Vauxhall

Underground station, existing between 1848 and now

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Underground station · Vauxhall · SW8 ·
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Vauxhall is an inner city area of Central London in the London Borough of Lambeth.

Vauxhall Cross transport exchange (2005)
Credit: Fin Fahey
It is generally accepted that the etymology of Vauxhall is from the name of Falkes de Breauté, the head of King John's mercenaries, who owned a large house in the area, which was referred to as Faulke's Hall, later Foxhall, and eventually Vauxhall.

There is no mention of Vauxhall in the 1086 Domesday Book. The area formed part of the extensive Manor of South Lambeth. From various accounts three local roads, the South Lambeth Road, Clapham Road (previously called Merton Road) and Wandsworth Road (previously called Kingston Road) were ancient and well known routes to and from London. The area was flat and marshy with parts poorly drained by ditches. The area only started to be developed in the mid 18th century. Prior to this it provided market garden produce for the nearby City of London.

The area only became generally known by this name when the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens opened as a public attraction. Initially most visitors would have approached by river, but crowds of Londoners of all classes came to know the area after the construction of Westminster Bridge in the 1740s.

There are competing theories as to why the Russian word for a central railway station is vokzal, which coincides with the 19th-century transliteration of Vauxhall. It has long been suggested that a Russian delegation visited the area to inspect the construction of the London and South Western Railway in 1840, and mistook the name of the station for the generic name of the building type. The locality of the L&SWR's original railway terminus, Nine Elms Station, was shown boldly and simply as Vauxhall in the 1841 Bradshaw timetable.

Another likely explanation is that the first Russian railway, constructed in 1837, ran from Saint Petersburg via Tsarskoye Selo to Pavlovsk Palace, where extensive Pleasure Gardens had earlier been established. In 1838 a music and entertainment pavilion was constructed at the railway terminus. This pavilion was called the Vokzal in homage to the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens in London. The name soon came to be applied to the station itself, which was the gateway that most visitors used to enter the gardens. It later came to mean any substantial railway station building.

It has also given its name to the Vauxhall Motors car manufacturer, which originated in the area.

Vauxhall station was opened by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) as 'Vauxhall Bridge Station' on 11 July 1848 when the main line was extended from Nine Elms to Waterloo, then 'Waterloo Bridge Station'. It is on a viaduct with eight platforms. The deep tube London Underground station is on the Victoria line, and opened on 23 July 1971.

Vauxhall was located next to a major creamery and milk bottling plant for United Dairies. Milk trains from all over the West Country would stop at Clapham Junction in the evening, and reduce their length by half so that they did not block Vauxhall station while unloading. They would then proceed to Vauxhall, and pull into the down side platform, where a discharge pipe was provided to the creamery on the other side of the road. There was also pedestrian access from below the station, under the road to the depot, in the tunnel where the pipeline ran. Unloaded trains would then proceed to Waterloo, where they would reverse and return to Clapham Junction to pick up the other half of the train. The procedure was then repeated, so that the entire milk train was unloaded between the end of evening peak traffic and the start of the following morning.

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
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Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions

THE STREETS OF VAUXHALL
Albert Embankment, SW8 Albert Embankment is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Andrew Place, SW8 Andrew Place is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Ascalon Street, SW8 Ascalon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Auckland Street, SE11 Auckland Street is a continuation of Glyn Street.
Battersea Park Road, SW8 Battersea Park Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Belmore Street, SW8 Belmore Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Blore Close, SW8 Blore Close is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Bondway, SW8 Bondway is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Bonnington Square, SW8 Bonnington Square was built in the 1870s to house railway workers.
Bradmead, SW8 Bradmead is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Bridgefoot, SW8 Bridgefoot is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Brooklands Passage, SW8 Brooklands Passage is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Brooks Court, SW8 Brooks Court is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Carey Gardens, SW8 Carey Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Christchurch Vicarage, SW8 Christchurch Vicarage is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Clyston Street, SW8 Clyston Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Condell Road, SW8 Condell Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Corunna Road, SW8 Corunna Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Cowthorpe Road, SW8 Cowthorpe Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Crimsworth Road, SW8 Crimsworth Road is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Cringle Street, SW11 A street within the SW8 postcode
Cringle Street, SW1V Cringle Street is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Cringle Street, SW8 Cringle Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Deeley Road, SW8 Deeley Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Durham Street, SE11 Durham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Ebbisham Drive, SW8 Ebbisham Drive is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Farnham Royal, SE11 Farnham Royal is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Flower Market, SW8 Flower Market is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Fount Street, SW8 Fount Street is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Fruit And Vegetable Market, SW8 Fruit And Vegetable Market is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Fruit Vegetable Market, SW8 Fruit Vegetable Market is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Glyn Street, SE11 Glyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Goding Street, SE11 Goding Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Goldsboro Road, SW8 Goldsboro Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Goldsborough House Springfield Estate, SW8 Goldsborough House Springfield Estate is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Havelock Terrace Arches, SW8 Havelock Terrace Arches is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Havelock Terrace, SW8 Havelock Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Hookham Court, SW8 Hookham Court is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Imex Business Centre, SW8 Imex Business Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Imex Centre, SW8 Imex Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Kirtling Street, SW8 Kirtling Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Knight’s Walk, SE11 Knight’s Walk is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Langley Lane, SW8 Langley Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Laud Street, SE11 Laud Street is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Lawn Lane, SW8 Lawn Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Linford Street, SW8 Linford Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Lockington Road, SW8 Lockington Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Market Towers, SW8 Market Towers is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Miles Street, SW8 Miles Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
New Covent Garden Centre, SW8 New Covent Garden Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
New Union Square, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Oval Way, SE11 Oval Way is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Pagden Street, SW8 Pagden Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Palmerston Way, SW8 Palmerston Way is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Park Place, SW8 Park Place is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Parry Street, SW8 Parry Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Patmore Street, SW8 Patmore Street is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Ponton Road, SW8 Ponton Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Riverlight 4 Riverlight Quay, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Riverlight Quay 8Ea, SW11 A street within the postcode
Riverlight Quay, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Rudolf Place, SW8 Rudolf Place is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Savona Street, SW8 Savona Street is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Sleaford Industrial Estate, SW8 Sleaford Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
South Lambeth Place, SW8 South Lambeth Place is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Southville, SW8 Southville is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
St George Wharf, SW8 St George Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
St Oswalds Place, SE11 St Oswalds Place is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
St. Georges Close, SW8 St. Georges Close is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Stanley Close, SW8 Stanley Close is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Stewart Court, SW8 Stewart Court is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Stewart’s Road, SW8 This is a street in the SW8 postcode area
Stewarts Road, SW8 Stewarts Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Studios, N1 Studios is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
The Pavilion, SW8 The Pavilion is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Thessaly Road, SW8 Thessaly Road is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Thorparch Road, SW8 Thorparch Road is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Tideway Walk, SW11 A street within the SW8 postcode
Tun Yard, SW8 Tun Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Tyers Terrace, SE11 Tyers Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Vauxhall Grove, SW8 Vauxhall Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Vauxhall Street, SE11 Vauxhall Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Wadhurst Road, SW8 Wadhurst Road is a road in the SW8 postcode area
West Bridge, SW8 West Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Westminster Business Square, SE11 Westminster Business Square is a business centre.



Christobel Warren-Jones
Christobel Warren-Jones   
Added: 26 Feb 2018 13:50 GMT   
IP: 143.159.49.39
2:1:177
Post by Christobel Warren-Jones: Hurley Road, SE11

Hurley Road was off Kennington Lane, just west of Renfrew Raod, not where indicated on this map. My Dad was born at number 4 in 1912. It no longer exists but the name is remembered in Hurley House, Hurley Clinic and Hurley Pre-School

KC Alexander
KC Alexander   
Added: 23 Jan 2018 15:07 GMT   
IP: 90.195.148.140
2:2:177
Post by KC Alexander: Priory Grove, SW8

Lived in a two up two down until the age of 13.
Played on the bombsites (no health and safety then)
A Coal man Mr Bells lived in the road and kept his horse in a stable across the road from where he lived.
Fibre glass factory which made large figures etc for fairgrounds was down a mews which no longer exists.
Prefabs on the bend where Doreen, a friend of my mums lived with her two daughters.
Alan and Alex who?s mum and dad were also friends of my parents lived near the priory pub. the pub is now residential flats.
Alex was another boy who lived just a couple of doors along from me as was Colin.
The house was knocked down in 1964 and the site is now an adventure playground.
The only thing left I recognise is my old sycamore tree which grew in my garden which I could often be found climbing.

Never fell out of it !

Allen Waters
Allen Waters   
Added: 18 Jan 2018 23:19 GMT   
IP: 151.224.33.53
2:3:177
Post by Allen Waters: Lansdowne Gardens, SW8

I used to live at no. 27 from 1950-1961. My family had the large room on the ground floor a bedroom on the 2nd floor and a room in the attic. There were several other families who came and went over the years, as well as landlords. We had a landlord for a time called ?Gethin?. I used to play with my friends in the road as there were few cars then. We used to use the lamppost next to house as a cricket wicket and it?s still there. I can remember swings in the green and a parkeeper there with a coal brazier in the winter. I was a choirboy at St Barnaby?s, I remember a bagwash near the church when the houses were demolished to build the estate. There used to be a row of shops and I particularly remember one called ?gallies? a sweet shop where you could get a penny drink and they put gas in it for you. Schools I went to were Priory Grove, then Al

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Pauline jones
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   
IP: 86.136.68.202
2:4:177
Post by Pauline jones: Bessborough Place, SW1V

I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved L

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Johnshort
Johnshort   
Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   
IP: 10.9.55.126
2:5:177
Post by Johnshort: Hurley Road, SE11

There were stables in the road mid way also Danny reading had coal delivery lorry.n

peter hiller
peter hiller   
Added: 13 Sep 2017 11:07 GMT   
IP: 81.141.12.149
2:6:177
Post by peter hiller: Sancroft Street, SE11

what is the history of tresco house 2 sancroft street ,it looks older than a 1990s site

Robert smitherman
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   
IP: 2.220.194.137
2:7:177
Post by Robert smitherman: Saunders Street, SE11

I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

LDNnews
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Added: 20 Apr 2019 16:20 GMT   
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3:8:177
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park



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Added: 19 Apr 2019 15:20 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
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VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE VAUXHALL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Vauxhall

Vauxhall is an inner city area of Central London in the London Borough of Lambeth.

It is generally accepted that the etymology of Vauxhall is from the name of Falkes de Breauté, the head of King John's mercenaries, who owned a large house in the area, which was referred to as Faulke's Hall, later Foxhall, and eventually Vauxhall.

There is no mention of Vauxhall in the 1086 Domesday Book. The area formed part of the extensive Manor of South Lambeth. From various accounts three local roads, the South Lambeth Road, Clapham Road (previously called Merton Road) and Wandsworth Road (previously called Kingston Road) were ancient and well known routes to and from London. The area was flat and marshy with parts poorly drained by ditches. The area only started to be developed in the mid 18th century. Prior to this it provided market garden produce for the nearby City of London.

The area only became generally known by this name when the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens opened as a public attraction. Initially most visitors would have approached by river, but crowds of Londoners of all classes came to know the area after the construction of Westminster Bridge in the 1740s.

There are competing theories as to why the Russian word for a central railway station is vokzal, which coincides with the 19th-century transliteration of Vauxhall. It has long been suggested that a Russian delegation visited the area to inspect the construction of the London and South Western Railway in 1840, and mistook the name of the station for the generic name of the building type. The locality of the L&SWR's original railway terminus, Nine Elms Station, was shown boldly and simply as Vauxhall in the 1841 Bradshaw timetable.

Another likely explanation is that the first Russian railway, constructed in 1837, ran from Saint Petersburg via Tsarskoye Selo to Pavlovsk Palace, where extensive Pleasure Gardens had earlier been established. In 1838 a music and entertainment pavilion was constructed at the railway terminus. This pavilion was called the Vokzal in homage to the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens in London. The name soon came to be applied to the station itself, which was the gateway that most visitors used to enter the gardens. It later came to mean any substantial railway station building.

It has also given its name to the Vauxhall Motors car manufacturer, which originated in the area.

Vauxhall station was opened by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) as 'Vauxhall Bridge Station' on 11 July 1848 when the main line was extended from Nine Elms to Waterloo, then 'Waterloo Bridge Station'. It is on a viaduct with eight platforms. The deep tube London Underground station is on the Victoria line, and opened on 23 July 1971.

Vauxhall was located next to a major creamery and milk bottling plant for United Dairies. Milk trains from all over the West Country would stop at Clapham Junction in the evening, and reduce their length by half so that they did not block Vauxhall station while unloading. They would then proceed to Vauxhall, and pull into the down side platform, where a discharge pipe was provided to the creamery on the other side of the road. There was also pedestrian access from below the station, under the road to the depot, in the tunnel where the pipeline ran. Unloaded trains would then proceed to Waterloo, where they would reverse and return to Clapham Junction to pick up the other half of the train. The procedure was then repeated, so that the entire milk train was unloaded between the end of evening peak traffic and the start of the following morning.
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