Aldgate East

Underground station, existing between 1884 and now

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Underground station · Aldgate East · E1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
MAY
26
2013
Aldgate East tube station, circa 1895

In a land east of Aldgate, lies the land of Aldgate East...

The name Commercial Road had been proposed for the original Aldgate East station, which opened on 6 October 1884 as part of an eastern extension to the Metropolitan District Railway (now the District Line), some 500 feet to the west of the current station, close to the Metropolitan Railway's Aldgate station. However, when the curve to join the Metropolitan Railway from Liverpool Street was built, the curve had to be particularly sharp due to the presence of Aldgate East station, at which it needed to be straight.

As part of London Transport's 1935-1940 New Works Programme, the triangular junction at Aldgate was enlarged, to allow for a much gentler curve and to ensure that trains held on any leg of the triangle did not foul the signals and points at other places. The new Aldgate East platforms were sited almost immediately to the east of their predecessors, with one exit facing west toward the original location, and another at the east end of the new platforms.

The new eastern exit was now close enough to the next station along the line, St Mary's (Whitechapel Road), that this station could also be closed, reducing operational overhead and journey times, as the new Aldgate East had effectively replaced two earlier stations.

The new station, opened on 31 October 1938 (the earlier station closing permanently the previous night), was designed to be completely subterranean, providing a much needed pedestrian underpass to the road above. However, in order to accommodate the space needed for this, and the platforms below, the existing track required lowering by more than seven feet. To achieve this task, whilst still keeping the track open during the day, the bed underneath the track was excavated, and the track held up by a timber trestle work. Then, once excavation was complete and the new station constructed around the site, an army of over 900 workmen lowered the whole track simultaneously in one night, utilising overhead hooks to suspend the track when necessary. The hooks still remain.

District and Hammersmith and City line trains running into Aldgate East along two sides of the triangle (from Liverpool Street and from Tower Hill) pass through the site of the earlier station, most of which has been obliterated by the current junction alignment, although the extensive width and height and irregular shape of the tunnel can be observed.

Since the station was built completely under a widened road, and was built after concrete had started to be used as a construction material, the platforms have a particularly high headroom. Combined with the late 1930s style of tiling typical of the stations of the then London Passenger Transport Board, the platform area of the station presents a particularly airy and welcoming appearance, unusual on the underground at the time of construction. The tiling contains relief tiles, showing devices pertinent to London Transport and the area it served, were designed by Harold Stabler and made by the Poole Pottery.

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VIEW THE ALDGATE EAST AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ALDGATE EAST AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ALDGATE EAST AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ALDGATE EAST AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ALDGATE EAST AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Aldgate:   Aldgate was a gateway through London Wall from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End.
Spitalfields:   Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.
St Botolph’s:   St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years.
Tower Gateway:   Tower Gateway is a Docklands Light Railway station near to the Tower of London.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
London in 1457:   Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Wentworth Street (1901):   Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adler Street, E1 · Aldgate Bus Garage, EC3N · Aldgate, EC3N · Alie Street, E1 · Alie Street, E77 · America Square, EC3N · Angel Alley, E1 · Arcadia Court, E1 · Artillery Lane, E1 · Artillery Passage, E1 · Arts Quarter, E1 · Assam Street, E1 · Bell Lane, E1 · Black Lion Yard, E1 · Bowmans Mews, E1 · Braham Street, E1 · Brune House, E1 · Brune Street, E1 · Brushfield Street, E1 · Buckle Street, E1 · Camperdown Street, E1 · Carlisle Avenue, EC3N · Casson Street, E1 · Central House, E1 · Chamber Street, E1 · Chicksand Street, E1 · Cobb Street, E1 · College East, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Cooper?s Row, EC3N · Coopers Row, EC3N · Coppergate House, E1 · Crescent, EC3N · Cresent, EC3N · Crispin Place, E1 · Crispin Street, E1 · Crosswall, EC3N · Dorset Street, E1 · East Tenter Street, E1 · Fashion Street, E1 · Flank Street, E1 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Fournier Street, E1 · Frying Pan Alley, E1 · George Street, E1 · Goodman?s Yard, E1 · Goodmans Yard, E1 · Goulston Street, E1 · Gowers Walk, E1 · Gravel Lane, E1 · Greatorex Street, E1 · Gun Street, E1 · Gunthorpe Street, E1 · Hanbury Street, E1 · Harrow Place, E1 · Haydon Street, E1 · Haydon Street, EC3N · Heneage Street, E1 · Hooper Street, E1 · Ibex House, EC3N · India Street, EC3N · Jewry Street, EC3N · Kings Arms Court, E1 · Leman Street, E1 · Leyden Street, E1 · Library Square, E1 · Little Paternoster Row, E1 · Little Somerset Street, E1 · Lolesworth Close, E1 · London Fruit Exchange, E1 · Manningtree Street, E1 · Mansell Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, E1 · Middlesex Street, EC3A · Mill Yard, E1 · Minories, E1 · Minories, EC3N · New Goulston Street, E1 · North Tenter Street, E1 · Old Castle Street, E1 · Old Montague Street, E1 · One America Square, EC3N · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Pomell Way, E1 · Portsoken Street, E1 · Prescot Street, E1 · Princelet Street, E1 · Puma Court, E1 · Railway Arches, EC3N · Royal Mint Place, E1 · Royal Mint Street, E1 · Saracen?s Head Yard, EC3N · Shorter Street, E1 · Shorter Street, EC3N · South Tenter Street, E1 · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman House, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · St Botolph Street, EC3A · St Clare House, EC3N · St Clare Street, EC3N · St Mark Street, E1 · St Marks Street, E1 · St. Botolph Street, EC3A · St. Botolph Street, EC3N · Stoney Lane, E1 · Strype Street, E1 · Tenter Ground, E1 · The Queen?s Steps, EC3N · The Queen’s Steps, EC3N · Thrawl Street, E1 · Toynbee Street, E1 · Vine Street, EC3N · Wentworth Street, E1 · West Tenter Street, E1 · White Church Lane, E1 · White Kennett Street, EC3A · Whitechap, E1 · Whitechapel High Street, E1 · Whites Row, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 ·


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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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