Tower of London

Castle in/near Tower Hill, existing until now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
3.88.156.58 
Too much info? Click here to declutter the page
Abbey · Abchurch Lane · Abchurch Yard · Agenda · Alderman Stairs · Alderman Stairs · Aldgate · Aldgate East · Aldgate High Street · Aldgate Pump · Aldgate · Alie Street · All Bar One · All Bar One · All Hallows-by-the-Tower · America Square · Artichoke Hill · Asher Way · Back Alley · Back Mews · Balls Brothers @ Minster Court · Balls Brothers Wine Bar · Balls Brothers · Bank · Bar 20 · Bavarian Beerhouse · Be At One · Be At One · Bedales Wine Bar · Beer Lane · Bermondsey Wall West · Bevis Marks Synagogue · Bevis Marks · Bishopsgate · Blue Anchor Yard · Boar’s Head Theatre · Boyd Street · Breezer’s Hill · Bridge House · Brokers Wine Bar · Browns · Brunswick Court · Bursar Street · Byward Tower · Cannick Tapps · Cannon Street · Cannon Street · Capel Court · Chamber Street · Change Alley · City Flogger · City Sports Pub and Grill · Collingwood Street · Commercial Pier Wharf · Corney & Barrow · Craft Beer Co · Crofts Street · Crosse Keys · Crosswall · Davys · Dirty Martini · Dirty Martini Monument · Duke of Somerset · Dukes Place · Dukes Place · East Flank · East India Arms · Emperor Wine Bar · Fenchurch Street · Flank Street · Forbes Street · Forge Bar & Club · Goodman City Ltd · Goodman’s Yard · Goodman’s Fields · Goodman’s Fields Theatre · Gower’s Walk · Great Maze Pond · Great St Helen’s · Great Synagogue of London · Hanseatic Walk · Harry’s Bar · Hay’s Lane · Haydon Street · Haydon Street · Henriques Street · Holy Trinity · Isis Bar · Jamaica Wine House · Jamies · Jamies · Jamies · Jamies St Mary At Hill · Joiner Street · Joiner Street · Kennet Street · Leadenhall Street · Leadenhall Street · Leman Street · Liberty Bounds · Library Square · Lime Street · Little Somerset Street · Lloyds Club Limited · London Bridge · London Metal Exchange · Loose Cannon · Maggie Blake’s Cause · Maggie Blake’s Cause · Mansion House · Mews Street · Mill Yard · Minories · Montague Close · Monument · Monument Gdns · Monument to the Great Fire of London · Munster Court · Number 25 · Old Broad Street · One Under Lime · Orton Street · Oyster Shed · Pause · Petty Wales · Planet Of The Grapes · Plantain Gardens · Plantain Gardens · Portsoken · Postal zone EC3N 4** · Potters Fields · Prescot Street · Pudding Lane · Queen’s Head Yard · Railway Arches · Revolution · Revolution · Roma · Royal Mint Court · Rupert Street · Saint Katharine’s Way · Saint Katherine’s Way · Salotto 31 · Scarborough Street · Shad Thames · Shipwright Yard · Shorter Street · Sir John Hawkshaw · Slug and Lettuce · South Tenter Street · St Anthony’s Close · St Augustine Papey · St Botolph’s · St George’s German Lutheran Church · St James’s Passage · St James’s Place · St Katharine Cree · St Katharine’s Way · St Magnus-the-Martyr · St Mark Street · St Thomas Street · St. Mary Axe · Star Place · Steam Wine Bar · Stockholm Way · Stutfield Street · Sugar Quay Walk · Sugar Quay Walk · Swingers · Talbot Court · Talbot Yard · The Angel · The Arbitrager · The Bell · The Bootlegger’s Club Ltd · The Britannia · The Bunch Of Grapes · The Cock & Woolpack · The Counting House · The Crutched Friar · The Draft House · The Folly · The Green Man · The Hoop & Grapes · The Hung Drawn & Quartered · The Hydrant · The Minories · The Monument · The New Moon · The Olde Wine Shades · The Peacock · The Queen’s Steps · The Queen’s Steps · The Ship · The Ship · The Sterling · The Swan · The Tanneries · The Three Lords · The Walrus & The Carpenter · Three Tuns · Tower Bridge Approach · Tower Bridge Approach · Tower Bridge · Tower Gateway · Tower Hill · Tower Hill Terrace · Tower Hill · Tower of London · Tower Walk · Trinity Square · Undershaft · Vine Lane · Vintage Yard · Weavers Lane · Wellclose Square · White Hart Yard · White Horse · Willys Wine Bar · Wine Lodge
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Castle · Tower Hill · EC3N ·
July
19
2013

In the late 1070s, William the Conqueror began to build a massive stone tower at the centre of his London fortress. Nothing like it had ever been seen before.

The Tower of London seen from across the River Thames (2006)
Credit: Pikous
The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The Tower of London was used as a prison from 1100 (Ranulf Flambard) until 1952 (the Kray twins) although that was not its primary purpose.

A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

The Tower of London has played a prominent role in English history. It was besieged several times and controlling it has been important to controlling the country. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. From the early 14th century until the reign of Charles II, a procession would be led from the Tower to Westminster Abbey on the coronation of a monarch. In the absence of the monarch, the Constable of the Tower is in charge of the castle. This was a powerful and trusted position in the medieval period. In the late 15th century the castle was the prison of the Princes in the Tower. Under the Tudors, the Tower became used less as a royal residence, and despite attempts to refortify and repair the castle its defences lagged behind developments to deal with artillery.

The peak period of the castle's use as a prison was the 16th and 17th centuries, when many figures who had fallen into disgrace, such as Elizabeth I before she became queen, were held within its walls. This use has led to the phrase sent to the Tower. Despite its enduring reputation as a place of torture and death, popularised by 16th-century religious propagandists and 19th-century writers, only seven people were executed within the Tower before the World Wars of the 20th century. Executions were more commonly held on the notorious Tower Hill to the north of the castle, with 112 occurring there over a 400-year period.

In the latter half of the 19th century, institutions such as the Royal Mint moved out of the castle to other locations, leaving many buildings empty. Anthony Salvin and John Taylor took the opportunity to restore the Tower to what was felt to be its medieval appearance, clearing out many of the vacant post-medieval structures. In the First and Second World Wars, the Tower was again used as a prison, and witnessed the executions of 12 men for espionage. After the Second World War, damage caused during the Blitz was repaired and the castle reopened to the public. Today the Tower of London is one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. It is cared for by the charity Historic Royal Palaces and is protected as a World Heritage Site.

Citations and sources

Blog about E1 and the surrounding areas
Survey of London's Whitechapel Survey
Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page


Jan
Jan   
Added: 15 Mar 2018 09:39 GMT   
IP: 92.30.46.73
2:1:2481
Post by Jan: Kerbela Street, E2

My grandparents lived in Kerbela Street many years ago when they were terraced houses. My memory of the street is one long street with these strange wrought iron things outside - which I now know as boot scrapers. The house inside was fairly large, but I was a child. Loo was outside. Shame they knocked the terraces down and build a huge housing estate, but that?s progress I suppose. Does anyone know the origin of the name Kerbela?

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 May 2019 06:40 GMT   
IP:
3:2:2481
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Restaurant fined for ’flagrant disregard for public health’
Restaurant fined for ’flagrant disregard for public health’

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/b0993xZBnHg/9922

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 22:20 GMT   
IP:
3:3:2481
Post by LDNnews: Borough
Jubilee Line closed as passengers evacuated
Fifty-nine passengers are escorted off a train, with four people being treated by paramedics.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-48379660

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 22:20 GMT   
IP:
3:4:2481
Post by LDNnews: Bank
London Bridge inquest: Bullet ’centimetres’ from witness
Court sees image of the moment a police shot comes through pub window, striking another man in the head.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-48387041

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 20:30 GMT   
IP:
3:5:2481
Post by LDNnews: Aldgate East
French Open draw: Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic, Roger Federer and Naomi Osaka discover first round opponents
The French Open main draw has been announced as reigning champions Rafael Nadal and Simona Halep discover their opponents for the first round.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/tennis/french-open-draw-rafael-nadal-novak-djokovic-roger-federer-naomi-osaka-discover-first-round-a4150151.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 20:30 GMT   
IP:
3:6:2481
Post by LDNnews: Aldgate
Murder probe launched after couple in their sixties found dead in Kensington flat
A man has been arrested after a couple in their late sixties were found dead in their Kensington home.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/murder-probe-launched-after-couple-in-their-sixties-found-dead-in-kensington-flat-a4150161.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:7:2481
Post by LDNnews: Cannon Street
Bromley Council ’pulls out’ of child asylum seeker scheme unless Government stumps up for the bill

Bromley is the first council in London to stop taking in asylum-seeking children until the Government stumps up the cash to fund them.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17659871.bromley-council-to-stop-taking-child-asylum-seekers-unless-government-helps-with-the-bill/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 05:30 GMT   
IP:
3:8:2481
Post by LDNnews: Borough
Fire brigade serves enforcement notice at London Bridge Tube
The London Fire Brigade has served an enforcement notice on London Underground, citing eight breaches of fire safety rules at London Bridge Tube Station.

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/NIW4w3XkBk4/9919

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 May 2019 05:30 GMT   
IP:
3:9:2481
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Police seek man who spat in passengers’ faces at London Bridge
Police officers investigating an incident where a man is reported to have spat at random people at London Bridge Station have released a CCTV image of a man they would like to speak to.

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/7n3pGZJdByM/9920

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 21:20 GMT   
IP:
3:10:2481
Post by LDNnews: Borough
Fire safety rules breached at London Bridge Tube station
The fire brigade says London Bridge Tube station is in breach of eight fire safety regulations.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-48369242

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 21:20 GMT   
IP:
3:11:2481
Post by LDNnews: Bank
London Bridge inquest: Attackers ’stalked people like predators’
One of the injured says the attackers looked like they were stalking someone when they entered a bar.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-48368346

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 20:20 GMT   
IP:
3:12:2481
Post by LDNnews: Aldgate East
Who is Abigail Graham? Model Ashley Graham's little sister stars in new Swimsuits For All campaign
’It really wasn’t that hard to sell me on going to the beach’

https://www.standard.co.uk/insider/alist/model-ashley-grahams-little-sister-stars-in-new-swimsuits-for-all-campaign-a4149116.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 20:20 GMT   
IP:
3:13:2481
Post by LDNnews: Aldgate
From his alleged university love interest to the ex who he ventured to Kenya for
From his alleged university love interest to the ex who he ventured to Kenya for

https://www.standard.co.uk/insider/royalssociety/women-prince-william-reportedly-dated-before-he-married-kate-middleton-a4149086.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 14:20 GMT   
IP:
3:14:2481
Post by LDNnews: Cannon Street
A tragic day - how News Shopper reported the murder of Lee Rigby six years ago today

Six years ago today, May 22, 2013 had been just a normal day in the News Shopper newsroom.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17655911.lee-rigby-murder-six-year-anniversary-how-that-day-in-2013-unfolded/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 05:40 GMT   
IP:
3:15:2481
Post by LDNnews: Borough
RV1 carries average of 8 passengers per bus, claims TfL
Transport for London has described the RV1 as "one of central London’s emptiest bus routes" as it prepares to withdraw the service from Saturday 15 June.

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/-sQ62_Rn9z0/9917

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 May 2019 05:40 GMT   
IP:
3:16:2481
Post by LDNnews: Bermondsey
Council moves to protect Victorian mineral water bottling works
A former mineral water and ginger beer bottling works just off the Old Kent Road has been protected by Southwark Council from the risk of demolition.

http://feeds.london-se1.co.uk/~r/se1-news/~3/h2oV2jGYMoE/9918

VIEW THE TOWER HILL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE TOWER HILL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE TOWER HILL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE TOWER HILL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE TOWER HILL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Tower Hill

Tower Hill is an elevated spot outside the Tower of London and just outside the limits of the City of London.

Formerly Tower Hill was part of the Tower Liberty under the direct administrative control of Tower. Part of one of the oldest parts of London, archaeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village that was burnt down during the Boudica uprising.

A nearby church, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, is known for fragments of Romanesque architecture dating back to AD 680.

Public executions of high-profile traitors and criminals were often carried out on Tower Hill.

Tower of London tube station opened in 1882 during the construction of the Metropolitan Railway to the north. A new station was opened in 1884 with the name Mark Lane (later renamed Tower Hill), just to the west of the Tower of London station, which closed the same day.

When the original Tower Hill station was itself closed in 1967, the current Tower Hill station was opened on the site of the Tower of London station. The remains of the old station were demolished by the construction of the new station.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, south east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.