West Hampstead

Underground station, existing between 1879 and now

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Underground station · West Hampstead · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
1
2015

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.

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Citations, sources, links and further reading

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THE STREETS OF WEST HAMPSTEAD
Alvanley Gardens, NW3 Alvanley Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Alvanley Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Ariel Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Banister Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Barlow Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Bembridge Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Beswick Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Billy Fury Way, NW6 Billy Fury Way is a road in the NW6 postcode area
Brassey Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadhurst Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadwell Parade, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broomsleigh Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Canfield Gardens, NW6 Canfield Gardens was first laid out in 1881.
Carlton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cavendish Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cavendish Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cleve Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Compayne Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cotleigh Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crediton Hill, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crown Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dornfell Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Doulton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dresden Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dynham Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Fawley Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Gladys Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Glastonbury Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Glenbrook Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 Goldhurst Terrace was laid out in the late 1870s.
Hall Oak Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Harvard Court, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hemstal Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Highfield Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hilltop Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Holmdale Road, NW6 Holmdale Road runs from Mill Lane to Dennington Park Road in West Hampstead.
Honeybourne Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Iverson Road, NW6 The first part of Iverson Road, NW6 was laid out in 1872.
Kings Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Kylemore Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Liddell Road, NW6 Liddell Road was named after an old West Hampstead estate.
Lowfield Road, NW6 Lowfield Road is the northern extension of Kingsgate Road, NW6.
Medley Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Messina Avenue, NW6 Messina Avenue stretches from West End Lane over to Kilburn High Road.
Milverton Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Minton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Mowbray Road, NW2 Mowbray Road is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Mowbray Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Narcissus Road, NW6 Narcissus Road lies in London NW6
Pandora Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Ravenshaw Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Rowntree Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Salmon Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sandwell Crescent, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sherriff Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Solent Road, NW6 Solent Road is a street in West Hampstead.
Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
West Cottages, NW6 West Cottages is a road in the NW6 postcode area
West Hampstead Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6



Maria Russ
Maria Russ   
Added: 7 Dec 2017 09:46 GMT   
IP: 47.72.255.177
2:1:209
Post by Maria Russ: Middle Row Bus Garage

My mum worked as a Clippie out from Middle Row Bus Garage and was conductress to George Marsh Driver. They travel the City and out to Ruislip and Acton duiring the 1950’s and 1960’s. We moved to Langley and she joined Windsor Bus Garage and was on the Greenline buses after that. It was a real family of workers from Middle Row and it formed a part of my early years in London. I now live in New Zealand, but have happy memories of the early years of London Transport and Middle Row Garage.
Still have mum’s bus badge.

Happy times they were.

Julia elsdon
Julia elsdon   
Added: 22 Nov 2017 18:19 GMT   
IP: 87.112.95.228
2:2:209
Post by Julia elsdon: Shirland Mews, W9

I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5

Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton
Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton   
Added: 17 Nov 2017 22:50 GMT   
IP: 94.3.120.166
2:3:209
Post by Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton: Netherwood Street, NW6

I was born at 63netherwood street.need to know who else lived there.i think I moved out because of a fire but not sure


Cassandra Green
Cassandra Green   
Added: 19 Sep 2017 21:39 GMT   
IP: 95.149.2.213
2:4:209
Post by Cassandra Green: Rudall Crescent, NW3

I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

Debbie hobbs
Debbie hobbs    
Added: 19 Sep 2017 09:08 GMT   
IP: 92.40.89.28
2:5:209
Post by Debbie hobbs : Raymede Street, W10

I SUPPLIED THE PICTURE ABOVE GIVEN TO TOM VAGUE TO PASS ON... ITS DATE IS C1906 ..IN THE DISTANCE IS RACKHAM STREET WITH ITS MISSION HALL, HEWER STREET TO THE RIGHT

Brenda Jackson
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   
IP: 94.13.78.193
2:6:209
Post by Brenda Jackson: Granville Road, NW6

My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.
Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his fwife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Mar 2019 05:20 GMT   
IP:
3:7:209
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
David Ospina: Arsenal goalkeeper collapses during Napoli game
Arsenal goalkeeper David Ospina is taken to hospital after collapsing during the first half of Napoli’s Serie A match against Udinese on Sunday.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/47605955

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Mar 2019 06:30 GMT   
IP:
3:8:209
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Bristol Rovers 0-0 Charlton Athletic
Charlton keeper Dillon Phillips produces one of the saves of the season to help his promotion-chasing team draw at Bristol Rovers.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/47505301

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Mar 2019 00:40 GMT   
IP:
3:9:209
Post by LDNnews: Hampstead
An Insight with: Ellias from David’s Deli
One of the pleasures of writing West Hampstead Life is writing these Insights during which we get to know some familiar West Hampstead faces a bit better, behind the facade even. This month’s is no exception as we caught up with Ellias from David’s Deli. We all know him as Ellias, in fact his full […]

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2018/03/16/an-insight-with-ellias-from-davids-deli/21575

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Mar 2019 07:30 GMT   
IP:
3:10:209
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Man 'set fire to ex-wife in front of school' in southern Italy
A 42-year-old man who allegedly set his ex-wife on fire in front of an art school in Italy has been arrested after a 24-hour police manhunt.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/man-set-fire-to-exwife-in-front-of-school-in-southern-italy-a4092911.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Mar 2019 15:27 GMT   
IP:
3:11:209
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Hampstead tunnel
Hampstead Tunnel, 1166 yards long, was built as part of the Hampstead Junction Railway, and opened on 2 January 1860.

http://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=3364

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Mar 2019 06:30 GMT   
IP:
3:12:209
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood



https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-47567034

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Mar 2019 15:27 GMT   
IP:
3:13:209
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
Cannon Hill, NW6
Cannon Hill is a road in Fortune Green, NW6

http://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=10049

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Mar 2019 01:40 GMT   
IP:
3:14:209
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Birmingham City 0-2 Millwall: Ben Thompson brace earns Lions three points
Two well-taken Ben Thompson goals help Millwall move away form the relegation places as they win at Birmingham City.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/47464704

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Mar 2019 01:30 GMT   
IP:
3:15:209
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Knife crime rising at a faster rate in Home Counties and rural areas than London
Knife crime has risen 152 per cent in Kent since 2010 compared to only 11 per cent in London. Experts believe county lines drug gangs are behind the rise in stabbings.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6792577/Knife-crime-rising-faster-rate-Home-Counties-rural-areas-London.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Mar 2019 00:40 GMT   
IP:
3:16:209
Post by LDNnews: Hampstead
What have you missed since March 5th?
What have you missed since March 5th?

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2018/03/12/what-have-you-missed-since-march-5th/21560

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST HAMPSTEAD AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

West Hampstead

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.
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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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