took its name from the local landowner, the Marquess of Northampton.
The square has historically housed jewellers, silversmiths and clockmakers. By 18
, 35 Northampton Square
was the home of the British Horological Institute but by the 1960s these trades had left the area and the buildings were a mixture of flats and offices.
The Northampton Institute opened in the Square in 18
96. This institute evolved to become The City University
housed on the north side of Northampton Square
A fountain in the square commemorates the 188
5 restoration of the gardens.