Kilburn

Underground station, existing between 1879 and now

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Underground station · Mapesbury · NW2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
13
2015



Kilburn is an area which straddles both sides of the Edgware Road (Kilburn High Road).

Kilburn High Road originated as an ancient trackway, part of a Celtic route between the settlements now known as Canterbury and St Albans. Under Roman rule, the route was paved. In Anglo-Saxon times the road became known as Watling Street.

Kilburn grew up on the banks of a stream which has been known variously as Cuneburna, Kelebourne and Cyebourne, which flows from Hampstead down through Hyde Park and into the River Thames. It is suggested the name means either Royal River or Cattle River ('Bourne' being an Anglo-Saxon word for 'river'). That river is known today as the Westbourne.

The name Kilburn was first recorded in 1134 as Cuneburna, referring to the priory which had been built on the site of the cell of a hermit known as Godwyn. Godwyn had built his hermitage by the Kilburn river during the reign of Henry I, and both his hermitage and the priory took their name from the river.

Kilburn Priory was a small community of nuns, probably Augustinian canonesses. It was founded in 1134 at the Kilburn river crossing on Watling Street (the modern-day junction of Kilburn High Road and Belsize Road). Kilburn Priory's position on Watling Street meant that it became a popular resting point for pilgrims heading for the shrines at St Albans and Willesden. The Priory was dissolved in 1536-37 by Henry VIII, and nothing remains of it today. The priory lands included a mansion and a hostium (a guesthouse), which may have been the origin of the Red Lion pub, thought to have been founded in 1444. Opposite, the Bell Inn was opened around 1600, on the site of the old mansion.

The fashion for taking 'medicinal waters' in the 18th century came to Kilburn when a well of chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) was discovered near the Bell Inn in 1714. In an attempt to compete with the nearby Hampstead Well, gardens and a 'great room' were opened to promote the well, and its waters were promoted in journals of the day as cure for 'stomach ailments'.

In the 19th century the wells declined, but the Kilburn Wells remained popular as a tea garden. The Bell was demolished and rebuilt in 1863. The Kilburn stretch of Watling Street, now called Edgware Road and Kilburn High Road, was gradually built up with inns and farm houses. Kilburn did not attract any significant building until around 1819 in the area near St John's Wood.

Much of the area was developed in the last decades of the 19th century by Solomon Barnett, who named many of the streets after places in the West Country (e.g. Torbay) or after popular poets of the day (e.g. Tennyson) in honour of his wife.

There are three railway stations on Kilburn High Road: Kilburn tube station (Jubilee line) at its northern end and a little to the south Brondesbury station (London Overground). Approximately a mile further south is Kilburn High Road station (also London Overground). The name of Ian Dury's first band, Kilburn and the High Roads, refers to this road, as does the Flogging Molly song, "Kilburn High Road" and the Shack song, "Kilburn High Road".

Kilburn tube station opened as Kilburn and Brondesbury on 24 November 1879, as part of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway run by the Metropolitan Railway. Following the merger of the Metropolitan Railway into London Transport in 1933, it then became part of the Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line on 20 November 1939, at which time the station was extensively rebuilt. The station was renamed to its current name on 25 September 1950. It was transferred to the Jubilee line on its opening, on 1 May 1979.

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VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Mapesbury






LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Al-Sadiq and Al-Zahra Schools:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 16. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Ark Franklin Primary Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Avenue Farm:   Cowhouse Farm was linked to Hodford Farm in Golders Green for a long period. As Cricklewood suburbanised, the farm became surrounded by housing.
Beckford Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Brondesbury:   Brondesbury was originally "Brand’s manor", a small hamlet in Middlesex.
Brondesbury Park:   Brondesbury Park is an affluent suburb and electoral ward of the London Borough of Brent.
Christ Church CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Earlsfields:   Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.
Fortune Green:   Fortune Green lies to the north of the ancient village of West End.
Gaumont State:   The Gaumont State Cinema is a Grade II listed Art Deco theatre. While it still exists, it is no longer a cinema.
Gesher Primary Special School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 7.
Granville Plus Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 5.
Hampstead School:   Community school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Hope Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Islamia Primary School:   Islamia Primary School is a voluntary aided primary, Islamic faith school.
Islamia School for Girls’:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
Kilburn Grange childrens centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Kilburn Grange Park:   Kilburn Grange Park is a 3.2 hectare open space adjacent to Kilburn High Road.
Kilburn Lane Farm:   A farm existed in Kilburn Lane until the 1860s, by which time it had been disrupted by the railway line.
London General Omnibus Depot:   The London General Omnibus Company commenced services to Regent Street from the Crown, Cricklewood in 1883, in 1899 opening a bus garage.
Maygrove Peace Park:   On 27 April 1983, Camden Council opened Maygrove Peace Park and dedicated it as a reminder of the Council's commitment to peace.
Queen's Park:   Queen's Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.
Queen’s Park:   
Salusbury Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Mary’s RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Temple Park:   Temple Park is one of the smaller suburbs of north London.
The Grange:   The Grange was a large mansion situated on Kilburn High Road until the turn of the twentieth century.
The Mulberry House School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 7. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
West End Sidings Estate:   The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Kilburn High Road (1880s):   This photo was taken on the corner of Kilburn High Road and Eresby Road, which has since disappeared.
Mill Lane, looking east (1900s):   Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.
Rural Brondesbury (1894):   This photo says that it depicts the field where Mapesbury, Dartmouth, Teignmouth and Exeter Roads are now situated.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Achilles Road, NW6 · Agamemnon Road, NW6 · Ajax Road, NW6 · Albert Road, NW6 · Albion Mews, NW6 · Aldershot Road, NW6 · Algernon Road, NW6 · Ardwick Road, NW2 · Ariel Road, NW6 · Asmara Road, NW2 · Athelstan Gardens, NW6 · Barlow Road, NW6 · Besant Road, NW2 · Brassey Road, NW6 · Brondesbury Mews, NW6 · Brondesbury Road, NW6 · Brondesbury Villas, NW6 · Brooklands Court, NW6 · Brooksville Avenue, NW6 · Broomsleigh Street, NW6 · Buckley Road, NW6 · Burgess Hill, NW2 · Burton Road, NW6 · Callcott Road, NW6 · Canterbury Road, NW6 · Canterbury Terrace, NW6 · Canterbury Works, NW6 · Carlisle Road, NW6 · Cavendish Close, NW6 · Cavendish Road, NW6 · Charteris Road, NW6 · Christchurch Avenue, NW2 · Christchurch Avenue, NW6 · Christchurch Court, NW6 · Claremont Road, W10 · Claremont Road, W9 · Clarence Road, NW6 · College Parade, NW6 · College Yard, NW6 · Cricklewood Lane, NW2 · Denmark Road, NW6 · Donaldson Road, NW6 · Dornfell Street, NW6 · Douglas Road, NW6 · Drakes Courtyard, NW6 · Dudley Road, NW6 · Dunmore Road, NW6 · Dunster Gardens, NW6 · Dyne Road, NW6 · Esmond Road, NW6 · Exeter Parade, NW2 · Exeter Road, NW2 · Exeter Road, NW6 · Farm Avenue, NW2 · Fordwych Road, NW2 · Forest Close, NW6 · Galsworthy Road, NW2 · Garlinge Road, NW2 · Gladstone Mews, NW6 · Glastonbury Street, NW6 · Glengall Road, NW6 · Gondar Gardens, NW6 · Grangeway, NW6 · Granville Road, NW6 · Hall Oak Walk, NW6 · Harman Close, NW2 · Harman Drive, NW2 · Hartland Road, NW6 · Harvist Road, NW6 · Hazelmere Road, NW6 · Hillfield Road, NW6 · Hocroft Avenue, NW2 · Hocroft Road, NW2 · Hocroft Walk, NW2 · Honiton Road, NW6 · Hopefield Avenue, NW6 · Horton Avenue, NW2 · Hoveden Road, NW2 · Howard Close, NW2 · Kendal Court, NW2 · Kenilworth Road, NW6 · Kilburn Lane, NW6 · Kilburn Lane, W9 · Kimberley Road, NW6 · Kingscroft Road, NW2 · Kingsley Road, NW6 · Kingswood Avenue, NW6 · Landau House, NW2 · Lichfield Road, NW2 · Linburn House, NW6 · Lincoln Mews, NW6 · Lonsdale Road, NW6 · Loveridge Mews, NW6 · Loveridge Road, NW6 · Lyndale Avenue, NW2 · Lyndale, NW2 · Lynton Road, NW6 · Manstone Road, NW2 · Mapesbury Road, NW2 · Mapesbury Road, NW6 · Marnham Avenue, NW2 · Menelik Road, NW2 · Mill Lane, NW2 · Mill Lane, NW6 · Minster Road, NW2 · Montrose Avenue, NW6 · Mowbray Road, NW2 · Mowbray Road, NW6 · Netherwood Street, NW6 · Neville Close, NW6 · Neville Road, NW6 · Norman Terrace, NW6 · Palmerston Road, NW6 · Peel Precinct, NW6 · Petrie Close, NW2 · Plympton Avenue, NW6 · Plympton Road, NW6 · Priory Park Road, NW6 · Radnor Road, NW6 · Ranulf Road, NW2 · Ravenshaw Street, NW6 · Rondu Road, NW2 · Rupert Road, NW6 · Saint Cuthberts Road, NW2 · Salusbury Road, NW6 · Sarre Road, NW2 · Shoot Up Hill, NW2 · Shoot-up Hill, NW2 · Skardu Road, NW2 · Somali Road, NW2 · St Cuthbert?s Road, NW2 · St Julians Road, NW6 · Streatley Road, NW6 · Summerfield Avenue, NW6 · Summit Court, NW2 · Tennyson Road, NW6 · The Arches, NW6 · The Mansions, NW6 · The Quadrant, NW6 · Torbay Road, NW6 · Ulysses Place, E20 · Ulysses Road, NW6 · Vernon Court, NW2 · Victoria Mews, NW6 · Victoria Road, NW6 · Waterloo Passage, NW6 · Wayne Kirkum Way, NW6 · Webheath, NW6 · Westbere Road, NW2 · Westcroft Close, NW2 · Westcroft Way, NW2 · Willesden Court, S43 · Willesden Lane, NW6 · William Dunbar House, NW6 · William Saville House, NW6 · Winchester Avenue, NW6 · Windermere Avenue, NW6 · Woodville Road, NW6 ·
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What is Kilburn like as a place to live?

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Links

Kilburn Park
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Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Land ownership in Willesden (1823) FREE DOWNLOAD
Map of land ownership in the Willesden area in 1823
City of London Corporation

John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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