Exmouth Market, EC1R

Road in/near Finsbury, existing between 1756 and now

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Road · Finsbury · EC1R · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
26
2017



Exmouth Market, formerly Exmouth Street, is semi-pedestrianised - the location of an outdoor street market.

Tea-gardens and other resorts grew up in this area from the late seventeenth century, and house-building began to take off in the second half of the eighteenth century, spreading as these attractions went into decline. Historically, the line of what is now Exmouth Market marks the division between this early house-building and the much more extensive development to the north that followed the end of the Napoleonic Wars. But while the two sides of the street were built up in different periods, they were topographically part of a continuum extending north over the rest of the old Spa Fields. There Wilmington Square, conceived in 1817, was the centrepiece of a collection of new streets.

Exmouth Market contains two of Clerkenwell’s outstanding architectural monuments: Tecton’s Finsbury Health Centre in Pine Street, and J. D. Sedding’s Church of the Holy Redeemer, opened in 1888. Also here is the principal historic records office for London, the London Metropolitan Archives in Northampton Road. Exmouth Market is the most important and characterful street in the neighbourhood, and the only one to preserve the scale and a significant amount of building fabric from its first development, begun in the 1760s. It is now largely pedestrianized, and a general absence of vehicles is one of the characteristics of this entire area.

Exmouth Market, ’now at the epicentre of trendy Clerkenwell’, is a busy commercial street, the present vitality of which arises from a regeneration project of the 1990s. This followed the decline of the working-class street market that had taken root here in the 1890s, alongside shops that had origins in the early decades of the nineteenth century. The street’s development history is complex, with distinct stories for the south and north sides.

It begins on the south side with Thomas Rosoman’s 99-year lease in 1756 of the Dog and Duck property (No. 26), which had 325 ft of frontage to the north. Joseph Brayne, the stonemason who may in the 1750s have been involved in the building of Rosoman’s Row, took a 90-year lease from Rosoman in 1763, and developed most of the frontage east of the tavern. Ten substantial houses were up by 1766, and immediately became known as Brayne’s Row (not to be confused with Baynes Row to the west). These all faced an open field, along with other new buildings to the east, at Nos 56 and 58 of 1765/6, the London Spaw, rebuilt on the corner in 1766-8, and four houses of 1768-9 on the site of Nos 64/68, built along with four others round the corner facing Rosoman Street. To the rear, smaller houses followed along Northampton Row about 1771.

To the west the first buildings on the site were known for a time as Spa Place. The Exmouth House site was first built up in the 1780s , as was Chapel Street (later Chapel Row), by a consortium of tradesmen led by Joseph Wood, carpenter, of St Sepulchre. The site of Nos 410 Exmouth Market was developed in 1789-90 by Samuel Gray, builder, and redevelopment of the western corner by Richard Parker, a City carpenter, followed in the 1790s. His buildings replaced, and were set back from the line of, a turnpike house on Coppice Row (Farringdon Road).

Between 1816-21 the north side of the road was laid out and built up as a broadly uniform terrace to create Exmouth Street. Unlike those of Brayne’s Row these houses were designed to include shops, needed because this was to be the southern rim of the Northampton Estate’s large Spa Fields development of about 400 new houses (see Chapter X). This project was all handled through an overall agreement and lease of 1817, the developer being John Wilson, a plumber and glazier who became a builder and let the ground on underleases. The name of the new street was chosen in 1816 to honour Edward Pellew, Viscount Exmouth, who won a battle at Algiers that August to enforce a treaty abolishing Christian slavery, returning to England a hero.

The buildings of 1816-21 that were Nos 19 Exmouth Street were demolished in the 1860s for the building of the Metropolitan Railway’s eastern tunnel. They were rebuilt in 187/23, and demolished about 1890 to make way for Rosebery Avenue. Six shop-houses were built as Nos 11-21 Exmouth Street in 1817-19 in a speculation by Thomas Gooch, a Coppice Row watchmaker who had a hand in much of the development of the north side of Exmouth Street. The corner plot occupied by No. 23 Exmouth Street and No. 6 Spafield Street was first built up in 1817-19, with Thomas Wilson of Yardley Street as the builder, working under Gooch. The south end of Yardley Street was renamed Spafield Street in 1936, and No. 6 survives with a late nineteenth-century iron shopfront made to a patent design by F. J. Chambers; several of these were installed in other small shops close by fronting Rosebery Avenue. The corner shop-house (No. 23) became the Exmouth Arms beerhouse about 1863 and was subsequently redeveloped. The shop-houses at Nos 25-57 stand largely as built in 1817-21.

Source: Search | British History Online



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VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE FINSBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Finsbury






LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Central School of Ballet:   Central School of Ballet is a classical ballet school based in London, with students from countries all over the world.
Exmouth Market:   Exmouth Market is an outdoor street market of 32 stalls.
Maison Novelli:   Maison Novelli was a restaurant in Clerkenwell, Central London, located opposite the Old Session House.
Middlesex Sessions House:   The Former Middlesex Session(s) House or the Old Sessions House is a large building on Clerkenwell Green.
New River Head:   The New River Head is an area of great historic interest, having been in continuous use for the provision of fresh public water since the early 17th century.
Spa Fields Park:   
St John Clerkenwell:   St John Clerkenwell is a former parish church in Clerkenwell, now used as the chapel of the modern Order of St John.
St Peter’s Italian Church:   St. Peter’s Italian Church is a Basilica-style church located in Holborn.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albemarle Way, EC1V · Amwell Street, EC1R · Arlington Way, EC1R · Ashby Street, EC1V · Attneave Street, EC1R · Aylesbury Street, EC1R · Back Hill, EC1R · Backhill, EC1R · Bakers Row, EC1R · Bakers Yard, EC1R · Berry Place, EC1V · Berry Street, EC1V · Bowlin, EC1R · Bowling Green Lane, EC1R · Brownlow Mews, WC1N · Buildings, EC1R · Calthorpe Street, WC1X · Catherine Griffiths Court, EC1R · Chadwell Street, EC1R · Chadwell Street, EC1V · Charles Rowan House, WC1X · Clerkenwell Close, EC1R · Clerkenwell Green, EC1R · Clerkenwell Greennorth Holborn, EC1R · Clerkenwell Road, EC1N · Clerkenwell Road, EC1R · Coldbath Square, EC1R · Compton Street, EC1V · Cornwell House, EC1R · Corporation Row, EC1R · Crawford Passage, EC1R · Cruikshank Street, WC1X · Cubitt Street, WC1X · Cyrus Street, EC1V · Dallington Street, EC1V · Easton Street, WC1X · Elm Street, WC1X · Exmouth Market, EC1R · Eyre St Hill, EC1R · Eyre Street Hill, EC1R · Farringdon Lane, EC1R · Farringdon Road, EC1M · Farringdon Road, EC1R · Finsbury Estate, EC1R · Fleet Square, WC1X · Frederick Street, WC1X · Gard Street, EC1V · Gloucester Way, EC1R · Goswell Road, EC1V · Gough Street, WC1X · Granville Square, WC1X · Granville Street, WC1X · Grays Inn Road, N1 · Grays Inn Road, WC1X · Grays Inn, WC1X · Great Percy Street, WC1X · Hardwick Street, EC1R · Hatton Place, EC1N · Hatton Square, EC1N · Hatton Wall, EC1N · Herbal Hill, EC1R · Holford Mews, WC1X · Holford Street, WC1X · Holford Yard, N1 · Holford Yard, WC1X · Holsworthy Square, WC1X · Inglebert Street, EC1R · Jerusalem Passage, EC1V · Joseph Close, N4 · Joseph Trotter Close, EC1R · King’s Cross Road, WC1X · Kings Cross Road, WC1X · Kings Mews, WC1N · Kingsway Place, EC1R · Langton Close, WC1X · Laystall Street, EC1R · Lloyd Baker Street, WC1X · Lloyd Square, WC1X · Lloyd Street, WC1X · Lloyds Row, EC1R · Macclesfield Road, EC1V · Manningford Close, EC1V · Margery Street, WC1X · Masons Place, EC1V · Meredith Street, EC1R · Mora Street, EC1V · Moreland Street, EC1V · Mount Pleasant, WC1X · Mount Plesant, WC1X · Myddelton Passage, EC1R · Myddelton Square, EC1R · Myddelton Street, EC1R · Naoroji Street, WC1X · New House, EC1N · Newington Close, EC1R · North Mews, WC1N · Northampton Road, EC1R · Northampton Square, EC1V · Northburgh Street, EC1V · Pakenham Street, WC1X · Pardon Street, EC1V · Paton Street, EC1V · Pear Tree Court, EC1R · Percival Street, EC1V · Percy Circus, WC1X · Phoenix Place, EC3N · Phoenix Place, WC1X · Pine Street, EC1R · Pooles Buildings, EC1R · Portpool Lane, EC1N · Prideaux Place, WC1X · Rawstorne Place, EC1V · Rawstorne Street, EC1V · Ray Street, EC1R · Regent Square, WC1N · River Street, EC1R · Rosebery Avenue, EC1 · Rosebery Avenue, EC1R · Rosebery Court, EC1R · Rosebery House, EC1R · Rosebery Square, EC1R · Rosoman Place, EC1R · Rosoman Street, EC1R · Saint Cross Street, EC1N · Sans Walk, EC1R · Sans Works, EC1R · Scotswood Street, EC1R · Sebastian Street, EC1V · Skinner Street, EC1R · Spafield Street, EC1R · Spencer Street, EC1V · St Cross Street, EC1M · St Cross Street, EC1N · St Jamess Walk, EC1R · St John Street, EC1M · St John Street, EC1V · St Johns Square, EC1M · St Johns Square, EC1V · St. Helena Street, WC1X · St. John Street, EC1V · Summers Street, EC1R · The Horseshoe Path, WC1B · Tompion Street, EC1V · Topham Street, EC1R · Turnmill Street, EC1M · Tysoe Street, EC1R · Vine Hill, EC1R · Wakley Street, EC1V · Warner Street, EC1R · Warner Yard, EC1R · Wells Square, WC1X · Wharton Street, WC1X · Wilmington Square, WC1X · Wren Street, WC1X · Wyclif Street, EC1V · Wynyatt St, EC1V · Wynyatt Street, EC1V · Yardley Street, WC1X · Yorkshire Grey Roundabout, SE9 ·

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Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
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John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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