Circus is a junction of five highways in the City of London, on the boundary between
It was designed by the engineer William Haywood and opened in 1867. The term circus describes the way the frontages of the buildings surrounding the junction curve.
On one side lies the church of St Andrew, Holborn
, an ancient guild church that survived the Great Fire of London. However, the parochial authority decided, nevertheless, to commission Christopher Wren to rebuild it. Although the nave was destroyed in the Blitz, the reconstruction was faithful to Wren’s original. Many other buildings surrounding Holborn
Circus were severely damaged during the Blitz. After the end of the Second World War, many were demolished.
Circus was described in Charles Dickens’ Dictionary of London (1879) as "perhaps... the finest piece of street architecture in the City".Read the Holborn
Circus entry on the Wikipedia...