Kilburn

Underground station, existing between 1879 and now

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Underground station · Mapesbury · NW2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
13
2015


Kilburn is an area which straddles both sides of the Edgware Road (Kilburn High Road).

Kilburn High Road originated as an ancient trackway, part of a Celtic route between the settlements now known as Canterbury and St Albans. Under Roman rule, the route was paved. In Anglo-Saxon times the road became known as Watling Street.

Kilburn grew up on the banks of a stream which has been known variously as Cuneburna, Kelebourne and Cyebourne, which flows from Hampstead down through Hyde Park and into the River Thames. It is suggested the name means either Royal River or Cattle River ('Bourne' being an Anglo-Saxon word for 'river'). That river is known today as the Westbourne.

The name Kilburn was first recorded in 1134 as Cuneburna, referring to the priory which had been built on the site of the cell of a hermit known as Godwyn. Godwyn had built his hermitage by the Kilburn river during the reign of Henry I, and both his hermitage and the priory took their name from the river.

Kilburn Priory was a small community of nuns, probably Augustinian canonesses. It was founded in 1134 at the Kilburn river crossing on Watling Street (the modern-day junction of Kilburn High Road and Belsize Road). Kilburn Priory's position on Watling Street meant that it became a popular resting point for pilgrims heading for the shrines at St Albans and Willesden. The Priory was dissolved in 1536-37 by Henry VIII, and nothing remains of it today. The priory lands included a mansion and a hostium (a guesthouse), which may have been the origin of the Red Lion pub, thought to have been founded in 1444. Opposite, the Bell Inn was opened around 1600, on the site of the old mansion.

The fashion for taking 'medicinal waters' in the 18th century came to Kilburn when a well of chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) was discovered near the Bell Inn in 1714. In an attempt to compete with the nearby Hampstead Well, gardens and a 'great room' were opened to promote the well, and its waters were promoted in journals of the day as cure for 'stomach ailments'.

In the 19th century the wells declined, but the Kilburn Wells remained popular as a tea garden. The Bell was demolished and rebuilt in 1863. The Kilburn stretch of Watling Street, now called Edgware Road and Kilburn High Road, was gradually built up with inns and farm houses. Kilburn did not attract any significant building until around 1819 in the area near St John's Wood.

Much of the area was developed in the last decades of the 19th century by Solomon Barnett, who named many of the streets after places in the West Country (e.g. Torbay) or after popular poets of the day (e.g. Tennyson) in honour of his wife.

There are three railway stations on Kilburn High Road: Kilburn tube station (Jubilee line) at its northern end and a little to the south Brondesbury station (London Overground). Approximately a mile further south is Kilburn High Road station (also London Overground). The name of Ian Dury's first band, Kilburn and the High Roads, refers to this road, as does the Flogging Molly song, "Kilburn High Road" and the Shack song, "Kilburn High Road".

Kilburn tube station opened as Kilburn and Brondesbury on 24 November 1879, as part of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway run by the Metropolitan Railway. Following the merger of the Metropolitan Railway into London Transport in 1933, it then became part of the Stanmore branch of the Bakerloo line on 20 November 1939, at which time the station was extensively rebuilt. The station was renamed to its current name on 25 September 1950. It was transferred to the Jubilee line on its opening, on 1 May 1979.

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Julia elsdon
Julia elsdon   
Added: 22 Nov 2017 18:19 GMT   
Expires: 22 Dec 2017 18:19 GMT   
IP: 87.112.95.228
1:1:263
Post by Julia elsdon: Shirland Mews, W9

I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5
Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton
Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton   
Added: 17 Nov 2017 22:50 GMT   
Expires: 17 Dec 2017 22:50 GMT   
IP: 94.3.120.166
1:2:263
Post by Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton: Netherwood Street, NW6

I was born at 63netherwood street.need to know who else lived there.i think I moved out because of a fire but not sure
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Nov 2017 18:00 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: West Hampstead
New Sunday food market in O2 car park
New Sunday food market in O2 car park

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2017/11/17/new-sunday-food-market-in-o2-car-park/20839
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Nov 2017 15:00 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: West Hampstead
Deliveroo offers locals new food options, but at what cost?
Deliveroo offers locals new food options, but at what cost?

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2017/11/14/deliveroo-offers-locals-new-food-at-what-cost/20784
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Nov 2017 18:20 GMT   
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Post by LDNnews: West Hampstead
What have you missed since November 6th?
What have you missed since November 6th?

http://westhampsteadlife.com/2017/11/13/what-have-you-missed-since-november-6th/20813
VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MAPESBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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The Underground Map

The Underground Map is a website dedicated to some of the more obscure pieces of London Town (as well as some of the more well-known places).

The Underground Map project is creating a decade-by-decade series of historical maps of the area which lies within London's M25 ring.

From the 1800s until the 1950s, you can see how London grew from a city which only reached as far as Park Lane into the post war megapolis we know today.

Find the streets of London by clicking STREETS above or explore the maps by clicking MAP.

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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Brondesbury:   Brondesbury was originally "Brand’s manor", a small hamlet in Middlesex.
Earlsfields:   Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.
West End Sidings Estate:   The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Mill Lane, looking east (1900s):   Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.
Rural Brondesbury (1894):   This photo says that it depicts the field where Mapesbury, Dartmouth, Teignmouth and Exeter Roads are now situated.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Barlow Road, NW6 · Brassey Road, NW6 · Brooklands Court, NW6 · Buckley Road, NW6 · Burton Road, NW6 · Cavendish Close, NW6 · Cavendish Road, NW6 · Dornfell Street, NW6 · Drakes Courtyard, NW6 · Dunster Gardens, NW6 · Dyne Road, NW6 · Exeter Parade, NW2 · Exeter Road, NW2 · Exeter Road, NW6 · Fordwych Road, NW2 · Garlinge Road, NW2 · Gladstone Mews, NW6 · Hall Oak Walk, NW6 · Hoveden Road, NW2 · Kendal Court, NW2 · Kingscroft Road, NW2 · Landau House, NW2 · Linburn House, NW6 · Loveridge Mews, NW6 · Loveridge Road, NW6 · Mapesbury Road, NW2 · Mill Lane, NW2 · Mowbray Road, NW2 · Mowbray Road, NW6 · Palmerston Road, NW6 · Petrie Close, NW2 · Plympton Avenue, NW6 · Plympton Road, NW6 · Ravenshaw Street, NW6 · Shoot Up Hill, NW2 · Shoot-up Hill, NW2 · St Cuthbert?s Road, NW2 · Streatley Road, NW6 · Summit Court, NW2 · The Arches, NW6 · The Mansions, NW6 · Wayne Kirkum Way, NW6 · Willesden Lane, NW6 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES

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What is Kilburn like as a place to live?

Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Kilburn Park
Facebook Page
Kilburn
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Land ownership in Willesden (1823) FREE DOWNLOAD
Map of land ownership in the Willesden area in 1823
City of London Corporation

John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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