Cadby Hall

Industrial in/near Holland Park, existing between 1899 and now

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Industrial · Holland Park · W14 · Contributed by The Underground Map
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12
2017


Cadby Hall was a major office and factory complex in Hammersmith, London which was the headquarters of pioneering catering company Joseph Lyons and Co. for almost a century.

The name originated from Charles Cadby, piano manufacturer, who purchased 8.5 acres (34,000 m2) of land along the High Road (today named Hammersmith Road) in 1874. The location had formerly been known as the Croften Estate. Cadby allocated 1.5 acres (6,100 m2) on the site for his new piano factory and showrooms while the remaining 7 acres (28,000 m2) were set aside for smaller building plots.

Cadby Hall itself was designed by Lewis Henry Isaacs and constructed using Portland stone and red Fareham bricks, with terracotta panelling above the first floor windows, and carved portraits of famous composers. Reliefs on the sides of the entrance doorway depicted scenes celebrating music and poetry. Cadby called the building the Cadby & Company Pianoforte Manufactory.

The arrangement of buildings in the complex was designed primarily to prevent the spread of fire by confining it to one building should such an incident occur.

Cadby lived for a time in what is now known as Keats House, previously owned by the poet John Keats in Hampstead. When Cadby died on 22 October 1884, the factory and all stock were sold, and subsequently a variety of businesses occupied the site between 1886 and 1893, including Kensington Co-operative Stores and the Schweppes Mineral Water Works.

By 1899, the fledgling J. Lyons company had purchased property near Cadby Hall at No. 62 Hammersmith Road, and when they subsequently took over the Hall complex itself they retained the name, although the official address of the Cadby Hall complex became 66 Hammersmith Road. In time it became one of the largest food factories in the United Kingdom, growing to cover an area of more than 13 acres.

As the Lyons catering business expanded, the factory complex grew outwards from the central point of the original Cadby Hall, spreading in all directions but chiefly east and west along the Hammersmith Road, with new blocks being added as new areas of production were launched, including tea, baked goods, meat and ice cream. As part of this expansion, the company purchased the St Mary’s College campus that adjoined Cadby Hall in 1922 and began using the land and property when the college moved to Strawberry Hill in 1925.

Blocks were given a letter designation, with A Block being the original piano manufacturing area, which was converted into bakeries. Subsequent blocks were added to the site, and as time and production moved on throughout the 20th century, old blocks would be renovated or demolished and new ones built in their place, although the original Cadby Hall building (A Block) remained largely intact right through until the demolition of the entire complex in 1983, by which time it had become J Block.

At the peak of the Lyons operations, the entire stretch of land along the Hammersmith Road between Blythe Road and Brook Green became one vast manufacturing enclosure with over 30,000 staff working 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

The name of Cadby Hall became so synonymous with the company that the three later overseas J. Lyons & Co. complexes in Toronto, Canada; Natal, South Africa, and Salisbury, Rhodesia (today Harare, Zimbabwe) were also named Cadby Hall.

The original Cadby Hall site in Hammersmith also earned a place in history as the birthplace of the first ever business computer, LEO, which Lyons developed between 1949-1951 to automate its clerical and administrative tasks.

By the late 1970s, J. Lyons & Co. began to decline as rapidly as it had expanded a century earlier, and in 1978 the company was taken over by Allied Breweries Ltd. Gradually, the Lyons infrastructure was sold off to pay for Allied’s consolidation in the drinks industry, and the Cadby Hall complex was scaled down until the site was finally cleared in June 1983.

Prior to its demolition, Cadby Hall served as a location for filming of episodes of 1970s TV action dramas The Professionals and The Sweeney.






Read the Cadby Hall entry on the Wikipedia...

Source: Wikipedia



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VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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VIEW THE HOLLAND PARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Blythe House:   Blythe House is a listed building located at 23 Blythe Road, West Kensington.
Holland Park:   Holland Park is a district, an underground station (and indeed a park) in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Kensington (Olympia):   Kensington (Olympia) station in West London is managed and served by London Overground and also served by London Underground.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Addison Road station:   Addison Road station, Kensington in the early 1900s.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbotsbury Close, W14 · Abbotsbury Road, W14 · Abbotsbury Road, W8 · Addison Bridge Place, W14 · Addison Crescent, W14 · Addison Gardens, W14 · Addison Place, W11 · Addison Road, W14 · Anley Road, W14 · Applegarth Road, W14 · Argyll Mansions, W14 · Augustine Road, W14 · Auriol Road, W14 · Avonmore Road, W14 · Aynhoe Road, W14 · Barons Keep, W14 · Barons Keep, W6 · Beaconsfield Terrace Road, W14 · Beaconsfield Terrace, W14 · Beckford Close, W14 · Berghem Mews, W14 · Bishop King’s Road, W14 · Blythe Mews, W14 · Blythe Road, W14 · Bolingbroke Road, W14 · Boyne Terrace Mews, W11 · Brook Green, W14 · Caithness Road, W14 · Carlton Mansions, W14 · Ceylon Road, W14 · Charecroft Way, W12 · Charecroft Way, W14 · Colet Gardens, W14 · Dewhurst Road, W14 · Drum Street, E1 · Dunsany Road, W14 · Earsby Street, W14 · Edith Road, W14 · Elsham Road, W14 · Fairfax Place, W14 · Farley Court, W14 · Faroe Road, W14 · Fenelon Place, W14 · Fitz-George Avenue, W14 · Fitz-James Avenue, W14 · Fitzjames Avenue, W14 · Girdlers Road, W14 · Glazbury Road, W14 · Gliddon Road, W14 · Gorleston Street, W14 · Gratton Road, W14 · Gunterstone Road, W14 · Gwendwr Road, W14 · Hammersmith Road, W14 · Hansard Mews, W12 · Hansard Mews, W14 · Hazlitt Mews, W14 · Hazlitt Road, W14 · Hofland Road, W14 · Holland Gardens, W14 · Holland Park Gardens, W14 · Holland Park Ilchester Place, W8 · Holland Park Mews, W11 · Holland Park Road, W14 · Holland Park Road, W14 · Holland Park Roundabout, W12 · Holland Park Terrace, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W11 · Holland Park, W8 · Holland Road, E13 · Holland Road, W14 · Holland Villas Road, W14 · Ilchester Place, W14 · Ilchester Place, W8 · Kensington High Street, W14 · Kenton Court, W14 · Lakeside Road, W14 · Lansdowne Mews, W11 · Lily Close, W14 · Lisgar Terrace, W14 · Lower Addison Gardens, W14 · Maclise Road, W14 · Margravine Gardens, W14 · Margravine Gardens, W6 · Masbro Road, W14 · Matheson Road, W14 · Melbury Court, W14 · Melbury Court, W8 · Melbury Road, W14 · Milson Road, W14 · Minford Gardens, W14 · Munden Street, W14 · Napier Place, W14 · Napier Road, W14 · Netherwood Road, W14 · Norland Place, W11 · North End Crescent, W14 · North End Cresent, W14 · North End Parade, W14 · Oakwood Court, W14 · Olympia Way, W14 · Oxford Gate, W14 · Park Close, W14 · Pembroke Road, W8 · Prince?s Yard, W11 · Radnor Terrace, W14 · Redan Street, W14 · Richmond Court, W14 · Richmond Way, W14 · Rockley Road, W14 · Russell Gardens Mews, W14 · Russell Gardens, W14 · Russell Road, W14 · Sinclair Gardens, W14 · Sinclair Road, W14 · Somerset Square, W14 · Souldern Road, W14 · Southcombe Street, W14 · Springvale Terrace, W14 · St Mary Abbots Terrace, W14 · Stable Yard Ilchester Place, W8 · Stanwick Road, W14 · Sterndale Road, W14 · Stonor Road, W14 · Strangways Terrace, W14 · Talgarth Mansions, W14 · Talgarth Road, W14 · Trevanion Road, W14 · Upper Addison Gardens, W14 · Vernon Street, W14 · Warwick Gardens, W14 · Warwick Road, W14 · Welbeck Court, W14 · Westwick Gardens, W14 · Windsor Way, W14 · Woodsford Square, W14 ·


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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

John Rocque Map of Ealing and Acton (1762)
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers an area from Greenford in the northwest to Hammersmith in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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