Lyndhurst Road, NW3

Road in/near Hampstead, existing between 1862 and now

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Road · Hampstead · NW3 ·

Lyndhurst Road is a street in Hampstead.

Lyndhurst Road had its origins in the 1850s when landowner Henry Davidson started to issue 99-year building leases for his Rosslyn House estate.

Probably fearing that the market would be saturated by building on neighbouring land, Davidson hoped to demolish Rosslyn House and cover the whole estate with detached and semidetached houses, like those in Belsize Park and with access from Haverstock Hill. Progress was slower than expected, partly because of competition in Hampstead town and Belsize Park and partly because of reluctance to build above Hampstead Junction Railway’s tunnel.

Thurlow, Lyndhurst, and Eldon Roads and Windsor Terrace had been laid out by 1862 and about 40 houses built by 1864. Demand for the houses, of similar value to those in Belsize Park, (fn. 110) rose during the 1860s and more had been built by 1870.

In 1881 the Rosslyn Grove estate, whose freehold had reverted to the Church Commissioners, was leased to Congregationalists who in 1883 built a church on the corner of Lyndhurst Road and Haverstock Hill. It was built to the plans of architect Alfred Waterhouse, designer of the Natural History Museum. Renamed Lyndhurst Hall, Sir George Martin’s AIR Studios opened there in 1992.

In 1896 the executors of C. H. L. Woodd sold Rosslyn House to speculators, who by 1909 had completed houses in Lyndhurst and Wedderburn Roads on the site.

6 Lyndhurst Road was for a time the London home of Richard Burton and his first wife, fellow Welsh thespian Sybil Williams.

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Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.
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