Earl's Court Farm

Farm in/near The Underground Map, existing until 1867

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Farm · The Underground Map · SW5 · Contributed by The Underground Map
APRIL
11
2017
Earl's Court Farm (1867)

Earl’s Court Farm is pictured here as it was in 1867, before the opening of the underground station two years later.

There was no church or ancient nucleus in Earl’s Court, although a malthouse or brewhouse belonging to a Matthew Child had stood somewhere near the present No. 185 Earl’s Court Road in about 1683–1703. The Rocque map of 1741–6 shows little building in the locality. What it does show is three paths coming from the north-east and east, corresponding very roughly to Marloes Road and (still more roughly) Cromwell Road and the line of Harrington Road and Harrington Gardens.

These converged towards the manor house and farm of the manor of Earl’s Court on the other side of Earl’s Court Road and in doing so brought potential customers past a well-placed tavern, the White Hart, which since at least 1722 had stood back from but facing Earl’s Court Lane, in what is now Hogarth Road, slightly forward and west of No. 2. It survived, not much modernised until 1869.

It was one of the last areas of southern Kensington to be developed. The farm, under several generations of the Hutchins family, had been a very successful arable farm and market garden. Mr Alloway, a market gardener, took over in 1844 and can be seen here wearing a bowler hat with some of his workers including Mr Goddard and Mr Ives. The building in the background is the Manor House.

The image dates from the mid 1860s. Urban influences were creeping down the lane from Kensington High Street although the men in the picture seem unconcerned. The Manor House and the farm were demolished in the mid-1860s when the first Earls Court Station was built.

The last remnants of Earl’s Court Farm were removed in October 1878.

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VIEW THE THE UNDERGROUND MAP AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE THE UNDERGROUND MAP AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE THE UNDERGROUND MAP AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE THE UNDERGROUND MAP AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE THE UNDERGROUND MAP AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Earl's Court

Earls Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Earls Court was once a rural area, covered with green fields and market gardens. For over 500 years the land, part of the ancient manor of Kensington, was under the lordship of the Vere family, the Earls of Oxford and descendants of Aubrey de Vere, who held the manor of Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, in Domesday Book in 1086. The earls held their manorial court where Old Manor Yard is now, just by the London Underground station.

The construction of the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) station in 1865–69 was a catalyst for development. On 12 April 1869, the MDR (now the District Line) opened tracks through Earl’s Court as part of a south-westward extension from its station at Gloucester Road to West Brompton where the MDR opened an interchange with the West London Extension Joint Railway. In the quarter century afterwards, Earls Court was transformed into a densely populated suburb with 1200 houses and two churches. Eardley Crescent and Kempsford Gardens were built between 1867 and 1873, building began in Earls Court Square and Longridge Road in 1873, in Nevern Place in 1874, in Trebovir Road and Philbeach Gardens in 1876, and Nevern Square in 1880.

Following WWII a number of Polish immigrants settled in the Earls Court area leading to Earls Court Road being dubbed ’The Danzig Corridor’. During the late 1960s a large transient population of Australia and New Zealand travellers began to use Earls Court as a UK hub and over time it gained the name ’Kangaroo Valley’. It was at the time one of the cheapest areas close to central London, and up until the 1990s remained a somewhat down-at-heel district compared to its more upmarket neighbours to the North and East.

Today, while there are still significant numbers of students or other people on temporary visas, many of the Australians and New Zealanders appear to have moved on to now-cheaper areas further North and West.

The change in the area’s population is largely owed to rocketing property prices during the first decade of the 2000s and the continued gentrification of the area. The scale of change is illustrated by the economic divide between the eastern and western areas of Earls Court.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Blythe House:   Blythe House is a listed building located at 23 Blythe Road, West Kensington.
Cadby Hall:   Cadby Hall was a major office and factory complex in Hammersmith, London which was the headquarters of pioneering catering company Joseph Lyons and Co. for almost a century.
Chimes Shopping Centre, UB8:   Chimes Shopping Centre is in central Uxbridge.
Coleherne House:   Coleherne House once stood on the corner of Brompton Lane (later Brompton Road) and Walnut Tree Lane (now Redcliffe Gardens).
Earl's Court:   Earls Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Earls Court Exhibition Centre:   Earls Court Exhibition Centre is an exhibition, conference and events venue in London that opened in 1937.
Eaves Housing for Women:   Eaves Housing for Women (Eaves) was a charitable company based in London.
Gloucester Road:   Gloucester Road: Where Rumpole of the Bailey hung his hat.
Heathrow Airport Central bus station:   Heathrow Airport Central bus station serves London Heathrow Airport.
Heathrow Airside Road Tunnel:   The Heathrow Airside Road Tunnel (ART) is a tunnel connecting the airside roads around Terminals 1, 2 and 3 to those around Terminal 5.
London Heathrow Terminal 1:   Heathrow Terminal 1 is a disused airport terminal at London Heathrow Airport that was in operation between 1968 to 2015.
St. George’s Interdenominational Chapel:   St George’s Interdenominational Chapel is a place of worship situated in Heathrow Airport.
West Brompton:   West Brompton is a Network Rail West London Line and London Overground and Underground (District Line) station in west London.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus:   An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus, Mr Gladstone Travelling with Ordinary Passengers, 1885
London in 1457:   Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Stockwell station (1930):   Clapham Road in 1930, showing Stockwell station. Binfield Road runs off to the right.
White Conduit Street (1950s):   A line of children hold hands as they walk along the middle of White Conduit Street towards the junction with Chapel Market in Islington in the 1950s.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A232, CR9 · A3220, W11 · A3220, W12 · A4, SW1X · A4, W1J · A4020, UB9 · Addiscombe Road, CR9 · Alma Studios, W8 · Altyre Road, CR9 · Ashley Road, UB8 · Aurelia Gardens, CR9 · Austin Waye, UB8 · Barkston Gardens, SW5 · Barncroft Close, UB8 · Bartram Close, UB8 · Beatrice Place, W8 · Bedford Park, CR9 · Bell Lane, AL2 · Biko Close, UB8 · Billiter Street, EC3M · Bramham Gardens, SW5 · Bridge Road, UB8 · Brunel University Footway, UB10 · Brunel University Footway, UB8 · Bryony Close, UB8 · Bucks Avenue, WD1 · Bucks Avenue, WD19 · Burlington Arcade, W1J · Camden Walk, N1 · Camley Street, N1C · Cavell Street, E1W · Cedar Way, N1C · Chapel Lane, UB8 · Chapel Walk, CR0 · Charter Place, UB8 · Chigwell Hill, E1W · Childs Place, SW5 · Chippendale Waye, UB8 · Church Alley, CR0 · Church Lane, UB8 · Church Road, UB8 · Church Street, CR0 · Church Street, CR9 · Civic Centre, UB8 · Clayton Way, UB8 · Cobden Close, UB8 · Coleherne Mews, SW10 · Coleherne Road, SW10 · Colham Green Road, UB8 · College Road, CR0 · Collingham Place, SW5 · Commerce Way, CR9 · Cornwall Gardens Walk, SW7 · Cromwell Road, SW5 · Cross Road, UB8 · Culvert Lane, UB8 · Daleham Drive, UB8 · Dellfield Crescent, UB8 · Dellfield Parade, UB8 · Denham Lodge, UB9 · Derby Road, UB8 · Dickens Avenue, UB8 · Dingwall Road, CR9 · Duke Street Hill, SE1 · Eardley Crescent, SW5 · Eardley Cresent, SW5 · Earls Court Gardens, SW5 · Earls Court Road, SW5 · Earls Court Square, SW5 · Earl’s Court Road, SW5 · Empress Place, SW6 · Fairfield Road, CR9 · Fairfield Road, UB8 · Farnell Mews, SW5 · Farrier Close, UB8 · Fell Road, CR0 · FP 587, CR9 · Freight Lane, N1C · Galpin’s Road, CR9 · Gatting Way, UB8 · Gladstone Way, HA3 · Goods Way, N1C · Handyside Street, N1 · Harefield Road, UB8 · Harlington Road, UB8 · Haymarket, SW1Y · Hesper Mews, SW5 · High Street, UB8 · Hilliards Road, UB8 · Hogarth Place, SW5 · Hogarth Road, SW5 · Horseshoe Drive, UB8 · Islington Green Camden Passage, N1 · Iver Lane, UB8 · Kempsford Gardens, SW5 · Kenway Road, SW5 · Kidderminster Road, CR0 · Kidderminster Road, CR9 · Kingston Lane, UB8 · Knaresborough Place, SW5 · Kramer Mews, SW5 · Lancaster Road, UB8 · Langham Mansions, SW5 · Laverton Place, SW5 · Leathermarket Court, SE1P · Lees Road, UB8 · Lexham Gardens, SW5 · Lexham Gardens, W8 · Lexham Mews, W8 · Logan Place, W8 · Longbridge Way, UB8 · Longridge Road, SW5 · Lynch Close, UB8 · Lysander Road, CR9 · M25, GU23 · Manor Waye, UB8 · Marloes Road, SW5 · Marlowe Way, CR0 · Mason’s Avenue, CR9 · Midas Industrial Estate, UB8 · Mill Avenue, UB8 · Mint Walk, CR9 · Mitcham Road, CR9 · Monks Orchard Road, CR9 · Morocco Street, SE1 · Moys Close, CR9 · Nevern Place, SW5 · Nevern Road, SW5 · Nevern Square, SW5 · New Arcade, UB8 · New Burlington Mews, W1B · New Road, UB8 · Nicholls Avenue, UB8 · Norfolk Road, UB8 · Norris Street, SW1Y · North End Mall, CR0 · North End, CR0 · Nursery Waye, UB8 · Old Brompton Road, SW5 · Old Brompton Road, SW6 · Old Manor Yard, SW5 · Old Mill Lane, SL0 · Old Mill Lane, UB8 · Old Palace Road, CR0 · Osborne Road, UB8 · Park Lane, CR9 · Parson’s Mead, CR9 · Pegasus Road, CR0 · Pembroke Villas, W8 · Pembroke Walk, W8 · Pennant Mews, W8 · Penywern Road, SW5 · Pield Heath Road, UB8 · Princes Way, CR0 · Pylon Way, CR0 · Pylon Way, CR9 · Queensway, CR9 · Radley Mews, W8 · Railway Approach, SE1 · Redcliffe Close, SW5 · Redcliffe Square, SW10 · Redfield Lane, SW5 · Riverside Way, SL0 · Riverside Way, UB8 · Riverside Way, UB9 · Riverside Yard, UB8 · Robert Street, CR9 · Rockingham Parade, UB8 · Rockingham Road, UB8 · ROSEMARY CLOSE, UB8 · Sefton Way, UB8 · Shepherds Close, UB8 · Skate park, UB10 · Smith’s Yard, CR9 · Southfield Close, UB8 · Spear Mews, SW5 · St Albans Street, SW1Y · St Martin Close, UB8 · St Pancras Cruising Club, N1C · Stable Street, N1C · Stafford Cross, CR9 · Station Approach, HP16 · Stilwell Roundabout, UB8 · Stratford Road, W8 · Sunningdale Gardens, W8 · Tachbrook Road, UB8 · Tavistock Road, CR9 · Temple Park, UB8 · Templeton Place, SW5 · The Broad Walk, KT8 · The Chimes Shopping Centre, UB8 · The Dene, CR9 · The Mansions, SW5 · The Meads, UB8 · The Parade, UB8 · The Penthouse Apartment Riverbank Point, UB8 · Trafalgar Square, WC2N · Trebouir Road, SW5 · Trebovir Road, SW5 · Trident Way, UB2 · Upper Shirley Road, CR9 · Vine Street, UB8 · Violet Avenue, UB8 · Waddon Marsh Way, CR9 · Waddon Way, CR9 · Warwick Road, SW5 · Weir Road, SW17 · Wellesley Grove, CR9 · Wellesley Passage, CR9 · Wellesley Road, CR0 · Wescott Way, UB8 · Westgate Terrace, SW10 · Wetherby Mansions, SW5 · Wetherby Mews, SW5 · Windsor Street, UB8 · Wisley Interchange, GU23 · Worcester Road, UB8 · Wyvern Way, UB8 ·


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