Rosslyn House

Large house/stately home in/near Belsize Park, existed between 1723 and 1909

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Large house/stately home · Belsize Park · NW3 · Contributed by The Underground Map
MAY
24
2015
A handsome antique print - a gardener is at work in the grounds. Engraved from an original study by William Henry Prior and originally produced for the part-work "Old and New London" (London : 1873-1878).
Credit: William Henry Prior (1812-1882)

Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.

Mulys, later called Grove House, Shelford Lodge, and Rosslyn House, was occupied by the Fellows family from c. 1723 to c.1777.

It changed to its final name when it became the property of Alexander Wedderburn, first Earl of Rosslyn, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain in 1793.

He added a large oval room which held the library and disguised the shape of the original house. Rosslyn left in 1803 and in 1808 the house, a newly planted orchard, and 21 acres, were occupied by Robert Milligan (d. 1809), a West India merchant. There were also houses for a gardener and a coachman.

It was noted for its magnificent avenue of Spanish chestnuts said to have been planted in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Elizabethan relics have been found in the vicinity.

Rosslyn House was sold in 1816 to the undertenant and remained in parkland until it was demolished between 1896 and 1909.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



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VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Hampstead

Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
6 Ellerdale Road:   6 Ellerdale Road is a house built by the Arts and Crafts movement architect Richard Norman Shaw for himself in the period 1874 to 1876.
An introduction to Hampstead by G.E. Mitton (1902):   This text originates from "The Fascination of Hampstead" by Geraldine Edith Mitton (published 1902)
Anna Freud Centre:   The Anna Freud Centre is a child mental health research, training and treatment centre.
Belsize Park:   The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.
Devonshire House Preparatory School:   Devonshire House preparatory school is based in four large Victorian houses in Hampstead.
Fine Arts College:   Fine Arts College is an Independent school and sixth form founded in 1978 by artists Candida Cave and Nicholas Cochrane.
Fitzjohn’s Primary School:   Fitzjohn’s Primary School is a community primary school, established in 1953.
Freud Museum:   The Freud Museum is a museum dedicated to Sigmund Freud, who lived there with his family during the last year of his life.
Gospel Oak:   Gospel Oak is an inner suburb of north London below Hampstead Heath.
Hall School:   The Hall School is an independent boys’ preparatory school in Belsize Park.
Hampstead:   Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.
Hampstead Town:   This article first appeared in ’A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington’.
Isokon Building:   The Isokon building is a concrete block of 34 flats designed by architect Wells Coates for Molly and Jack Pritchard, as an experiment in communal living.
Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead:   The Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden.
Netherhall House:   Netherhall House is a catered intercollegiate halls of residence for men, founded in 1952.
Pax Lodge:   Pax Lodge is the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) World Centre.
Pentameters Theatre:   The Pentameters Theatre was founded in 1968 and is 60-seat venue and is a fringe theatre, located above the Three Horseshoes public house in Hampstead.
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel:   The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Shepherd’s Well:   Shepherd’s Well, whose flow was thought to be nearly as pure as distilled water, is the source of the River Tyburn.
St Stephen’s Church:   St. Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.
St. Mary’s Town and Country School:   St. Mary’s Town and Country School was an independent, non-denominational, co-educational progressive day and boarding school.
St. Stephen%27s Church, Rosslyn Hill:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Stephen%27s_Church%2C_Rosslyn_Hill
The Academy School:   The Academy School is an independent preparatory school for boys and girls aged between 6 and 13.
The Load of Hay:   The Load of Hay was established by 1721.
The Royal School, Hampstead:   The Royal School, Hampstead, was an independent girls’ day and boarding school. The school educated girls aged 3-16.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Hampstead station (1907):   Hampstead station pictured at its opening in 1907


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adamson Road, NW3 · Adelaide Road, NW3 · Akenside Road, NW3 · Alban House, NW3 · Antrim Grove, NW3 · Antrim Mansions, NW3 · Antrim Road, NW3 · Aspern Grove, NW3 · Baynes Mews, NW3 · Belsize Avenue, NW3 · Belsize Court Garages, NW3 · Belsize Court, NW3 · Belsize Crescent, NW3 · Belsize Cresent, NW3 · Belsize Grove, NW3 · Belsize Lane, NW3 · Belsize Park Gardens, NW3 · Belsize Park Mews, NW3 · Belsize Park, NW3 · Belsize Place, NW3 · Belsize Square, NW3 · Belsize Terrace, NW3 · Briary Close, NW3 · Brocas Close, NW3 · Buckland Crescent, NW3 · Carlingford Road, NW3 · Chalcot Gardens, NW3 · Coach House Yard, NW3 · College Crescent, NW3 · College Cresent, NW3 · Conybeare, NW3 · Crossfield Road, NW3 · Daleham Gardens, NW3 · Daleham Mews, NW3 · Downshire Hill, NW3 · Downside Crescent, NW3 · Dunboyne Road, NW3 · Elizabeth Mews, NW3 · Ellerdale Road, NW3 · Englands Lane, NW3 · Eton Avenue, NW3 · Eton College Road, NW3 · Eton Court, NW3 · Eton Garages, NW3 · Eton Hall, NW3 · Eton Rise, NW3 · Eton Road, NW3 · Eton Villas, NW3 · Fellows Road, NW3 · Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohn's Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohns Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 · Fountain Mews, NW3 · Garnett Road, NW3 · Gayton Road, NW3 · Glenilla Road, NW3 · Glenloch Road, NW3 · Glenmore Road, NW3 · Gordon House Road, NW3 · Greenhill, NW3 · Hampstead Green, NW3 · Hampstead High Street, NW3 · Haverstock Hill, NW3 · Hawtrey Road, NW3 · Hillfield Court, NW3 · Hillfield Mansions, NW3 · Hornby Close, NW3 · Howitt Close, NW3 · Howitt Road, NW3 · Huson Close, NW3 · Kemplay Road, NW3 · King?s College Road, NW3 · Kingsford Street, NW5 · Lamble Street, NW5 · Lambolle Place, NW3 · Lambolle Road, NW3 · Lancaster Drive, NW3 · Lancaster Grove, NW3 · Lancaster Stables, NW3 · Lawn Road, NW3 · Lowlands, NW3 · Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 · Lyndhurst Road, NW3 · Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 · Maitland Park Road, NW3 · Maitland Park Villas, NW3 · Mansfield Road, NW3 · Mansfield Road, NW5 · Maresfield Gardens, NW3 · Martys Yard, NW3 · McCrone Mews, NW3 · Midland Crescent, NW3 · Northways Parade, NW3 · Nutley Terrace, NW3 · Old Brewery Mews, NW3 · Oriel Court, NW3 · Oriel Place, NW3 · Ormonde Court, NW3 · Ornan Road, NW3 · Parkhill Road, NW3 · Perceval Avenue, NW3 · Perrins Court, NW3 · Perrins Walk, NW3 · Pilgrims Lane, NW3 · Pilgrims Place, NW3 · Primrose Gardens, NW3 · Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 · Prince Arthur Road, NW3 · Princess Mews, NW3 · Provost Road, NW3 · Quickswood, NW3 · Rosslyn Hill, NW3 · Rosslyn Mews, NW3 · Rudall Crescent, NW3 · Shepherd’s Path, NW3 · Shepherd's Path, NW3 · Shepherds Walk, NW3 · Stanbury Court, NW3 · Steele?s Mews South, NW3 · Steele?s Road, NW3 · Strathray Gardens, NW3 · Sumpter Close, NW3 · Tasker Road, NW3 · The Gables, NW3 · Thurlow Road, NW3 · Tobin Close, NW3 · Tudor Close, NW3 · Upper Park Road, NW3 · Vane Close, NW3 · Village Mount, NW3 · Wandsworth Place, NW3 · Waterhouse Close, NW3 · Wedderburn Road, NW3 · Willoughby Road, NW3 · Wood Field, NW3 · Woodland Walk, NW3 ·


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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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