Pembridge Road, W11

Road in Notting Hill Gate, existing between 1750 and now

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Road · Notting Hill Gate · W2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
July
10
2015
Click to enlarge image.
Notting Hill tollgate across Pembridge Road.
Credit: H Oakes Jones

Pembridge Road is the former southern end of Portobello Lane.

A turnpike tollgate was constructed on the Uxbridge Road (now Notting Hill Gate) around the year 1801.

The ‘Kensington Gravel Pit Gate’ at the start of Portobello Lane (now Pembridge Road) was "enlivened every hour by the passage of mail-coaches, stages and wagons."

In the early 19th century the Gravel Pits roadside hamlet became a commuter village sprawling between Stormont House and the Trews’ Sun brewery to the east and the Plough and Coach and Horses inns to the west.

The brewery area, on the site of the ‘Cromwell’s Gift’ field (now Clanricarde Gardens), hosted the first Notting Hill slum in the Anderson’s and Pitt’s Cottages side alleys of Campden Place, described as "a notorious rookery known as Little Hell."

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL GATE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL GATE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL GATE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL GATE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE NOTTING HILL GATE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Go to Notting Hill

Notting Hill

Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...

Notting Hill is a cosmopolitan district known as the location for the annual Notting Hill Carnival, and for being home to the Portobello Road Market.

The word Notting might originate from a Saxon called Cnotta with the =ing part indicating "the place inhibited by the people of" - i.e. where Cnotta’s tribe lived. There was a farm called variously "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes" or "Nutting-barns" and this name was transferred to the hill above it.

The area remained rural until the westward expansion of London reached Bayswater in the early 19th century. The main landowner in Notting Hill was the Ladbroke family, and from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to undertake the development of the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital (although the development did not get seriously under way until the 1840s). Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the main north-south axis of the area, and Ladbroke Square, the largest private garden square in London.

The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, and other roads (notably Kensington Park Road and Kensington Park Gardens) are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 (originally 727) is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk.

The reputation of the district altered over the course of the 20th century. As middle class households ceased to employ servants, the large Notting Hill houses lost their market and were increasingly split into multiple occupation.

For much of the 20th century the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s, partly because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman, and also became the target of white racist Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots.

Notting Hill was slowly gentrified from the 1980s onwards now has a contemporary reputation as an affluent and fashionable area; known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses, and high-end shopping and restaurants (particularly around Westbourne Grove and Clarendon Cross).

A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase the ’Notting Hill Set’ to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who were once based in Notting Hill.

Since it was first developed in the 1830s, Notting Hill has had an association with artists and ’alternative’ culture.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Coach and Horses:   The Coach & Horses was situated at 108 Notting Hill Gate.
Horbury Chapel (Kensington Temple):   In September 1849, the Horbury Chapel, Notting Hill was officially opened.
Mercury Theatre:   The Mercury Theatre was situated at 2a Ladbroke Road, next to the Kensington Temple.
Notting Hill Gate:   Notting Hill Gate tube station is a London Underground station on the Central Line.
Prince Albert:   The Prince Albert has been a Notting Hill feature since the 1840s.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Pembridge Road (1900s):   This is the view looking north down Pembridge Road from Notting Hill Gate.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Airlie Gardens, W8 · Artesian Road, W2 · Aubrey Walk, W8 · Bedford Gardens, W8 · Berkeley Gardens, W8 · Bulmer Mews, W11 · Bulmer Place, W11 · Campden Hill Towers, W11 · Campden Street, W8 · Chepstow Corner, W2 · Chepstow Crescent, W11 · Chepstow Place, W2 · Chepstow Villas, W11 · Clanricarde Gardens, W2 · Colville Mews, W11 · Colville Road, W11 · Colville Terrace, W11 · Colville Terrace, W11 · Dawson Place, W2 · Denbigh Close, W11 · Denbigh Road, W11 · Denbigh Terrace, W11 · Drayson Mews Holland Street, W8 · Drayson Mews, W8 · Edge Street, W8 · Evesham House, W2 · Farm Place, W8 · Farmer Street, W8 · Garway Road, W2 · Gordon Place, W8 · Gregory Place, W8 · Hereford Road, W2 · Hillgate Place, W8 · Hillgate Street, W8 · Hillsleigh Road, W8 · Holland Street, W8 · Horbury Crescent, W11 · Horbury Mews, W11 · Horbury Mews, W11 · Inverness Gardens, W8 · Jameson Street, W8 · Kensington Church Street, W8 · Kensington Gardens Square, W2 · Kensington Mall, W8 · Kensington Palace Gardens, W8 · Kensington Palace, W8 · Kensington Place, W8 · Ladbroke Road, W11 · Ladbroke Square, W11 · Ladbroke Terrace, W11 · Ladbroke Terrace, W11 · Lambton Place, W11 · Lancer Square, W8 · Ledbury Mews North, W11 · Leinster Square, W2 · Linden Gardens, W2 · Lonsdale Road, W11 · Lucerne Mews, W8 · Melon Place, W8 · Monmouth Road, W2 · Moscow Place, W2 · Moscow Road, W2 · Needham Road, W11 · Newcombe House, W11 · Notting Hill Gate, W11 · Old Court Place, W8 · Orme Court, W2 · Ossington Street, W2 · Palace Court, W2 · Palace Gardens Mews, W8 · Palace Gardens Terrace, W8 · Palace Green, W8 · Peel Street, W8 · Pembridge Crescent, W11 · Pembridge Gardens, W2 · Pembridge Mews, W11 · Pembridge Place, W11 · Pembridge Square, W2 · Pembridge Villas, W11 · Pencombe Mews, W11 · Pitt Street, W8 · Poplar Place, W2 · Portobello Green, W10 · Princes Mews, W2 · Princes Square, W2 · Queens Mews, W2 · Rabbit Roe, W8 · Redan House, W2 · Redan Place, W2 · Rede Place, W2 · Rosehart Mews, W11 · Salem Road, W2 · Simon Close, W11 · St Petersburgh Place, W2 · The Whiteleys Centre, W2 · Uxbridge Street, W8 · Vicarage Gardens, W8 · Victoria Gardens, W11 · Wellington Close, W11 · Westbourne Grove Mews, W11 · Westbourne Grove, W11 · Westbourne Grove, W2 · Whiteleys Centre, W2 · Windsor Court, W2 ·


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DAILY LIFE
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HEALTH
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SPORTS AND LEISURE
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ENTERTAINMENT
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Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Ladbroke Association
Society for the Ladbroke Conservation Area
It’s Your Colville
Colville Community Forum
RBKC Library Time Machine
Blog from the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Library
North Kensington Histories
Recollections of people from North Kensington, London
Old Notting Hill/North Ken History
Facebook group, covering the history of W10 and W11.
Notting Hill Gate
Facebook Page
Holland Park
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Westbourne Park
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High Street Kensington
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Bayswater
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Royal Oak
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Queensway
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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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