Mornington Crescent is a London Underground station in Camden Town, named after the nearby street.
Mornington Cresent was named after Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington.
Garret Wesley was a talented composer from County Meath in Ireland who in 1760 was created Earl of Mornington and Viscount Wellesley. The future victor at the Battle of Waterloo - Arthur Wellesley who became the Duke of Wellington - was Garret Wesley’s third son.
He also had a daughter Anne who married local landowner Henry FitzRoy in 1790. Owning this patch of Camden, Henry named Mornington Crescent, Mornington Place, Mornington Terrace
and Mornington Street
after the title of his father-in-law.
Mornington Crescent was begun in 1821 although the northernmost part of the crescent was called Southampton Street until 1864.
The Crescent became quite an artists’ colony in the latter part of the nineteenth century with Spencer Gore, Frederick Pickersgill and Walter Sickert residing there.
The Mornington Crescent Gardens were designed for the enjoyment and leisure of the residents but were built over in 1928 when the Carreras cigarette factory was built.
Mornington Crescent, northwest quadrant (1904).
The view includes no.31 where Spencer Gore rented a room between 1909–12.
Camden Local Studies and Archives Centre
The station was opened as part of the original route of the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (now the Charing Cross branch of the Northern Line) on 22 June 1907. After opening, it was little used, and for many years it was open only on weekdays, and before 1966 Edgware-bound trains passed through without stopping.
On 23 October 1992 the station was shut so that the then 85-year-old lifts could be replaced. The intention was to open it within one year. However, the state of neglect meant other work had to be completed, and the station was closed for most of the 1990s, amidst talk of it closing permanently.
However, a concerted campaign to reopen the station was launched, as the station is held in fond regard due to the popular BBC Radio 4 panel game I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue
, which frequently features the game round Mornington Crescent
, a game which takes its name from the station.
Mornington Crescent, the game, consists of each panellist in turn announcing a landmark or street, most often a tube station on the London Underground system. The apparent aim is to be the first to announce "Mornington Crescent". Interspersed with the turns is humorous discussion amongst the panellists and host regarding the rules and legality of each move, as well as the strategy the panellists are using. Despite appearances, however, there are no rules to the game, and both the naming of stations and the specification of 'rules' are based on stream-of-consciousness association and improvisation. Thus the game is intentionally incomprehensible.
The station was reopened on 27 April 1998 by the regular cast of I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue
(Humphrey Lyttelton, Barry Cryer, Tim Brooke-Taylor and Graeme Garden) and a memorial plaque to the late Willie Rushton, one of the longest-serving panelists, was installed at the station in 2002.
Since its reopening, the station has been open at the same times as most other stations, including weekends, in an attempt to relieve the pressure on the increasingly busy nearby Camden Town station.