Schweppes Factory

Works in/near Kingsbury, existed between 1896 and 1980

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Works · Kingsbury · NW9 · Contributed by The Underground Map
MARCH
17
2013


In 1896, Schweppes opened a large mineral water factory at the top of Wilberforce Road in West Hendon. It was a site chosen near an artesian well and because of its proximity to Edgware Road and the Midland Railway.

Deerfield Cottages were built for Schweppes's employees. St. John's school, West Hendon was enlarged to cater for the children of workers at the new Schweppes's factory and there were 359 pupils by 1906.

The original factory was situated behind a side branch of the Welsh Harp Reservoir which was infilled. The factory was expanded up to the Edgware Road after this.


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VIEW THE KINGSBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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West Hendon

West Hendon - or New Hendon to the older folk. Or The Hyde to those older folk's grandparents.

West Hendon was a settlement within that part of the ancient parish of Hendon known as the Hyde, and is now a part of the London Borough of Barnet.

It was formally known, from 1878–1890, as New Hendon, a small railway development on the Edgware Road. Before the 1830s there were three farms, Upper and Lower Guttershedge (east of the road) and Cockman’s in the Wood (west of the road) and an inn, The Welsh Harp. Between 1835 and 1838, the Brent Reservoir was constructed by damming the Brent and the Silk brooks and flooding much of Cockman’s Farm. The water was used to supply the Grand Union Canal. At its greatest extent, in 1853, it covered 400 acres but was dramatically reduced to 195 acres in the 1890s. Subsequently it has been reduced to 110 acres. It contains enough water to fill 3 million baths and in 1991 was believed to contain 10,000 lb of fish.

The residue of Cockman’s Farm became Woodfield House, home to the Roman Catholic Passioist Fathers (1852 and 1858). The house was demolished in 1940 and the site used by the Borough of Hendon and its successor the London Borough of Barnet as a plant nursery.

Originally The Harp and Horn (c1750s), The Welsh Harp was rebuilt in 1859 and again in 1937, before finally being pulled down in 1970 to make way for the M1. During the 1960s, it was known as The Lakeside Scene and hosted some of the great rock and blues bands of the day, such as the Yardbirds. From 1859 until the end of the century it was run by the Warner brothers, and the reservoir became a centre for all sorts of sporting events such as ice skating, swimming and angling; it was, until 1878, the Kingsbury Race Course and the first mechanical hare in greyhound racing was used there in 1876. By 1850, there was a second public house, the Upper Welsh Harp. At its height in the mid-1880s crowds in excess of 25,000 people could be expected on a Bank Holiday weekend.

Two railway stations were opened, both of the Midland Railway: Hendon (1868), and Welsh Harp (1870). A local builder called Bishop laid the first brick of a new terrace called Neeld Terrace (1881), which heralded the start of New Hendon. Brent Vue was built on land originally owned by the Midland Company. In 1885, the Baptists had a mission hall and their present hall was opened in 1930. By 1886, there were 200 new houses and the Anglican church of St. John’s was built.

In 1896 Schweppes opened a large mineral water factory, and the present Anglican church of St. John’s was established in Algernon Road. With a planned tram line along the West Hendon Broadway due to open in 1904, Welsh Harp station was closed in 1903, and West Hendon became a thriving Edwardian retail district until overshadowed by Golders Green.

During World War II, on 13 February 1941, the Luftwaffe dropped an SC2500 Maximum Heavy Explosive bomb (equivalent to two V2 rockets), killing 80 people and destroying 40 houses in an area west of the Edgware Road. This area was completely redeveloped in the 1960s.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Blackbird Hill Farm:   Blackbird Hill Farm was situated on the corner of Birdbird Hill and Old Church Lane.
Hendon:   Hendon railway station is a National Rail station situated to the west of Hendon, in the London Borough of Barnet.
Kingsbury:   Kingsbury station was opened on 10 December 1932 as part of the Stanmore branch of the Metropolitan Railway and served by that company’s electric trains.
Roe Green:   Roe Green was an original garden village.
Silk Bridge:   Silk Bridge carries the former Roman Road of Watling Street and today's A5 over the Silk Stream here.
Uxendon Farm:   Uxendon was once more important than Wembley.
Uxendon Shooting Grounds:   Uxendon Shooting Grounds was the location of the clay pigeon shooting for the 1908 Olympics.
West Hendon:   West Hendon - or New Hendon to the older folk. Or The Hyde to those older folk's grandparents.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Blackbird Hill (1906):   Blackbird Hill is image in 1906 and then part of Neasden.
West Hendon from above:   View of The Broadway, West Hendon, from the north-west, 1921.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adams Close, NW9 · Algernon Road, NW4 · Alington Crescent, NW9 · Alverstone Road, HA9 · Anton Place, HA9 · Bacon Lane, NW9 · Baird Close, NW9 · Barn Hill, HA9 · Barn Rise, HA9 · Barn Way, HA9 · Barningham Way, NW9 · Basing Hill, HA9 · Beaulieu Close, NW9 · Berkeley Road, NW9 · Beverley Gardens, HA9 · Birchen Close, NW9 · Birchen Grove, NW9 · Blackbird Hill, NW9 · Bowater Road, HA9 · Bowman Trading Estate, NW9 · Boycroft Avenue, NW9 · Brampton Grove, HA9 · Brampton Road, NW9 · Brent View Road, NW4 · Brent View Road, NW9 · Briarwood Close, NW9 · Bruno Place, NW9 · Buddings Circle, HA9 · Burgess Avenue, NW9 · Bush Grove, NW9 · Carter Close, NW9 · Chalkhill Road, HA9 · Chalklands, HA9 · Charlton Road, HA9 · Church Drive, NW9 · Church Lane, NW9 · Clovelly Avenue, NW9 · Colin Close, NW9 · Colin Crescent, NW9 · Colin Drive, NW9 · Colin Gardens, NW9 · Colin Parade, NW9 · Colin Park Road, NW9 · Colindeep Lane, NW9 · Corringham Road, HA9 · Cottenham Drive, NW9 · Court Way, NW9 · Crossway, NW9 · Crundale Avenue, NW9 · Daisy Close, NW9 · Deanscroft Avenue, NW9 · Deerfield Close, NW9 · Demeta Close, HA9 · Dimsdale Drive, NW9 · Dryburgh Gardens, NW9 · Dugolly Avenue, HA9 · Dunster Drive, NW9 · East Hill, HA9 · Edgeworth Close, NW4 · Edgware Road, NW9 · Elmcroft Gardens, NW9 · Elthorne Road, NW9 · Elthorne Way, NW9 · Eton Grove, NW9 · Eversley Avenue, HA9 · Farnborough Close, HA9 · Forty Avenue Grand Parade, HA9 · Fryent Way, NW9 · Garrick Road, NW9 · Gervase Close, HA9 · Girton Avenue, NW9 · Glenwood Grove, NW9 · Goldsmith Lane, NW9 · Grand Parade, HA9 · Greenhill Way, HA9 · Grendon Gardens, HA9 · Grosvenor Crescent, NW9 · Havenwood, HA9 · Hawthorne Grove, NW9 · Hendon Urban Motorway, NW4 · Herbert Road, NW9 · Hill Drive, NW9 · Hillfield Avenue, NW9 · Holden Avenue, NW9 · Holly Grove, NW9 · Hyde Estate Road, NW9 · Irving Way, NW9 · Jubilee Close, NW9 · Kings Drive, HA9 · Kingsbury Arcade, NW9 · Kingsbury Circle, NW9 · Kingsbury Trading Estate, NW9 · Kingsbury, NW9 · Kingsgate, HA9 · Kingsmead Avenue, NW9 · Kingsmere Park, NW9 · Laburnum Grove, NW9 · Langdon Drive, NW9 · Larkspur Close, NW9 · Lavender Avenue, NW9 · Ledway Drive, HA3 · Ledway Drive, HA9 · Leith Close, NW9 · Lewgars Avenue, NW9 · Leybourne Road, NW9 · Lynton Avenue, NW9 · Malcolm Crescent, NW4 · Mallard Way, NW9 · Manor Close, NW9 · Manor Way, NW9 · Maple Grove, NW9 · Marlow Court, NW9 · Marriotts Close, NW9 · Marsh Drive, NW9 · Mayfields Close, HA9 · Mayfields, HA9 · Meadowbank Road, NW9 · Merley Court, NW9 · Mersham Drive, NW9 · Midholm, HA9 · Montagu Road, NW4 · Mount Drive, HA9 · New Way Road, NW9 · Newland Court, HA9 · Old Church Lane, NW9 · Orchard Gate, NW9 · Oxenpark Avenue, HA9 · Peace Grove, HA9 · Pilgrims Way, HA9 · Piper’s Green, NW9 · Poolsford Road, NW9 · Poplar Grove, HA9 · Princes Avenue, NW9 · Queens Walk, NW9 · Ramsey Close, NW9 · Rankin Close, NW9 · Ravenscroft Avenue, HA9 · Rawlings Crescent, HA9 · Reeves Avenue, NW9 · Roe End, NW9 · Roe Green, NW9 · Roe Lane, NW9 · Rook Close, HA9 · Rookery Close, NW9 · Rookery Way, NW9 · Rose Bates Drive, NW9 · Ross Court, NW9 · Rossdale Drive, NW9 · Rowan Drive, NW9 · Rugby Road, NW9 · Runbury Circle, NW9 · Rushgrove Avenue, NW9 · Rushgrove Parade, NW9 · Ruskin Gardens, NW9 · Russell Road, NW9 · Saint Davids Close, HA9 · Salmon Street, NW9 · Saltcroft Close, HA9 · Scottwell Drive, NW9 · Scudamore Lane, NW9 · Sedum Close, NW9 · Sheaveshill Avenue, NW9 · Sheaveshill Parade, NW9 · Sherborne Gardens, NW9 · Shorts Croft, NW9 · Silkfield Road, NW9 · Slough Lane, NW9 · St Andrews Road, NW9 · St Matthias Close, NW9 · Stag Lane, NW9 · Station Road, NW9 · Stewart Close, NW9 · Stubbs Close, NW9 · Sunningdale Gardens, NW9 · Sunnymead Road, NW9 · Sutherland Court, NW9 · Swinton Close, HA9 · Sycamore Grove, NW9 · Talbot Crescent, NW4 · Technology Park, NW9 · Telford Road, NW9 · Tennyson Avenue, NW9 · The Avenue, HA9 · The Broadway, NW9 · The Crossways, HA9 · The Drive, HA9 · The Hyde Industrial Estate, NW9 · The Hyde, NW9 · The Loning, NW9 · The Mount, HA9 · The Paddocks, HA9 · Townsend Lane, NW9 · Tudor Close, NW9 · Tudor Gardens, NW9 · Tunworth Close, NW9 · Tyre Lane, NW9 · Uxendon Hill, HA9 · Valley Drive, NW9 · Varley Parade, NW9 · Waltham Avenue, NW9 · Walton Avenue, HA9 · Wells Drive, NW9 · Wellspring Crescent, HA9 · Wentworth Hill, HA9 · West Close, HA9 · West Hendon Broadway, NW9 · West Hill, HA9 · Westmoreland Road, NW9 · Wickliffe Gardens, HA9 · Wilberforce Road, NW9 · Wilson Close, HA9 · Wilson Drive, HA9 · Wimborne Drive, NW9 · Winchester Avenue, NW9 · Windover Avenue, NW9 · Windsor Crescent, HA9 · Woodfield Avenue, NW9 · Woodland Close, NW9 · Wykeham Hill, HA9 · Wyndale Avenue, NW9 ·


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