two-west-hampstead-venues-are-one-year-old-happy-birthday/20638
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
Expires: 29 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
IP:
1:13
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
'If I was white it wouldn't happen': Rail worker reduced to tears by racist abuse after being called 'suicide bomber' by passenger
A railway worker has told how he fell victim to racist abuse seven times in seven months including being branded a "p**i" and a "suicide bomber".

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/rail-worker-tells-how-he-fell-victim-to-racist-abuse-seven-times-in-seven-months-including-being-a3658556.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Oct 2017 04:10 GMT   
Expires: 28 Oct 2017 04:10 GMT   
IP:
1:14
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Man admits acid attack on aspiring model Resham Khan and cousin after her 21st birthday party
A man has admitted seriously injuring an aspiring model and her cousin after acid was thrown at them through a car window.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/man-admits-acid-attack-on-model-and-cousin-a3658091.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Oct 2017 08:20 GMT   
Expires: 2 Nov 2017 08:20 GMT   
IP:
2:15
Post by LDNnews: Southfields
Weather warning issued as ’Storm Brian’ heads towards London
Storm Brian is set to batter the UK this weekend with 50 to 80 mph winds, just days after Storm Ophelia.

http://www.wimbledonguardian.co.uk/news/15604835.Weather_warning_issued_as__Storm_Brian__heads_towards_London/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Oct 2017 07:50 GMT   
Expires: 2 Nov 2017 07:50 GMT   
IP:
2:16
Post by LDNnews: Richmond
Richmond pupils enjoy a topping out ceremony for new schools
Construction of an new school campus in Twickenham reached a significant milestone when a topping out ceremony took place.

http://www.richmondandtwickenhamtimes.co.uk/news/richmondnews/15601020.Richmond_pupils_enjoy_a_topping_out_ceremony_for_new_schools/?ref=rss
VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 Read blog
We have featured this location on a blog entry.
Please note that our blog will open in a new window.

 
 Upload an image
You can add an image to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 Add new information to this location
You can add text to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 
 Log on via Facebook
You can use a Facebook id to add material to this website.

West Hampstead

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alice House:   What is now the Alice House has been through a number of incarnations since it was built in the early 1900s.
Billy Fury Way, NW6:   Billy Fury Way is a path which runs alongside the railway in NW6.
Broadhurst Gardens Meadow:   Broadhurst Gardens Community Meadow is a private area open only to the residents of the houses which surround it.
Cannon Stream:   The Cannon Stream was, before it was sent underground, a tributary of the Westbourne River.
Canterbury House:   In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.
Cedars:   A local West Hampstead builder, Thomas Potter, constructed Cedars in 1878.
Compayne Open Space:   As West Hampstead was developed, a series of private gardens were built behind the urban facades.
Decca Studios:   Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.
Earlsfields:   Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.
Gaumont State:   The Gaumont State Cinema is a Grade II listed Art Deco theatre. While it still exists, it is no longer a cinema.
Hampstead Cricket Club:   Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.
Hillfield:   By 1644 Hillfield was already mentioned in parish records.
Jacksfield:   Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.
Kilburn Grange Park:   Kilburn Grange Park is a 3.2 hectare open space adjacent to Kilburn High Road.
Kingsgate Community Centre:   Kingsgate Community Association was set up in 1982 by a group of local people who wished to establish a community centre in what was then a derelict building.
Lauriston Lodge:   Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.
Maygrove Peace Park:   On 27 April 1983, Camden Council opened Maygrove Peace Park and dedicated it as a reminder of the Council's commitment to peace.
Poplar House:   Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.
Potter's Iron Foundry:   In the nineteenth century, many West Hampstead people had jobs in Potter’s Iron Foundry.
Ripley House:   Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.
Sandwell House:   Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.
The Black Lion:   The Old Black Lion was established in 1751 as a beer house.
The Railway:   The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
The Wet Fish Cafe:   The Wet Fish Café is an Art Deco classic at 242 West End Lane.
Thorplands:   Thorplands was an estate south of Mill Lane.
Treherne House:   Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,
West Cottages, NW6:   Cottages in London NW6.
West End Green:   West End Green is situated on a corner of West End Lane, formerly the location of West End Fair.
West End Hall:   West End Hall (once called New West End Hall) was one of the mansions of West End (West Hampstead).
West End House:   West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.
West End Park:   West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.
West End Sidings Estate:   The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.
West Hampstead:   The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.
West Hampstead (Overground) station:   Wesr Hampstead overground station was known as West End Lane until its name was changed in 1975.
West Hampstead Synagogue:   The West Hampstead Synagogue was consecrated in September 1892.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Kilburn High Road (1880s):   This photo was taken on the corner of Kilburn High Road and Eresby Road, which has since disappeared.
Mill Lane, looking east (1900s):   Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Road, NW6 · Abbots Place, NW6 · Acol Road, NW6 · Alvanley Gardens, NW3 · Alvanley Gardens, NW6 · Ariel Road, NW6 · B505, NW6 · Banister Mews, NW6 · Barlow Road, NW6 · Bembridge Close, NW6 · Beswick Mews, NW6 · Billy Fury Way, NW6 · Birchington Road, NW6 · Blackburn Road, NW6 · Bransdale Close, NW6 · Brassey Road, NW6 · Broadhurst Close, NW6 · Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 · Broadwell Parade, NW6 · Broomsleigh Street, NW6 · Canfield Gardens, NW6 · Carlton Mews, NW6 · Cavendish Close, NW6 · Cavendish Road, NW6 · Cleve Road, NW6 · Colas Mews, NW6 · Compayne Gardens, NW6 · Cotleigh Road, NW6 · Crediton Hill, NW6 · Crown Close, NW6 · Daynor House, NW6 · Dennington Park Road, NW6 · Dornfell Street, NW6 · Douglas Court, NW6 · Doulton Mews, NW6 · Dresden Close, NW6 · Dyne Road, NW6 · Dynham Road, NW6 · Fawley Road, NW6 · Gascony Avenue, NW6 · Gladys Road, NW6 · Glastonbury Street, NW6 · Glenbrook Road, NW6 · Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 · Grange Place, NW6 · Grangeway, NW6 · Hall Oak Walk, NW6 · Harvard Court, NW6 · Hemstal Road, NW6 · Highfield Mews, NW6 · Hilltop Road, NW6 · Holmdale Road, NW6 · Honeybourne Road, NW6 · Inglewood Road, NW6 · Iverson Road, NW6 · Kingdon Road, NW6 · Kings Gardens, NW6 · Kingsgate Place, NW6 · Kingsgate Road, NW6 · Kylemore Road, NW6 · Liddell Road, NW6 · Linstead Street, NW6 · Lowfield Road, NW6 · Lymington Road, NW6 · Maygrove Road, NW6 · Mazenod Avenue, NW6 · Medley Road, NW6 · Messina Avenue, NW6 · Metropolitan/Jubilee Lines, NW6 · Milverton Road, NW6 · Minton Mews, NW6 · Mowbray Road, NW2 · Mowbray Road, NW6 · Mutrix Road, NW6 · Narcissus Road, NW6 · O2 Centre Car Park, NW3 · Pandora Road, NW6 · Priory Road, NW6 · Priory Terrace, NW6 · Quex Mews, NW6 · Quex Road, NW6 · Ravenshaw Street, NW6 · Rosedene, NW6 · Rowntree Close, NW6 · Salmon Mews, NW6 · Sandwell Crescent, NW6 · Sherriff Road, NW6 · Smyrna Road, NW6 · Solent Road, NW6 · Spode Walk, NW6 · St Julians Road, NW6 · St Marys Mews, NW6 · Sumatra Road, NW6 · Swiss Terrace, NW6 · The Terrace, NW6 · Victoria Mews, NW6 · Wavel Mews, NW6 · West Cottages, NW6 · West End Lane, NW6 · West Hampstead Mews, NW6 · Woodchurch Road, NW6 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES


COMMENTS

Print-friendly version of this page

Links

Kilburn Park
Facebook Page
West Hampstead
Facebook Page
Queen’s Park
Facebook Page
Kilburn
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 


COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or – from the available evidence – are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.