Exmouth Market, EC1R

Road in/near Finsbury, existing between 1756 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
107.23.176.162 
1a Children’s Centre · Acton Street · Affleck Street · Agdon Street · Albemarle Way · Albion Place · Albion Yard · Aldersgate Street · Amwell Street · Angel Mews · Argyle Square · Ashby Street · Attneave Street · Aylesbury Street · Barbican · Belgrove Street · Berry Place · Berry Street · Berry Street · Bleeding Heart Yard · Bloomsbury · Bloomsbury Square · Boswell Street · Brewery Square · Brownlow Mews · Calthorpe Street · Carthusian Street · Catherine Griffiths Court · Central School of Ballet · Chadwell Street · Charles Rowan House · Charterhouse Bldgs · Charterhouse Square School · Charterhouse Street · Charterhouse Street · Christopher Hatton Primary School · City Garden Row · City of London Primary Academy · City University · Claremont Close · Claremont Close · Clerkenwell · Clerkenwell Green · Clerkenwell Greennorth Holborn · Clerkenwell Parochial CofE Primary School · Compton Street · Corporation Row · Cosmo Place · Cowcross Street · Crestfield Street · Cromer Street · Cubitt Street · Cyrus Street · Dallington School · Dallington Street · Davina House · Dombey Street · Doughty Street · Eagle Court · Eagle Street · Easton Street · Elia Mews · Elm Street · Ely Place · Euston Road · Exmouth Market · Farringdon · Farringdon Road · Finsbury · Fleet Square · Foundling Hospital · Frederick Street · Friend Street · Gambier House · Gard Street · Goswell Road · Gough Street · Grand Junction Wharf · Granville Square · Granville Street · Grays Inn Road · Grays Inn Road · Grays Inn · Grimthorpe House · Half Moon Court · Hardwick Street · Haverstock Street · Heathcote Street · Herbal Hill · Heton Gardens · Holford Street · Holford Yard · Holsworthy Square · Honduras Street · Hugh Myddelton Primary School · Inglebert Street · Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts · Jerusalem Passage · John’s Mews · Joseph Close · Keystone Crescent · King’s Cross Road · Kings Cross Road · Kingsgate Street · Lamb’s Conduit Passage · Lamb’s Conduit Street · Lamb’s Mews · Langton Close · Leather Lane · Lloyd Baker Street · Lloyd Square · Lloyd Street · Lloyds Row · Lorenzo Street · Macclesfield Road · Malta Street · Manningford Close · Margery Street · Masons Place · Mecklenburgh Street · Mecklenburgh Street · Middlesex Sessions House · Midhope Street · Millman Place · Mora Street · Moreland Primary School · Moreland Street · Mount Pleasant · Mount Plesant · Museum of the Order of St John · Myddelton Passage · Naoroji Street · Nelson Terrace · New River Head · Newington Close · Northampton Square · Northburgh Street · Orange Street · Ormond Close · Owen Street · Owen’s Row · Pakenham Street · Pardon Street · Passing Alley · Paton Street · Penton Rise · Pentonville · Pentonville Road · Percival Street · Percy Circus · Phoenix Place · Phoenix Place · Pickfords Wharf · Pine Street · PO Box 67107 · PO Box 71519 · Pooles Buildings · Powis Place · Prideaux Place · Queen Annes Square · Quick Street · Rawstorne Place · Rawstorne Street · Regent Square · Regent Square · Remington Street · Richard Cloudesley School · River Street · Rosebery Avenue · Rosebery Court · Rosebery House · Rosebery Square · Rosoman Street · Saffron Hill · Saint Cross Street · Saint John Street · Saint John Street · Saint John’s Lane · Saint John’s Square · Scotswood Street · Sebastian Street · Sidmouth Street · Smithfield · South Square · Spa Fields Park · Spafield Street · Spencer Street · St Alban’s Church of England Primary School · St Etheldreda’s Church · St George the Martyr Church of England Primary School · St John Clerkenwell · St John Street · St John Street · St John's Gate · St Johns House · St Johns Square · St Johns Square · St John’s Gate · St Peter and St Paul RC Primary School · St Peter’s Italian Church · St. Chad’s Street · St. Helena Street · St. John Street · Sutton Lane · Tankerton Street · Tech City College · The 'Royal Blue' horse omnibus outside 5 Euston Road (1912) · The Angel · The Horseshoe Path · The Mary Ward Centre (AE Centre) · Theobald’s Road · Thomas Coram Centre · Tompion House · Tompion Street · Torrens Street · Tysoe Street · Vernon Square · Wakefield St · Wakefield Street · Wakley Street · Wells Square · Westking Place · Weston Rise · Weston Rise · Wharf Road · Wharton Street · Wilmington Square · Wren Street · Wyclif Street · Wynyatt St · Wynyatt Street · Yardley Street · Yorkshire Grey Roundabout · Yorkshire Grey Yard
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Finsbury · EC1R · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
26
2017

Exmouth Market, formerly Exmouth Street, is semi-pedestrianised - the location of an outdoor street market.

Tea-gardens and other resorts grew up in this area from the late seventeenth century, and house-building began to take off in the second half of the eighteenth century, spreading as these attractions went into decline. Historically, the line of what is now Exmouth Market marks the division between this early house-building and the much more extensive development to the north that followed the end of the Napoleonic Wars. But while the two sides of the street were built up in different periods, they were topographically part of a continuum extending north over the rest of the old Spa Fields. There Wilmington Square, conceived in 1817, was the centrepiece of a collection of new streets.

Exmouth Market contains two of Clerkenwell’s outstanding architectural monuments: Tecton’s Finsbury Health Centre in Pine Street, and J. D. Sedding’s Church of the Holy Redeemer, opened in 1888. Also here is the principal historic records office for London, the London Metropolitan Archives in Northampton Road. Exmouth Market is the most important and characterful street in the neighbourhood, and the only one to preserve the scale and a significant amount of building fabric from its first development, begun in the 1760s. It is now largely pedestrianized, and a general absence of vehicles is one of the characteristics of this entire area.

Exmouth Market, ’now at the epicentre of trendy Clerkenwell’, is a busy commercial street, the present vitality of which arises from a regeneration project of the 1990s. This followed the decline of the working-class street market that had taken root here in the 1890s, alongside shops that had origins in the early decades of the nineteenth century. The street’s development history is complex, with distinct stories for the south and north sides.

It begins on the south side with Thomas Rosoman’s 99-year lease in 1756 of the Dog and Duck property (No. 26), which had 325 ft of frontage to the north. Joseph Brayne, the stonemason who may in the 1750s have been involved in the building of Rosoman’s Row, took a 90-year lease from Rosoman in 1763, and developed most of the frontage east of the tavern. Ten substantial houses were up by 1766, and immediately became known as Brayne’s Row (not to be confused with Baynes Row to the west). These all faced an open field, along with other new buildings to the east, at Nos 56 and 58 of 1765/6, the London Spaw, rebuilt on the corner in 1766-8, and four houses of 1768-9 on the site of Nos 64/68, built along with four others round the corner facing Rosoman Street. To the rear, smaller houses followed along Northampton Row about 1771.

To the west the first buildings on the site were known for a time as Spa Place. The Exmouth House site was first built up in the 1780s , as was Chapel Street (later Chapel Row), by a consortium of tradesmen led by Joseph Wood, carpenter, of St Sepulchre. The site of Nos 410 Exmouth Market was developed in 1789-90 by Samuel Gray, builder, and redevelopment of the western corner by Richard Parker, a City carpenter, followed in the 1790s. His buildings replaced, and were set back from the line of, a turnpike house on Coppice Row (Farringdon Road).

Between 1816-21 the north side of the road was laid out and built up as a broadly uniform terrace to create Exmouth Street. Unlike those of Brayne’s Row these houses were designed to include shops, needed because this was to be the southern rim of the Northampton Estate’s large Spa Fields development of about 400 new houses (see Chapter X). This project was all handled through an overall agreement and lease of 1817, the developer being John Wilson, a plumber and glazier who became a builder and let the ground on underleases. The name of the new street was chosen in 1816 to honour Edward Pellew, Viscount Exmouth, who won a battle at Algiers that August to enforce a treaty abolishing Christian slavery, returning to England a hero.

The buildings of 1816-21 that were Nos 19 Exmouth Street were demolished in the 1860s for the building of the Metropolitan Railway’s eastern tunnel. They were rebuilt in 187/23, and demolished about 1890 to make way for Rosebery Avenue. Six shop-houses were built as Nos 11-21 Exmouth Street in 1817-19 in a speculation by Thomas Gooch, a Coppice Row watchmaker who had a hand in much of the development of the north side of Exmouth Street. The corner plot occupied by No. 23 Exmouth Street and No. 6 Spafield Street was first built up in 1817-19, with Thomas Wilson of Yardley Street as the builder, working under Gooch. The south end of Yardley Street was renamed Spafield Street in 1936, and No. 6 survives with a late nineteenth-century iron shopfront made to a patent design by F. J. Chambers; several of these were installed in other small shops close by fronting Rosebery Avenue. The corner shop-house (No. 23) became the Exmouth Arms beerhouse about 1863 and was subsequently redeveloped. The shop-houses at Nos 25-57 stand largely as built in 1817-21.

Source: Search | British History Online


VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Finsbury




Print-friendly version of this page

Links

Holborn
Facebook Page
Angel
Facebook Page
Barbican
Facebook Page
Chancery Lane
Facebook Page
Farringdon
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.