Hampstead Road, NW1

Road in/near Euston, existing until now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
18.212.222.217 
Abbey Place · Agar Town · Albany Street · Albany Terrace · Baynham Place · Beatty Street · Brill Place · British Library · Broadwalk · Brock Street · Byng Place · Cambridge Gate Mews · Cambridge Terrace Mews · Camden Primary Pupil Referral Unit · Capital City College Group · Cardington Street · Chalton Street · Chenies Place · Chester Close North · Chester Close South · Chester Road · Chester Terrace · Children’s Hospital School at Gt Ormond Street and UCH · Christ Church School · Church Way · Clarence Gardens · Clarkson Row · Coach Road · Cobourg Street · Compton Place · Conservatoire for Dance and Drama · Cooper’s Lane · Cranleigh Street · Crowndale Court · Cumberland Terrace · Darwin Walk · Doric Way · Drummond Crescent · Drummond Street · Duke’s Road · Edith Neville Primary School · Euston · Euston Centre · Euston Road · Euston Road · Euston Road · Euston Square · Euston Square · Euston Street · Euston Tower · Everton Buildings · Fitzroy Court · Fitzroy Square · Flaxman Terrace · Foundry Mews · George Mews · Gloucester Gate Mews · Goods Way · Gower Court · Gower Street · Grafton Place · Grafton Way · Grafton Way · Great Portland Street · Great Portland Street · Greenwell Street · Hampstead Road · Harrington Street · Herbrand Street · Institute of Education · Judd Street · King’s Terrace · Laxton Place · Little Albany Street · Little Guildford Street · Longford Street · Malet Place · Maria Fidelis Roman Catholic Convent School FCJ · Marylebone Road · Marylebone Road · Medburn Street · Midland Road · Mornington Crescent · Mornington Cresent · Mortimer Market · Munster Square · Nash Street · Netley Primary School & Centre for Autism · Netley Street · North Bridge House Prep School · North Cloisters · North Gower Street · Oakshott Court · Osnaburgh Street · Ossulston Estate · Pancras Road · Pancras Square · Park Square West · Park Square West · Park Village East · Park Village Mews · Park Village West · Penryn Street · Peto Place · Prince Of Wales Passage · Prince Regent Mews · Purchese Street · Regent High School · Regent’s Canal towpath · Regent's Park · Regents Park Children’s Centre · Rhodes Farm · Richard Cobden Primary School · Robert Street · Royal Academy of Music · Royal College of Physicians · Somers Close · Somers Town · South Cloisters · St Aloysius Catholic Primary School · St Annes · St Mary and St Pancras Church of England Primary School · St Mary Magdalene Church · St Pancras · St Pancras Cruising Club · St. James Gardens · Stable Street · Stanhope Parade · Stanhope Street · Starcross Street · Tavistock Place · The Broadwalk · The Broadwalk · The Circle · The Polygon · The Royal Parks · The Royal Veterinary College · The Working Men’s College · Triton Square · Triton Street · Unity Mews · University College London · University College London · Varndell Street · Warren Street · Warren Street · Whitfield Street · Whittlebury Street · William Road · Woburn Place · Woburn Square · Woburn Walk · Woolf Mews
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Euston · NW1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
19
2018

Hampstead Road connects the Euston Road with Camden.

There was until the reign of William IV, a rustic corner of the outskirts of London between King’s Cross and St. John’s Wood.

The prætorium of a Roman camp was visible where Barnsbury Terrace is now; the remains of another were situated opposite old St Pancras Church, and herds of cows grazed at Rhodes Farm near where Euston station is now. The New Road (Euston Road) between Battle Bridge (King’s Cross) to Tottenham Court Road was considered unsafe after dark; and "parties used to collect at stated points to take the chance of the escort of the watchman in his half-hourly round." In 1707 there were no streets west of Tottenham Court Road; and one cluster of houses only, besides the "Spring Water House" nearly half a century later, at which time what is now the Euston Road was part of an expanse of verdant fields.

In the reign of George IV., as Mr. Samuel Palmer writes in his History of St. Pancras: "the rural lanes, hedgeside roads, and lovely fields made Camden Town the constant resort of those who, busily engaged during the day in the bustle of . . . London, sought its quietude and fresh air to re-invigorate their spirits. Then the old ’Mother Red Cap’ was the evening resort of worn-out Londoners, and many a happy evening was spent in the green fields round about the old wayside house by the children of the poorer classes. At that time the Dairy, at the junction of the Hampstead Road and Kentish Town Road, was a rural cottage, furnished with forms and benches for the pedestrians to rest upon the road-side, whilst its master and mistress served out milk fresh from the cow to all who came."

The Euston Road (New Road) was at the time of its formation in the eighteenth century, the boundary line for limiting the "ruinous rage for building" on the north side of the town. It was made by virtue of an Act of Parliament passed in the reign of George II. (1756), after violent objections of the Duke of Bedford, who opposed its construction on the ground of its approaching too near to Bedford House, the duke’s town mansion. The Duke of Grafton, on the other hand, strenuously supported it, and after a fierce legal battle it was ultimately decided that the road should be formed.

In the Gentleman’s Magazine for 1755 there is a "ground plan" of the New Road, from Islington to Edgware Road, showing the then state of the ground (and the names of the proprietors) between Oxford Street and the New Road. The Act of Parliament for the formation of this great thoroughfare directed that no building should be erected "within fifty feet of the New Road."

In Gwynn’s London Improved published in the first decade of the 1800s, it is stated that "the present mean appearance of the backs of the houses and hovels have rendered this approach to the capital a scene of confusion and deformity, extremely unbecoming the character of a great and opulent city." Gwynn’s remarks applied aptly to the quarter of a mile of the New Road which lies between Gower Street North, where the old Westgate Turnpike formerly stood, and the eastern entrance to Regent’s Park. Here the road was narrow, and perpetually obstructed by wagons

In course of time, an improvement was made and that part of the road was widened by the removal of some obtruding houses, and the thoroughfare made as nearly as possible of one uniform width all along, with the exception of the hundred yards immediately to the west and east of the Adam and Eve at the junction of the Euston Road, Hampstead Road and Tottenham Court Road.

After constructing the Metropolitan Railway before 1863 using ’cut and cover’, the company re-made the roadway.

At the corner of the Euston Road and Hampstead Road was a public house. Nearly on the site of what is now Tolmers Square, was a reservoir of the New River Company, surrounded with a grove of trees - removed around 1860.

The "Adam and Eve" as late as 1832 was quite a rural inn, only one storey in height, "with spacious gardens at the side and in the rear, a fore-court with large timber trees, and tables and benches for out-door customers. In the gardens were fruit-trees and bowers and arbours for tea-drinking parties. In the rear there were no houses at all; now there is a town."

An advertisement in the public journals in September, 1718, tells us how that "there is a strange and wonderful fruit growing at the ’Adam and Eve,’ at Tottenham Court, called a ’Calabath’, which is five feet and a half round, where any person may see the same gratis."

The rural nature of the neighbourhood of the Adam and Eve can be seen from an advert which appeared in 1708:—"At Tottenham Court, near St. Giles’s, and within less than a mile of London, a very good Farm House, with outhouses and above seventy acres of extraordinary good pastures and meadows, with all conveniences proper for a cowman, are to be let, together or in parcels, and there is dung ready to lay on. Enquire further at Mr. Bolton’s, at the sign of the ’Crown,’ in Tottenham Court aforesaid, or at ’Landon’s Coffee House,’ over against Somerset House, Strand."

The first street to the north of the "Adam and Eve" in the Hampstead Road became called Eden Street - now gone.

The streets on the west side on Hampstead Road are mostly named after the first names of the family of the owner of the land, such as Henry, Charles, Frederick, William, Robert, and Edward Streets.

Henry Street became Brock Street. Charles Street disappeared when Drummond Street’s name was extended westwards. Frederick Street became William Road and Edward Street, Varndell Street.

At the corner of Charles Street (formerly Sol’s Row) was the "Sol’s Arms," which is immortalised by Dickens in "Bleak House." It derives its name from the Sol’s Society, an institution which was conducted somewhat upon the principles of freemasonry. They used to hold their meetings at the "Queen of Bohemia’s Head," in Drury Lane; but on the pulling down of that house the society was dissolved. In Sol’s Row, David Wilkie, the artist, resided for some time, and there painted his "Blind Fiddler." We found him afterwards in the more fashionable suburb of Kensington, Each of the above-mentioned streets cross at right angles a broader and more important thoroughfare, called Stanhope Street, which runs parallel with the Hampstead Road.

The remaining streets on the west side of Hampstead Road have other designations: Rutland Street, Granby Street and Mornington Crescent, which connects the road with Camden High Street. Granby Street commemorates the English general, the Marquis of Granby. Mornington Crescent compliments the Earl of Mornington, then Governor General of India and the brother of the Duke of Wellington.

Charles Dickens, when about twelve years old, was sent to a school in Hampstead Road, close to the corner of Mornington Place and Granby Street and called Wellington House Academy. At this time Dickens was living with his parents, in "a small street leading out of Seymour Street, north of Mr. Judkin’s Chapel." Whilst here he would "ramble over the Field of the Forty Footsteps".

On the eastern side of the Hampstead Road, the Old King’s Head at the corner opposite to the Adam and Eve presented an "awkward break in the uniform width of the Euston Road", by projecting some feet beyond its neighbours, and so narrowing the thoroughfare.

To the north of this tavern much of the land facing Eden Street was not built upon until about 1860. Here were large waterworks and a reservoir.

Drummond Street, the next road to the north, extends along by the front of Euston station. This street crosses George Street, which runs from Gower Street to Hampstead Road. Between George Street and Cardington Street is St. James’s Church, formerly a chapel of ease to the mother church of St. James’s, Piccadilly.

The Russell family owned the land further to the north - the names of several of the streets and squares commemorate them and a considerable part of the district was originally called Bedford New Town.

Ampthill Square - now disappeared beneath railway tracks - was not a square but a triangle. It was named after Ampthill Park in Bedfordshire, formerly the seat of the Earls of Upper Ossory, but afterwards the property of the ducal house of Bedford, to whom the land about this part belonged.

Harrington Square faces two sides of a triangular plot of ground, facing Mornington Crescent called after the Earl of Harrington, one of whose daughters married the seventh Duke of Bedford.

Source: Euston Road and Hampstead Road | British History Online

Citations, sources, links and further reading

Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
A wander through London, street by street
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE EUSTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Euston

London Euston is the southern terminus of the West Coast Main Line - serving Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow.

Euston was the first inter-city railway station in London. It opened on 20 July 1837 as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway.

The site was selected in the early 1830s by George and Robert Stephenson, engineers of the London and Birmingham Railway. The area was then mostly farmland at the edge of the expanding city of London. The station was named after Euston Hall in Suffolk, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Grafton, who were the main landowners in the area.

Objections to the station by local farmers meant that, when the Act authorising construction of the line was passed in 1833, the terminus was relocated to Chalk Farm. However, these objections were overcome, and in 1835 an Act authorising construction of the station at its originally planned site was passed, and construction went ahead.

The original station was built by William Cubitt. It was designed by the classically trained architect Philip Hardwick and initially it had only two platforms, one for departures and one for arrivals. Also designed by Hardwick was a 72 foot-high Doric propylaeum, the largest ever built, erected at the entrance as a portico and which became known as the Euston Arch.

The station grew rapidly over the following years as traffic increased. It was greatly expanded in the 1840s, with the opening in 1849 of the spectacular Great Hall, designed by Hardwick's son Philip Charles Hardwick in classical style.

In the early 1960s it was decided that a larger station was required. Because of the restricted layout of track and tunnels at the northern end, enlargement could be accomplished only by expanding southwards over the area occupied by the Great Hall and the Arch. Amid much public outcry, the station building including the Arch was demolished in 1961-2 and replaced by a new building. Its opening in 1968 followed the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.

A few remnants of the older station remain: two Portland stone entrance lodges and a war memorial. A statue of Robert Stephenson by Carlo Marochetti, previously in the old ticket hall, stands in the forecourt.

On 12 May 1907 the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Bank branch of the Northern Line) opened a station at Euston as the terminus of a new extension from its existing station at Angel.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.