Grosvenor Place, SW1X

Road in/near Victoria, existing between 1749 and now

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Road · Victoria · SW1X · Contributed by The Underground Map

Grosvenor Place is the main road connecting Hyde Park Corner with Victoria.

It forms the eastern boundary of Belgravia, extending south from St. George’s Hospital (which later became the Lanesborough Hotel) and overlooking the gardens of Buckingham Palace. It was at the beginning of the nineteenth century described as "a pleasant row of houses".

When George III added a portion of Green Park to his new garden at Buckingham House, he sold the fields on the opposite side of the road for £20,000. The ground was consequently leased to builders, and a new row of houses was erected "overlooking the king in his private walks, to his great annoyance."

In maps of London dating from the beginning of the nineteenth century, the whole of the future site of Belgravia, between Grosvenor Place and Sloane Street, appears still covered with fields. In the centre of Grosvenor Place, at that time, stood the Lock Hospital, which was founded in 1787 by the Rev. Thomas Scott.

This area of countryside was originally known as Five Fields, and became a dangerous place for highwaymen and robberies. It was developed in the early 19th century by Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster under the direction of Thomas Cubitt, focusing on numerous grand terraces centred on Belgrave Square and Eaton Square.

During the years 1873–76 the appearance of a large section of Grosvenor Place was changed. In place of some dozen or so houses which formerly stood at the north end, five princely mansions were erected. Moving in to these were the Duke of Grafton, the Duke of Northumberland, Earl Stanhope and the head of the Rothschild family.

At the north end of Grosvenor Place, St. George’s Hospital was built upon the site of a suburban residence of the first Lord Lanesborough, who died in 1723.

At No. 17, in the twenty first century, stands the embassy of the Republic of Ireland.

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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The railways largely replaced the canals as a means of transport. Uniquely for a main line station, Victoria station was built on top of one.

Before the railway arrived in 1862, this area - like the area immediately south of it - was known as Pimlico. The Grosvenor Canal ended in a large basin here.

Victoria station’s origins lie with the Great Exhibition of 1851, when a railway called the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway came into existence, serving the site of the exhibition halls which had been transferred to Sydenham from Hyde Park. The terminus of that railway was at Stewarts Lane in Battersea on the south side of the river. In 1858 a joint enterprise was set up to take trains over the river: it was entitled the Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway; and was a mile and a quarter in length. The railway was owned by four railway companies: the Great Western (GWR); London & North Western (LNWR); the London, Brighton and South Coast (LBSCR); and the London Chatham and Dover Railways (LCDR). It was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1858.

The station was built in two parts: those on the western side, opened in 1862, with six platforms, ten tracks and an hotel (the 300-bedroom Grosvenor) were occupied by the Brighton company; whilst adjacent, and in the same year, the Chatham company were to occupy a less imposing wooden-fronted building. The latter’s station had nine tracks and was shared by broad-gauge trains of the GWR, whose trains arrived from Southall via the West London Extension Joint Railway through Chelsea. The GWR remained part owner of the station until 1932, although its trains had long since ceased to use it. Each side of the station had its own entrance and a separate station master; a wall between the two sections effectively emphasised that fact.

At the start of the twentieth century both parts of the station were rebuilt. It now had a decent frontage and forecourt, but not as yet a unified existence. Work on the Brighton side was completed in 1908 and was carried out in red brick; the Grosvenor Hotel was rebuilt at the same time. The Chatham side, in a Edwardian style with baroque elements, designed by Alfred Bloomfield, was completed a year later. The two sections were eventually connected in 1924 by removing part of a screen wall, when the platforms were renumbered as an entity. The station was redeveloped internally in the 1980s, with the addition of shops within the concourse, and above the western platforms.

The station was now serving boat trains, and during WWI it became the hub of trains carrying soldiers to and from France, many of them wounded. After the war the Continental steamer traffic became concentrated there, including the most famous of those trains, the Golden Arrow. The area around the station also became a site for other other forms of transport: a bus station in the forecourt; a coach terminal to the south; and it is now the terminal for trains serving Gatwick Airport.

Victoria is also well-served by London underground. The sub-surface Circle and District Lines opened on December 24, 1868; and the Victoria Line line came to Victoria Station with the third phase of construction of the line - the station’s platforms were opened on March 7, 1969, six months after the Victoria line had started running in outer London.

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Halkin Hotel:   The Halkin (styled as The Halkin by COMO) is a 5-star hotel.
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Little Ben:   Little Ben is a cast iron miniature clock tower, situated at the intersection of Vauxhall Bridge Road and Victoria Street, close to the approach to Victoria station.
London Lock Hospital:   The London Lock Hospital was the first venereal disease clinic.
Park Lane Hotel:   The Park Lane Hotel is a 5 Star hotel on Piccadilly, London.
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Royal Artillery Memorial:   The Royal Artillery Memorial is a stone memorial at Hyde Park Corner, dedicated to the First World War casualties of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.
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An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus:   An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus, Mr Gladstone Travelling with Ordinary Passengers, 1885

Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P · Abingdon Street, SW1P · Allington Street, SW1E · Ambrosden Avenue, SW1P · Arneway Street, SW1P · Artillery Place, SW1P · Artillery Row, SW1P · Ashley Gardens, SW1P · Ashley Place, SW1P · Beeston Place, SW1W · Belgrave Mews South, SW1X · Belgrave Place, SW1X · Belgrave Square, SW1X · Bloomberg Street, SW1V · Bloomburg Street, SW1V · Bressenden Place, SW1E · Brewers Green, SW1H · Brick Street, W1J · Bridge Place, SW1V · Broadway, SW1H · Buckingham Palace Road, SW1V · Buckingham Place, SW1E · Cardinal Walk, SW1E · Carey Place, SW1V · Carlisle Mansions, SW1P · Carlisle Place, SW1P · Castle Lane, SW1E · Catherine Place, SW1E · Caxton Street, SW1H · Chadwick Street, SW1P · Chapel Street, SW1X · Chesham Place, SW1X · Chester Close, SW1X · Chester Close, W1M · Chester Mews, SW1X · Chester Square Mews, SW1W · Chester Street, SW1X · Coburg Close, SW1P · Dacre Street, SW1H · Dean Bradley Street, SW1P · Dean Farrar Street, SW1H · Douglas Street, SW1P · Down Street, W1J · Duke of Wellington Place, SW1X · East Concourse, SW1V · Eaton Lane, SW1W · Eaton Mews North, SW1X · Eaton Place, SW1X · Eaton Row, SW1W · Eccleston Bridge, SW1V · Eccleston Square Mews, SW1V · Eccleston Square, SW1V · Elverton Street, SW1P · Emery Hill Street, SW1P · Evelyn Mansions, SW1P · Francis Street, SW1P · Gillingham Street, SW1V · Greencoat Place, SW1P · Greenwood, SE26 · Greycoat Gardens, SW1P · Greycoat Place, SW1P · Greycoat Street, SW1P · Groom Place, SW1X · Grosvenor Crescent Mews, SW1X · Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X · Grosvenor Cresent, SW1X · Grosvenor Gardens Mews East, SW1W · Grosvenor Gardens Mews North, SW1W · Grosvenor Gardens, SW1W · Grosvenor Place, SW1X · Guildhouse Street, SW1V · Halkin Street, SW1X · Hamilton Mews, W1J · Hamilton Place, W1J · Hatherley Street, SW1P · Headfort Place, SW1X · Hertford Street, W1J · Hide Place, SW1P · Hobart Place, SW1W · Howick Place, SW1P · Hudsons Place, SW1V · Hyde Park Corner, W1J · King’s Scholars’ Passage, SW1P · King’s Scholars’ Passage, SW1V · Kingsgate Parade, SW1E · Lambs Close, SW1W · Lanesborough Place, SW1X · Little Chester Street, SW1X · Longmoore Street, SW1V · Lower Belgrave Street, SW1W · Lower Grosvenor Place, SW1W · Lyall Mews, SW1X · Main Concourse, SW1V · Medway Street, SW1P · Monck Street, SW1P · Montrose Place, SW1X · Morpeth Mansions Morpeth Mansions, SW1P · Morpeth Mansions, SW1P · Morpeth Terrace, SW1P · Neat House Place, SW1V · Neathouse Place, SW1V · New Palace Yard, SW1A · Old Barrack Yard, SW1X · Old Park Lane, W1J · Old Pye Street, SW1P · Palace Street, SW1E · Pembroke Close, SW1X · Pitt’s Head Mews, W1J · Post Office Way, SW1P · Regency Place, SW1P · Roberts Mews, SW1X · Rochester Row, SW1P · Rochester Street, SW1P · Rutherford Street, SW1P · Seaforth Place, SW1E · Spenser Street, SW1E · St Anns Street, SW1P · St Matthew Street, SW1P · St. Ermin’s Hill, SW1H · St. Matthew Street, SW1P · Stag Place, SW1E · Stanhope Row, W1J · Stillington Street, SW1P · Strutton Ground, SW1P · Tachbrook Mews, SW1V · Terminus Place, SW1 · Terminus Place, SW1V · Terminus Place, SW1W · The Royal Mews, SW1E · The Royal Mews, SW1W · Thirleby Road, SW1P · Udall Street, SW1P · Upper Belgrave Street, SW1X · Upper Tachbrook Street, SW1V · Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1V · Victoria Arcade, SW1E · Victoria Arcade, SW1V · Victoria Square, SW1W · Victoria Street, SW1E · Victoria Street, SW1H · Victoria Street, SW1W · Victoria Subway, SW1X · Victoria Walk, E3 · Vincent Square, SW1P · Walcott Street, SW1P · Warwick Place North, SW1V · Warwick Row, SW1E · Westminster Palace Gardens, SW1P · Wilcox Place, SW1E · Wilfred Street, SW1E · Willow Place, SW1P · Willow Place, SW1V · Wilton Mews, SW1X · Wilton Road, SW1V · Wilton Row, SW1X · Wilton Street, SW1X ·

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Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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