Fortune Green

Park in/near Fortune Green, existing between 1646 and now

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Park · Fortune Green · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
20
2015
Fortune Green

Fortune Green lies to the north of the ancient village of West End.

The first recorded mention of the green itself came in 1646 as a small area of manorial 'waste' where local residents had the right to graze animals, dig turf and play sports.

In 1820 about a third of the land in the north east corner was enclosed. Nine cottages were built for labourors and laundresses, who were allowed to keep drying poles on the Green for fourpence a year. At the southern tip of the Green is a fountain erected by the Cattle Trough and Drinking Fountain Association. Even as late as 1870 the Green was still surrounded by open fields; however, the expansion of London was beginning to encroach. By the 1880s a local residential building boom was underway after the opening of West Hampstead's underground station (1879) and overground station (1888).

In 1891 the Green was put up for sale for development. But local residents formed the Fortune Green Preservation Society to prevent it being sold, and to maintain the residents' rights of recreation.

Challenging the validity of the sale in court, the Friends provided evidence that the Green had been in regular recreational use: Fortune Green Cricket Club played 'married vs singles' matches; boxing, rounders and trapball were also popular. Despite this, to the horror of local residents, a judge allowed the sale to proceed. Undaunted, the Fortune Green Acquisition Society was set up and managed to persuade the Vestry (Council) and London County Council to pay the bulk of the cost of acquiring the Green, together with smaller contributions from Henry Harben (a local benefactor), the Worshipful Companies of Skinners and Goldsmiths and local residents.

By December 1896 they had raised the asking price of £7000 and Fortune Green was saved. It took several more months to tie up legal details, but in January and February 1898, at a cost of £555, paths were laid out and the Green was properly turfed.

In 1971 ownership of the Green was transferred to the London Borough of Camden.

Text: Friends of Fortune Green

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



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VIEW THE FORTUNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE FORTUNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE FORTUNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE FORTUNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE FORTUNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Fortune Green

Fortune Green was originally part of the district of Hampstead but became physically separated from it by the building of the new turnpike road (now Finchley Road) in the 1830s.

The name of Fortune Green is derived from foran-tune meaning in front of the tun, probably an inn in the area.

Originally Fortune Green was a patch of manorial waste, now in the north of the ward, where local residents had the right to graze animals, dig turf and play sports. The Green dwindled considerably in the 19th century when the lord of the manor granted enclosure rights for about a third of the area.

Lying on the south-west side of the Finchley Road, Hampstead town council decided to build its overflow cemetery here in the 1840s.

The arrival of the Midland Railway in 1871 brought rapid development and many large houses were demolished in favour of higher density buildings. Victorian residential buildings display considerable variety in their design and detail and there are a number of large distinctive red brick mansion blocks, most of which have remained unaltered.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Beckford's Estate:   Beckfords, belonging to the family of the same name, consisted of 15 acres north of Mill Lane and west of Fortune Green Lane.
Cedars:   A local West Hampstead builder, Thomas Potter, constructed Cedars in 1878.
Cholmley Lodge:   Cholmley Lodge, a two storeyed stuccoed house, was built in 1813.
Cock and Hoop:   The Cock and Hoop Inn was standing on the corner of West End Lane and Fortune Green Road by 1723.
Earlsfields:   Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.
Flitcroft Estate:   Flitcroft was a 50 acre estate at Fortune Green and West End, named after its owner in the 18th century.
Fortune Green:   Fortune Green was originally part of the district of Hampstead but became physically separated from it by the building of the new turnpike road (now Finchley Road) in the 1830s.
Hackney College:   The Village Itinerancy Society, a Congregationalist college, was transformed into Hackney Theological Seminary.
Lauriston Lodge:   Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.
National School:   A National School was established in West End during 1844.
Potter's Iron Foundry:   In the nineteenth century, many West Hampstead people had jobs in Potter’s Iron Foundry.
Temple Park:   Temple Park is one of the smaller suburbs of north London.
Thorplands:   Thorplands was an estate south of Mill Lane.
West Cottages, NW6:   Cottages in London NW6.
West End Green:   West End Green is situated on a corner of West End Lane, formerly the location of West End Fair.
West Hampstead Police Station:   The Metropolitam Police established itself in West Hampstead during the 1880s.
Woodbine Cottage:   Woodbine Cottage was situated at the south-eastern corner of the Flitcroft estate.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Mill Lane, looking east (1900s):   Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Achilles Road, NW6 · Agamemnon Road, NW6 · Ajax Road, NW6 · Aldred Road, NW6 · Ardwick Road, NW2 · Berridge Mews, NW6 · Broomsleigh Street, NW6 · Buckingham Mansions, NW6 · Burgess Hill, NW2 · Burgess Hill, NW3 · Burrard Road, NW3 · Burrard Road, NW6 · Cannon Hill, NW3 · Cannon Hill, NW6 · Carlton Mews, NW6 · Cholmley Gardens, NW6 · Croftway, NW3 · Dornfell Street, NW6 · Fortune Green Road, NW3 · Fortune Green Road, NW6 · Glastonbury Street, NW6 · Glenbrook Road, NW6 · Gondar Gardens, NW6 · Hillfield Road, NW6 · Hocroft Road, NW2 · Holmdale Road, NW6 · Ingham Road, NW3 · Ingham Road, NW6 · Inglewood Road, NW6 · Kidderpore Avenue, NW3 · Lyncroft Gardens, NW6 · Lyndale, NW2 · Mill Lane, NW6 · Narcissus Road, NW6 · Norman Terrace, NW6 · Orestes Mews, NW6 · Pandora Road, NW6 · Parsifal Road, NW3 · Parsifal Road, NW6 · Platts Lane, NW3 · Ranulf Road, NW2 · Ravenshaw Street, NW6 · Rose Joan Mews, NW6 · Salmon Mews, NW6 · Solent Road, NW6 · The Mansions, NW6 · Ulysses Road, NW6 · Vernon Court, NW2 · Wayne Kirkum Way, NW6 · Weech Road, NW6 · Welbeck Mansions, NW6 · West Cottages, NW6 ·


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British History Online
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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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