Scala Theatre

in/near Fitzrovia, existed between 1772 and 1969

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· Fitzrovia · W1T · Contributed by The Underground Map
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22
2017
The Prince of Wales Theatre in 1903 shortly before its demolition for the building of the Scala Theatre in 1904.
Credit: Caroline Blomfield

Scala Theatre was a theatre in London, sited on Charlotte Street, off Tottenham Court Road. The first theatre on the site opened in 1772, and was demolished in 1969, after being destroyed by fire.

The theatre began on this site as The New Rooms where concerts were performed, in Charlotte Street, in 1772, under the management of Francis Pasquali. Popularity, and royal patronage led to the building’s enlargement by James Wyatt, and its renaming as the King’s Concert Rooms (1780–1786). It then became Rooms for Concerts of Ancient Music and Hyde’s Rooms (1786–1802, managed by The Directors of Concerts and Ancient Music).

In 1802, a private theatre club, managed by Captain Caulfield, the "Pic-Nics" occupied the building and named it the Cognoscenti Theatre (1802–1808). It became the New Theatre (1808–1815, under Saunders and Mr J. Paul) and was extended and fitted out as a public theatre with a portico entrance, on Tottenham Street.

It continued under a succession of managers as the unsuccessful Regency Theatre (1815–1820), falling into decline. The theatre then reopened as the West London Theatre (1820–1831, under Brunton), Queen’s Theatre (1831–1833, 1835–1837, and again 1839-1865), and Fitzroy Theatre (1833–1835 and 1837–1839). The lessee of the theatre from 1843 to 1869 was a scenic artist, Charles James James, and the theatre became the home of lurid melodrama, being nicknamed The Dusthole.

In 1865, the theatre was renovated and named the ’Prince of Wales Royal Theatre’ and this continued until its demolition in 1903. The same year, in partnership with Henry Byron, Effie Marie Wilton assumed the management of the theatre, having secured as a leading actor Squire Bancroft. The house soon became noted for the successful domestic drama-comedies by Thomas William Robertson, including his series of groundbreaking realist plays.

In 1903, Dr. Edmund Distin Maddick bought the property, and adjoining properties, and enlarged the site. The main entrance was now situated on Charlotte Street, and the old portico, on Tottenham Street became the stage door. The new theatre, designed by Frank Verity, opened in 1905, as The Scala Theatre, seating 1,139 and boasting a large stage. The new venture was not particularly successful, however, and became a cinema from 1911–1918, run by Charles Urban. In 1918, F. J. Nettlefold took over and ran the premises as a theatre again.

It became known as the New Scala in 1923, with D.A. Abrahams as licensee for both staging plays and showing films, becoming owner in 1925. Amateur productions and pantomime were performed, and for a while the theatre became home to the Gang Show. During World War II, it again housed professional theatre, reverting to the Scala Theatre. After the war, under the management of Prince Littler, amateur productions returned, with Peter Pan being the annual pantomime. This continued until 1969 when, after a fire, it was demolished for the building of offices, known as Scala House. In 1964, the theatre was used by The Beatles for the concert sequences in the film A Hard Day’s Night. Today it is the site of an apartment block.

Source: Wikipedia



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VIEW THE FITZROVIA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE FITZROVIA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE FITZROVIA AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE FITZROVIA AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE FITZROVIA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Fitzrovia

Fitzrovia is the area lying to the west of Tottenham Court Road.




LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adam and Eve Tearooms:   The Adam and Eve Tearooms were a fashionable Georgian watering hole.
All Souls Church:   All Souls Church is an evangelical Anglican church situated at the north end of Regent Street.
Fitzrovia:   Fitzrovia is the area lying to the west of Tottenham Court Road.
Goodge Street:   Goodge Street station on London Underground's Northern Line, opened on 22 June 1907.
Newman Arms:   The Newman Arms has been a Fitzrovia fixture for centuries.
Royal Academy of Dramatic Art:   The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England. It is one of the oldest drama schools in the United Kingdom, founded in 1904 by Herbert Beerbohm Tree.
Tottenham Court Road:   Tottenham Court Road runs from St Giles' Circus (the junction of Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road) north to Euston Road.
University College London:   University College London (UCL) is a public research university and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
Warren Street:   Warren Street tube station is a London Underground station, located at the intersection of Tottenham Court Road and Euston Road. It is the nearest tube station to University College Hospital, being opposite the newly opened main building. It is also very close to Euston Square station.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Fairyland:   During the period leading up to and during the First World War, 92 Tottenham Court Road was the location of a shooting range called Fairyland.
Queen's Arms (1890):   Photographed in 1890, the Queen's Arms - on the corner of Tottenham Street and Charlotte Street - lay in the heart of Fitzrovia.
Tottenham Court Road (1927):   The area through which Tottenham Court Road was built is mentioned in the Domesday Book as belonging to the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alfred Mews, WC1E · Alfred Place, WC1E · All Souls Place, W1B · Bayley Street, WC1B · Berners Mews, W1T · Berners Place, W1T · Berners Street, W1D · Berners Street, W1T · Bird Street, W1T · Bolsover Street, W1W · Bourlet Close, W1W · Bromley Place, W1T · BT Tower · Byng Place, WC1E · Bywell Place, W1T · Candover Street, W1W · Capper Street, WC1E · Carburton Street, W1W · Charlotte Mews, W1T · Charlotte Place, W1T · Charlotte Street, W1T · Chenies Mews, WC1E · Chenies Street, WC1E · Chitty Street, W1T · Cleveland Street, W1T · Cleveland Street, W1W · Clipstone Mews, W1T · Clipstone Street, W1W · Coach Road, NW1 · Colville Place, W1T · Conway Mews, W1T · Conway Street, W1T · Darwin Walk, WC1E · De Walden Court, W1W · Durham Wharf Drive, TW8 · East Street, TW8 · Eastcastle Street, W1T · Eastcastle Street, W1W · Euston Road, W1T · Evelyn Yard, W1T · Falconberg Court, W1D · First Floor, W1T · Fitzroy Court, W1T · Fitzroy Mews, W1T · Fitzroy Square, W1T · Fitzroy Street, W1T · Foley Street, W1W · Goodge Place, W1T · Goodge Street, W1T · Gordon Mansions, WC1E · Gosfield Street, W1W · Gower Street, WC1E · Grafton Mews, W1T · Grafton Way, W1T · Grafton Way, WC1E · Great Castle Street, W1B · Great Castle Street, W1G · Great Castle Street, W1W · Great Chapel Street, W1F · Great Tichfield Road, W1W · Great Titchfield Street, W1 · Great Titchfield Street, W1W · Greenwell Street, W1T · Greenwell Street, W1W · Gresse Street, W1T · Hanson Street, W1W · Hanway Place, W1T · Hanway Street, W1T · Hills Place, W1F · Holland Street, W1F · Hollen Street, W1F · Howland Street, W1T · Huntley Street, WC1E · Langham Place, W1B · Langham Street, W1W · Lexington Street Cos, W1F · Little Portland Street, W1W · Little Titchen Street, W1W · Little Titchfield Street, W1W · Lowndes Court, W1F · Malet Place, WC1E · Maple Street, W1T · Margaret Court, W1W · Margaret Street, W1B · Margaret Street, W1W · Market Place, W1W · Marylebone Passage, W1W · Middleton Buildings, W1W · Middleton Place, W1W · Midford Place, W1T · Mortimer Market, W1T · Mortimer Street, W1 · Mortimer Street, W1T · Mortimer Street, W1W · Morwell Street, WC1B · Nassau Street, W1W · New Cavendish Street, W1W · Newman Passage, W1T · Newman Street, W1T · North Cloisters, WC1E · North Crescent, WC1E · North Cresent, WC1E · Ogle Street, W1W · Oxford Street, W1D · Percy Street, W1T · Poland Street, W1F · Princess House, W1W · Queen’s Yard, W1T · Rathbone Place, W1T · Rathbone Place, WC1H · Rathbone Street, W1T · Ridgmount Gardens, WC1E · Ridgmount Street, WC1E · Riding House Street, W1B · Riding House Street, W1W · Sandringham Court, W1F · Scala Street, W1T · Soho Square, W1D · Soho Street, W1D · South Cloisters, WC1H · Stephen Mews, W1T · Stephen Street, W1T · Store Street, WC1E · Sutton Row, W1D · Third Floor, WC1E · Torrington Place, WC1E · Tottenham Court Road, W1T · Tottenham Mews, W1T · Tottenham Street, W1T · University Street, WC1E · Warren Court, NW1 · Warren Mews, W1T · Warren Street, W1T · Wells Mews, W1T · Wells Street, W1D · Wells Street, W1T · Whitfield Place, W1T · Whitfield Street, W1T · Windmill Street, W1T · Winsley Street, W1D · Winsley Street, W1W ·


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Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
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John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
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