Uxbridge

Underground station, existing between 1904 and now

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Underground station · Uxbridge · UB8 ·
MARCH
17
2017

Uxbridge, a Middlesex market town, lies at the end of the Metropolitan and Piccadilly lines.



The name is derived from "Wuxen Bridge" which was likely to have been near the bottom of Oxford Road where the "Swan and Bottle" now stands. The Wuxen were a seventh-century Saxon tribe.

The town centre today comprises large retail outlets and major office buildings, including the main European offices of several international companies. Uxbridge is also the home of Brunel University and the civic centre of the London Borough of Hillingdon. The civic centre is an award-winning building designed at the peak of the 1980s trend towards a new, postmodernist architectural style. Adjoining the town is RAF Uxbridge, where many Royal Air Force personnel are based. It was from here that much of the Battle of Britain was controlled by 11 Group.

Archaeologists found Bronze age remains (before 700 BC) and medieval remains when the new shopping mall The Chimes was being built. Two miles away at Denham Upper Paleolithic remains have been found.

Uxbridge is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th century, but a hundred years later the existing church, St Margaret’s, was built. The existing pub, "The Queens Head", has a sign depicting Anne Boleyn, wife of Henry VIII. The pub was previously called "The Axe" and possibly dates from the 1540’s. A tunnel connects the pub to the church. At the bottom of Windsor Street there is a cemetery with an archway. It was here on Lynch Green that three heretics were burned to death in 1555. Foxe’s Book of Martyrs gives the names as John Denley, Robert Smith and Patrick Packingham, but other sources call the last one Patrick Rockingham. He was found guilty of denying the trinity.

Under Elizabeth I, Roman Catholics were subject to severe constraints. Edmund Campion was a Catholic priest, trained in Douai, to give covert support to Catholics. He travelled around England on horseback, giving sermons in secret and pretending to be a diamond merchant. In 1580 he came to Uxbridge and hid for a couple of weeks, in a house owned by William Catesby. In 1581 Campion was caught. He was hanged, drawn and quartered in London. The 40 or so Catholics who died in this period are called the "Douai martyrs" which is also the name of the local Catholic secondary school, in Ickenham.

In 1605 the Gunpowder Plot was uncovered. The flamboyant six-foot leader, Robert Catesby (son of William), escaped and hid in his house in Uxbridge. He was later shot. There were negotiations between Charles I and the Parliamentary side in Uxbridge, January 30 to February 22 1645, commemorated in the name of a local pub and restaurant, the Crown and Treaty. This latter is on the A4020 Oxford Road where it leaves the town, at the canal overbridge.

The covered market was built in 1788, but the previous building was about twice as big, creating big problems for traffic.

The former Grand Junction Canal now Grand Union Canal, which connects London with Birmingham, passes immediately to the west of Uxbridge, and forms the borough boundary. The first stretch was built in the late eighteenth century from Brentford to Uxbridge. Further upsteam is Uxbridge Lock, and nearby is a flour mill belonging to Allied Mills. This was bought in the nineteenth century by a Mister King, who called it "Kingsmill". This brand name is still one of the best-selling bread-makers in the UK.

In the early 19th century, Uxbridge had an unsavoury reputation. The jurist William Arabin said of it residents "They will steal the very teeth out of your mouth as you walk through the streets. I know it from experience."

In the 1930s George Orwell was a teacher at Frays College, now Frays Adult Education Centre. His novel A Clergyman’s Daughter was based on his experiences there.

For about 200 years most of London’s flour was produced in the Uxbridge area. There were also breweries, but the last one was closed down in the 1930s. Near here Ellen Terry the Shakespearean actress spent her final years, as a pub landlady.

There were once three railway stations - Uxbridge Vine Street (originally just Uxbridge Station), Uxbridge High Street, and Uxbridge Belmont Road. All three have now closed. The line formerly to Belmont Road now terminates at the present station, Uxbridge, fronting the pedestrianised High Street, and is served by the Metropolitan and Piccadilly lines from Rayners Lane.

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THE STREETS OF UXBRIDGE
Amersham Road, UB8 Amersham Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Andover Close, UB8 Andover Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Arundel Road, UB8 Arundel Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Bakers Road, UB8 Bakers Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Baker’s Road, UB8 Baker’s Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Barchester Close, UB8 Barchester Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Barlee Crescent, UB8 Barlee Crescent is a road in the UB8 postcode area
BARNSFIELD PLACE, UB8 BARNSFIELD PLACE is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Bawtree Road, UB8 Bawtree Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Beacon Close, UB8 Beacon Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Beasley Court, UB8 Beasley Court is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Beasleys Yard, UB8 Beasleys Yard is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Belmont Close, UB8 Belmont Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Belmont Road, UB8 Belmont Road was the original site for Uxbridge station.
Benbow Way, UB8 Benbow Way is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Biko Close, UB8 Biko Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Black Horse Place, UB8 Black Horse Place is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Blackmore Way, UB8 Blackmore Way is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Boulmer Road Boulmer Road is a modern road in Cowley, Middlesex.
Boulmer Road, UB8 Boulmer Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Brand Avenue, W3 Brand Avenue is a road in the W3 postcode area
Braybourne Close, UB8 Braybourne Close hides the route of an old railway.
Brearley Close, UB8 Brearley Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Brunel University Footway, UB10 Brunel University Footway is a road in the UB10 postcode area
Bryony Close, UB8 Bryony Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Buchan Close Buchan Close is a cul-de-sac in Cowley
Buchan Close, UB8 Buchan Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Bullrush Grove, UB8 Bullrush Grove is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Burness Close, UB8 Burness Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Cambridge Road, UB8 Cambridge Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Canal Cottages, UB8 Canal Cottages is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Caxton Drive, UB8 Caxton Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Chapel Lane, UB8 Chapel Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Chapel Street, UB8 Chapel Street is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Chartridge, UB8 Chartridge is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Chequers Square, UB8 Chequers Square is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Chiltern View Road, UB8 Chiltern View Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Church Close, UB8 Church Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Clammas Way, UB8 Clammas Way is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Clayton Way, UB8 Clayton Way is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Cleveland Road, UB8 Cleveland Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Colnedale Road, UB8 Colnedale Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Cornwall Road, UB8 Cornwall Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Cotswold Close, UB8 Cotswold Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Cowley Crescent, UB8 Cowley Crescent is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Cowley Road, UB8 Cowley Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Cricket Field Road, UB8 Cricket Field Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Cricketfield Road, UB8 Cricketfield Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Cross Street, UB8 Cross Street is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Cumbrian Way, UB8 Cumbrian Way is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Dagnall Crescent, UB8 Dagnall Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Dukes Way, UB8 Dukes Way is a road in the UB8 postcode area
East, UB8 East is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Elm Lawn Close, UB8 Elm Lawn Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Elthorne Road, UB8 Elthorne Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Enfield Close, UB8 Enfield Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Eskdale Road, UB8 Eskdale Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Fairlight Drive, UB8 Fairlight Drive is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Fernes Close, UB8 Fernes Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Florence Way, UB8 Florence Way is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Frays Lea, UB8 Frays Lea is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Fray’s Waye, UB8 Fray’s Waye is a road in the UB8 postcode area
George Street, UB8 George Street is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Grainge’s Yard, UB8 Grainge’s Yard is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Gravel Hill, UB8 Gravel Hill is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Gray’s Road, UB10 Gray’s Road is a road in the UB10 postcode area
Gray’s Road, UB8 Gray’s Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Grove Road, UB8 Grove Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hardy Mews, UB8 Hardy Mews is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hercies Road, UB8 Hercies Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Heritage Close, UB8 Heritage Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Heron Close, UB8 Heron Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
High Road, UB8 High Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Highbridge Industrial Estate, UB8 Highbridge Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Hillingdon Hill, UB8 Hillingdon Hill is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hillingdon Road, UB10 Hillingdon Road is one of the streets of London in the UB10 postal area.
Hillingdon Road, UB8 Hillingdon Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hillman Close, UB8 Hillman Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hilton Close, UB8 Hilton Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hinton Road, UB8 Hinton Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hogarth Close, UB8 Hogarth Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Honeycroft Hill, UB8 Honeycroft Hill is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Hornbill Close, UB8 Hornbill Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
How’s Close, UB8 How’s Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Iffley Close, UB8 Iffley Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Isambard Close, UB8 Isambard Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Jackson Close, UB8 Jackson Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Kendal Mews, UB8 Kendal Mews is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Kent Close, UB8 Kent Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
King’s Road Road in Cowley
King’s Road, UB8 King’s Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
LAMBOURNE COURT, UB8 LAMBOURNE COURT is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Lancresse Close, UB8 Lancresse Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Lawn Road, UB8 Lawn Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Lindie Gardens, UB8 Lindie Gardens is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Lodge Close, UB8 Lodge Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
M25, UB8 M25 is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Market Square, UB8 Market Square is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Maylands Drive, UB8 Maylands Drive is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Mead Road, UB8 Mead Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Mercer Walk, UB8 Mercer Walk is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Merryfields, UB10 Merryfields is a road in the UB10 postcode area
Mill Bridge Place, UB8 Mill Bridge Place is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Millennium Close, UB8 Millennium Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Montague Road, UB8 Montague Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Morris Avenue, UB8 Morris Avenue is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Myddleton Road, UB8 Myddleton Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Newcourt, UB8 Newcourt is a road in the UB8 postcode area
North Common Road, UB8 North Common Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Norton Road, UB8 Norton Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Orchard Waye, UB8 Orchard Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Osborn Road, UB8 Osborn Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Packet Boat Lane, UB8 Packet Boat Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Packetboat Lane, SL0 Packetboat Lane is a road in the SL0 postcode area
Packetboat Lane, UB8 Packetboat Lane is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Pages Lane, UB8 Pages Lane is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Pantile Walk, UB8 Pantile Walk is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Park Road East, UB8 Park Road East is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Park Road, UB8 Park Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Point West Building, UB8 Point West Building is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Press Road, UB8 Press Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Queen’s Road A description needs to be added to this location.
Queen’s Road, UB8 Queen’s Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Ratcliffe Close Ratcliffe Close is situated near to Brunel University
Ratcliffe Close, UB8 Ratcliffe Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Redfern Close, UB8 Redfern Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Redford Way, UB8 Redford Way is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Robins Close, UB8 Robins Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Rockingham Close, UB8 Rockingham Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
RUSHES MEAD, UB8 RUSHES MEAD is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Saint John’s Road, UB8 Saint John’s Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Salisbury Road, UB8 Salisbury Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Salthill Close, UB8 Salthill Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Sanderson Road, UB8 Sanderson Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Sarum Complex, UB8 Sarum Complex is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Sidney Close, UB8 Sidney Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Sidney Close, UB9 Sidney Close is a road in the UB9 postcode area
Slough Road, UB8 Slough Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
South Common Road, UB8 South Common Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Spencer Close, UB8 Spencer Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
St Johns Road, UB8 St Johns Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
St Laurence Close, UB8 St Laurence Close is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Stirling Close, UB8 Stirling Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Tachbrook Road, UB8 Tachbrook Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Terry Place, UB8 Terry Place is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
The Gouldings, UB8 The Gouldings is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
The Grand Union Office Park, UB8 The Grand Union Office Park is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
The Greenway, UB8 The Greenway is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
The Hermitage, UB8 The Hermitage is a road in the UB8 postcode area
The Lynch, UB8 The Lynch is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Thomas Drive, UB8 Thomas Drive is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Thompson Road, UB8 Thompson Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Topping Lane, UB8 Topping Lane is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Towergate Close, UB8 Towergate Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Union Buildings Wallingford Road, UB8 Union Buildings Wallingford Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Union Buildings, UB8 Union Buildings is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Uxbrdige Road, UB8 Uxbrdige Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Verona Close, UB8 Verona Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Victoria Road, UB8 Victoria Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Villier Street, UB8 Villier Street is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Violet Avenue, UB8 Violet Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Walford Road, UB8 Walford Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Wallingford Road Trading Estate, UB8 Wallingford Road Trading Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Wallingford Road, UB8 Wallingford Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Warwick Place, UB8 Warwick Place is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Water Tower Close, UB8 Water Tower Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Waterloo Road, UB8 Waterloo Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Waterside, UB8 Waterside is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Wellington Road, UB8 Wellington Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
West Common Road, UB8 West Common Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
West Spur Road, UB8 West Spur Road is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Wharf Court, UB8 Wharf Court is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Whitehall Road, UB8 Whitehall Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.
Wilmar Close, UB8 Wilmar Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
Windsor Street, UB8 Windsor Street is one of the main roads in Uxbridge.
Woodhall Close, UB8 Woodhall Close is a road in the UB8 postcode area
York Avenue, UB3 York Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
York Road, UB8 York Road is one of the streets of London in the UB8 postal area.



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VIEW THE UXBRIDGE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE UXBRIDGE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE UXBRIDGE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE UXBRIDGE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE UXBRIDGE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Uxbridge

Uxbridge, a Middlesex market town, lies at the end of the Metropolitan and Piccadilly lines.


The name is derived from "Wuxen Bridge" which was likely to have been near the bottom of Oxford Road where the "Swan and Bottle" now stands. The Wuxen were a seventh-century Saxon tribe.

The town centre today comprises large retail outlets and major office buildings, including the main European offices of several international companies. Uxbridge is also the home of Brunel University and the civic centre of the London Borough of Hillingdon. The civic centre is an award-winning building designed at the peak of the 1980s trend towards a new, postmodernist architectural style. Adjoining the town is RAF Uxbridge, where many Royal Air Force personnel are based. It was from here that much of the Battle of Britain was controlled by 11 Group.

Archaeologists found Bronze age remains (before 700 BC) and medieval remains when the new shopping mall The Chimes was being built. Two miles away at Denham Upper Paleolithic remains have been found.

Uxbridge is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th century, but a hundred years later the existing church, St Margaret’s, was built. The existing pub, "The Queens Head", has a sign depicting Anne Boleyn, wife of Henry VIII. The pub was previously called "The Axe" and possibly dates from the 1540’s. A tunnel connects the pub to the church. At the bottom of Windsor Street there is a cemetery with an archway. It was here on Lynch Green that three heretics were burned to death in 1555. Foxe’s Book of Martyrs gives the names as John Denley, Robert Smith and Patrick Packingham, but other sources call the last one Patrick Rockingham. He was found guilty of denying the trinity.

Under Elizabeth I, Roman Catholics were subject to severe constraints. Edmund Campion was a Catholic priest, trained in Douai, to give covert support to Catholics. He travelled around England on horseback, giving sermons in secret and pretending to be a diamond merchant. In 1580 he came to Uxbridge and hid for a couple of weeks, in a house owned by William Catesby. In 1581 Campion was caught. He was hanged, drawn and quartered in London. The 40 or so Catholics who died in this period are called the "Douai martyrs" which is also the name of the local Catholic secondary school, in Ickenham.

In 1605 the Gunpowder Plot was uncovered. The flamboyant six-foot leader, Robert Catesby (son of William), escaped and hid in his house in Uxbridge. He was later shot. There were negotiations between Charles I and the Parliamentary side in Uxbridge, January 30 to February 22 1645, commemorated in the name of a local pub and restaurant, the Crown and Treaty. This latter is on the A4020 Oxford Road where it leaves the town, at the canal overbridge.

The covered market was built in 1788, but the previous building was about twice as big, creating big problems for traffic.

The former Grand Junction Canal now Grand Union Canal, which connects London with Birmingham, passes immediately to the west of Uxbridge, and forms the borough boundary. The first stretch was built in the late eighteenth century from Brentford to Uxbridge. Further upsteam is Uxbridge Lock, and nearby is a flour mill belonging to Allied Mills. This was bought in the nineteenth century by a Mister King, who called it "Kingsmill". This brand name is still one of the best-selling bread-makers in the UK.

In the early 19th century, Uxbridge had an unsavoury reputation. The jurist William Arabin said of it residents "They will steal the very teeth out of your mouth as you walk through the streets. I know it from experience."

In the 1930s George Orwell was a teacher at Frays College, now Frays Adult Education Centre. His novel A Clergyman’s Daughter was based on his experiences there.

For about 200 years most of London’s flour was produced in the Uxbridge area. There were also breweries, but the last one was closed down in the 1930s. Near here Ellen Terry the Shakespearean actress spent her final years, as a pub landlady.

There were once three railway stations - Uxbridge Vine Street (originally just Uxbridge Station), Uxbridge High Street, and Uxbridge Belmont Road. All three have now closed. The line formerly to Belmont Road now terminates at the present station, Uxbridge, fronting the pedestrianised High Street, and is served by the Metropolitan and Piccadilly lines from Rayners Lane.
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