Vauxhall

Underground station, existing between 1848 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Underground station · Vauxhall · SW8 · Contributed by The Underground Map
November
4
2013
Vauxhall Cross transport exchange (2005)
Credit: Fin Fahey

Vauxhall is an inner city area of Central London in the London Borough of Lambeth.

It is generally accepted that the etymology of Vauxhall is from the name of Falkes de Breauté, the head of King John's mercenaries, who owned a large house in the area, which was referred to as Faulke's Hall, later Foxhall, and eventually Vauxhall.

There is no mention of Vauxhall in the 1086 Domesday Book. The area formed part of the extensive Manor of South Lambeth. From various accounts three local roads, the South Lambeth Road, Clapham Road (previously called Merton Road) and Wandsworth Road (previously called Kingston Road) were ancient and well known routes to and from London. The area was flat and marshy with parts poorly drained by ditches. The area only started to be developed in the mid 18th century. Prior to this it provided market garden produce for the nearby City of London.

The area only became generally known by this name when the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens opened as a public attraction. Initially most visitors would have approached by river, but crowds of Londoners of all classes came to know the area after the construction of Westminster Bridge in the 1740s.

There are competing theories as to why the Russian word for a central railway station is vokzal, which coincides with the 19th-century transliteration of Vauxhall. It has long been suggested that a Russian delegation visited the area to inspect the construction of the London and South Western Railway in 1840, and mistook the name of the station for the generic name of the building type. The locality of the L&SWR's original railway terminus, Nine Elms Station, was shown boldly and simply as Vauxhall in the 1841 Bradshaw timetable.

Another likely explanation is that the first Russian railway, constructed in 1837, ran from Saint Petersburg via Tsarskoye Selo to Pavlovsk Palace, where extensive Pleasure Gardens had earlier been established. In 1838 a music and entertainment pavilion was constructed at the railway terminus. This pavilion was called the Vokzal in homage to the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens in London. The name soon came to be applied to the station itself, which was the gateway that most visitors used to enter the gardens. It later came to mean any substantial railway station building.

It has also given its name to the Vauxhall Motors car manufacturer, which originated in the area.

Vauxhall station was opened by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) as 'Vauxhall Bridge Station' on 11 July 1848 when the main line was extended from Nine Elms to Waterloo, then 'Waterloo Bridge Station'. It is on a viaduct with eight platforms. The deep tube London Underground station is on the Victoria line, and opened on 23 July 1971.

Vauxhall was located next to a major creamery and milk bottling plant for United Dairies. Milk trains from all over the West Country would stop at Clapham Junction in the evening, and reduce their length by half so that they did not block Vauxhall station while unloading. They would then proceed to Vauxhall, and pull into the down side platform, where a discharge pipe was provided to the creamery on the other side of the road. There was also pedestrian access from below the station, under the road to the depot, in the tunnel where the pipeline ran. Unloaded trains would then proceed to Waterloo, where they would reverse and return to Clapham Junction to pick up the other half of the train. The procedure was then repeated, so that the entire milk train was unloaded between the end of evening peak traffic and the start of the following morning.

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VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Battersea Power Station:   Battersea Power Station is a future Underground station on the Northern Line.
Vauxhall Gardens:   Vauxhall Gardens was a pleasure garden, one of the leading venues for public entertainment from the mid 17th century to the mid 19th century.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Vauxhall Station early 1900s.:   Vauxhall at the turn of the twentieth century.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albert Embankment, SE1 · Albert Embankment, SE11 · Albert Embankment, SW8 · Albert Embarkment, SE1 · Albert Enbankment, SE1 · Andrew Place, SW8 · Arches Miles Street, SW8 · Ascalon Street, SW8 · Atterbury Street, SW1P · Auckland Street, SE11 · Aveline Street, SE11 · Battersea Park Road, SW8 · Belmore Street, SW8 · Blore Close, SW8 · Bondway, SW8 · Bonnington Square, SW8 · Bowling Green Street, SE11 · Bradmead, SW8 · Bridgefoot, SW8 · Brooklands Passage, SW8 · Brooks Court, SW8 · Cardigan Street, SE11 · Carey Gardens, SW8 · Christchurch Vicarage, SW8 · Citadel Place, SE11 · Clayton Street, SE11 · Clyston Street, SW8 · Condell Road, SW8 · Corunna Road, SW8 · Courtenay Square, SE11 · Courtenay Street, SE11 · Cowthorpe Road, SW8 · Crimsworth Road, SW8 · Cringle Street, SW1V · Cringle Street, SW8 · Deeley Road, SW8 · Durham Street, SE11 · Elm Lane, SW8 · Farnham Royal, SE11 · Fellmongers Path, SE1 · Fentiman Road, SW8 · Flower Market, SW8 · Fount Street, SW8 · Fruit And Vegetable Market, SW8 · Fruit Vegetable Market, SW8 · Glasshouse Walk, SE11 · Glyn Street, SE11 · Goding Street, SE11 · Goldsboro Road, SW8 · Goldsborough House Springfield Estate, SW8 · Graphite Square, SE11 · Hanover Gardens, SE11 · Hanover Gardens, SW8 · Harleyford Road, SE11 · Harleyford Road, SW8 · Harleyford Street, SE11 · Havelock Terrace Arches, SW8 · Havelock Terrace, SW8 · Hemans Street, SW8 · Hookham Court, SW8 · Imex Business Centre, SW8 · Imex Centre, SW8 · Jameson House, SE11 · Kennington Oval, SE11 · Kirtling Street, SW8 · Knight’s Walk, SE11 · Langley Lane, SW8 · Laud Street, SE11 · Lawn Lane, SE11 · Lawn Lane, SW8 · Linford Street, SW8 · Lockington Road, SW8 · Loughborough Street, SE11 · Magee Street, SE11 · Market Towers, SW8 · Miles Street, SW8 · Minshull Street, SW8 · Montford Place, SE11 · New Covent Gard, SW8 · New Covent Garden Centre, SW8 · New Covent Garden Mar, SW8 · New Covent Garden Mark, SW8 · New Covent Garden Market, SW8 · New Covent Garden, SW8 · Newburn Street, SE11 · Nine Elms Lane, SW8 · Orsett Street, SE11 · Oval Way, SE11 · Pagden Street, SW8 · Palmerston Way, SW8 · Park Place, SW8 · Parry Street, SW8 · Pascal Street, SW8 · Patmore Street, SW8 · Pegasus Place, SE11 · Ponton Road, SW8 · Rita Road, SW8 · Riverside Walk, SW1V · Riverside Walk, SW8 · Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground: Chelsea College of Art and Desi, SW1P · Rudolf Place, SW8 · Sancroft Street, SE11 · Savona Street, SW8 · Sleaford Industrial Estate, SW8 · Sleaford Street, SW8 · South Lambeth Place, SW8 · St George Wharf, SW8 · St Oswalds Place, SE11 · St. Georges Close, SW8 · Stanley Close, SW8 · Stewart Court, SW8 · Stewarts Road, SW8 · Studios, N1 · Thames Path, SW8 · The Fosters Oval, SE11 · The Pavilion, SW8 · Thessaly Road, SW8 · Thorparch Road, SW8 · Tinworth Street, SE11 · Trenchold Street, SW8 · Tun Yard, SW8 · Tyers Street, SE11 · Tyers Terrace, SE11 · Vauxhall Bridge, SE1 · Vauxhall Bridge, SW1P · Vauxhall Bridge, SW1V · Vauxhall Bridge, SW8 · Vauxhall Cross, SW8 · Vauxhall Grove, SW8 · Vauxhall Walk, SE11 · Wadhurst Road, SW8 · West Bridge, SW8 · Wheatsheaf Lane, SW8 · Wickham Street, SE11 · Worgan Street, SE11 · Wynyard Terrace, SE11 · Wyvil Estate, SW8 · Wyvil Road, SW8 ·


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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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