Fournier Street, E1

Road in/near Whitechapel, existing between 1726 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Whitechapel · E1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
MARCH
1
2017
Fournier (Church) Street, 1946, showing Jones’ pawnbrokers.


Fournier Street is a street running east-west from Brick Lane to Commercial Street alongside Christ Church.

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The last street to be laid out on the Wood-Mitchell estate (which also included Princelet, Hanbury and Wilkes Streets), building began with the south side in 1726 as Christ Church was being built. Early depictions of the street reveal that its western end, the junction with Red Lion Street, was rather obstructed, which no doubt contributed to its desirability as a residential thoroughfare, especially since the properties on the south side are considered to be the finest on the estate. It was then called Church Street.

The building leases on several houses featured a restrictive covenant respecting its use for noxious trades, however silk-weaving and worsted-dying were not included and many of the properties became occupied (usually in part) by firms connected with the silk industry, some as early as 1743.

The rectory of Christ Church at No.1 Church Street (now 2 Fournier Street) was designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor and John James and was built in 1726-9. The street’s most famous building is the Neuve Eglise (formerly 39 Church Street), built c.1743 as a French church. It subsequently became a methodist chapel (1809), the Spitalfields Great Synagogue (1897) and since 1976 has been the Jamme Masjid Mosque.

The Ten Bells pub, situated at the northern corner with Commercial Street, was originally designated 33 Church Street. At 31 Church Street was Jones’ pawnbrokers. This property is now 3 Fournier Street and Jones’ sign above the front has been uncovered and renovated.

Church Street was originally going to be renamed Christabel Street in July 1893 but was eventually renamed Fournier Street on 7th November 1893 after George Fournier, a wealthy local benefactor of Huguenot origin. Many other streets in the area were renamed at this time.

Much of Fournier Street fell into disrepair in the latter half of the 20th century, with many properties being used as sweatshops or storage spaces for materials or even fruit and vegetables for the nearby market. Following the endeavours of the Spitalfields Trust in renovating potentially condemned local houses of this type in the late 1970s, Fournier Street began to be a focus of the group’s continuing campaign.

Artists Gilbert and George, and Tracey Emin have all lived in the street.

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The letter you always wanted to writeYou’re the first place I visited, the first time I travelled out of my home country. When I applied for my visa, I saw your grandeur, I saw your authenticity and I longed to visit you. When I boarded my flight, I knew I was in for the trip of a lifetime. But do you know the most special thing about you? You let me be me, you let me live as me. It was just for a short while but nonetheless, you gave me the life I always wanted, for eight incredibly spectacular days.I am a girl who hails from a country where loving another girl is an offence. For years I have hidden this side of me from the world and I will continue to for the rest of my life. I had no plans to be any different when I visited you.You allowed me to savour those little special moments and showed me how incredibly beautiful life can be Continue reading...
The letter you always wanted to writeYou’re the first place I visited, the first time I travelled out of my home country. When I applied for my visa, I saw your grandeur, I saw your authenticity and I longed to visit you. When I boarded my flight, I knew I was in for the trip of a lifetime. But do you know the most special thing about you? You let me be me, you let me live as me. It was just for a short while but nonetheless, you gave me the life I always wanted, for eight incredibly spectacular days.I am a girl who hails from a country where loving another girl is an offence. For years I have hidden this side of me from the world and I will continue to for the rest of my life. I had no plans to be any different when I visited you.You allowed me to savour those little special moments and showed me how incredibly beautiful life can be Continue reading...

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/jul/22/a-letter-to-london-where-my-girlfriend-and-i-could-be-out-and-proud
VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Whitechapel

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
18 Folgate Street:   Dennis Severs' House in Folgate Street is a 'still-life drama' created by the previous owner as an 'historical imagination' of what life would have been like inside for a family of Huguenot silk weavers.
Aldgate East:   In a land east of Aldgate, lies the land of Aldgate East...
Shoreditch:   Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.
Spitalfields:   Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.
Whitechapel:   Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
London in 1457:   Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Wentworth Street (1901):   Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adler Street, E1 · Angel Alley, E1 · Arcadia Court, E1 · Artillery Lane, E1 · Artillery Passage, E1 · Assam Street, E1 · Back Church Lane, E1 · Bacon Street, E1 · Bacon Street, E2 · Batty Street, E1 · Bell Lane, E1 · Bethnal Green Road, E1 · Bishops Square, E1 · Black Lion Yard, E1 · Blossom Street, E1 · Brady Street, E1 · Brick Lane, E1 · Brune House, E1 · Brune Street, E1 · Brushfield Street, E1 · Buckhurst Street, E1 · Buckle Street, E1 · Burr Close, E1W · Burslem Street, E1 · Buxton Street, E1 · Calvin Street, E1 · Cambridge Heath Road, E1 · Celia Blairman House, E1 · Central House, E1 · Chance Street, E1 · Cheshire Street, E2 · Chicksand Street, E1 · Chilton Street, E2 · Christian Street, E1 · Club Row, E1 · Cobb Street, E1 · Code Street, E1 · College East, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Coppergate House, E1 · Corbet Place, E1 · Court Street, E1 · Crispin Place, E1 · Crispin Street, E1 · Cudworth Street, E1 · Cutler Street, E1 · Davenant Street, E1 · Deal Street, E1 · Dorset Street, E1 · Dray Walk, E1 · Durward Street, E1 · Elder Street, E1 · Fairchild Street, EC2A · Fairclough Street, E1 · Fashion Street, E1 · Fieldgate Street, E1 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Folgate Street, E1 · Fordham Street, E1 · Fournier Street, E1 · Frying Pan Alley, E1 · Fulbourne Street, E1 · George Street, E1 · Golding Street, E1 · Goulston Street, E1 · Granary Road, E1 · Gravel Lane, E1 · Greatorex Street, E1 · Greenfield Road, E1 · Grimsby Street, E2 · Gun Street, E1 · Gunthorpe Street, E1 · Hanbury Street, E1 · Harrow Place, E1 · Hemming Street, E1 · Heneage Street, E1 · Henriques Street, E1 · Hermitage Court, E1W · Hunton Street, E1 · Key Close, E1 · Knighten Street, E1W · Knighton Street, E1W · Lamb Street, E1 · Langdale Street, E1 · Leyden Street, E1 · Little Paternoster Row, E1 · Lolesworth Close, E1 · London Fruit Exchange, E1 · Manningtree Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, EC3A · Monmouth House, E1 · Myrdle Street, E1 · Nesham Street, E1W · New Goulston Street, E1 · Old Castle Street, E1 · Old Montague Street, E1 · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Parfett Street, E1 · Parliament Court, E1 · Pedley Street, E1 · Pereira Street, E1 · Philchurch Place, E1 · Pier Head, E1W · Pinchin Street, E1 · Plumbers Row, E1 · Princelet Street, E1 · Puma Court, E1 · Quaker Street, E1 · Redchurch Street, E2 · Romford Street, E1 · Royal Mint Court, EC3N · Sandys Row, E1 · Sclater Street, E1 · Selby Street, E1 · Settles Street, E1 · Shoreditch High Street, E1 · Silwex House, E1 · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman House, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · Spital Square, E1 · St Botolph Street, EC3A · St Katharines Way, E1W · St. Botolph Street, EC3A · Stepney Green Court, E1 · Stepney High Street, E1 · Stoney Lane, E1 · Stothard Place, EC2M · Strype Street, E1 · Tea Building, E1 · Tent Street, E1 · Tenter Ground, E1 · Thomas More Square, E1W · Thomas More Street, E1W · Thrawl Street, E1 · Three Colts Lane, E2 · Tower Bridge Approach, EC3N · Tower Bridge, E1W · Tower Walk, E1W · Toynbee Street, E1 · Umberston Street, E1 · Underwood Road, E1 · Vallance Road, E1 · Vaughan Way, E1W · Vine Court, E1 · Weaver Street, E1 · Wentworth Street, E1 · Wheler Street, E1 · Whitby Street, E1 · White Church Lane, E1 · White Kennet Street, E1 · White Kennett Street, E1 · Whitechapel High Street, E1 · Whitechapel Road, E1 · Whitechapel Street, E1 · Whites Row, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 · Winthrop Street, E1 · Woodseer Street, E1 ·


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Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
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John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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