Nelson House, SW1V

Residential/commercial block in/near Pimlico

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.227.31.145 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Residential/commercial block · Pimlico · SW1V · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
1
2000


Residential block



ADD A STORY TO NELSON HOUSE
VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Pimlico

Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Manor of Ebury was divided up and leased by the Crown to servants or favourites. In 1623, James I sold the freehold of Ebury for £1,151 and 15 shillings. The land was sold on several more times, until it came into the hands of heiress Mary Davies in 1666.

Mary's dowry not only included modern-day Pimlico and Belgravia, but also most of what is now Mayfair and Knightsbridge. Understandably, she was much pursued but in 1677, at the age of twelve, married Sir Thomas Grosvenor. The Grosvenors were a family of Norman descent long seated at Eaton Hall in Cheshire who until this auspicious marriage were but of local consequence in their native county of Cheshire. Through the development and good management of this land the Grosvenors acquired enormous wealth.

At some point in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, the area ceased to be known as Ebury or 'The Five Fields' and gained the name by which it is now known. According to tradition, it received its name from Ben Pimlico, famous for his nut-brown ale. His tea-gardens, however, were near Hoxton, and the road to them was termed Pimlico Path, so that what is now called Pimlico was so named from the popularity of the Hoxton resort.

By the nineteenth century, and as a result of an increase in demand for property in the previously unfashionable West End of London following the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London, Pimlico had become ripe for development. In 1825, Thomas Cubitt was contracted by Lord Grosvenor to develop Pimlico. The land up to this time had been marshy but was reclaimed using soil excavated during the construction of St Katharine Docks.

Cubitt developed Pimlico as a grid of handsome white stucco terraces. The largest and most opulent houses were built along St George's Drive and Belgrave Road, the two principal streets, and Eccleston, Warwick and St George's Squares. Lupus Street contained similarly grand houses, as well as shops and, until the early twentieth century, a hospital for women and children. Smaller-scale properties, typically of three storeys, line the side streets. An 1877 newspaper article described Pimlico as "genteel, sacred to professional men… not rich enough to luxuriate in Belgravia proper, but rich enough to live in private houses." Its inhabitants were "more lively than in Kensington… and yet a cut above Chelsea, which is only commercial."

Although the area was dominated by the well-to-do middle and upper-middle classes as late as Booth's 1889 Map of London Poverty, parts of Pimlico are said to have declined significantly by the 1890s. When Rev Gerald Olivier moved to the neighbourhood in 1912 with his family, including the young Laurence Olivier, to minister to the parishioners of St Saviour, it was part of a venture to west London 'slums' that had previously taken the family to the depths of Notting Hill.

Through the late nineteenth century, Pimlico saw the construction of several Peabody Estates, charitable housing projects designed to provide affordable, quality homes.

Proximity to the Houses of Parliament made Pimlico a centre of political activity. Prior to 1928, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress shared offices on Eccleston Square, and it was here in 1926 that the General Strike was organised.

In the mid-1930s Pimlico saw a second wave of development with the construction of Dolphin Square, a self-contained 'city' of 1250 up-market flats built on the site formerly occupied by Cubitt's building works. Completed in 1937, it quickly became popular with MPs and public servants. It was home to fascist Oswald Mosley until his arrest in 1940, and the headquarters of the Free French for much of the Second World War.

Pimlico survived the war with its essential character intact, although parts sustained significant bomb damage. Through the 1950s these areas were the focus of large-scale redevelopment as the Churchill Gardens and Lillington and Longmoore Gardens estates, and many of the larger Victorian houses were converted to hotels and other uses.

To provide affordable and efficient heating to the residents of the new post-war developments, Pimlico became one of the few places in the UK to have a district heating system installed.

In 1953, the Second Duke of Westminster sold the part of the Grosvenor estate on which Pimlico is built.

Pimlico was connected to the underground in 1972 as a late addition to the Victoria Line. Following the designation of a conservation area in 1968 (extended in 1973 and again in 1990), the area has seen extensive regeneration. Successive waves of development have given Pimlico an interesting social mix, combining exclusive restaurants and residences with Westminster City Council run facilities.

Notable residents of Pimlico have included politician Winston Churchill, designer Laura Ashley, philosopher Swami Vivekananda, actor Laurence Olivier, illustrator and author Aubrey Beardsley, Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and inventor of lawn tennis Major Walter Wingfield.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Apollo Victoria Theatre:   The Apollo Victoria Theatre is a West End theatre, across from London Victoria Station.
Battersea Power Station:   Battersea Power Station is a future Underground station on the Northern Line.
Burdett-Coutts and Townshend Foundation CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Churchill Gardens Primary Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Eaton Square School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 13. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Fairley House School:   Other independent special school which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 16.
Government Equalities Office:   The Government Equalities Office (GEO) was part of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) of HM Government. It was created in October 2007 when the Women and Equality Unit, based within the Department for Communities and Local Government was converted into an independent department.
Griffin Primary School:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Harris Westminster Sixth Form:   Free schools 16 to 19 (16 plus) which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 19.
Little Ben:   Little Ben is a cast iron miniature clock tower, situated at the intersection of Vauxhall Bridge Road and Victoria Street, close to the approach to Victoria station.
Millbank Academy:   Academy converter (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Pimlico:   Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.
Pimlico Academy:   Pimlico Academy (formerly Pimlico School) is a mixed-sex education secondary school and sixth form with academy status.
Pimlico Primary:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
Sleaford Street School:   Sleaford Street School opened in 1874.
South Locality Hub Lead - Churchill Gardens Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
St Gabriel’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
St George’s CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St James the Less:   St James the Less is an Anglican church built by George Edmund Street in the Gothic Revival style.
St Matthew’s School, Westminster:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Vincent de Paul RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St. James's Park:   St James's Park station is not only a station but London Underground HQ - otherwise known as 55 Broadway.
Tachbrook Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 5.
Tate Britain:   Tate Britain (known from 1897 to 1932 as the National Gallery of British Art and from 1932 to 2000 as the Tate Gallery) is an art gallery situated on Millbank in London.
The Grey Coat Hospital:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Tothill Fields Bridewell:   Tothill Fields Bridewell (also known as Tothill Fields Prison and Westminster Bridewell) was a prison located in Westminster between 1618 and 1884.
Victoria Bus Station:   Victoria bus station is a bus station outside Victoria Station in Terminus Place.
Victoria Palace Theatre:   Victoria Palace Theatre stands opposite Victoria Station.
Victoria Tower Gardens:   
Westminster Abbey Choir School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 8 and 13.
Westminster Cathedral:   The ’Metropolitan Cathedral of the Precious Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ’ is the mother church of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.
Westminster Cathedral Choir School:   Westminster Cathedral Choir School is a boarding and day preparatory school for boys in Victoria.
Westminster Cathedral Choir School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 13. Admissions policy: Selective (grammar).
Westminster Cathedral RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
Westminster City School:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Westminster Under School:   Westminster Under School is an independent school and preparatory school for boys aged 7 to 13 and is attached to Westminster School.
Westminster Under School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 7 and 14. Admissions policy: Selective (grammar).
Yvonne Carr Children Centre:   This is a children’s centre.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Close, SW8 · Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P · Allington Street, SW1E · Ambrosden Avenue, SW1P · Andrew Place, SW8 · Arden Street, SW8 · Arneway Street, SW1P · Artillery Place, SW1P · Artillery Row, SW1P · Ascalon House, SW8 · Ascalon Street, SW8 · Ashley Gardens, SW1P · Ashley Place, SW1P · Aston House, SW8 · Atterbury Street, SW1P · Aylesford Street, SW1V · Balvaird Place, SW1V · Belgrave Road, SW1V · Belmore Street, SW8 · Bessborough Gardens, SW1V · Bessborough Place, SW1V · Bessborough Street, SW1V · Bloomberg Street, SW1V · Bloomburg Street, SW1V · Blore Close, SW8 · Bradfield House, SW8 · Bramley Crescent, SW8 · Bressenden Place, SW1E · Brewers Green, SW1H · Broadway, SW1H · Brooklands Passage, SW8 · Brooks Court, SW8 · Buckingham Gate, SW1E · Buckingham Mews, SW1E · Buckingham Place, SW1E · Butler Place, SW1H · Cambridge Street, SW1V · Cardinal Walk, SW1E · Carey Gardens, SW8 · Carey Place, SW1V · Carlisle Mansions, SW1P · Carlisle Place, SW1P · Castle Lane, SW1E · Catherine Place, SW1E · Causton Street, SW1P · Caxton Street, SW1H · Ceylon Street, SW8 · Chadwick Street, SW1P · Chapter Chambers, SW1P · Chapter Street, SW1P · Charlwood Place, SW1V · Charlwood Street, SW1V · Cherwell Street, SW8 · Chichester Street, SW1V · Christchurch Vicarage, SW8 · Churchill Gardens Road, SW1V · Churchill Gardens, SW1V · Churchill Gardens, W5 · Churton Place, SW1V · Churton Street, SW1V · Clarendon Street, SW1V · Claverton Street, SW1V · Clyston Street, SW8 · Coburg Close, SW1P · Condell Road, SW8 · Corunna Road, SW8 · Courland Grove, SW8 · Courland Street, SW8 · Cowthorpe Road, SW8 · Crimsworth Road, SW8 · Cringle Street, SW1V · Cringle Street, SW8 · Crown Reach Riverside Walk, SW1V · Dacre Street, SW1H · Dalkeith Court, SW1P · Dean Farrar Street, SW1H · Deeley Road, SW8 · Dells Mews, SW1V · Denbigh Mews, SW1V · Denbigh Place, SW1V · Denbigh Street, SW1V · Dolphin Square East Side, SW1V · Dolphin Square West Side, SW1V · Dolphin Square West, SW1V · Douglas Street, SW1P · Drummond Gate, SW1V · Duncan House, SW1V · Eccleston Square Mews, SW1V · Egerton House, SW1V · Eland House · Elizabeth Bridge, SW1V · Elm Lane, SW8 · Elverton Street, SW1P · Emery Hill Street, SW1P · Erasmus Street, SW1P · Esterbrooke Street, SW1P · Evelyn Mansions, SW1P · Fount Street, SW8 · Francis Street, SW1P · Frobisher House, SW1V · Fruit And Vegetable Market, SW8 · Fruit Vegetable Market, SW8 · Garden Terrace, SW1V · Gillingham Row, SW1V · Gillingham Street, SW1V · Glasgow Terrace, SW1V · Gloucester Street, SW1V · Goldsboro Road, SW8 · Goldsborough House Springfield Estate, SW8 · Goldsborough House, SW8 · Gordon House, SW1P · Great Smith Street, SW1P · Greencoat Place, SW1P · Greycoat Gardens, SW1P · Greycoat Place, SW1P · Greycoat Street, SW1P · Grosvenor Road, SW1V · Grosvenor Road, SW8 · Guildhouse Street, SW1V · Haines Street, SW8 · Hatherley Street, SW1P · Hemans Street, SW8 · Herrick Street, SW1P · Hide Place, SW1P · Hookham Court, SW8 · Howick Place, SW1E · Howick Place, SW1P · Hudsons Place, SW1V · Hugh Street, SW1V · Imex Business Centre, SW8 · Imex Centre, SW8 · John Islip Street, SW1P · Johnson’s Place, SW1V · Joseph Conrad House, SW1V · Keyes House, SW1V · King’s Scholars’ Passage, SW1P · King’s Scholars’ Passage, SW1V · Kingsgate Parade, SW1E · Kirtling Street, SW8 · Lambeth Bridge, SW1P · Larkhall Lane, SW4 · Lindsay Square, SW1V · Linford Street, SW8 · Link House, SW8 · Little Cloisters, SW1P · Longmoore Street, SW1V · Lupus Street, SW1V · Lutyens House, SW1V · Medway Street, SW1P · Millbank Tower, SW1P · Millbank, SW1P · Minshull Street, SW8 · Monck Street, SW1P · Moreton Place, SW1 · Moreton Street, SW1V · Moreton Terrace Mews North, SW1V · Morpeth Mansions Morpeth Mansions, SW1P · Morpeth Mansions, SW1P · Morpeth Terrace, SW1P · Neat House Place, SW1V · Neate House, SW1V · Neathouse Place, SW1V · New Covent Garden Centre, SW8 · New Palace Yard, SW1A · Nine Elms Lane, SW8 · Old Palace Yard, SW1P · Old Pye Street, SW1P · Page Street, SW1P · Palace Street, SW1 · Palace Street, SW1E · Palmer Street, SW1H · Path to hotel entrance, SW1P · Patmore Street, SW8 · Paxton Terrace, SW1V · Petty France, SW1H · Ponsonby Place, SW1P · Ponsonby Terrace, SW1P · Ponton Road, SW8 · Portland House · Portslade Road, SW8 · Post Office Way, SW1P · Post Office Way, SW8 · Priory Court, SW8 · Queen Annes Gate Buildings, SW1H · Rampayne Street, SW1V · Ranelagh Road, SW1V · Regency Place, SW1P · Regency Street, SW1P · Rivermill, SW1V · Riverside Walk East, EC3R · Riverside Walk, SW1V · Riverside Walk, SW8 · Rochester Row, SW1P · Rochester Street, SW1P · Roebuck House, SW1E · Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground: Chelsea College of Art and Desi, SW1P · Rudolf Place, SW8 · Rutherford Street, SW1P · Saint George’s Drive, SW1V · Saint George’s Square, SW1V · Savona Street, SW8 · Seaforth Place, SW1E · Sleaford Industrial Estate, SW8 · Sleaford Street, SW8 · Southville, SW8 · Spencer House, SW8 · Spenser Street, SW1E · St Anns Street, SW1P · St Georges Drive, SW1V · St Georges Square, SW1V · St Matthew Street, SW1P · St Saviours Hall, SW1V · St Vincents Centre, SW1P · St. Ermin’s Hill, SW1H · St. Georges Close, SW8 · St. Matthew Street, SW1P · St.George’s Square, SW1V · Stag Place, SW1E · Statham House, SW8 · Stewart Court, SW8 · Stewart’s Road, SW8 · Stewarts Road, SW8 · Stillington Street, SW1P · Strutton Ground, SW1P · Tachbrook Mews, SW1V · Tachbrook Street, SW1V · The Arcade, SW1V · Thessaly Road, SW8 · Thirleby Road, SW1P · Thorndike Street, SW1V · Thorney Street, SW1P · Thorparch Road, SW8 · Tothill Street, SW1H · Tun Yard, SW8 · Turpentine Lane, SW1V · Tweed Street, SW8 · Udall Street, SW1P · Upper Tachbrook Street, SW1V · Vandon Street, SW1H · Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1P · Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1V · Vauxhall Bridge, SE1 · Vauxhall Bridge, SW1P · Vauxhall Bridge, SW1V · Vauxhall Bridge, SW8 · Victoria Arcade, SW1E · Victoria Arcade, SW1V · Victoria Chambers, SW1P · Victoria Street, SW1E · Victoria Street, SW1H · Victoria Street, SW1W · Vincent Square, SW1P · Vincent Street, SW1P · Wadhurst Road, SW8 · Walcott Street, SW1P · Wandsworth Road, SW4 · Warwick Place North, SW1V · Warwick Row, SW1E · Warwick Square Mews, SW1V · Warwick Square, SW1V · Warwick Way, SW1V · Wenham House, SW8 · West Mews, SW1V · Westminster Palace Gardens, SW1P · Westminster, SW1A · Westmoreland Terrace, SW1V · Wilcox Place, SW1E · Wilfred Street, SW1E · Willow Place, SW1P · Willow Place, SW1V · Wilton Road, SW1V ·
Print-friendly version of this page

Links

Victoria
Facebook Page
Pimlico
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.