Endell Street, WC2H

Road in/near Covent Garden, existing between 1680 and now

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Road · Covent Garden · WC2H · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
10
2015
Endell Street towards Long Acre, 2015
Credit: Philafrenzy

Endell Street, originally known as Belton Street, is a street that runs from High Holborn in the north to Long Acre and Bow Street in the south.

The land on which the southern part of Endell Street is built was originally owned by William Short, who leased it to Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox, in 1623–24. Lennox House was built on the site which eventually passed to Sir John Brownlow who began to build from 1682.

Belton Street was created, named after the Brownlow’s country seat in Lincolnshire, Belton House.Henry Wheatley writes that the southern end of the street from Castle Street to Short’s Gardens was originally known as Old Belton Street, the northern end from Short’s Gardens to St Giles, was known as New Belton Street.

In the seventeenth century, Queen Anne is supposed to have bathed in the waters from a medical spring there at a site known as Queen Anne’s Bath.

The modern Endell Street was created according to the reforming plans of architect James Pennethorne.

Charles Lethbridge Kingsford states that the street was built in 1846 when Belton Street was widened and extended northwards to Broad Street (now in High Holborn). The street is believed to have been named after the Reverend James Endell Tyler, rector of St Giles in the Fields in the 1840s.

During the first world war a military hospital operated from Endell Street, staffed entirely by women. The hospital was opened in 1915 by suffragists Dr. Flora Murray and Dr. Louisa Garrett Anderson and treated 24,000 patients and carried out over 7,000 operations. It closed in 1919. The hospital was sited on land formerly used as a workhouse.

St Paul’s Hospital relocated from Red Lion Square to 24 Endell Street in 1923. It became the first artificial kidney unit in the United Kingdom in 1959 and performed the first kidney dialysis in the U.K. in 1961. The building is now The Hospital Club.

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VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE COVENT GARDEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Leicester Square

Leicester Square, while indeed a square, is also the name for a tube station.

Leicester Square tube station, on the Northern and Piccadilly lines, is located on Charing Cross Road, a short distance to the east of Leicester Square itself.

On early Tube plans, the station was listed as Cranbourn Street, but the present name was used when the station was first opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906. Offices above the red terracotta station building on the east side of Charing Cross Road - designed by Leslie Green - was in its early years also occupied by the publishers of the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack and an image of cricket stumps appears above a doorway. On all four platforms, film sprockets are painted down the entire length and on the top and bottom of the display area (blue on the Piccadilly line platforms, and black on the Northern line platforms), due to the four premiere cinemas in Leicester Square. The station is featured briefly during the introductory video sequence of the sixth Harry Potter film.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ackermann’s:   Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
British Museum:   Founded in 1753, the British Museum’s remarkable collection spans over two million years of human history.
Covent Garden:   From fruit and veg to Froo Tan Vetch
De Hems:   De Hems has become a base for London’s Dutch community, serving bitterballen and frikandellen.
Garrick Yard:   Garrick Yard, together with the more familiar Garrick Street to the northeast of here, both took their names from the Garrick Club which commemorates the famous 18th century actor, David Garrick.
Holborn:   Holborn is both an area and also the name of the area's principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles's High Street and Gray's Inn Road and then Holborn Viaduct between Holborn Circus and Newgate Street.
Leicester Square:   Leicester Square, while indeed a square, is also the name for a tube station.
Royal Opera House:   The foundation of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden lies in the letters patent awarded by Charles II to Sir William Davenant in 1660, allowing Davenant to operate one of only two patent theatre companies (The Duke's Company) in London.
Shipley's Drawing School:   101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
Soho:   Soho is a world-famous area of the City of Westminster and part of the West End of London.
St Giles:   St Giles is a district of London, at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Wild Street (1902):   Wild Street, in the Covent Garden area, was on the edge of the Kingsway improvements which would utterly transform the area in the following years.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adam Street, WC2R · Agar Street, WC2N · Bainbridge Street, WC1A · Bainbridge Street, WC1B · Barter Street, WC1A · Bear Street, WC2H · Beaumont Buildings, WC2B · Bedforbury, WC2N · Bedford Avenue, WC1B · Bedford Chambers, WC2E · Bedford Square, WC1B · Bedford Street, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2R · Bedfordbury, WC2N · Betterton Street, WC2H · Bloomsbury Place, WC1B · Bloomsbury Square, WC1A · Bloomsbury Square, WC1B · Bloomsbury Street, WC1A · Bloomsbury Street, WC1B · Bloomsbury Way, WC1A · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Bow Street, WC2B · Bow Street, WC2E · British Museum, WC1B · Broad Court, WC2B · Brydges Place, WC2N · Bucknall Street, WC2H · Burleigh Street, WC2E · Bury Place, WC1A · Cambridge Circus, WC2H · Carriage Hall, WC2E · Carting Lane, WC2R · Castlewood House, WC1A · Catherine Street, WC2B · Catton Street, WC1R · Cecil Court, WC2N · Central Arcade, WC2E · Centre Point House, WC2H · Chandos Place, WC2N · Charing Cross Mansions, WC2H · Charing Cross Road, WC2H · Ching Court, WC2H · Clare Market, WC2E · Coptic Street, WC1A · Covent Garden Piazza, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2H · Cranbourn Street, WC2H · Crown Court, WC2B · Dansey Place, W1D · Denmark Place, WC2H · Denmark Street, WC2H · Drury Lane, WC2B · Dryden Street, WC2E · Dudley Court, WC2H · Dyott Street, WC1A · Earlham Street, WC2H · Endell Street, WC2H · Excel Court, WC2H · Exeter Street, WC2E · Exeter Street, WC2R · Fisher Street, WC1R · Flichcroft Street, WC2H · Flitcroft Street, WC2H · Floral Street, WC2E · Galen Place, WC1A · Garrick Street, WC2E · Gerrard Place, W1D · Gerrard Street, W1D · Gilbert Place, WC1A · Grape Street, WC2H · Great Court, WC1B · Great Newport Street, WC2H · Great Queen Street, WC2B · Great Russell Street, WC1A · Great Russell Street, WC1B · Hanover Place, WC2E · Heathcock Court, WC2R · Henrietta Street, WC2E · High Holborn, WC2A · High Holborn, WC2B · High Street, WD1 · Hop Gardens, WC2N · Horse and Dolphin Yard, W1D · Irving Street, WC2H · James Street, WC2E · Jubilee Hall Jubilee Market, WC2E · Jubilee Market Hall Tavistock Court, WC2E · Jubilee Market, WC2E · King Street, WC2E · Kingsgate Street, WC1R · Langley Court, WC2E · Langley Street, WC2H · Litchfield Street, WC2H · Little Newport Street, WC2H · Little Russel Street, WC1A · Little Russell Street, WC1A · Long Acre, WC2E · Macclesfield Street, W1D · Macklin Street, WC2B · Maiden Lane, WC2E · Maple Leaf Walk, SW11 · Martlett Court, WC2B · May’s Court, WC2N · Mercer Street, WC2H · Monmouth Street, WC2H · Museum Street, WC1A · Neal Street, WC2H · Neals Yard, WC2H · New Compton Street, WC2H · New Oxford Street, WC1A · New Oxford Street, WC2H · New Row, WC2N · Newport Court, WC2H · Newport Place, WC2H · Newton Street, WC2B · Nottingham Court, WC2H · Oblique Museum Mansions, WC1B · Odhams Walk, WC2H · Orange Street, WC1R · Parker Mews, WC2B · Parker Street, WC2B · Peabody Trust Estate, SE21 · Peabody Trust Estate, SE24 · Phoenix Street, WC2H · Pied Bull Court, WC1A · Pied Bull Yard, WC1A · Rose Street, WC2E · Russell Chambers, WC2E · Russell Street, WC2B · Russell Street, WC2E · Saint Giles High Street, WC2H · Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2N · Saint Martin’s Court, WC2H · Savoy Court, WC2R · Savoy Way, WC2R · Seven Dials Court, WC2H · Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D · Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H · Shelton Street, WC2B · Shelton Street, WC2H · Shorts Gardens, WC2H · Sicilian Avenue, WC1A · Slingsby Place, WC2E · Soho Square, WC1A · Sounding Alley, E3 · Southampton Place, WC1A · Southampton Row, WC1B · Southampton Row, WC1V · Southampton Street, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2R · St Giles High Street, WC2H · St Martins Court, WC2N · St Martins Lane, WC2H · St Martins Lane, WC2N · Stacey Street, WC2H · Stedham Place, WC1A · Streatham Street, WC1A · Stukeley Street, WC2B · Tavistock Street, WC2E · The Market Piazza, WC2E · The Market The Piazza, WC2E · The Market, WC2E · The Piazza, WC2E · Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H · Thomas Neal’s shopping centre, WC2H · Tower Court, WC2H · Tower Street, WC2H · Upper Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martins Lane, WC2H · Victoria House, WC1A · Wardour Street, W1D · Wellington Street, WC2E · Wellington Terrace, W2 · West Central Street, WC1A · West Street, WC2H · Wild Street, WC2B · Willoughby Street, WC1B ·

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What is Endell Street, WC2H like as a place to live?

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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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