Kennington

Underground station, existing between the 1890s and now

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Underground station · Kennington · SE11 ·
October
12
2012

Kennington was a royal manor in the ancient parish of St Mary, Lambeth in the county of Surrey and was the administrative centre of the parish from 1853.

Trees in Kennington Park
Credit: Stephen McKay
The presence of a tumulus, and other significant geographical features locally, suggest that the area was regarded in ancient times as a sacred place of assembly. The manor of Kennington was divided from the manor of Vauxhall by the River Effra, a tributary of the River Thames. A smaller river, the River Neckinger, ran through the northern part of Kennington, approximately where Brook Drive is today. Both rivers have now been diverted into underground culverts.

Harthacnut, King of Denmark and England, died at Kennington in 1041. Harold Godwinson took the Crown the day after the death of Edward the Confessor at Kennington; he is said to have placed it upon his own head. King Henry III held his court here in 1231; and, according to Matthew Paris, in 1232, Parliament was held at Kennington.

Edward III gave the manor of Kennington to his oldest son Edward, the Black Prince in 1337, and the prince then built a large royal palace in the traingle formed by Kennington Lane, Sancroft Street and Cardigan Street, near to Kennington Cross. Geoffrey Chaucer was employed at Kennington as Clerk of Works in 1389 and was paid 2 shillings. The Duchy of Cornwall still maintains a substantial property portfolio within the area.

The eighteenth century saw considerable development in Kennington. At the start of the century, the area was essentially a village on the southern roads into London, with a common on which public executions took place. The development of Kennington came about through access to London, which happened when, in 1750, Westminster Bridge was constructed. In 1751, Kennington Road was built from Kennington Common (as it then was; now Kennington Park) to Westminster Bridge. Houses along it were soon built.

On 10 May 1768, at approximately the site of the Imperial War Museum today, the Massacre of St George's Fields took place. A riot started, because of the detention at the King's Bench Prison of the radical, John Wilkes – he had written an article in which he attacked King George III. The Riot Act was read, and soldiers fired into the crowd, killing seven people.

By the 1770s, the development of Kennington into its modern form was well underway. Terraces of houses were built on the east side of Kennington Road and Cleaver Square (then called Prince's Square) was laid out in 1788. In 1796, a house in West Square became the first station in the optical telegraph, or semaphore line, between the Admiralty in London, and Chatham and Deal in Kent, and during the Napoleonic Wars transmitted messages between Whitehall and the Royal Navy.

The modern street pattern of Kennington was formed by the early nineteenth century. The village had become a semi-rural suburb with grand terraced houses. In 1852, at the initiative of the minister of St. Mark's Church, the Common was enclosed and became the first public park in south London.

The Oval cricket ground was leased to Surrey County Cricket Club from the Duchy of Cornwall in 1845, and the adjacent gasometers (themselves an international sporting landmark) were constructed in 1853. Proximity to central London was key to the development of the area as a residential suburb and it was incorporated into the metropolitan area of London in 1855.

Dense building and the carving-up of large houses for multiple occupation caused Kennington to be very seriously over-populated in 1859, when diphtheria appeared (recorded by Karl Marx in 'Das Kapital').

Kennington station was opened as Kennington (New Street) in 1890 by the City of London and Southwark Subway.

On 15 October 1940, the large trench air-raid shelter beneath Kennington Park was struck by a 50lb bomb. The number of people killed remains unknown; it is believed by local historians that 104 people died. 48 bodies were recovered.

Lambeth Council designated much of Kennington a Conservation Area in 1968, the boundary of which was extended in 1979 and in 1997. Lambeth Council's emphasis on conserving and protecting Kennington's architectural heritage and enhancing its attractive open spaces for recreation and leisure is illustrated by restoration of the centre of the listed Cleaver Square in the last decade of the twentieth century.

xxx

Trees in Kennington Park
Stephen McKay

THE STREETS OF KENNINGTON
(City of London) Field Hospital (V), SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
(formerly Hillingdon Street), SE17 (formerly Hillingdon Street) is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Alberta Estate, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Alberta Street, SE17 Alberta Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Ambergate Street, SE17 Ambergate Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Andrews Walk, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Aveline Street, SE11 Aveline Street is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Berryfield Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Borrett Close, SE17 Borrett Close is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Bowden Street, SE11 Bowden Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Braganza Street, SE17 Braganza Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Brandon Estate, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Camberwell Road, SE17 Camberwell Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Canterbury Place, SE17 Canterbury Place is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Carter Street, SE17 Carter Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Chapter Road, SE17 Chapter Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Cleaver Square, SE11 Cleaver Square is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Cleaver Street, SE11 Cleaver Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Conwall Square Kennings Way, SE11 Conwall Square Kennings Way is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Cook’s Road, SE17 Cook’s Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Cooks Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Courtenay Square, SE11 Courtenay Square is one of a number of local streets with houses built in a neo-Georgian style.
Dale Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Dartford Street, SE17 Dartford Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
De Laune Street, SE17 De Laune Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Delverton Road, SE17 Delverton Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Doddington Grove, SE17 Doddington Grove is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Doddington Place, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Draco Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Dylways, SE5 Dylways was an old variant of the name Dulwich, given to a development on Denmark Hill.
Empress Street, SE17 Empress Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Faunce Street, SE17 Faunce Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Fielding Street, SE17 Fielding Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Fleming Road, SE17 Fleming Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Forsyth Gardens, SE17 Forsyth Gardens is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Frederick Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Gateway, SE17 Gateway is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Gaza Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Green Dale, SE5 Green Dale’s northern half was carved in 1806 across old fields.
Greig Terrace, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Harding Close, SE17 Harding Close is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Harmsworth Street, SE17 Harmsworth Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Henry Dent Close, SE5 Henry Dent Close is a road in the SE5 postcode area
Hillingdon Street, SE17 Hillingdon Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Iliffe Street, SE17 Iliffe Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Iliffe Yard, SE17 Iliffe Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
John Ruskin Street, SE17 John Ruskin Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
John Ruskin Street, SE5 John Ruskin Street is one of the streets of London in the SE5 postal area.
Kennington Park Gardens, SE17 Kennington Park Gardens is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Kennington Park Road, SE17 Kennington Park Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Langdale Close, SE17 Langdale Close is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Laune Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Lorrimore Road, SE17 Lorrimore Road is a very old Walworth road.
Lorrimore Square, SE17 Lorrimore Square is a 1.5-acre garden square.
Loughborough Street, SE11 Loughborough Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Maddock Way, SE17 Maddock Way is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Manor Place, SE11 Manor Place is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Manor Place, SE17 Manor Place is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Marsland Close, SE17 Marsland Close is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Martara Mews, SE17 Martara Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Matara Mews, SE17 Matara Mews is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Methley Street, SE11 Methley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Milverton Street, SE11 Milverton Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Montford Place, SE11 Montford Place is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Occupation Road, SE17 Occupation Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Olney Road, SE17 Olney Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Otto Street, SE17 Otto Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Pasley Close, SE17 Pasley Close is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Peacock Street, SE17 Peacock Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Peacock Yard, SE17 Peacock Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Peacock Yd, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Pelier Street, SE17 Pelier Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Penrose Grove, SE17 Penrose Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Penrose Street, SE17 Penrose Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Penton Place, SE11 Penton Place is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Penton Place, SE17 Penton Place is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
PO Box 20465, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 31801, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 43412, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 51298, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 64476, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 64493, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 71312, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
PO Box 951, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Pullens Buildings, SE17 Pullens Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Radcot Street, SE11 Radcot Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Ravensdon Street, SE11 Ravensdon Street is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Royal Road, SE11 Royal Road is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Royal Road, SE17 Royal Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Rutley Close, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Saint Agnes Place, SE11 This is a street in the SE11 postcode area
Sharstead Street, SE17 Sharstead Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Sharsted Street, SE17 This is a street in the SE17 postcode area
Silk Mews, SE11 Silk Mews is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Slade Walk, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
St Pauls Church, SE17 St Pauls Church is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
St. Agnes Place, SE11 St. Agnes Place is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Stopford Road, SE17 Stopford Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Sturgeon Road, SE17 Sturgeon Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Sutherland Square, SE17 Sutherland Square is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Tarver Road, SE17 Tarver Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Thrush Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Wesley Close, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Westcott Road, SE17 Westcott Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Windmill Row, SE11 Windmill Row is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Wynyard Terrace, SE11 Wynyard Terrace is a road in the SE11 postcode area



Christobel Warren-Jones
Christobel Warren-Jones   
Added: 26 Feb 2018 13:50 GMT   
IP: 143.159.49.39
2:1:169
Post by Christobel Warren-Jones: Hurley Road, SE11

Hurley Road was off Kennington Lane, just west of Renfrew Raod, not where indicated on this map. My Dad was born at number 4 in 1912. It no longer exists but the name is remembered in Hurley House, Hurley Clinic and Hurley Pre-School

Allen Waters
Allen Waters   
Added: 18 Jan 2018 23:19 GMT   
IP: 151.224.33.53
2:2:169
Post by Allen Waters: Lansdowne Gardens, SW8

I used to live at no. 27 from 1950-1961. My family had the large room on the ground floor a bedroom on the 2nd floor and a room in the attic. There were several other families who came and went over the years, as well as landlords. We had a landlord for a time called ?Gethin?. I used to play with my friends in the road as there were few cars then. We used to use the lamppost next to house as a cricket wicket and it?s still there. I can remember swings in the green and a parkeeper there with a coal brazier in the winter. I was a choirboy at St Barnaby?s, I remember a bagwash near the church when the houses were demolished to build the estate. There used to be a row of shops and I particularly remember one called ?gallies? a sweet shop where you could get a penny drink and they put gas in it for you. Schools I went to were Priory Grove, then Al

Message truncated Show whole message

Evelyn Johnson
Evelyn Johnson   
Added: 8 Dec 2017 23:23 GMT   
IP: 70.53.91.62
2:3:169
Post by Evelyn Johnson: Sturgeon Road, SE17

I lived at 105 Sturgeon Road in 1956 went to st Paul’s church Lorrimore sqN8DvL

Johnshort
Johnshort   
Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   
IP: 10.9.55.126
2:4:169
Post by Johnshort: Hurley Road, SE11

There were stables in the road mid way also Danny reading had coal delivery lorry.n

peter hiller
peter hiller   
Added: 13 Sep 2017 11:07 GMT   
IP: 81.141.12.149
2:5:169
Post by peter hiller: Sancroft Street, SE11

what is the history of tresco house 2 sancroft street ,it looks older than a 1990s site

Robert smitherman
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   
IP: 2.220.194.137
2:6:169
Post by Robert smitherman: Saunders Street, SE11

I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 9 Sep 2019 14:20 GMT   
IP:
3:7:169
Post by LDNnews: Charing Cross
Neighbours complain over Barnet bin collection shake-up

A shake-up of waste collections has left neighbours on one street having to wheel their bins all the way across a green so they can be emptied.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17890031.neighbours-complain-barnet-bin-collection-shake-up/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 9 Sep 2019 14:20 GMT   
IP:
3:8:169
Post by LDNnews: Stockwell
Dental practice moves down the street in Northfields

A NEW dental practice, Dental Beauty Northfields, has opened a few doors down from the old practice established more than 14 years ago.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17890492.dental-practice-moves-street-northfields/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 9 Sep 2019 14:20 GMT   
IP:
3:9:169
Post by LDNnews: Southwark
Lewisham has second lowest CO2 emissions per capita in UK - down to less coal use
Lewisham has the second lowest CO2 emissions per capita out of all local authorities in the UK, latest statistics reveal.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17890513.lewisham-second-lowest-co2-emissions-per-capita-uk---less-coal-use/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 8 Sep 2019 19:30 GMT   
IP:
3:10:169
Post by LDNnews: Charing Cross
Brexit news latest: EU will refuse delay in current circumstances, France warns
The EU will refuse another delay to Brexit in the current circumstances, according to France’s Foreign Minister.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexit-news-latest-eu-will-refuse-delay-in-current-circumstances-france-says-a4231506.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 8 Sep 2019 16:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:169
Post by LDNnews: Stockwell
’14-year-old’ stabbed in broad daylight near Plumstead station

A 14-year-old has reportedly been stabbed in Plumstead this afternoon.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17888232.39-14-year-old-39-stabbed-broad-daylight-near-plumstead-station/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 8 Sep 2019 16:30 GMT   
IP:
3:12:169
Post by LDNnews: Southwark
Hate crimes spiked after Boris Johnson compared Muslim women to ’letterboxes’

Anti-Muslim incidents spiked around a proposed "Punish a Muslim Day" and after Boris Johnson referred to veiled Muslim women as "letterboxes" and "bank robbers".


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17883453.hate-crimes-spiked-boris-johnson-compared-muslim-women-letterboxes/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 8 Sep 2019 15:27 GMT   
IP:
3:13:169
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Fentiman Road is named after local mid-19th century developer John Fentiman.
Fentiman Road is named after local mid-19th century developer John Fentiman.

https://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=18108

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 7 Sep 2019 17:40 GMT   
IP:
3:14:169
Post by LDNnews: Charing Cross
Brexit protests LIVE: Hundreds gather in Parliament Square during March for Change rally
Hundreds of pro and anti-Brexit protesters have gathered in Parliament Square for separate demonstrations, leading to clashes and a strong police presence in Westminster.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexit-protests-live-updates-as-hundreds-of-protesters-gather-in-parliament-square-during-march-for-a4231326.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 7 Sep 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:15:169
Post by LDNnews: Stockwell
Skating show celebrating the magic of Disney comes to Wembley
Grab your Mickey ears and get ready for the celebration of the century as Disney On Ice celebrates 100 Years of Magic. Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse and pals take to the ice to honour the legacy of Walt Disney and welcome audiences on a magical journey through classic and modern Disney tales.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17885896.skating-show-celebrating-magic-disney-comes-wembley/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 7 Sep 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:16:169
Post by LDNnews: Southwark
Two inspiring new plays take to the stage in Finchley
Two new plays featuring unique voices are coming to artsdepot this autumn.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17885869.two-inspiring-new-plays-take-stage-finchley/?ref=rss

VIEW THE KENNINGTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENNINGTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENNINGTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENNINGTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENNINGTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Kennington

Kennington was a royal manor in the ancient parish of St Mary, Lambeth in the county of Surrey and was the administrative centre of the parish from 1853.

The presence of a tumulus, and other significant geographical features locally, suggest that the area was regarded in ancient times as a sacred place of assembly. The manor of Kennington was divided from the manor of Vauxhall by the River Effra, a tributary of the River Thames. A smaller river, the River Neckinger, ran through the northern part of Kennington, approximately where Brook Drive is today. Both rivers have now been diverted into underground culverts.

Harthacnut, King of Denmark and England, died at Kennington in 1041. Harold Godwinson took the Crown the day after the death of Edward the Confessor at Kennington; he is said to have placed it upon his own head. King Henry III held his court here in 1231; and, according to Matthew Paris, in 1232, Parliament was held at Kennington.

Edward III gave the manor of Kennington to his oldest son Edward, the Black Prince in 1337, and the prince then built a large royal palace in the traingle formed by Kennington Lane, Sancroft Street and Cardigan Street, near to Kennington Cross. Geoffrey Chaucer was employed at Kennington as Clerk of Works in 1389 and was paid 2 shillings. The Duchy of Cornwall still maintains a substantial property portfolio within the area.

The eighteenth century saw considerable development in Kennington. At the start of the century, the area was essentially a village on the southern roads into London, with a common on which public executions took place. The development of Kennington came about through access to London, which happened when, in 1750, Westminster Bridge was constructed. In 1751, Kennington Road was built from Kennington Common (as it then was; now Kennington Park) to Westminster Bridge. Houses along it were soon built.

On 10 May 1768, at approximately the site of the Imperial War Museum today, the Massacre of St George's Fields took place. A riot started, because of the detention at the King's Bench Prison of the radical, John Wilkes – he had written an article in which he attacked King George III. The Riot Act was read, and soldiers fired into the crowd, killing seven people.

By the 1770s, the development of Kennington into its modern form was well underway. Terraces of houses were built on the east side of Kennington Road and Cleaver Square (then called Prince's Square) was laid out in 1788. In 1796, a house in West Square became the first station in the optical telegraph, or semaphore line, between the Admiralty in London, and Chatham and Deal in Kent, and during the Napoleonic Wars transmitted messages between Whitehall and the Royal Navy.

The modern street pattern of Kennington was formed by the early nineteenth century. The village had become a semi-rural suburb with grand terraced houses. In 1852, at the initiative of the minister of St. Mark's Church, the Common was enclosed and became the first public park in south London.

The Oval cricket ground was leased to Surrey County Cricket Club from the Duchy of Cornwall in 1845, and the adjacent gasometers (themselves an international sporting landmark) were constructed in 1853. Proximity to central London was key to the development of the area as a residential suburb and it was incorporated into the metropolitan area of London in 1855.

Dense building and the carving-up of large houses for multiple occupation caused Kennington to be very seriously over-populated in 1859, when diphtheria appeared (recorded by Karl Marx in 'Das Kapital').

Kennington station was opened as Kennington (New Street) in 1890 by the City of London and Southwark Subway.

On 15 October 1940, the large trench air-raid shelter beneath Kennington Park was struck by a 50lb bomb. The number of people killed remains unknown; it is believed by local historians that 104 people died. 48 bodies were recovered.

Lambeth Council designated much of Kennington a Conservation Area in 1968, the boundary of which was extended in 1979 and in 1997. Lambeth Council's emphasis on conserving and protecting Kennington's architectural heritage and enhancing its attractive open spaces for recreation and leisure is illustrated by restoration of the centre of the listed Cleaver Square in the last decade of the twentieth century.
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