Cornwall Crescent belongs to the third and final great period of building on the Ladbroke estate and the houses were constructed in the 1860s. Development of this area had suddenly become more attractive with the opening in 1864 of the Hammersmith and City line of the Metropolitan Railway with a station on Ladbroke Grove, and the introduction in the early 1860s of cheap workmen’s fares.
By that time the Ladbroke family had disposed of the land, either by selling the freehold or by giving 99-year peppercorn rents. The land on which Cornwall Crescent lies was in the hands mainly of two merchant-turned developers, Stephen Phillips, and the speculator and ex-Calcutta merchant Charles Blake, who had already developed successfully several other parts of the Ladbroke estate. They in their turn gave building leases to a variety of builders. The normal pattern was no doubt followed, according to which the builder had to build houses meeting certain standards; he then received a 99-year lease of the houses, which he would let out, thus recovering his costs, but he had had to pay a ground rent to the landowner. In practice, both the freeholds (with the right to the ground rents) and the 99-year leaseholds were bought and sold and generally treated as investments.
The original inhabitants of the street were mainly tradesmen and people at the lower reaches of the middle classes. The census shows that most houses were divided up into two, three or four residences, probably sharing common facilities such as the privy at the back.Source: Ladbroke Association
|VIEW THE NOTTING DALE AREA IN THE 1750s|
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE NOTTING DALE AREA IN THE 1800s|
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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|VIEW THE NOTTING DALE AREA IN THE 1830s|
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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|VIEW THE NOTTING DALE AREA IN THE 1860s|
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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|VIEW THE NOTTING DALE AREA IN THE 1900s|
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Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...
Notting Hill is a cosmopolitan district known as the location for the annual Notting Hill Carnival, and for being home to the Portobello Road Market.
The word Notting
might originate from a Saxon called Cnotta
with the =ing
part indicating "the place inhibited by the people of" - i.e. where Cnotta’s tribe lived. There was a farm called variously "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes" or "Nutting-barns" and this name was transferred to the hill above it.
The area remained rural until the westward expansion of London reached Bayswater in the early 19th century. The main landowner in Notting Hill was the Ladbroke family, and from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to undertake the development of the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital (although the development did not get seriously under way until the 1840s). Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the main north-south axis of the area, and Ladbroke Square, the largest private garden square in London.
The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, and other roads (notably Kensington Park Road and Kensington Park Gardens) are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 (originally 727) is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk.
The reputation of the district altered over the course of the 20th century. As middle class households ceased to employ servants, the large Notting Hill houses lost their market and were increasingly split into multiple occupation.
For much of the 20th century the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s, partly because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman, and also became the target of white racist Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots.
Notting Hill was slowly gentrified from the 1980s onwards now has a contemporary reputation as an affluent and fashionable area; known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses, and high-end shopping and restaurants (particularly around Westbourne Grove and Clarendon Cross).
A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase the ’Notting Hill Set’ to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who were once based in Notting Hill.
Since it was first developed in the 1830s, Notting Hill has had an association with artists and ’alternative’ culture.
Acklam Road Adventure Playground
|LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
: Acklam Road Adventure Playground was created in the 1960s.Earl of Zetland
: A pub in the PotteriesI Was Lord Kitchener’s Valet
: I Was Lord Kitchener’s Valet was a clothing boutique which achieved fame in 1960s "Swinging London" by promoting antique military uniforms as fashion items.Kenilworth Castle
: The Kenilworth Castle was a post-war pub in Notting Dale.Kensington Hippodrome
: The Kensington Hippodrome was a racecourse built in Notting Hill, London, in 1837, by entrepreneur John Whyte. Kensington Park Hotel
: The KPH is a landmark pub on Ladbroke Grove.Ladbroke Grove
: Ladbroke Grove is a road in the North Kensington/Notting Hill. Running from Notting Hill itself in the south to Kensal Green in the north, it straddles the W10 and W11 postal districts. Latimer Road
: A station not named after the road it stands onMary Place Workhouse
: Notting Dale Workhouse stood on the site of what is now Avondale Park Gardens,North Kensington Library
: North Kensington Library opened in 1891 and was described as one of London’s finest public libraries.Notting Dale
: From Pigs and bricks to Posh and Becks...The Bedford family at 3 Acklam Road
: From the 19th century up until 1965, number 3 Acklam Road, near the Portobello Road junction, was occupied by the Bedford family. The Brittania
: The Brittania was situated on the corner of Clarendon Road and Portland Road, W11.Western Iron Works
: The Western Iron Works was the foundry business of James Bartle and Co.Bangor Street
: 2015Bangor Street
: 2015Corner of Bangor and Sirdar Road
: 2015Political meeting (1920s)
: Meeting in front of the Junction Arms situated where Tavistock Road, Crescent and Basing Road met.Ridler's Tyre Yard
: Ridler's Tyres was situated in a part of Blechynden Street which no longer exists
Aldermaston Street, W10
|NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP|
· Ansleigh Place, W11
· Avondale Park Gardens, W11
· Avondale Park Road, W11
· Bangor Street, W11
· Bard Road, W10
· Bartle Road, W11
· Bassett Road, W10
· Blechynden Mews, W11
· Blechynden Street, W10
· Blenheim Crescent, W11
· Bomore Road, W11
· Bramley Mews, W10
· Bramley Road, W10
· Bramley Road, W11
· Bramley Street, W10
· Bridge Close, W10
· Cambridge Gardens, W10
· Camelford Walk, W11
· Charlotte Mews, W10
· Clarendon Cross, W11
· Clarendon Road, W11
· Clarendon Works, W11
· Codrington Mews, W11
· Convent Gardens, W11
· Crowthorne Road, W10
· Dale Row, W11
· Darfield Way, W10
· Dulford Street, W11
· East Mews, W10
· Elgin Crescent, W11
· Elgin Mews, W11
· Fowell Street, W10
· Freston Road, W10
· Gorham Place, W11
· Grenfell Road, W11
· Grenfell Walk, W11
· Hayden’s Place, W11
· Hayden’s Place, W11
· Hippodrome Mews, W11
· Hippodrome Place, W11
· Kenley Walk, W11
· Kensington Park Mews, W11
· Kingsdown Close, W10
· Ladbroke Crescent, W11
· Ladbroke Grove, W11
· Lancaster Road, W11
· Lansdowne Crescent, W11
· Lansdowne Cresent, W11
· Lansdowne Rise, W11
· Lansdowne Road, W11
· Latimer Mews, W10
· Latimer Road, W10
· Lockton Street, W10
· Malton Mews, W10
· Malton Road, W10
· Martin Street, W10
· Mary Place, W11
· Maxilla Gardens, W10
· Maxilla Gardens, W10
· Millwood Street, W10
· Mortimer Square, W11
· Oxford Gardens, W10
· Railway Arches, W10
· Rillington Place, W11
· Rosmead Road, W11
· Runcorn Place, W11
· Ruston Mews, W11
· Shalfleet Drive, W10
· Silchester Mews, W10
· Silchester Road, W10
· Silchester Terrace, W10
· Sirdar Road, W11
· St Andrews Square, W11
· St Anns Road, W11
· St John’s Mews, W11
· St Marks Road, W11
· St Mark’s Close, W11
· St Mark’s Place, W11
· St. Anns Road, W11
· St. Johns Gardens, W11
· St. Mark’s Road, W11
· Stable Way, W10
· Station Walk, W11
· Stoneleigh Place, W11
· Stoneleigh Street, W11
· Tavistock Mews, W11
· Testerton Walk, W11
· Thorpe Close, W10
· Treadgold Street, W11
· Trinity Mews, W10
· Verity Close, W11
· Walmer Road, W11
· Waynflete Square, W10
· Waynflete Square, W10
· Wesley Square, W11
· West Cross Route, W10
· Westway, W10
· Westway, W11
· Whitchurch Road, W11
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