College Cresent, NW3

Road in Belsize Park, existing between 1842 and now

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Road · Belsize Park · NW3 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
22
2016
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College Crescent lies on the boundary between Swiss Cottage and Belsize Park.

The Eyre family, local landowners, was always anxious to promote building and in 1794 a plan was drawn up on the model of Bath, with a crescent, circus, and square. The plan was never executed but from 1802 development on the Eyre estate was directed by John Shaw, a young architect inspired by the town-planning ideals of the late 18th century. In 1803-4 he exhibited views of a projected circus and in 1807 building began on the Marylebone portion.

In 1819 Col. Eyre began the first of several attempts to promote the construction of a public road through his estate, ultimately successful in the Finchley Road Act of 1826. Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, the southern part of which existed by 1824, thrust northward into the Hampstead portion of Eyre’s land and were built by 1829. The Swiss Cottage tavern was built at the apex of the two roads by 1841.

Building spread northward in the salient formed by the Finchley and Avenue roads. A building agreement was made in 1838. Several houses, called Regent’s Villas, stood in the Hampstead section of Avenue Road by 1842. Between 1845 and 1852, 33 houses were built in Finchley Road, 13 in the road parallel to it, St. John’s Wood Park, 16 in Avenue Road, 28 in Boundary Road, the east-west road joining them at the southern boundary, and 13 stuccoed terraces with iron balconies built by W. Wartnaby, in College Crescent to the north.

The buildings included the school for the blind, built in 1848 at the southern junction of College Crescent and Avenue Road and enlarged in 1864, 1878, and 1912; of brick with stone dressings, it had an Italianate central block with two wings.

The North Star public house was opened at the northeast tip of the estate in 1850 and, enclosed by the curve of College Crescent, the New College of Independent Dissenters, for training ministers, was opened in 1851 in a building designed in an early Tudor style by J. T. Emmett. He also designed the college’s Gothic chapel, opened soon afterwards to the south, at the junction of Avenue Road and Adelaide Road.

In 1871 F. J. Clark had suggested a new road direct to Hampstead and in 1872 Spencer Maryon Wilson was hoping to create a ’truly imposing road’. In 1875 he contracted with John Culverhouse, who since 1871 had been the tenant at will of the two main demesne farms, to make Fitzjohn’s Avenue, from College Crescent off Finchley Road to Greenhill Road, and to plant ornamental trees.

Originally the street has three names along its length. From the North Star it was "College Villas Road". The following section was "College Terrace". Only the final section near to the Blind School was it "College Crescent".

Samuel Palmer, of the biscuit firm, lived at no. 40 College Crescent, a large house called Northcourt built in 1881.

New College and much of College Crescent were pulled down in 1934 and replaced by Northways, two concrete blocks of flats and shops by London & City Real Estate. The whole of the Swiss Cottage site between Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped with the building in 1937 of the Odeon cinema and, after 1938, of Regency Lodge flats by R. Atkinson.


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VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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OTHER BELSIZE PARK ENTRIES

College Cresent, NW3
(1842-now)

College Crescent, NW3
(1848-now)

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Go to Belsize Park

Belsize Park

The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.

Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.

Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.

It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.

Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.

In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.

Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.

Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, edited by C R Elrington.



LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Anna Freud Centre:   The Anna Freud Centre is a child mental health research, training and treatment centre.
Belsize Park:   The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.
Central School of Speech and Drama:   The Royal Central School of Speech & Drama was founded in 1906 to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students.
Finchley Road:   Finchley Road is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage and on the Metropolitan line between Baker Street and Wembley Park.
Fine Arts College:   Fine Arts College is an Independent school and sixth form founded in 1978 by artists Candida Cave and Nicholas Cochrane.
Freud Museum:   The Freud Museum is a museum dedicated to Sigmund Freud, who lived there with his family during the last year of his life.
Gospel Oak:   Gospel Oak is an inner suburb of north London below Hampstead Heath.
Hall School:   The Hall School is an independent boys’ preparatory school in Belsize Park.
Hampstead Theatre:   The Hampstead Theatre specialises in commissioning and producing new writing, supporting and developing the work of new writers.
Hillfield Court:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillfield_Court
Isokon Building:   The Isokon building is a concrete block of 34 flats designed by architect Wells Coates for Molly and Jack Pritchard, as an experiment in communal living.
Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead:   The Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden.
Netherhall House:   Netherhall House is a catered intercollegiate halls of residence for men, founded in 1952.
Pax Lodge:   Pax Lodge is the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) World Centre.
South Hampstead High School:   South Hampstead High School is an independent day school.
St Stephen’s Church:   St. Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.
St. Mary’s Town and Country School:   St. Mary’s Town and Country School was an independent, non-denominational, co-educational progressive day and boarding school.
St. Stephen%27s Church, Rosslyn Hill:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Stephen%27s_Church%2C_Rosslyn_Hill
Swiss Cottage:   Swiss Cottage is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet and on the site of a former tollgate keeper’s cottage.
The Load of Hay:   The Load of Hay was established by 1721.
Winchester Hotel:   Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adamson Road, NW3 · Adelaide Road, NW3 · Akenside Road, NW3 · Alban House, NW3 · Antrim Grove, NW3 · Antrim Mansions, NW3 · Antrim Road, NW3 · Aspern Grove, NW3 · Avenue Road, NW3 · Baynes Mews, NW3 · Belsize Avenue, NW3 · Belsize Court Garages, NW3 · Belsize Court, NW3 · Belsize Crescent, NW3 · Belsize Cresent, NW3 · Belsize Grove, NW3 · Belsize Lane, NW3 · Belsize Park Gardens, NW3 · Belsize Park Mews, NW3 · Belsize Park, NW3 · Belsize Place, NW3 · Belsize Square, NW3 · Belsize Terrace, NW3 · Briary Close, NW3 · Brocas Close, NW3 · Buckland Crescent, NW3 · Chalcot Gardens, NW3 · College Crescent, NW3 · College Cresent, NW3 · Conybeare, NW3 · Crossfield Road, NW3 · Daleham Gardens, NW3 · Daleham Mews, NW3 · Dobson Close, NW6 · Downside Crescent, NW3 · Dunboyne Road, NW3 · Elizabeth Mews, NW3 · Englands Lane, NW3 · Eton Avenue, NW3 · Eton College Road, NW3 · Eton Court, NW3 · Eton Garages, NW3 · Eton Hall, NW3 · Eton Rise, NW3 · Eton Road, NW3 · Eton Villas, NW3 · Fairfax Mansions, NW3 · Fairfax Place, NW6 · Fairfax Road, NW6 · Fellows Road, NW3 · Finchley Road, NW3 · Fountain Mews, NW3 · Garnett Road, NW3 · Glenilla Road, NW3 · Glenloch Road, NW3 · Glenmore Road, NW3 · Gordon House Road, NW3 · Hampstead Green, NW3 · Harben Parade, NW3 · Harben Road, NW6 · Harley Road, NW3 · Haverstock Hill, NW3 · Hawtrey Road, NW3 · Hilgrove Road, NW6 · Hillfield Court, NW3 · Hillfield Mansions, NW3 · Hornby Close, NW3 · Howitt Close, NW3 · Howitt Road, NW3 · Huson Close, NW3 · Jade Terrace, NW6 · King?s College Road, NW3 · Kingsford Street, NW5 · Lamble Street, NW5 · Lambolle Place, NW3 · Lambolle Road, NW3 · Lancaster Drive, NW3 · Lancaster Grove, NW3 · Lancaster Stables, NW3 · Lawn Road, NW3 · Lowlands, NW3 · Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 · Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 · Maitland Park Road, NW3 · Maitland Park Villas, NW3 · Mansfield Road, NW3 · Mansfield Road, NW5 · Maresfield Gardens, NW3 · Marston Close, NW6 · Martys Yard, NW3 · McCrone Mews, NW3 · Midland Crescent, NW3 · Naseby Close, NW6 · New College Parade, NW3 · Noel House, NW6 · Northways Parade, NW3 · Nutley Terrace, NW3 · Ormonde Court, NW3 · Parkhill Road, NW3 · Perceval Avenue, NW3 · Primrose Gardens, NW3 · Princess Mews, NW3 · Provost Road, NW3 · Quickswood, NW3 · Regency Parade, NW3 · Rosslyn Mansions, NW6 · St Johns Court, NW3 · Stanbury Court, NW3 · Steele?s Mews South, NW3 · Steele?s Road, NW3 · Strathray Gardens, NW3 · Sumpter Close, NW3 · Tasker Road, NW3 · Tobin Close, NW3 · Trinity Walk, NW3 · Tudor Close, NW3 · Upper Park Road, NW3 · Wandsworth Place, NW3 · Waterhouse Close, NW3 · Wedderburn Road, NW3 · Winchester Road, NW3 · Wood Field, NW3 · Woodland Walk, NW3 ·


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John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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