Great Portland Street, W1W

Road in/near Great Portland Street, existing between 1717 and now

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Road · Great Portland Street · W1W · Contributed by The Underground Map
September
30
2016



Great Portland Street forms the boundary between Fitzrovia to the east and Marylebone to the west.

Different owners and interests influenced the initial development of the area and affected the street layout and character. Edward Harley – Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, was responsible for the development of the Portland Estate, which commenced with Cavendish Square in 1717 and grew north and east. Great Portland Street's name is derived from the estate and several other street names in the area are related to the area's ownership, albeit less obviously.

Although the land up to Great Titchfield Street was controlled by the Portland Estate, other estates developed nearby land simultaneously. The Berners family who owned land just to the east of Great Portland Street, developed from Wells Street and Rathbone Place in the mid-18th century. At the same time the Middlesex Hospital expanded on land on a 99-year lease around Mortimer Street, encroaching on Riding House and Cleveland Streets. The proximity of unrelated developers with different agendas explains the unusual pattern of street grids centred on Great Portland Street, where several east-west streets terminate or originate.

Great Portland Street runs straight from north to south through the grid of streets. The layout, combined with its width and the concentration of shops along its length, means it has for a long time been a local centre and thoroughfare, connecting the residential areas around Regent's Park with the West End. It has also resulted in it becoming a divider, emphasising the contrasting areas to either side. To the east,are artistic areas such as Fitzrovia, which have historically been less well-to-do than the west, with its grand parade of Portland Place, residential areas for the gentry, and doctors and medical institutions on Harley Street.

Development of the estate was gradual but particularly so on Great Portland Street. This had an effect during its redevelopment in the late-19th/early-20th centuries when rebuilding was dictated by the expiration of individual 99-year leases, and is evident in the buildings in existence today.

The most coherent element to the architecture is the predominance of Edwardian buildings to the north and Victorian buildings towards Oxford Street, particularly noticeable when there has been occasional consolidation of plots, leading to consistent façades above street level such as in the block between Clipstone and Carburton Streets. The trend of period groupings is another result of the slowness of the first development. As buildings in the south were built earlier than those in the north, their leases expired earlier, setting off a wave of redevelopment which meant that rebuilding in the south took place in the late-Victorian era, whilst that in the north was delayed until the Edwardian.

The Blitz made it necessary for further re-building after the war, although the damage incurred along the street was not particularly extensive so there are few modern buildings, and although the aesthetic today is a jumble of architectural styles and eras, the overall feel is that of an historic street.

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VIEW THE GREAT PORTLAND STREET AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREAT PORTLAND STREET AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREAT PORTLAND STREET AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREAT PORTLAND STREET AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE GREAT PORTLAND STREET AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Great Portland Street

Great Portland Street is a London Underground station near Regent's Park.

It was opened on 10 January 1863 as Portland Road, renamed Great Portland Street and Regents Park in 1923 and changed to its present name on 1 March 1917.

The current structure was built in 1930 on a traffic island on the Marylebone Road at its intersection with Great Portland Street and Albany Street. Its construction is a steel framed cream terracotta clad exterior, with the perimeter providing shops and originally a car showroom with office space over the station. Great Portland Street was at a major sales location for the motor industry. It was designed by the architect C.W. Fowler and Grade II listed in January 1987.

Local points of interest include Regent's Park, and the Post Office Tower. The station is very close to Regent's Park station, which is on the Bakerloo line.

The station is across the street from the main building of International Student House, a student residence and hostel and is also near Harley Street medical district, famous for its doctors and surgeons.

Great Portland Street itself forms the boundary between Fitzrovia to the east and Marylebone to the west. Like the better known Portland Place which runs parallel with it to the west, Great Portland Street was developed by the Dukes of Portland, who owned most of the eastern half of Marylebone in the 18th and 19th centuries. It is now a mixed use street with buildings of mainly five to eight storeys. There are some offices and a number of blocks of mansion flats.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
All Souls Church:   All Souls Church is an evangelical Anglican church situated at the north end of Regent Street.
All Souls CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Camden Primary Pupil Referral Unit:   Pupil referral unit which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
Capital City College Group:   Further education (16 plus) which accepts students between the ages of 14 and 99.
Great Portland Street:   Great Portland Street is a London Underground station near Regent's Park.
L’Ecole Internationale Franco-Anglaise Ltd:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 18. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Netley Primary School & Centre for Autism:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
Park Square West:   
Portland Place School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 8 and 18.
Queen’s College London:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 18.
Regent's Park:   Regent's Park - not the park itself but the tube station.
Royal College of Physicians:   The Royal College of Physicians is a British professional body dedicated to improving the practice of medicine, chiefly through the accreditation of physicians by examination.
Southbank International School Westminster:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
All Souls Place, W1B · All Souls’ Place, W1B · Bolsover Street, W1W · Bourlet Close, W1W · Brock Street, NW1 · Bryanston Square, W1G · Bywell Place, W1T · Cambrdige Terrace, NW1 · Cambridge Gate Mews, NW1 · Cambridge Terrace Mews, NW1 · Cambridge Terrace, NW1 · Candover Street, W1W · Carburton Street, W1W · Chester Gate, NW1 · Clarence Gardens, NW1 · Cleveland Street, W1T · Cleveland Street, W1W · Clipstone Mews, W1T · Clipstone Street, W1W · Collingwood House, W1W · Conway Mews, W1T · Conway Street, W1T · De Walden Court, W1W · Devonshire Close, W1G · Devonshire Mews South, W1G · Devonshire Row Mews, W1W · Devonshire Street, W1B · Devonshire Street, W1W · Duchess Mews, W1G · Duchess Street, W1B · Duchess Street, W1W · Euston Road, W1T · Euston Tower · Fair Road, W1B · Fitzroy Court, W1T · Fitzroy Mews, W1T · Fitzroy Square, W1T · Foley Street, W1W · Gosfield Street, W1W · Grafton Mews, W1T · Grafton Way, W1T · Great Portland Street, W1W · Great Tichfield Road, W1W · Great Titchfield Street, W1 · Great Titchfield Street, W1W · Greenwell Street, W1T · Greenwell Street, W1W · Hallam Street, W1W · Hanson Street, W1W · Harley Place, W1G · Harley St Underground Car Park, W1G · Harley Street, W1 · Harley Street, W1G · Harmont House, W1G · Kent House, W1B · Langham Street, W1W · Laxton Place, NW1 · Little Albany Street, NW1 · Little Titchen Street, W1W · Little Titchfield Street, W1W · Longford Street, NW1 · Mansfield Street, W1G · Middleton Buildings, W1W · Middleton Place, W1W · Milford House, W1G · Munster Square, NW1 · Netley Street, NW1 · New Cavendish Street, W1 · New Cavendish Street, W1G · New Cavendish Street, W1W · Ogle Street, W1W · Osnaburgh Street, NW1 · Park Crescent Mews East, W1B · Park Crescent Mews West, W1G · Park Crescent, W1B · Park Cresent, W1B · Park Square East, NW1 · Park Square West, NW1 · Peto Place, NW1 · Portland Place, W1A · Portland Place, W1B · Prince Regent Mews, NW1 · Quadrant Arcade, W1B · Riding House Street, W1W · St Andrews Place, NW1 · St Annes, NW1 · St Mary Magdalene Church, NW1 · Triton Square, NW1 · Triton Street, NW1 · Warren Mews, W1T · Warren Street, W1T · Weymouth Mews, W1G · Weymouth Street, W1B · Weymouth Street, W1W · William Road, NW1 · Wimpole Mews, W1G ·

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Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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