Cleveland Square, W2

Road in/near Paddington, existing between 1852 and now

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Road · Paddington · W2 · Contributed by Scott Hatton
JANUARY
7
2017



Cleveland Square is a notable square in Paddington.

Between the two groups of long north-south avenues lay an area, on either side of Craven Hill, which was built over from the 1850s with grand town houses, many enjoying communal gardens. This land was originally owned by the Church Commissioners.

The most lavish use of space was in Cleveland Square, where the block forming the north side gave directly on the gardens. Houses on the other sides were leased between 1852 and 1854 to Henry de Bruno Austin, a speculator active in Paddington and later in outer suburbs.

During the Second World War the area around Paddington station sustained substantial damage due to the bombing of the city. Cleveland Square sustained two direct hits destroying houses numbers 8 to 11. Several other buildings in neighbouring streets were also destroyed.

There was an anti-aircraft Barrage Balloon stationed in the gardens of Cleveland Square and until recently one of the flower beds still had the huge concrete block with steel attachments buried among the plants. This bed has been named the ‘Balloon Bed’ in tribute and there is a commemorative plaque positioned there.

Most bombed properties were rebuilt in the 1950s and can be identified by the different style of architecture used.

After World War II, the Church Commissioners’ decision in 1954 to reorganise the Paddington Estate involved the renaming and disposal of their Bayswater property as the Lancaster Gate estate. Plans for its sale, with that of outlying properties farther north, were announced in 1955, to include Westbourne Terrace, Cleveland Square, most of Gloucester Terrace, part of Lancaster Gate and Inverness Terrace, and shops in Queensway.

The borough council acquired from the Church Commissioners land between Bishop’s Bridge Road and Cleveland Square, an area badly damaged during the Second World War, for the Hallfield estate.

Cleveland Square, which once rivalled Lancaster Gate as the most expensive address in Bayswater, has an unusually large private garden to serve the massive range of six storeys and basements on its north side.

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Rossmore Road is not in Camden Town, it is in St Marylebone - I should know. I was born and raised there! If anyone wants a further information please post on here.

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I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5

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Post by Brenda Jackson: Granville Road, NW6

My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.
Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his fwife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

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Post by Alec donaldson: North Wharf Road, W2

Was there a Wellington street there

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Richard Young’s best photograph: Jerry Hall parties at Annabel’s
Richard Young’s best photograph: Jerry Hall parties at Annabel’s

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/nov/14/richard-young-best-photograph-jerry-hall-parties-at-annabels

VIEW THE PADDINGTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PADDINGTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PADDINGTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PADDINGTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PADDINGTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Paddington

The first underground railway station in the world ran from Paddington - opened as Paddington (Bishop's Road) by the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863 as the terminus of the company's route from Farringdon.

Paddington mainline railway station - Paddington station - has a commuter service serving stations west of London, a mainline service to Oxford, Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Devon, Cornwall and South Wales. There is also an express rail line to Heathrow Airport.

In Paddington Station there is a display case showing Paddington Bear, a character of children's fiction who, in the book, is first discovered at this station and hence named after it.

Important places in Paddington include St Mary's Hospital - where penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming - and Paddington Green police station.

Alan Turing, the pioneer mathematician was born in Warrington Crescent.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Memorial:   
Ark Paddington Green Primary Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Bayard’s Bridge:   Bayard’s Bridge took the Uxbridge Road over the River Westbourne.
Bayswater:   Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas - also one of London's biggest concentration of hotels.
Bayswater Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Hallfield Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Hyde Park Hostel:   
Kensington Gardens:   
Kensington Palace:   Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century.
Kilburn Aqueduct:   Some way from the area now called Kilburn, the Kilburn Aqueduct of the Grand Union Canal spanned the River Westbourne.
L’Ecole Bilingue Elementaire:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Lancaster Gate:   Lancaster Gate is a mid-nineteenth century development in the Bayswater district of west central London, immediately to the north of Kensington Gardens.
Little Venice:   Little Venice is a picturesque area situated around the Regent's Canal in the Paddington area.
Micky Star Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Paddington:   The first underground railway station in the world ran from Paddington - opened as Paddington (Bishop's Road) by the Metropolitan Railway on 10 January 1863 as the terminus of the company's route from Farringdon.
Paddington Green Children’s Hospital:   The Paddington Green Children’s Hospital opened in August 1883.
Queen's Cinema:   This cinema was situated at the top of Queensway, on the corner of Bishop's Bridge Road.
Queensway:   Queensway (formerly Queen's Road) is a bustling cosmopolitan street in the Bayswater district of west London, containing many restaurants and stores.
Red Lion Bridge:   Harrow Road once spanned the River Westbourne at this point.
River Westbourne:   The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Royal College of Art:   Higher education institutions
Royal Garden Hotel:   Royal Garden Hotel is a 5 star hotel in London, England.
Royal Oak:   Royal Oak is a station on the Hammersmith and City Line, between Westbourne Park and Paddington stations, and is the least used station on the Hammersmith and City line.
St James & St John Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Joseph’s RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Mary’s Hospital, London:   St Mary’s Hospital is a hospital in Paddington, founded in 1845.
St Saviour’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
The Minerva Academy:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
United Colleges Group:   Further education (16 plus) which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 99.
Upton Farm:   Upton Farm began in 1725 and was gone by 1839.
Warwick Avenue:   Warwick Avenue tube station is a London Underground station near Little Venice in north-west London. The station is on the Bakerloo Line, between Paddington and Maida Vale stations.
Westbourne Green:   The story of the building of a suburb.
Westbourne Green:   


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Sheep in Kensington Gardens:   It was the practice to keep sheep in the Gardens to maintain the grass.
Westbourne Lodge:   Westbourne Lodge appeared in one of the earliest photographs in London.
Whiteley's:   Whiteley’s, pictured here in the 1920s, was designated a Grade II Listed Building in 1970.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aberdeen Place, NW8 · Albert Hall Mansions, SW7 · Alexandra Court, W9 · Ashworth Road, W9 · Barnwood Close, W9 · Bayswater Road, W2 · Bayswater Road, W8 · Belvedere Strand, NW9 · Biddulph Mansions, W9 · Biddulph Road, W9 · Bishop’s Bridge Road, W2 · Bishop’s Bridge, W2 · Bishop's Bridge Road, W2 · Bishops Bridge Road, W2 · Blomfield Mews, W2 · Blomfield Road, W2 · Blomfield Road, W9 · Blomfield Villas, W2 · Bourne Terrace, W2 · Bouverie Place, W2 · Bristol Gardens, W9 · Brook Mews North, W2 · Browning Close, W9 · Budge’s Walk, SW7 · Cambridge Place, W8 · Caroline Place Mews, W2 · Caroline Place, W2 · Castellain Mansions, W9 · Castellain Road, W9 · Cervantes Court, W2 · Charfield Court, W9 · Chichester Road, W2 · Chilworth Mews, W2 · Chilworth Street, W2 · Chilworth Street, W2 · Clarendon Gardens, W9 · Clarendon Terrace, W9 · Clearwell Drive, W9 · Cleveland Gardens, W2 · Cleveland Square, W2 · Cleveland Terrace, W2 · Clifton Court, NW8 · Clifton Gardens, W9 · Clifton Road, W9 · Clifton Villas, W9 · Clive Court, W9 · Cloucester Mews West, W2 · Conduit Mews, W2 · Conduit Passage, W2 · Conduit Place, W2 · Consort House, W2 · Craven Hill Gardens, W2 · Craven Hill, W2 · Craven Road, W2 · Craven Terrace, W2 · Crompton Street, W2 · Cropthorne Court, W9 · Cunningham Place, NW8 · Cuthbert Street, W2 · Delamere Terrace, W2 · Desborough Close, W2 · Devonshire Terrace, W2 · Dudley Street, W2 · Eastbourne Mews, W2 · Eastbourne Terrace, W2 · Edward House, W2 · Elizabeth Close, W9 · Elms Lane, W2 · Elms Mews, W2 · Elnathan Mews, W9 · Flower Walk, SW7 · Flower Walk, W2 · Formosa Street, W9 · Fosbury Mews, W2 · Garson House, W2 · Gloucester Gardens, W2 · Gloucester Mews, W2 · Gloucester Terrace, W2 · Hall Place, W2 · Hallfield Estate, W2 · Hamilton Close, NW8 · Harrow Road, W2 · Hermitage Street, W2 · Howards Way, W2 · Howley Place, W2 · Inverness Mews, E16 · Inverness Mews, W2 · Inverness Place, W2 · Inverness Terrace, W2 · John Aird Court (116-228), W2 · Junction Place, W2 · Kensington Court, W8 · Kensington Gardens, W2 · Kensington Gardens, W8 · Kensington Gate, W8 · Kensington Palace, W8 · Kensington Road, SW7 · Kensington West, W14 · Kingdom Street, W2 · Lanark Place, W9 · Lancaster Gate, W2 · Lancaster Mews, W2 · Lancaster Terrace, W2 · Lancaster Walk, SW7 · Lancaster Walk, W2 · Lanchester Mews, SE14 · Lauderdale Mansions South, W9 · Lauderdale Road, W9 · Leinster Gardens, W2 · Leinster Mews, W2 · Leinster Terrace, W2 · London Mews, W2 · London Street, W2 · Lord Hills Road, W2 · Lyons Place, W2 · Macmillan House, W2 · Maida Avenue, W2 · Merchant Square, W2 · Norfolk Place, W2 · Norfolk Square, W2 · North Wharf Road, W2 · Northwick Close, NW8 · Northwick Terrace, NW8 · Olympia Mews, W2 · Orsett Mews, W2 · Orsett Terrace, W2 · Paddington Station Car Park Exit, W2 · Paddington Station Car Park, W2 · Palace Avenue, W8 · Park Place Villas, W2 · Pembroke House, W2 · Pickering Mews, W2 · Pindock Mews, W9 · Porchester Gardens Mews, W2 · Porchester Gardens, W2 · Porchester Gate, W2 · Porchester Road, W2 · Porchester Square, W2 · Porchester Terrace North, W2 · Porchester Terrace, W2 · Porteus Road, W2 · Praed Mews, W2 · Praed Street, W2 · Prince Of Wales Terrace, W8 · Princess Court, W2 · Queen’s Gardens, W2 · Queens Court, W2 · Queens Gardens, W2 · Queensborough Passage, W2 · Queensborough Terrace, W2 · Queensway, W2 · Randolph Avenue, W9 · Randolph Crescent, W9 · Randolph Mews, W9 · Randolph Road, W9 · Ranelagh Bridge, W2 · Regents Court, W9 · Rodney Court, W9 · Rowington Close, W2 · Saint Mary’s Square, W2 · Saint Mary’s Terrace, W2 · Saint Michael’s Street, W2 · Sale Place, W2 · Salem Road, W2 · Sandringham Court, W9 · Scott Ellis Gardens, NW8 · Sheldon Square, W2 · Smallbrook Mews, W2 · South Wharf Road, W2 · Southwick Mews, W2 · Spring Street, W2 · St Marys Mansions, W2 · St Marys Medical School, W2 · St Marys Terrace, W2 · St Michaels Street, W2 · Star Street, W2 · Station Concourse, W2 · Sutherland Avenue, W9 · Talbot Square, W2 · The Broad Walk, SW7 · The Broad Walk, W2 · The Broad Walk, W8 · The Broadwalk, W1H · The Broadwalk, W2 · The Whiteleys Centre, W2 · Upbrook Mews, W2 · Warrington Crescent, W9 · Warwick Avenue, W9 · Warwick Court, W9 · Warwick Crescent, W2 · Warwick Cresent, W2 · Warwick Place, W9 · Westbourne Street, W2 · Westbourne Terrace Mews, W2 · Westbourne Terrace Road, W2 · Westbourne Terrace, W2 · Westway, W2 · Whiteleys Centre, W2 ·
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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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