Holles Street, W1C

Road in Oxford Circus, existing between 1729 and now

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Road · Oxford Circus · W1C · Contributed by The Underground Map
MARCH
29
2017



John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, who bought much of the land of the area. In 1711 that land passed to his daughter Henrietta Cavendish Holles who later married Edward Harley, second Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer. This meant that Henrietta Harley held the titles of Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer. As a family they were hardly ‘shrinking violets’ because, if you look at the surrounding land, the name of every family member is perpetrated by the streets and squares nearby.

The street was one of those laid out around 1729 when the area north of Oxford Street was urbanised on a grid pattern.

Once the location of small shops and houses, the street is now almost entirely taken up the John Lewis department store on the western side and the former British Home Stores department store (1962-63) and other commercial units on the east, both of which have their main entrances on Oxford Street. The John Lewis store was started in 1936 but damaged by bombing during the Second World War and rebuilt in 1958-60.

Barbara Hepworth’s sculpture Winged Figure (1963) is on the Holles Street side of the John Lewis department store.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

VIEW THE OXFORD CIRCUS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE OXFORD CIRCUS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE OXFORD CIRCUS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE OXFORD CIRCUS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE OXFORD CIRCUS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Go to Oxford Circus

Oxford Circus

Oxford Circus, designed by John Nash in 1811.

Oxford Circus, the busy intersection of Oxford Street and Regent Street, was constructed in the beginning of the 19th century, and was designed by John Nash. Regent Street had been commissioned by Prince Regent, who was later to become King George IV, as a grand scheme to connect the Princes home at Carlton House with his newly acquired property at Regents Park. Nash designed a wide boulevard with a sweeping curve that became a clear dividing line between the less respectable Soho and the fashionable squares and streets of Mayfair. Born from the concept of Nash’s layout of the New Street in 1812, frontage alignments remain, with the rebuilt listed architecture of 1920s buildings.

The surrounding area contains important elements of the Nash heritage. All frontages on the Circus are Grade II Listed. The entire of Regent Street is also listed and sits within a conservation area.

The circus is served by Oxford Circus tube station, which is directly beneath the junction itself.

Oxford Circus station has entrances on all four corners of the intersection. The station is an interchange between the Central, Victoria and Bakerloo lines. It is the fourth busiest station on the network and the busiest without connection to the National Rail service. It opened on the Central London Railway on 30 July 1900, with the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway's platforms opening on 10 March 1906. The two companies had separate surface buildings and lift shafts. The station buildings, which remain today as exits from the station, were constructed on very confined plots on either side of Argyll Street on the south side of Oxford Street, just to the east of the circus itself. The stations were originally built as entirely separate, but connecting passages were swiftly provided at platform level. The surviving Central London Railway building to the east of Argyll Street is the best surviving example of the stations designed by Harry Bell Measures, and the Bakerloo line building to the west is a classic Leslie Green structure. Both station buildings are Grade II listed.

Almost from the outset, overcrowding has been a constant problem at the station and it has seen numerous improvements to its facilities and below-ground arrangements to deal with this difficulty. After much discussion between the then two separate operators, a major reconstruction began in 1912. This saw a new ticket hall, dealing with both lines, built in the basement of the Bakerloo station, the Bakerloo lifts removed, and new deep-level escalators opened down to the Bakerloo line level. Access to the Central line was by way of existing deep-level subways. The new works came into use on 9 May 1914 with the CLR lifts still available for passengers. By 1923 even this rearrangement was unable to cope, so a second rebuilding commenced. This saw a second set of escalators built directly down to the Central line, the CLR station building becoming an exit only. Then, on 2 October 1928, a third escalator leading to the Bakerloo platforms was opened. Unusually, lifts came back into prominence at an Underground station when, in 1942, a set of high-speed lifts came into use, largely used as an exit route from the Central line platforms directly to the Argyll Street exit building.

The Victoria line opened on 7 March 1969. To handle the additional passenger loads, a new ticket hall was constructed directly under the road junction. To excavate the new ticket hall below the roadway, traffic was diverted for five years (August 1963 to Easter 1968) on to a temporary bridge-like structure known as the 'umbrella' covering the Regent Street/Oxford Street intersection. Services tunnels were constructed to carry water mains and telecom cables past the new ticket hall. Construction of the Victoria line station tunnels with their platforms, the new escalator shafts and the linking passages to the Central line platforms was carried out from access shafts sunk from nearby Cavendish Square, Upper Regent Street and Argyll Street. To this day, traffic passing through the Oxford Circus intersection literally travels over the roof of the ticket office.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
All Souls Church:   All Souls Church is an evangelical Anglican church situated at the north end of Regent Street.
London Palladium:   The London Palladium is a 2,286-seat Grade II* West End theatre located on Argyll Street in the City of Westminster.
Oxford Circus:   Oxford Circus, designed by John Nash in 1811.
University of Westminster:   The University of Westminster is a public university with its antecedent institution, the Royal Polytechnic Institution, founded in 1838 being the first polytechnic institution in the UK.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
All Souls Place, W1B · Argyll Street, W1F · Avery Row, W1K · Binney Street, W1K · Blenheim Street, W1S · Bond Street, W1S · Bourdon Place, W1K · Bourdon Street, W1K · Bourlet Close, W1W · Brook Street, W1A · Brook Street, W1K · Brook Street, W1S · Brooks Mews, W1K · Bruton Place, W1J · Bruton Street, W1J · Bryanston Square, W1G · Bywell Place, W1T · Candover Street, W1W · Cavendish Place, W1G · Cavendish Square, W1G · Cavendish Street, W1G · Chandos Street, W1G · Clifford Street, W1S · Coach And Horses Yard, W1S · Coach Horses Yard, W1S · Conduit Street, W1S · Cork Street, W1S · Cumberland Gate, W1C · Davies Mews, W1K · Davies Street, W1K · Davis Street, W1K · De Walden Court, W1W · Deans Mews, W1G · Dering Street, W1S · Duchess Mews, W1G · Duchess Street, W1W · Fair Road, W1B · Farringdon Street, W1S · Foley Street, W1W · Fouberts Place, W1 · Fouberts Place, W1F · Gilbert Street, W1K · Gosfield Street, W1W · Great Castle Street, W1G · Great Castle Street, W1W · Great Marlborough Street, W1F · Great Tichfield Road, W1W · Great Titchfield Street, W1 · Great Titchfield Street, W1W · Grosvenor Hill, W1K · Grosvenor Street, W1K · Hanover Square, W1S · Hanover Street, W1S · Harcourt House, W1G · Harewood Place, W1S · Harley Place, W1G · Harley St Underground Car Park, W1G · Harley Street, W1 · Harley Street, W1G · Harmont House, W1G · Haunch Of Venison Yard, W1K · Henrietta Place, W1G · Hills Place, W1F · Holland Street, W1F · Holles Street, W1C · International House, W1B · John Princes Street, W1G · Kent House, W1B · Lancashire Court, W1S · Langham House, W1B · Langham Place, W1B · Langham Street, W1W · Lexington Street Cos, W1F · Little Marlborough Street, W1F · Little Portland Street, W1W · Little Titchen Street, W1W · Lowndes Court, W1F · Maddox Street, W1S · Mansfield Street, W1G · Margaret Court, W1W · Margaret Street, W1B · Margaret Street, W1G · Margaret Street, W1W · Market Place, W1W · Marylebone Mews, W1G · Marylebone, NW1 · Masons Arms Mews, W1S · Middleton Buildings, W1W · Middleton Place, W1W · Milford House, W1G · Mill Street, W1S · Morley House, W1B · Mortimer Street, W1 · Mortimer Street, W1W · Mount Row, W1K · New Bond Street, W1 · New Bond Street, W1S · New Burlington Mews, W1B · New Burlington Place, W1S · New Burlington Street, W1S · New Cavendish Street, W1 · New Cavendish Street, W1G · New Cavendish Street, W1W · Newburg Road, W1F · Newburgh Street, W1F · Ogle Street, W1W · Old Burlington Street, W1S · Oxford Circus, W1D · Oxford Street, W1D · Oxford Street, W1F · Portland Place, W1 · Portland Place, W1B · Princes Street, W1B · Quadrant Arcade, W1B · Queen Anne Mews, W1G · Queen Anne Street, W1G · Ramillies Place, W1F · Ramillies Street, W1F · Regent Place, W1B · Regent Street, SW1Y · Regent Street, W1 · Regent Street, W1B · Riding House Street, W1W · Saint George Street, W1S · Sandringham Court, W1F · Savile Row, W1S · Sedley Place, W1C · South Molton Lane, W1K · South Molton Street, W1K · St George Street, W1S · St Georges Square, E14 · Stratford Place, W1C · Swallow Place, W1B · Tenterden Street, W1S · Three Kings Yard, W1K · Upper Wimpole Street, W1G · Vere Street, W1G · Weighhouse Street, W1K · Welbeck Street, W1G · Welbeck Way, W1G · Weymouth Mews, W1G · Weymouth Street, W1G · Wigmore Place, W1U · Wimpole Street, W1G · Woodstock Street, W1C ·


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Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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