Lansdowne Crescent, W11

Road in/near Notting Hill, existing between 1841 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
3.84.186.122 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Notting Hill · W11 · Contributed by The Underground Map
MAY
5
2017


Lansdowne Crescent has some of the most interesting and varied houses on the Ladbroke estate, as architects and builders experimented with different styles.

When James Weller Ladbroke decided in the early 1820s to develop for housing the 170-acres of mostly farmland that he had developed from his uncle, he commissioned the architect/surveyor Thomas Allason (1790-1852) to draw up a plan in which a circular road, more than 500 metres in diameter, was intersected by an axial road on the alignment of the future Ladbroke Grove. In 1825 a short-lived building boom began along Holland Park Avenue. But this quickly collapsed, and the area of the circular road was from 1837 to 1841 occupied by the Hippodrome race- and steeplechase course. That also lost money, and after it closed there began a series of longer-lived building developments, a key part of which was an evolving layout of terraces, crescents and the large Ladbroke Square, each built with a paddock or communal garden. The new layout departed considerably from Allason’s original layout, but it did retain at least some of the crescent forms (including Lansdowne Crescent) near to St John’s church.

The financial and legal arrangements for the development of Lansdowne Crescent were complicated, but in general terms followed the practice elsewhere on the estate, with the landowner (mainly Ladbroke or the solicitor and developer Richard Roy to whom Ladbroke had sold some of the land) releasing plots of land to developers on condition that they constructed houses on them meeting certain specifications, following which the landowner granted the developers/builders or their nominees 99-year leases of the newly constructed houses for a small ground rent. The builders then sublet the houses to recover the costs of the construction.

The 1851 census records, quoted in the Survey of London, show that in that year twenty houses were occupied by 133 residents, of whom 53 were servants. The average number of residents in each house was thus 6–6, of whom 2–6 were servants. The householders included three fundholders (all women), three lawyers (one a magistrate), two army officers, two civil servants, and one clergyman, chemist, dealer in stocks and shares, parliamentary agent, wholesale bookseller, warehouseman, varnish maker and merchant.

The street is a near perfect hemicircle beginning and ending in Ladbroke Grove. It is numbered consecutively, with Nos. 2-18 from south to north along the inner side; and numbers 19-43 from north to south along the outer side. The numbering on the outer side was rationalised in 1867. Before, the present numbers 19-38 were numbered 21-40; the present numbers 39 and 40 were unnumbered villas called Wycombe House; and Canonteign House; at what subsequently became No. 41 there was a big villa called Shelburne Lodge or Shelburne House; and the present Nos. 42 and 43 were Nos. 19 and 20.

Source: Ladbroke Association



ADD A STORY TO LANSDOWNE CRESCENT
VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Notting Hill

Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...

Notting Hill is a cosmopolitan district known as the location for the annual Notting Hill Carnival, and for being home to the Portobello Road Market.

The word Notting might originate from a Saxon called Cnotta with the =ing part indicating "the place inhibited by the people of" - i.e. where Cnotta’s tribe lived. There was a farm called variously "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes" or "Nutting-barns" and this name was transferred to the hill above it.

The area remained rural until the westward expansion of London reached Bayswater in the early 19th century. The main landowner in Notting Hill was the Ladbroke family, and from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to undertake the development of the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital (although the development did not get seriously under way until the 1840s). Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the main north-south axis of the area, and Ladbroke Square, the largest private garden square in London.

The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, and other roads (notably Kensington Park Road and Kensington Park Gardens) are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 (originally 727) is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk.

The reputation of the district altered over the course of the 20th century. As middle class households ceased to employ servants, the large Notting Hill houses lost their market and were increasingly split into multiple occupation.

For much of the 20th century the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s, partly because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman, and also became the target of white racist Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots.

Notting Hill was slowly gentrified from the 1980s onwards now has a contemporary reputation as an affluent and fashionable area; known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses, and high-end shopping and restaurants (particularly around Westbourne Grove and Clarendon Cross).

A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase the ’Notting Hill Set’ to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who were once based in Notting Hill.

Since it was first developed in the 1830s, Notting Hill has had an association with artists and ’alternative’ culture.

OTHER UNDERGROUND MAP LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
Abbey Court Hotel · Acklam Road Adventure Playground · Addison Avenue · Alba Place · Albert Hotel (1900s) · All Saints Church · All Saints Road · Ariel Way · Arundel Gardens · Bangor Street · Basing Street (SARM) Studios · Basing Street · Blenheim Crescent · Boyne Terrace Mews · Bulmer Mews · Campden Hill Place · Chepstow House School · Chepstow Villas · Clare Gardens Children’s Centre · Clarendon Road · Codrington Mews · Colville Gardens · Colville Houses · Colville Primary School · Colville Square · Colville Terrace · Cornwall Crescent · Dunworth Mews · Elgin Crescent · Elgin Mews · Golden Mews · Hayden’s Place · Hayden’s Place · Hippodrome Place · Holland Park · Holland Park Avenue · Horbury Chapel (Kensington Temple) · Horbury Crescent · Horbury Mews · Kenley Street · Kensington Hippodrome · Kensington Park Gardens · Kensington Park Mews · Kensington Park Road · Ladbroke Crescent · Ladbroke Gardens · Ladbroke Grove · Ladbroke Road · Ladbroke Square Garden · Ladbroke Square · Ladbroke Terrace · Ladbroke Walk · Lansdowne Cresent · Lansdowne Mews · Lansdowne Rise · Lansdowne Road · Lansdowne Walk · Ledbury Mews West · Luxurious sewers · Mercury Theatre · Nicholas Road · Norland Place · Norland Square · North Kensington Library · Notting Dale · Notting Hill · Notting Hill in Bygone Days · Notting Hill in Bygone Days: Chenesitun and Knotting Barns · Notting Hill in Bygone Days: In the Eighteenth Century · Notting Hill Preparatory School · Pinehurst Court · Political meeting (1920s) · Portland Gate · Portland Road · Portobello Road · Powis Square · Powis Terrace · Prince’s Yard · Princedale Road · Princes Place · Queensdale Place · Queensdale Road · Queensdale Walk · Rifle Place · Rosmead Road · Royal Crescent · Ruston Mews · Saint Anns Villas · Saint Luke’s Road · Saint Lukes Mews · Saint Marks Place · Saint Marks Road · Silvester Mews · Southbank International School Kensington · St Anns Villas · St Clement and St James CofE Primary School · St James’s Gardens · St James’s Gardens · St John’s Hill · St John’s Mews · St John’s · St Lukes Mews · St Marks Close · St Marks Road · St Mark’s Place · St Peter’s Notting Hill · St. Johns Gardens · St. John’s Gardens · St. Mark’s Road · Stanley Crescent · Stanley Gardens Mews · Stanley Gardens · Tabernacle School · Talbot Road · Tavistock Crescent · Tavistock Mews · Tavistock Road · The Bedford family at 3 Acklam Road · The Tabernacle · Thomas Jones Primary School · Vernon Yard · Walmer Road · West Cross Route · Westbourne Grove · Westway · Wilby Mews · Wilsham Street ·
Articles in grey above need some care and attention
Roads are red; buildings are green
Other entries in blue above are featured articles
Print-friendly version of this page

Links

Ladbroke Association
Society for the Ladbroke Conservation Area
It’s Your Colville
Colville Community Forum
Old Notting Hill/North Ken History
Facebook group, covering the history of W10 and W11.
RBKC Library Time Machine
Blog from the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Library
North Kensington Histories
Recollections of people from North Kensington, London
Notting Hill Gate
Facebook Page
Latimer Road
Facebook Page
Ladbroke Grove
Facebook Page
Holland Park
Facebook Page
Shepherd’s Bush
Facebook Page
Westbourne Park
Facebook Page
The Notting Hill & North Kensington Photo Archive
Facebook group

Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.