Chilcott Close, HA0

Road in/near Preston Road

 HOME  ARTICLE  MAP  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
Click here to log in on Facebook Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Preston Road · HA0 · Contributed by Scott Hatton
July
20
2017


Chilcott Close is a T-shaped cul-de-sac off of Compton Avenue.

No addresses have so far been added to Chilcott Close, HA0

This location is in The Underground Map database but, so far, there is no further information about it.

Use the form below to tell us more about this location.



Chilcott Close, HA0 news feed:
Do you come from Chilcott Close, HA0, or know it well? Add your comment here.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Chilcott Close, HA0:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Sep 2017 16:30 GMT   
Expires: 9 Oct 2017 16:30 GMT   
IP:
1:1
Post by LDNnews: Harrow-on-the-Hill
Council leader visits affordable housing development
Council leader visits affordable housing development

http://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/15556487.Council_leader_visits_affordable_housing_development/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Sep 2017 14:50 GMT   
Expires: 9 Oct 2017 14:50 GMT   
IP:
1:2
Post by LDNnews: Alperton
Shane Warne cleared of claims he hit porn star Valerie Fox
Shane Warne, 48, has been cleared over allegations he hit porn star Valerie Fox, 30, inside Loulou’s nightclub in London’s upmarket Mayfair neighbourhood on Friday night.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4915626/Shane-Warne-quizzed-cops-claim-hit-porn-star.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Sep 2017 09:30 GMT   
Expires: 9 Oct 2017 09:30 GMT   
IP:
1:3
Post by LDNnews: South Kenton
EPL Table: 2017-18 Premier League standings for gameweek 6
Arsenal are back in Premier League action tonight as they take on West Brom at the Emirates Stadium.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/epl-table-201718-premier-league-standings-for-gameweek-6-a3642526.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Sep 2017 15:10 GMT   
Expires: 8 Oct 2017 15:10 GMT   
IP:
1:4
Post by LDNnews: Alperton
Uber ’backs down to regain London licence’
The company’s concessions are likely to involve passenger safety and benefits for its drivers, possible limits on working hours to improve road safety and holiday pay.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4914428/Uber-backs-regain-London-licence.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Sep 2017 09:50 GMT   
Expires: 8 Oct 2017 09:50 GMT   
IP:
1:5
Post by LDNnews: South Kenton
A new Indian restaurant has opened in Orpington and promises Indian food ’as Indians know it’
A new Indian restaurant specialising in authentic regional cuisine has opened in Orpington High Street.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15543570.A_new_Indian_restaurant_has_opened_in_Orpington_and_promises_Indian_food__as_Indians_know_it_/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Sep 2017 22:50 GMT   
Expires: 7 Oct 2017 22:50 GMT   
IP:
1:6
Post by LDNnews: Wembley Park
Uber London ban: Petition calling on ban to be reversed backed by record 500k supporters in 24-hours
A petition set up by Uber urging Transport for London to reconsider stripping the firm of its licence has been signed by a record number of people.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/uber-petition-calling-on-london-ban-to-be-reversed-backed-by-record-breaking-500k-supporters-in-a3641866.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Sep 2017 20:10 GMT   
Expires: 7 Oct 2017 20:10 GMT   
IP:
1:7
Post by LDNnews: Harrow & Wealdstone
Morning weather and travel round-up
Morning weather and travel round-up

http://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/15551495.Morning_weather_and_travel_round_up/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Sep 2017 09:20 GMT   
Expires: 7 Oct 2017 09:20 GMT   
IP:
1:8
Post by LDNnews: South Kenton
Manchester City vs Crystal Palace: Premier League prediction, team news, line-ups, start time, live, TV, head to head, odds
No hope for Roy and Palace?

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/manchester-city-vs-crystal-palace-premier-league-prediction-team-news-lineups-start-time-live-tv-a3641786.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Sep 2017 07:10 GMT   
Expires: 7 Oct 2017 07:10 GMT   
IP:
1:9
Post by LDNnews: Harrow-on-the-Hill
First council houses in a generation open their doors to new residents
The first people moving into new council houses built on the site of disused garages have picked up their keys.

http://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/15552337.First_council_houses_in_a_generation_open_their_doors_to_new_residents/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Sep 2017 21:50 GMT   
Expires: 6 Oct 2017 21:50 GMT   
IP:
1:10
Post by LDNnews: Hanger Lane
Theresa May vows to protect Britain's EU nationals in landmark Brexit speech
The Prime Minister proposed a two-year transitional period post-Brexit to ensure the new relationship can be "smoothly implemented"

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/theresa-may-vows-to-protect-britains-eu-nationals-in-landmark-brexit-speech-a3641456.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Sep 2017 20:10 GMT   
Expires: 6 Oct 2017 20:10 GMT   
IP:
1:11
Post by LDNnews: Greenford
Uber drivers fear for future after ride-hailing frim sensationally stripped of its licence
London's Uber drivers have told of their fears for the future after the ride-hailing firm was sensationally stripped of its licence to operate.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/uber-drivers-tell-of-fears-for-future-after-ridehailing-frim-sensationally-stripped-of-its-licence-a3641636.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Sep 2017 19:50 GMT   
Expires: 6 Oct 2017 19:50 GMT   
IP:
1:12
Post by LDNnews: Sudbury Town
Chelsea youngster Callum Hudson-Odoi nominated for Checkatrade Trophy award
Chelsea youngster Callum Hudson-Odoi has been named on the shortlist for the first Checkatrade Trophy Player of the Round award.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea-youngster-callum-hudsonodoi-nominated-for-checkatrade-trophy-award-a3641341.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Sep 2017 19:50 GMT   
Expires: 6 Oct 2017 19:50 GMT   
IP:
1:13
Post by LDNnews: Stonebridge Park
COMMENT
COMMENT

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/time-for-west-ham-to-shine-when-the-lights-are-off-at-home-starting-with-tottenham-a3641326.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Sep 2017 16:30 GMT   
Expires: 9 Oct 2017 16:30 GMT   
IP:
2:14
Post by LDNnews: West Harrow
Charity’s training seeks to improve workers’ mental health
A charity is encouraging people to talk about their experiences at work in the run up to World Mental Health Day.

http://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/15555818.Charity___s_training_seeks_to_improve_workers____mental_health/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Sep 2017 16:30 GMT   
Expires: 9 Oct 2017 16:30 GMT   
IP:
2:15
Post by LDNnews: North Harrow
Crime scene remains in place on residential street
Crime scene remains in place on residential street

http://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/15556329.Crime_scene_remains_in_place_on_residential_street/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Sep 2017 16:20 GMT   
Expires: 9 Oct 2017 16:20 GMT   
IP:
2:16
Post by LDNnews: Latimer Road
Upcoming Roadworks Around Shepherd’s Bush
Lane closures on Westway and The Vale set to cause delays

http://www.shepherdsbushw12.com/default.asp?section=info&page=sbroadworks170927.htm
VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PRESTON ROAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
 Upload an image
You can add an image to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 Add new information to this location
You can add text to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 
 Log on via Facebook
You can use a Facebook id to add material to this website.

Preston Road

Preston Road - originally just 'Preston' - is situated west along the Metropolitan Line from Wembley Park.

Preston, meaning 'the farm belonging to the priest', began as a small settlement at Preston Green, just south west of the Lidding or Wealdstone Brook, south of Kenton. It was first mentioned in 1220. The name may come from an estate given to Abbot Stidberht by King Offa of Mercia in 767, but any connection with Preston Road as a rural lanethe Church had been lost by 1086. Preston was a township by 1231.

By the mid-15th century Preston consisted of two farms and a few cottages. The northern farm belonged to the Lyon family from the late 14th century and is described as being a beautiful building in 1547. It was probably the birthplace of John Lyon (1534-92), a considerable local landowner who founded Harrow School in 1572. After his death the farm was given as an endowment for the upkeep of the school. It was rebuilt around 1700. The southern farm was originally known as Preston Dicket and later as Preston Farm.

By 1681 five buildings had been built on Preston Green, including a new farmhouse, Hillside Farm. In 1759 there were nine buildings at Preston, including the 'Horseshoe' inn,
which was licensed in 1751.

The district did not change significantly in the 19th century. The agricultural depression after the Napoleonic Wars led to an outbreak of violence in the area around 1828, when desperate agricultural labourers burnt haystacks and threatened local landowners, including the relatively benevolent Lord Northwick.

64 people lived in Preston in 1831 and 57 in 1851.

In 1851 the 'Rose & Crown' beerhouse is mentioned at the top of Preston Hill (beerhouses flourished from 1830 to 1869 and were intended to discourage the sale of spirits). It appears to have been part of Hillside Farm, and is never mentioned again.

Preston House was leased to various professional men during the 19th century, including a surgeon, a cigar importer and a solicitor.

In 1864 two villas replaced the four nearby cottages. Around 1880 Preston House was acquired by George Timms, who turned the grounds into Preston Tea Gardens. The Tea Gardens flourished well into the next century.

The Metropolitan Railway had no effect on development, even after the opening of Wembley Park station in 1894. In 1896 the suggestion that a station should be built serving Preston was rejected because the local population was so small. Indeed even in the early 20th century the area was entirely rural, and the Wealdstone Brook could be described as "one of the most perfect little streams anywhere, abounding in dace and roach."

By 1900 Uxendon Farm had become a shooting ground (the Lancaster Shooting Club). When the Olympic Games were held in London in 1908 the ground was sufficiently important to be
used for Olympic clay pigeon shooting. Pressure from the shooting club, which was a two mile walk from the nearest station, played a part in the opening of Preston Road Halt on 21 May 1908.

The station was a halt (a request stop) and initially many trains failed to slow down enough to enable the driver to notice passengers waiting on the platform. Preston Road Halt triggered the first commuter development in the district. Some large Edwardian houses were built along Preston Road after 1910 and Harrow Golf Club opened near the station in 1912. Wembley Golf Club had already existed on the southern slopes of Barn Hill from about 1895. Both these golf courses would disappear under housing between the wars.

Further development in Preston came after the 1924-5 British Empire Exhibition. Roads in the area were prone to flooding, and the Exhibition led to significant and much needed improvements.

Many of the country lanes in the area were however not improved until 1931-2, under Wembley's Town Planning Scheme. Preston Road indeed remained a country lane until the late 1930s, which may account for its considerable charm.Improved communications brought suburban development. Christ Church College, Oxford, and Harrow School sold their Preston
estates in the period 1921-33. Forty Green began being built over as early as 1923-4 and housing spread along Preston Road and Preston Hill in the three years that followed.

Shops appeared in 1927-8 and a pub, the 'Preston Park Hotel' was opened in the late 1920s.

Preston Road was converted into a proper station in 1931-2. The line was electrified soon after and the station slightly re-sited. By now it was certain that the heart of Preston would be to the south of the old green. Many more shops appeared around the station in 1931-3 and 1936-8. Most housing developments occurred in the 1930s. By 1936 Preston was being described as "a high class and rapidly growing residential area with a population of between 6000 and 7000 people." A primary school was created to serve this population in 1932 and a secondary school in 1938.

In the 1930s many Jewish people, the majority members of the United Synagogue, moved into the Preston area. There is still a strong Jewish presence today.

By 1951 Preston's population had risen to 12,408, although it declined somewhat thereafter. Post-war housing was built north and east of Preston Road and a number of prefabs, a temporary solution to homelessness, stood at Tenterden Close, Woodcock Hill, until the late 1960s. Proposals for an Anglican church at Preston had been published in 1936, but the war intervened and the Church of the Ascension was not consecrated until 1957.

By the early 1960s all of Preston's old buildings had been lost. Lyon's Farm was demolished in 1960, despite earlier plans to preserve it. Hillside farmhouse went in 1961 and Preston House was demolished in 1962-3. Both of these buildings were replaced by blocks of flats. Despite these losses Preston is a pleasant and prosperous-looking place that has retained its original atmosphere.



LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Preston Road:   Preston Road - originally just 'Preston' - is situated west along the Metropolitan Line from Wembley Park.
Vale Farm:   Vale Farm was probably a mixed farm, growing crops and raising livestock for meat, run by a succession of tenant farmers..
Wembley F.C.:   Wembley Football Club is an English semi-professional football club.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A406, HA9 · A479, HA9 · Abbotts Drive, HA0 · Ambleside Gardens, HA9 · Arnold Close, HA3 · Arnside Gardens, HA9 · Ash Walk, HA0 · Ashley Gardens, HA9 · Audrey Gardens, HA0 · Aylands Close, HA9 · Balmoral Court, HA9 · Barnhill Cottages, HA9 · Barnhill Road, HA9 · Beaumont Avenue, HA0 · Beaumont Court, HA0 · Beechcroft Gardens, HA9 · Blackbird Hill, HA9 · Blockley Road, HA0 · Bowling Green Court, HA9 · Bramley Lodge, HA0 · Brancker Road, HA3 · Branksome Way, HA3 · Brindley Close, HA0 · Brook Avenue, HA9 · Byron Road, HA0 · Camden Crescent, HA0 · Camplin Road, HA3 · Carlton Avenue East, HA9 · Carlton Avenue West, HA0 · Carlton Parade, HA9 · Chamberlayne Avenue, HA9 · Chantry Close, HA3 · Charterhouse Avenue, HA0 · Cheltenham Place, HA3 · Chilcott Close, HA0 · Clay Court, HA3 · Clifton Road, HA3 · Cody Close, HA3 · College Road, HA9 · Compton Avenue, HA0 · Conifer Way, HA0 · Coniston Gardens, HA9 · Conway Gardens, HA9 · Cowbridge Road, HA3 · Crown Green Mews, HA9 · Crown Walk, HA9 · Dagmar Avenue, HA9 · Darcy Drive, HA3 · Darcy Gardens, HA3 · Dean Court, HA0 · Derwent Gardens, HA9 · Dorchester Way, HA3 · Draycott Avenue, HA9 · East Court, HA0 · East Lane, HA0 · Ecclestone Place, HA9 · Edison Drive, HA9 · Elliott Close, HA9 · Elms Lane, HA0 · Elmside Road, HA9 · Elmstead Avenue, HA9 · Elton Avenue, HA0 · Engineers Way, HA9 · Ennerdale Gardens, HA9 · Eskdale Close, HA9 · Eton Avenue, HA0 · Eton Court Eton Avenue, HA0 · Eton Court, HA0 · Farrer Road, HA3 · Fernleigh Court, HA9 · First Avenue, HA9 · Forty Avenue, HA9 · Forty Close, HA9 · Forty Lane, HA9 · Fryent Way, HA9 · Gabrielle Close, HA9 · Glebe Lane, HA3 · Glenalmond Road, HA3 · Glendale Gardens, HA9 · Grasmere Avenue, HA9 · Greenhill, HA9 · Greenrigg Walk, HA9 · Hamel Close, HA3 · Hannah Close, HA9 · Harrow Road, HA9 · Harrowdene Road, HA9 · Hasting Close, HA0 · High Road, HA9 · Highfield Avenue, HA9 · Hill Road, HA0 · Hillcroft Crescent, HA9 · Hillside Avenue, HA9 · Hillside Gardens, HA3 · Hinkler Road, HA3 · Hollycroft Avenue, HA9 · Holt Road, HA0 · Honeypot Close, NW9 · Honeypot Lane, NW9 · Hunters Grove, HA3 · Imperial Way, HA3 · John Lyon Roundabout, HA0 · Ken Way, HA9 · Kenmore Road, HA3 · Kinch Grove, HA9 · Kings Court, HA9 · Kingswood Road, HA9 · Kinsbury JFS access, HA3 · Langham Gardens, HA0 · Liddell Close, HA3 · Linden Avenue, HA9 · Lindsay Drive, HA3 · Lodge Avenue, HA3 · Logan Road, HA9 · Longfield Avenue, HA9 · Loretto Gardens, HA3 · Lovett Way, HA9 · Loweswater Close, HA9 · Lulworth Avenue, HA9 · Magnet Road East Lane Business Park, HA9 · Malvern Gardens, HA3 · Manor Drive, HA9 · Marloes Close, HA0 · Montpelier Rise, HA9 · Morland Road, HA3 · Mostyn Avenue, HA9 · Nathans Road, HA0 · Nathans Road, HA9 · Neeld Court, HA9 · Newnham Way, HA3 · North Circular Road, HA9 · Northwick Avenue, HA9 · Norval Road, HA0 · Oakington Avenue, HA9 · Old High Street, HA9 · Oldborough Road, HA0 · Orchard Grove, HA3 · Ormesby Way, HA3 · Park Chase, HA9 · Park Place, HA9 · Pasture Close, HA0 · Pasture Road, HA0 · Pasture Road, HA1 · Paulhan Road, HA3 · Paxford Road, HA0 · Peel Road, HA9 · Peel Road, HA9 · Pellatt Road, HA9 · Pempath Place, HA9 · Pendolino Way, HA9 · Perrin Road, HA0 · Pettsgrove Avenue, HA0 · Preston Hill, HA3 · Preston Road, HA9 · Priory Park Road, HA0 · PROW 10, HA3 · Public Right of Way 42, HA9 · Public Right of Way 48, HA0 · Queensbury Circle Parade, HA7 · Radley Gardens, HA3 · Raglan Court, HA9 · Rainborough Close, HA9 · Repton Avenue, HA0 · Roskild Court, HA9 · Roundtree Road, HA0 · Rowland Avenue, HA3 · Rowlands Avenue, HA3 · Rugby Avenue, HA0 · Ruskin Gardens, HA3 · Rustic Place, HA0 · Rydal Gardens, HA9 · Sandy Lane, HA3 · Second Avenue, HA9 · Shakespeare Drive, HA3 · Shelley Gardens, HA0 · Sherry Close, HA0 · Shooters Avenue, HA3 · Shrewsbury Avenue, HA3 · South East Lane, HA0 · Spencer Road, HA0 · St Georges Hall, HA1 · St Pauls Avenue, HA3 · St. Paul’s Avenue, HA3 · Stapenhill Road, HA0 · Station Grove, HA9 · Stilecroft Gardens, HA0 · Stracthcona Road, HA9 · Strathcona Road, HA9 · Sudbury Avenue, HA0 · Sudbury Crescent, HA0 · Sudbury Cresent, HA0 · Sylvester Road, HA0 · Talisman Way, HA9 · The Broadway, HA9 · The Close, HA9 · The Crescent, HA0 · The Croft, HA0 · The Ducker Footpath, HA0 · The Fairway, HA0 · The Fairway, HA9 · The Gables, HA9 · The Leys, HA3 · The Link, HA9 · Third Avenue, HA9 · Thirlmere Gardens, HA9 · Toley Avenue, HA9 · Tonbridge Crescent, HA3 · Tregenna Court, HA0 · Tylers Gate, HA3 · Uxendon Crescent, HA9 · Uxendon Cresent, HA9 · Vane Close, HA3 · Waghorn Road, HA3 · Wakeling Lane, HA0 · Walton Gardens, HA9 · Warneford Road, HA3 · Watford Road, HA0 · Wembley Commercial Centre, HA9 · Wembley Hill Road, HA9 · Wembley Park Drive, HA9 · Wembley Retail Park, HA9 · West Court, HA0 · Westfield Drive, HA3 · Westfield Gardens, HA3 · Westfield Lane, HA3 · Williams Way, HA0 · Winckley Close, HA3 · Windermere Avenue, HA9 · Windermere Court, HA9 · Winthrop Walk, HA9 · Woodfield Avenue, HA0 · Woodford Place, HA9 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES


COMMENTS

Print-friendly version of this page

What is Chilcott Close, HA0 like as a place to live?

Data from placeilive.com/

Links

South Kenton
Facebook Page
Sudbury Town
Facebook Page
North Wembley
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


John Rocque Map of Wembley, Kingsbury, Willesden and Harlesden (1762)
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers an area from Harrow in the northwest to Harlesden in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 


COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or – from the available evidence – are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.