St John’s Gate, Clerkenwell

St John’s Gate is one of the few tangible remains from Clerkenwell’s monastic past; it was built in 1504 by Prior Thomas Docwra as the south entrance to the inner precinct of Clerkenwell Priory, the priory of the Knights of Saint John - the Knights Hospitallers.

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Article · Farringdon · EC1M · Contributed by The Underground Map
MARCH
13
2016


St John’s Gate is one of the few tangible remains from Clerkenwell’s monastic past; it was built in 1504 by Prior Thomas Docwra as the south entrance to the inner precinct of Clerkenwell Priory, the priory of the Knights of Saint John - the Knights Hospitallers.

The substructure is of brick, the north and south façades of stone. After centuries of decay and much rebuilding, very little of the stone facing is original; heavily restored in the 19th century, the Gate today is in large part a Victorian recreation, the handiwork of a succession of architects — William P. Griffiths, R. Norman Shaw, and J. Oldrid Scott.


The building has many historical associations, most notably as the original printing-house for Edward Cave’s pioneering monthly, The Gentleman’s Magazine, and sometime workplace of Samuel Johnson. From 1701-1709 it was the childhood home of the painter William Hogarth. In 1703 his father Richard opened a coffee house there, ’Hogarth’s Coffee House’, offering Latin lessons together with the coffee.


For many years the building was used as a tavern. The Gate was acquired in the 1870s by the revived Order of St John and was gradually converted to serve as headquarters of both the Order and its subsidiary, St John Ambulance. It now also houses the Museum of the Order. Much of its Tudor-style interior, including the Council Chamber over the Arch, can be attributed to Scott’s renovations in the 1880s and 1890s.


St John’s Gate was voted an iconic landmark to represent Islington for the London Olympics 2012.
See also: Museum of the Order of St John


Source: Wikipedia



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City of London

The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.

As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.

It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.

The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.

The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.

The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Barbican:   The Barbican is a residential estate built during the 1960s and the 1970s in the City of London.
Central School of Ballet:   Central School of Ballet is a classical ballet school based in London, with students from countries all over the world.
Clerkenwell:   Clerkenwell was once known as London's Little Italy because of the large number of Italians living in the area from the 1850s until the 1960s.
Ely Place, EC1N:   Ely Place is a gated road at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.
Farringdon:   Farringdon station - the terminus for the very first underground railway in 1863 - is a London Underground and National Rail station in Clerkenwell, just north of the City of London in the London Borough of Islington. It will change significantly when it becomes an important interchange station between the two largest transport infrastructure programmes currently under way in London, the Thameslink Programme and Crossrail, both of which are scheduled for completion in 2018.
Half Moon Court, EC1A:   Halfmoon Court is the southern most of five passages leading eastward from Kinghorn Street.
Hicks Hall:   Hicks Hall (1611 - 1778) was a building in St John Street, Clerkenwell, London.
Holborn Circus, EC1N:   Holborn Circus is a junction of five highways in the City of London, on the boundary between Holborn, Hatton Garden and Smithfield.
Maison Novelli:   Maison Novelli was a restaurant in Clerkenwell, Central London, located opposite the Old Session House.
Middlesex Sessions House:   The Former Middlesex Session(s) House or the Old Sessions House is a large building on Clerkenwell Green.
Museum of the Order of St John:   The Museum of the Order of St John in Clerkenwell, London, tells the story of the Venerable Order of Saint John.
Smithfield, London:   Smithfield is a locality in the ward of Farringdon Without situated at the City of London’s northwest in central London, England.
St Andrew, Holborn:   The Church of St Andrew, Holborn stands within the Ward of Farringdon Without.
St Bartholomew’s Hospital:   St Bartholomew’s Hospital, also known simply as Barts and later more formally as The Royal Hospital of St Bartholomew, is a hospital located at Smithfield in the City of London and founded in 1123.
St Etheldreda’s Church:   St Etheldreda’s Church is in Ely Place, off Charterhouse Street in Holborn, London.
St John Clerkenwell:   St John Clerkenwell is a former parish church in Clerkenwell, now used as the chapel of the modern Order of St John.
St John's Gate:   St John's Gate is one of the few tangible remains from Clerkenwell's monastic past.
St Peter’s Italian Church:   St. Peter’s Italian Church is a Basilica-style church located in Holborn.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, EC1R · Agdon Street, EC1V · Albemarle Way, EC1V · Albion Courtyard, EC1M · Albion Place, EC1M · Albion Way, EC1A · Aylesbury Street, EC1R · Baldwin Gardens, EC1N · Baldwins Gardens, EC1N · Baldwins Gardens, WC1X · Bartholomew Close, EC1A · Bartholomew Passage, EC1A · Bartholomew Place, EC1A · Bastwick Street, EC1V · Benjamin Street, EC1M · Berry Place, EC1V · Berry Street, EC1M · Berry Street, EC1V · Bleeding Heart Yard, EC1N · Bowlin, EC1R · Bowling Green Lane, EC1R · Brewery Square, EC1V · Brewhouse Yard, EC1V · Briset Street, EC1M · Britton Street, EC1M · Broad Yard, EC1M · Brooke Street, EC1N · Buildings, EC1R · Carthusian Street, EC1A · Carthusian Street, EC1M · Central Markets, EC1A · Central Markets, EC1M · Charterhouse Buildings, EC1M · Charterhouse Mews, EC1M · Charterhouse Square, EC1M · Charterhouse Street, EC1A · Charterhouse Street, EC1M · Charterhouse Street, EC1N · Clerkenwell Close, EC1R · Clerkenwell Green, EC1R · Clerkenwell Greennorth Holborn, EC1R · Clerkenwell Road, EC1M · Cloth Court, EC1A · Cloth Fair, EC1A · Cloth Street, EC1A · Compton Street, EC1V · Cornwell House, EC1R · Corporation Row, EC1R · Cowcross Street, EC1 · Cowcross Street, EC1M · Cyrus Street, EC1V · Dallington Street, EC1V · Davina House, EC1V · Eagle Court, EC1M · East Central Markets, EC1A · East Market Building, EC1A · East Passage, EC1A · East Poultrey Avenue, EC1A · East Poultry Avenue, EC1A · Ely Court, EC1N · Ely Place, EC1N · Farringdon Lane, EC1R · Farringdon Road, EC1M · Farringdon Road, EC1V · Farringdon Street, EC1A · Faulkners Alley, EC1M · Finsbury Estate, EC1R · Florin Court, EC1M · Gate House, EC1M · Glasshouse Yard, EC1A · Goswell Road, EC1M · Grand Avenue, EC1A · Gravel Street, EC1N · Great Sutton Street, EC1V · Greenhills Rents, EC1M · Greville St Hatton Garden, EC1N · Greville Street, EC1N · Grimthorpe House, EC1V · Hatton Garden, EC1N · Hatton Place, EC1N · Hatton Square, EC1N · Hatton Wall, EC1N · Hatton, EC1N · Hayne Street, EC1A · Haywards Place, EC1R · Heton Gardens, NW4 · Holborn Viaduct, EC1A · Holborn, EC1N · Hosier Lane, EC1A · Jerusalem Passage, EC1V · Joseph Close, N4 · Joseph Trotter Close, EC1R · Kinghorn Street, EC1A · Kingsway Place, EC1R · Kirby Street, EC1N · Leather Lane, EC1N · Leo Yard, EC1V · Lindsey Street, EC1A · Little Britain, EC1M · London Central Markets, EC1A · Long Lane, EC1A · Long Lane, EC1M · Meredith Street, EC1R · Middle Street, EC1A · Newbury Street, EC1A · Newington Close, EC1R · Northburgh Street, EC1V · Pardon Street, EC1V · Passing Alley, EC1M · Pear Tree Court, EC1R · Penny Bank Chambers, EC1M · Pensioners Court The Charterhouse, EC1M · Percival Street, EC1V · Peters Lane, EC1M · Portpool Lane, EC1N · Preachers Court The Charterhouse, EC1M · Rosoman Place, EC1R · Saffron Hill, EC1N · Sans Walk, EC1R · Sans Works, EC1R · Scotswood Street, EC1R · Sekforde Court, EC1V · Sekforde Street, EC1R · Seward Street, EC1V · Skinner Street, EC1R · Smithfield Street, EC1A · Smokehouse Yard, EC1M · Snow Hill, EC1A · Snowhill, EC1A · St Agnes Well, EC1V · St Cross Street, EC1M · St Cross Street, EC1N · St Jamess Walk, EC1R · St John Street, EC1M · St John Street, EC1V · St Johns House, EC1V · St Johns Lane, EC1M · St Johns Path, EC1M · St Johns Place, EC1M · St Johns Square, EC1M · St Johns Square, EC1V · St John’s Gate, EC1M · St. John Street, EC1R · Sutton Lane, EC1M · Sutton Road, EC1M · The Charterhouse, EC1M · The Horseshoe Path, WC1B · Tompion House, EC1V · Tompion Street, EC1V · Turnmill Street, EC1M · Verulam Street, WC1X · Vestry House, EC1A · Waterhouse Square, EC1N · West Market Building, EC1A · West Smithfield, EC1A · Woodbridge Street, EC1R · Wyclif Street, EC1V ·


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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
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