Westminster

Underground station, existing between 1868 and now

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Underground station · Westminster · SW1A ·
December
3
2018

Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.

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Citations, sources, links and further reading

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
A wander through London, street by street
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
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THE STREETS OF WESTMINSTER
Barton Street, SW1P Barton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Bennett’s Yard, SW1P Bennett’s Yard is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Bridge Street, SW1A Bridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Broad Sanctuary, SW1H Broad Sanctuary is a road in the SW1H postcode area
Broad Sanctuary, SW1P Broad Sanctuary is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Carting Lane, WC2R Carting Lane is thought to be named after the carts that brought goods to and from the wharf formerly located here.
Chubb Court, SW20 Chubb Court is a road in the SW20 postcode area
Cowley Street, SW1P Cowley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dartmouth Street, SW1H Dartmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Dean Farrar Street, SW1H Frederic William Farrar was a canon of Westminster Abbey.
Dean Stanley Street, SW1P Dean Stanley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dean Trench Street, SW1P Dean Trench Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Deans Yard, SW1P Dean’s Yard comprises most of the precincts of the former monastery of Westminster, not occupied by the Abbey buildings.
Derby Gate, SW1A Derby Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Exeter Street, WC2R Exeter Street is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Gayfere Street, SW1P Gayfere Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great College Street, SW1P Great College Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great George Street, SW1P Great George Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great Peter Street, SW1P Great Peter Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great Smith Street, SW1P Great Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Heathcock Court, WC2R Heathcock Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Horse Guards Avenue, SW1A Horse Guards Avenue is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Horse Guards Parade, SW1A Horse Guards Parade dates to the time of Henry VIII.
Horse Guards Road, SW1A Horse Guards Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Horseferry Road, SW1P Horseferry Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
King Charles Street, SW1A King Charles Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Lancaster Place, WC2E Lancaster Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Little Cloisters, SW1P Little Cloisters is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little College Street, SW1P Little College Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little Deans Yard, SW1P Little Deans Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little George Street, SW1P Little George Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Lord North Street, SW1P Lord North Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Marsham Street, SW1P Marsham Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Matthew Parker Street, SW1H The Most Reverend Matthew Parker was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559 until 1575.
Millbank, SE1 Millbank is a road in the SE1 postcode area
North Court, SW1P North Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Old Palace Yard, SW1P Old Palace Yard lies between the Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey.
Page Street, SW1P Page Street runs from Regency Street in the west to the junction of John Islip Street and Dean Ryle Street in the east.
Parliament Square, SW1A Parliament Square is one of the most important squares in Westminster, home to the Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey.
Parliament Square, SW1P Parliament Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Parliament Street, SW1A Parliament Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Price’s Court, SW11 A street within the SW1P postcode
Richmond House Whitehall, SW1A Richmond House Whitehall is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Richmond Terrace, SW1A Richmond Terrace is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Romney Street, SW1P Romney Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Savoy Court, WC2R Savoy Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Savoy Hill, WC2R Savoy Hill is located at a site originally called Savoy Manor.
Savoy Street, WC2E Savoy Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Savoy Street, WC2R Savoy Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Savoy Way, WC2R Savoy Way is located on the former site of the Savoy Palace, built for Peter II, Count of Savoy in 1245.
Smith Square, SW1P Smith Square was originally developed by Sir James Smith around 1726.
St Margarets Street, SW1P St Margarets Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St Vincents Centre, SW1P St Vincents Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St. Margaret Street, SW1P St. Margaret Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Storeys Gate, SW1H Storeys Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Storeys Gate, SW1P Storeys Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Strand Underpass, WC2R Strand Underpass is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Strand, WC2A Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Strand, WC2N Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Strand, WC2R Strand (or the Strand) runs just over 3⁄4 mile from Trafalgar Square eastwards to Temple Bar, where the road becomes Fleet Street inside the City of London.
The Sanctuary, SW1P The Sanctuary is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
The Strand, WC2N The Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
The Terrace, SW1A The Terrace is a road in the SW1A postcode area
The Terrace, SW1P The Terrace is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Tothill Street, SW1H Tothill Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Tufton Street, SW1P Tufton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Victoria Chambers, SW1P Victoria Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Westminster Central Hall, SW1H Westminster Central Hall is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Westminster Mansions, SW1P Westminster Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Westminster Pier, SW1A Westminster Pier is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Whitehall Gardens, SW1A Whitehall Gardens is a road in the SW1A postcode area



Christobel Warren-Jones
Christobel Warren-Jones   
Added: 26 Feb 2018 13:50 GMT   
IP: 143.159.49.39
2:1:255
Post by Christobel Warren-Jones: Hurley Road, SE11

Hurley Road was off Kennington Lane, just west of Renfrew Raod, not where indicated on this map. My Dad was born at number 4 in 1912. It no longer exists but the name is remembered in Hurley House, Hurley Clinic and Hurley Pre-School

Pauline jones
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   
IP: 86.136.68.202
2:2:255
Post by Pauline jones: Bessborough Place, SW1V

I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved L

Message truncated Show whole message

Johnshort
Johnshort   
Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   
IP: 10.9.55.126
2:3:255
Post by Johnshort: Hurley Road, SE11

There were stables in the road mid way also Danny reading had coal delivery lorry.n

peter hiller
peter hiller   
Added: 13 Sep 2017 11:07 GMT   
IP: 81.141.12.149
2:4:255
Post by peter hiller: Sancroft Street, SE11

what is the history of tresco house 2 sancroft street ,it looks older than a 1990s site

Robert smitherman
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   
IP: 2.220.194.137
2:5:255
Post by Robert smitherman: Saunders Street, SE11

I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 26 Mar 2019 15:30 GMT   
IP:
3:6:255
Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Croydon fire: Thornton Heath blaze breaks out in home leaving 13-year-old boy fighting for life
A 13-year-old boy is fighting for life and several others were injured after a fire broke out in a family home in Croydon.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/croydon-fire-13yearold-boy-fighting-for-life-after-blaze-breaks-out-in-thornton-heath-home-a4101051.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 26 Mar 2019 15:20 GMT   
IP:
3:7:255
Post by LDNnews: Charing Cross
Hard-working residents awarded at Annual Parish Assembly
Several awards recognising hard-working and unsung residents make up the North Weald community was presented by members of the Parish Council last night.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17527608.dedicated-residents-receive-certificates-at-north-weald-annual-parish-assembly-in-thornwood/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 26 Mar 2019 15:20 GMT   
IP:
3:8:255
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
Plans to build more than 100 homes on Twickenham Greggs factory site have been submitted
More than three years ago it was announced that 206 jobs would be lost due to the closure of the Twickenham Greggs factory.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17527923.plans-to-build-more-than-100-homes-on-twickenham-greggs-factory-site-have-been-submitted/?ref=rss

LDNnews
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Added: 26 Mar 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:9:255
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Sackler Trust suspends new UK donations
The Sackler Trust suspends new donations amid claims linking the Sackler fortune to the US opioid crisis.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-47690735

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Mar 2019 16:30 GMT   
IP:
3:10:255
Post by LDNnews: Covent Garden
Lamborghini 'written off' in crash after supercar event
Lamborghini 'written off' in crash after supercar event

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/lamborghini-written-off-in-crash-during-supercar-event-a4099566.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Mar 2019 16:20 GMT   
IP:
3:11:255
Post by LDNnews: Charing Cross
Cineworld in Greenwich to become largest cinema in London
Cineworld in Greenwich is set to become the largest cinema in London.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17525183.cineworld-in-greenwich-to-become-largest-cinema-in-london/?ref=rss

LDNnews
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Added: 25 Mar 2019 16:20 GMT   
IP:
3:12:255
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
Council use hidden cameras and ’covert operations’ to fine 11 Merton fly-tippers
Council use hidden cameras and ’covert operations’ to fine 11 Merton fly-tippers

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LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 25 Mar 2019 05:40 GMT   
IP:
3:13:255
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Preventable deaths?
Firefighters risked their lives to save residents of Grenfell Tower, but could they have rescued more than they did?

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/stories-47669937

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Mar 2019 19:30 GMT   
IP:
3:14:255
Post by LDNnews: Charing Cross
Brexit news: Remainer David Lidington rules himself out of replacing Theresa May as PM amid reports of 'cabinet coup'
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https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexit-deal-latest-remainer-david-lidington-rules-himself-out-of-replacing-theresa-may-as-pm-amid-a4099461.html

LDNnews
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Added: 24 Mar 2019 16:30 GMT   
IP:
3:15:255
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park



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LDNnews
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Added: 24 Mar 2019 16:20 GMT   
IP:
3:16:255
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
J’Neil Bennett has become the first player to score a competitive goal at Tottenham’s new stadium after opening the scoring in their U18s meeting with Southampton.
J’Neil Bennett has become the first player to score a competitive goal at Tottenham’s new stadium after opening the scoring in their U18s meeting with Southampton.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/new-tottenham-stadium-jneil-bennett-becomes-first-player-to-score-at-1bn-ground-a4099491.html

VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTMINSTER AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Westminster

Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.
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Maps


Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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