Holborn

Underground station, existing between 1906 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Underground station · Holborn · WC2B · Contributed by The Underground Map
October
14
2013
Roundel on Holborn tube station Piccadilly line westbound platform
Credit: Sunil060902

Holborn is both an area and also the name of the area's principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles's High Street and Gray's Inn Road and then Holborn Viaduct between Holborn Circus and Newgate Street.

The area's first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions 'the old wooden church of St Andrew' (St Andrew, Holborn). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City's jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City's jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival's Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap's molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston's Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival's Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard's Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray's Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln's Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw's invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury's head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.

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VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLBORN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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OTHER THE UNDERGROUND MAP ENTRIES

The Crown, Seven Dials, 1900
(1888)

The Crown, Seven Dials, 1900. Delete this - duplicate
(1888)

Holborn
(1906-now)

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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Covent Garden:   From fruit and veg to Froo Tan Vetch
Royal Opera House:   The foundation of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden lies in the letters patent awarded by Charles II to Sir William Davenant in 1660, allowing Davenant to operate one of only two patent theatre companies (The Duke's Company) in London.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Blackmoore Street (1902):   This photo depicts Blackmoor Street which was in the Drury Lane slum, with Clare Court on the left
Houghton Street (1906):   A greengrocer's on the corner of Houghton Street and Clare Market (behind The Strand) in 1906 just before demolition.
New Inn Passage (1901):   The corner of Houghton Street and New Inn Passage taken on a 1901 photo just prior to the clearence of the area for the Aldwych-Kingsway improvement scheme.
Wild Street (1902):   Wild Street, in the Covent Garden area, was on the edge of the Kingsway improvements which would utterly transform the area in the following years.
Wych Street:   Wych Street was a street in London, roughly where Australia House now stands on Aldwych. It ran west from the church of St Clement Danes on the Strand to a point towards the southern end of Drury Lane.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Africa House, WC2B · Aldwych, WC2 · Atkin Building, WC1R · Australia House, WC2B · Barbon Close, WC1N · Barter Street, WC1A · Beaumont Buildings, WC2B · Bedford Place, WC1B · Bedford Row, WC1R · Bell Yard, WC2A · Betterton Street, WC2H · Bloomsbury Place, WC1A · Bloomsbury Square, WC1A · Bloomsbury Way, WC1A · Boswell Street, WC1N · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Bow Street, WC2B · Bow Street, WC2E · Bristol House, WC1B · Broad Court, WC2B · Bury Place, WC1A · Carey Street, WC2A · Catton Street, WC1R · Clare Market, WC2A · Cockpit Yard, WC1N · Coptic Street, WC1A · Cosmo Place, WC1N · Covent Garden, WC2H · Crown Court, WC2B · Dane Street, WC1R · Drury Lane, WC2B · Dryden Street, WC2E · Eagle Street, WC1R · Emerald Street, WC1N · Endell Street, WC2H · Field Court, WC1R · Fisher Street, WC1R · Fulwood Place, WC1V · Galen Place, WC1A · Gate Street, WC2A · Gloucester Road, WC1N · Grays Inn Place, WC1R · Grays Inn Square Chambers, WC1R · Grays Inn Square, WC1R · Great James Street, WC1N · Great Queen Street, WC2B · Hand Court, WC1V · High Holborn, WC1V · High Street, WD1 · Holborn, WC1V · Houghton Street, WC2A · Jockeys Fields, WC1R · John Street, WC1N · Johns Mews, WC1N · Kean Street, WC2B · Kingsgate Street, WC1R · Kingsway, WC2B · Kirk Street, WC1N · Lambs Conduit Passage, WC1R · Lambs Conduit Street, WC1N · Langley Court, WC2E · Lincolns Inn Fields, WC2A · Lion Court, WC1V · Little Russel Street, WC1A · Little Russell Street, WC1A · Little Turnstile, WC1V · Long Acre, WC2E · Macklin Street, WC2B · Museum Street, WC1A · New North Street, WC1N · New Oxford Street, WC1A · New Square, WC2A · Newton Street, WC2B · North East Wing Bush House, WC2B · Northington Street, WC1N · Oblique Museum Mansions, WC1B · Odhams Walk, WC2H · Old Buildings, WC2A · Old Glocester Street, WC1N · Old Gloucester Street, WC1N · Old Glouster Street, WC1N · Orange Street, WC1R · Orde Hall Street, WC1N · Parker Mews, WC2B · Parker Street, WC2B · Pied Bull Court, WC1A · Pied Bull Yard, WC1A · Portsmouth Street, WC2A · Portugal Street, WC2A · Princeton Street, WC1R · Procter Street, WC1V · Proctor Street, WC1V · Queen Square, WC1N · Raymond Buildings, WC1R · Red Lion Square, WC1R · Red Lion Street, WC1R · Richbell Place, WC1N · River Terrace, W6 · Rugby Chambers, WC1N · Rugby Street, WC1N · Russell Street, WC2B · Sandland Street, WC1R · Sardinia House, WC2A · Sardinia Street, WC2A · Sheffield Street, WC2A · Sicilian Avenue, WC1A · Soho Square, WC1A · South East Wing Bush House, WC2B · South Square, WC1R · Southampton Place, WC1A · Southampton Row, WC1B · St Clements Lane, WC2A · St Giles House, WC2B · Stedham Place, WC1A · Strand, WC2B · Stukeley Street, WC2B · The Arcade, WC2B · The Australia Centre, WC2B · The Strand, WC2R · Theobalds Road, WC1X · Verulam Buildings, WC1R · Victoria House, WC1A · Warwick Court, WC1R · West Central Street, WC1A · Wild Court, WC2B · Wild Street, WC2B · Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1R ·


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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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