Endell Street, WC2H

Road in Covent Garden, existing between 1680 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Covent Garden · WC2H · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
10
2015
Click to enlarge image.
Endell Street towards Long Acre, 2015
Credit: Philafrenzy

Endell Street, originally known as Belton Street, is a street that runs from High Holborn in the north to Long Acre and Bow Street in the south.

The land on which the southern part of Endell Street is built was originally owned by William Short, who leased it to Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox, in 1623–24. Lennox House was built on the site which eventually passed to Sir John Brownlow who began to build from 1682.

Belton Street was created, named after the Brownlow’s country seat in Lincolnshire, Belton House.Henry Wheatley writes that the southern end of the street from Castle Street to Short’s Gardens was originally known as Old Belton Street, the northern end from Short’s Gardens to St Giles, was known as New Belton Street.

In the seventeenth century, Queen Anne is supposed to have bathed in the waters from a medical spring there at a site known as Queen Anne’s Bath.

The modern Endell Street was created according to the reforming plans of architect James Pennethorne.

Charles Lethbridge Kingsford states that the street was built in 1846 when Belton Street was widened and extended northwards to Broad Street (now in High Holborn). The street is believed to have been named after the Reverend James Endell Tyler, rector of St Giles in the Fields in the 1840s.

During the first world war a military hospital operated from Endell Street, staffed entirely by women. The hospital was opened in 1915 by suffragists Dr. Flora Murray and Dr. Louisa Garrett Anderson and treated 24,000 patients and carried out over 7,000 operations. It closed in 1919. The hospital was sited on land formerly used as a workhouse.

St Paul’s Hospital relocated from Red Lion Square to 24 Endell Street in 1923. It became the first artificial kidney unit in the United Kingdom in 1959 and performed the first kidney dialysis in the U.K. in 1961. The building is now The Hospital Club.

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Endell Street, WC2H news feed:
LDNnews
LDNnews
27 Jun 2017
06:51
IP: 54.166.211.248
1498534026
1499133114
Post from Euston Square
London fire: Smoke seen for miles as firefighters tackle flames in Rainham scrapyard and Canary Wharf
Thick black plumes of smoke could be seen for miles across the capital as separate fires raged at a scrapyard in east London and in Canary Wharf.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/london-fire-smoke-seen-for-miles-across-capital-as-fire-rages-at-rainham-scrapyard-a3573341.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
27 Jun 2017
05:19
IP: 66.249.75.201
1498534026
1499127584
Post from Chancery Lane
Grenfell Tower disaster survivors' trust for authorities 'at rock bottom', David Lammy claims
Grenfell Tower survivors' trust is at "rock bottom" for authorities due to a lack of information on the number of victims the disaster has claimed, David Lammy said.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/grenfell-tower-disaster-survivors-trust-at-rock-bottom-for-authorities-david-lammy-claims-a3572676.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
27 Jun 2017
05:19
IP: 66.249.75.201
1498534026
1499127584
Post from Chancery Lane
Nathaniel Chalobah and Nathan Redmond in race to be fit for England U21s Euros semi-final
Nathan Redmond and Nathaniel Chalobah will have late fitness tests as they battle to be ready for England Under-21s' Euro 2017 semi-final with Germany.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/nathaniel-chalobah-and-nathan-redmond-in-race-to-be-fit-for-england-u21s-euros-semifinal-a3573486.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
27 Jun 2017
03:14
IP: 46.229.168.72
1498534026
1499120075
Post from Euston
Forest Gate 'riot': Elderly man calms protester amid violence at demo in east London
An elderly man attempted to calm a protester after violence erupted over the death of a young black father in east London.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/forest-gate-riot-elderly-man-calms-protester-amid-violence-at-demo-in-east-london-a3573316.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
27 Jun 2017
02:58
IP: 216.244.66.237
1498534026
1499119097
Post from Charing Cross
Local Tanzania council remove Victor Wanyama Street after just 24 hours
Tottenham midfielder Victor Wanyama was honoured by having a street in Tanzania named after him over the weekend, but the gesture appears to have been short-lived.

http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/local-tanzania-council-remove-victor-wanyama-street-after-just-24-hours-a3573466.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
27 Jun 2017
00:55
IP: 46.229.168.79
1498534026
1499111716
Post from Covent Garden



http://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea-to-seal-world-record-alex-sandro-deal-leonardo-bonucci-leave-juventus-struggle-a3573006.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
26 Jun 2017
20:45
IP: 216.244.66.237
1498534026
1499096707
Post from Piccadilly Circus
Boy, 13, reported to anti-terror Prevent programme for celebrating Finsbury Park mosque attack
A 13-year-old boy who celebrated an alleged terror attack on Muslim worshippers in Finsbury Park has been referred to the government's anti-extremism programme.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/boy-13-reported-to-antiterror-prevent-programme-for-celebrating-finsbury-park-mosque-attack-a3572631.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
26 Jun 2017
07:11
IP: 66.249.75.201
1498534026
1499047906
Post from Charing Cross
Grenfell Tower's smoke-filled stairwell could have proved just as deadly as cladding
Grenfell Tower's narrow stairwell could have proved just as deadly as the block's cladding, it has emerged.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/grenfell-towers-smokefilled-stairwell-could-have-proved-just-as-deadly-as-cladding-a3572681.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
26 Jun 2017
01:22
IP: 46.229.168.80
1498534026
1499026924
Post from Piccadilly Circus
Firm that fitted Grenfell cladding went out of business
The company, Harley Curtain Wall, went into administration as work to install insulation and panels during Grenfell Tower's refurbishment was underway.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4634970/Firm-fitted-Grenfell-cladding-went-business.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews
25 Jun 2017
13:14
IP: 40.77.167.57
1498534026
1498983284
Post from Charing Cross
'I just see love', victim says of photo of wife cradling him after Westminster attack
This moving image showed the world what appeared to be a Good Samaritan comforting a bloodied stranger after the Westminster terror attack.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/i-just-see-love-victim-says-of-photo-of-wife-cradling-him-after-westminster-attack-a3572481.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
25 Jun 2017
01:36
IP: 46.229.168.78
1498534026
1498941410
Post from Russell Square
Georgina Stober, 46, from Carshalton, south London, was detained at her home after extreme images and videos were allegedly backed up onto a Yahoo 'cloud'.
Georgina Stober, 46, from Carshalton, south London, was detained at her home after extreme images and videos were allegedly backed up onto a Yahoo 'cloud'.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4629788/Nurse-46-child-abuse-videos-saved-X-rate.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews
25 Jun 2017
01:36
IP: 46.229.168.78
1498534026
1498941410
Post from Russell Square
London 'scum' explode firework onto sleeping homeless man
The three thugs walk into the underpass in London where a man is sleeping rough alone. They place the firework horribly close to the sleeping figure and leave the underpass quickly.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4632962/Scum-explode-firework-sleeping-homeless-man.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews
25 Jun 2017
00:45
IP: 66.249.75.199
1498534026
1498938325
Post from Chancery Lane
Bethnal Green fire: Smoke billows into sky as 50 firefighters tackle blaze at block of flats
More than 70 firefighters are tackling a huge blaze at a block of flats in Bethnal Green.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/bethnal-green-fire-smoke-billows-into-sky-as-50-firefighters-tackle-blaze-at-block-of-flats-a3572486.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
24 Jun 2017
22:41
IP: 40.77.167.57
1498534026
1498930896
Post from Goodge Street
Grenfell Tower fire: Manslaughter charges could be brought over Grenfell blaze as every firm involved is reviewed
Every company involved in building or refurbishing Grenfell Tower will be scrutinised by police as officers consider manslaughter charges during the criminal probe.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/grenfell-fire-police-consider-manslaughter-charges-as-every-company-involved-in-towers-construction-a3571586.html
LDNnews
LDNnews
24 Jun 2017
18:36
IP: 46.229.168.75
1498534026
1498916190
Post from Euston Square
Grenfell Tower fire: Bills for burnt furniture cancelled after local outrage
Victims of the Grenfell Tower fire will have payments for incinerated furniture cancelled following outrage that they were still being charged.

http://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/grenfell-tower-bills-for-burnt-furniture-cancelled-after-local-outrage-a3571926.html

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VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Go to Leicester Square

Leicester Square

Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London.

Leicester Square is named after Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, who purchased four acres in St. Martin's Field in 1630; by 1635, he had built himself a large house, Leicester House, at the northern end. The area in front of the house was then enclosed, depriving inhabitants of St Martin in the Fields parish of their right to use the previously common land. The parishioners appealed to King Charles I, and he appointed three members of the Privy Council to arbitrate. Lord Leicester was ordered to keep part of his land (thereafter known as Leicester Field and later as Leicester Square) open for the parishioners.

The area was developed in the 1670s. It was initially fashionable and Leicester House was once residence of Frederick, Prince of Wales but by the late 18th century, the Square was no longer a smart address and began to serve as a venue for popular entertainments. Leicester House became home of a museum of natural curiosities called the Holophusikon in the 1780s and was demolished about 1791–1792.

In 1848, Leicester Square was the subject of the land-law case of Tulk v. Moxhay. The plot's previous owner had agreed upon a covenant not to erect buildings. However, the law would not allow purchasers who were not 'privy' to the initial contract to be bound by subsequent promises. The judge, Lord Cottenham, decided that future owners could be bound by promises to abstain from activity. Otherwise, a buyer could sell land to himself to undermine an initial promise. Arguments continued about the fate of the garden, with Charles Augustus Tulk's heirs erecting a wooden hoarding around the property in 1873. Finally, in 1874 the flamboyant Albert Grant (1830–1899) purchased the outstanding freeholds and donated the garden to the Metropolitan Board of Works, laying out a garden at his own expense. The title passed to the succeeding public bodies and is now in the ownership of the City of Westminster.

By the 19th century, Leicester Square was known as an entertainment venue, with many amusements peculiar to the era, including Wyld's Great Globe, which was built for the Great Exhibition of 1851 and housed a giant scale map of the Earth. Several hotels grew up around the square, making it popular with visitors to London. The Alhambra, a large theatre built in 1854, dominated the site, to be joined in 1884 by the Empire Theatre of Varieties. The square remains the heart of the West End entertainment district today.

Leicester Square tube station, on the Northern and Piccadilly lines, is located on Charing Cross Road, a short distance to the east of Leicester Square itself.

On early Tube plans, the station was listed as Cranbourn Street, but the present name was used when the station was first opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906. Offices above the red terracotta station building on the east side of Charing Cross Road - designed by Leslie Green - was in its early years also occupied by the publishers of the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and an image of cricket stumps appears above a doorway. On all four platforms, film sprockets are painted down the entire length and on the top and bottom of the display area (blue on the Piccadilly line platforms, and black on the Northern line platforms), due to the four premiere cinemas in Leicester Square. The station is featured briefly during the introductory video sequence of the sixth Harry Potter film.

During the 1979 'Winter of Discontent', refuse collectors went on strike. Leicester Square was used as an overflow dump, earning it the nickname of Fester Square.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ackermann’s:   Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
British Museum:   Founded in 1753, the British Museum’s remarkable collection spans over two million years of human history.
Covent Garden:   From fruit and veg to Froo Tan Vetch
Holborn:   Holborn is both an area and also the name of the area's principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles's High Street and Gray's Inn Road and then Holborn Viaduct between Holborn Circus and Newgate Street.
Leicester Square:   Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London.
Royal Opera House:   The foundation of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden lies in the letters patent awarded by Charles II to Sir William Davenant in 1660, allowing Davenant to operate one of only two patent theatre companies (The Duke's Company) in London.
Shipley's Drawing School:   101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
St Giles:   St Giles is a district of London, at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Blackmoore Street (1902):   This photo depicts Blackmoor Street which was in the Drury Lane slum, with Clare Court on the left
Wild Street (1902):   Wild Street, in the Covent Garden area, was on the edge of the Kingsway improvements which would utterly transform the area in the following years.
Wych Street:   Wych Street was a street in London, roughly where Australia House now stands on Aldwych. It ran west from the church of St Clement Danes on the Strand to a point towards the southern end of Drury Lane.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Agar Street, WC2N · Aldwych, WC2 · Barter Street, WC1A · Bear Street, WC2H · Beaumont Buildings, WC2B · Bedforbury, WC2N · Bedford Avenue, WC1B · Bedford Chambers, WC2E · Bedford Square, WC1B · Bedford Street, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2R · Bedfordbury, WC2N · Betterton Street, WC2H · Bloomsbury Place, WC1B · Bloomsbury Square, WC1A · Bloomsbury Street, WC1B · Bloomsbury Way, WC1A · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Bow Street, WC2B · Bow Street, WC2E · Broad Court, WC2B · Brydges Place, WC2N · Bucknall Street, WC2H · Burleigh Street, WC2E · Bury Place, WC1A · Cambridge Circus, WC2H · Carriage Hall, WC2E · Castlewood House, WC1A · Catherine Street, WC2B · Catton Street, WC1R · Cecil Court, WC2N · Central Arcade, WC2E · Centre Point House, WC2H · Chandos Place, WC2N · Charing Cross Mansions, WC2H · Charing Cross Road, WC2H · Ching Court, WC2H · Coptic Street, WC1A · Covent Garden Piazza, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2H · Cranbourn Street, WC2H · Crown Court, WC2B · Denmark Place, WC2H · Denmark Street, WC2H · Drury Lane, WC2B · Dryden Street, WC2E · Dudley Court, WC2H · Dyott Street, WC1A · Earlham Street, WC2H · Endell Street, WC2H · Excel Court, WC2H · Exeter Street, WC2E · Fisher Street, WC1R · Flitcroft Street, WC2H · Floral Street, WC2E · Galen Place, WC1A · Garrick Street, WC2E · Gerrard Place, W1D · Gerrard Street, W1D · Gilbert Place, WC1A · Grape Street, WC2H · Great Newport Street, WC2H · Great Queen Street, WC2B · Great Russell Street, WC1B · Hanover Place, WC2E · Heathcock Court, WC2R · Henrietta Street, WC2E · High Street, WD1 · Hop Gardens, WC2N · Irving Street, WC2H · James Street, WC2E · Jubilee Hall Jubilee Market, WC2E · Jubilee Market Hall Tavistock Court, WC2E · Jubilee Market, WC2E · King Street, WC2E · Langley Court, WC2E · Langley Street, WC2H · Leicester Square, WC2H · Litchfield Street, WC2H · Little Newport Street, WC2H · Little Russel Street, WC1A · Little Russell Street, WC1A · Long Acre, WC2E · Macclesfield Street, W1D · Macklin Street, WC2B · Maiden Lane, WC2E · Mercer Street, WC2H · Monmouth Street, WC2H · Moor Street, W1D · Museum Street, WC1A · Neal Street, WC2H · Neals Yard, WC2H · New Compton Street, WC2H · New Oxford Street, WC1A · New Row, WC2N · Newport Court, WC2H · Newport Place, WC2H · Newton Street, WC2B · Nottingham Court, WC2H · Oblique Museum Mansions, WC1B · Odhams Walk, WC2H · Old Compton Street, W1D · Old Copton Street, W1D · Parker Mews, WC2B · Parker Street, WC2B · Phoenix Street, WC2H · Pied Bull Court, WC1A · Pied Bull Yard, WC1A · Romilly Street, W1D · Rose Street, WC2E · Russell Chambers, WC2E · Russell Street, WC2B · Savoy Court, WC2R · Savoy Hill, WC2R · Seven Dials Court, WC2H · Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D · Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H · Shaftsbury Avenue, W1D · Shelton Street, WC2H · Shorts Gardens, WC2H · Sicilian Avenue, WC1A · Slingsby Place, WC2E · Soho Square, WC1A · Southampton Place, WC1A · Southampton Row, WC1B · Southampton Street, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2R · St Giles High Street, WC2H · St Martins Court, WC2N · St Martins Lane, WC2H · St Martins Lane, WC2N · Stacey Street, WC2H · Stedham Place, WC1A · Streatham Street, WC1A · Stukeley Street, WC2B · Tavistock Street, WC2E · The Market Piazza, WC2E · The Market The Piazza, WC2E · The Market, WC2E · The Piazza, WC2E · Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H · Tower Court, WC2H · Tower Street, WC2H · Upper St Martins Lane, WC2H · Victoria House, WC1A · Wellington Street, WC2E · Wellington Terrace, W2 · West Central Street, WC1A · West Street, WC2H · Wild Street, WC2B ·


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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
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